Dibetes and heart disease

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Diabetes and heart diseases are closely related. In case of prolong diabetes; chances of developing heart problems are high. Due to increased sugar levels, heart muscles and blood circulation may get affected. So, maintaining good sugar control though out the time is very important. Along with blood sugar levels lipid profile needs to in given limits. Read more to know about Diabetes And Heart Diseases

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Dibetes and heart disease

  1. 1. Diabetes and Heart Disease
  2. 2. Diabetes and Heart Disease facts• More than 55% of all deaths in people with Diabetes are due to Cardiovascular disease.• Heart disease occur at an earlier age in people with Diabetes and often result in premature death.• People with Diabetes are twice as likely to have Heart disease as people who do no have Diabetes. Read More On Read More On Diabetes & Heart Health Diabetes & Heart Health
  3. 3. • People with Diabetes have same risk of a Heart attack as the person with out Diabetes who has had a previous Heart attack.• Women who have not gone through menopause usually have less risk of Heart disease than men of the same age.• People with Diabetes who have already had one heart attack run an even greater risk of having second one. Read More On Read More On Diabetes & Heart Health Diabetes & Heart Health
  4. 4. Types of Heart DiseaseTwo main types of Heart disease common inpeople with Diabetes:1.Coronary Artery Disease2.Chronic Heart FailureCoronary Artery Disease•Is hardening or thickening of the walls of bloodvessels that go to the heart•Result of accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the arteries of theheart1.Blood supply is reduced or cut off , resulting in Heart attack
  5. 5. Types of Heart Disease2. Heart Failure• 2 to 3 times more common in diabetes• Chronic condition in which heart cannot pump blood properly• It develop over a period of years and symptoms can get worse over time• One type of heart failure is congestive heart failure, in which fluid builds up into the body tissue• Shortness of breath on exertion and leg swelling are the main symptoms of Heart failure
  6. 6. Risk factors for Heart Disease • Family History of Heart disease • Sedentary Lifestyle • Hypertension • Dyslipidemia • Poor glycemic control • Central Obesity • Smoking
  7. 7. Signs & Symptoms of heart attack• Chest pain or discomfort (Angina)• Pain or discomfort in arms, back, neck, jaw or stomach• Shortness of breath• Nausea or Abdominal discomfort• Sweating• Light headednessDue to nerve damage symptoms may be mild or absent in Diabetes.Hence Heart attack is also called as Silent Killer.
  8. 8. Steps to prevent or delay Heartdisease1. Be sure to have Heart Healthy Diet• Include at least 14 grams offibers daily for every 1000Kcal.• Have lots of fruits and vegetables ( at least 5 – 10 servings a day)1. Limit salt intake2. Cut down on saturated fats and cholesterol (animal fats and trans fats)3. Use low fat dairy products4. Limit alcohol
  9. 9. Steps to prevent or delay Heart disease2. Regular Physical activity• Aim for at least 30 mins ofExercise for most days of the week• Choose different ways to increase physical activity such as walking instead of driving whenever possible or walking around while talking on phone3. Reach and maintain a healthy body weight.• Diet control and regular physical activity can help• Aim for loss of not more than 1 to 2 pounds a week
  10. 10. Steps to prevent or delay Heartdisease• Waist circumference : In males > 90 cm In females > 80 cm have Central obesit• Abdominal fat increases production of bad cholesterol there by increasing the risk of heart disease4. If you smoke, quit smoking5. Talk to your doctor whether you require to take Aspirin
  11. 11. Steps to prevent or delay Heartdiseasea)HbA1c• It measures the average blood sugar over last three months• Get it checked at least twice a year• Recommended HbA1c < 7b) Blood Pressure• High blood pressure raises the risk of heart attack, stroke, eye problem and kidney problems• Check your blood pressure at every visit• Recommended blood pressure < 130/80 mm Hg
  12. 12. Steps to prevent or delay Heartdiseasec)Cholesterol•LDL a bad type of cholesterol can narrow orblock blood vessels•HDL a good type of cholesterol helps removecholesterol deposits•Triglycerides can raise the risk of heart attackor stroke•Recommended lipid targets LDL < 100
  13. 13. 5. Check if your Diabetes treatment is working by knowing the ABCs of Diabetes A stands for HbA1c B stands for Blood Pressure C stands for Cholesterol
  14. 14. Treatment for Heart disease• Treatment for Heart disease includes planning a Heart Healthy diet and Regular Physical Activity• You may require medications to treat heart damage, or to lower your blood glucose, blood pressure or cholesterol• You also may need surgery or some other medical procedure
  15. 15. Key Points Review• People with diabetes are at very high risk of Heart disease• Diabetes is more than managing blood glucose. It is management of blood glucose and blood pressure and blood cholesterol• Strict monitoring of the ABCs of Diabetes can prevent you from heart disease• Screening for risk factors of heart disease should occur in people who are risk of diabetes, at diagnosis and periodically thereafter• Talk to your doctor about your symptoms and medications

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