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Diabetes is the most common lifestyle disorder in today's time. It need lifestyle modification. As experts suggests there is no cure for diabetes, but balanced diet and regular activity will help in managing the condition.

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  1. 1. Diabetes: At a GlanceBy Deepmala Chawdhary
  2. 2. What is DiabetesDiabetes is a chronicdisease that affectsyour body’s ability tochange food intoenergy. It ischaracterized by highblood glucose levels. www.justforhearts.org 2
  4. 4. TYPE 1 OR JUVENILE DIABETESBody stops making insulin because body’s immune systemdestroys insulin producing cells (called beta-cells) in the pancreas.People need to take insulin injections every day. It occurs inchildren and young adults.TYPE 2 OR ADULT ONSET DIABETESIt occurs when your body can’t use insulin properly or it does notmake enough insulin. This type is seen in adults who areoverweight and less active.GESTATIONAL DIABETESThis is a temporary type of diabetes which women get duringpregnancy. They are more likely to get type 2 diabetes when theyget older. www.justforhearts.org 4
  5. 5. SYMPTOMSTYPE 1 DIABETES TYPE 2 DIABETES Frequent urination  Any of type 1 Unusual thirst symptoms Extreme hunger  Blurred vision Unusual weight loss  Cuts/bruises those Extreme fatigue are slow to heal Irritability  Tingling/numbness in hands & feet READ MORE...  Infection of skin, gums, bladder or vagina. www.justforhearts.org 5
  6. 6. RISK FACTORSTYPE1 DIABETES TYPE 2 DIABETES Family history: Having Have immediate family one parent with type 1 with diabetes. diabetes. (The risk is  Are overweight(BMI above greater if father has a 25) condition)  Are at least 45 years old. being ill in early  Are not physically active. infancy.  Have high blood pressure, Having an auto low HDL, or high immune disorder such triglycerides. as Grave’s disease,  Have had gestational hypothyroid, Addison’s diabetes. disease & pernicious www.justforhearts.org 6
  7. 7. DIAGNOSISDiabetes is diagnosed by bloodsugar (glucose) testing. Fasting and before meal blood glucose: 70-130mg/dl. 1-2 hours after start of a meal : <180mg/dl. www.justforhearts.org 7
  8. 8. COMPLICATIONSACUTE Dangerously elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia) Normally low sugar (hypoglycemia) due to diabetic medication.CHRONIC Diseases of blood vessels which can damage the feet, eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. www.justforhearts.org 8
  9. 9. TREATMENT There are four keys to managediabetes. Medication Monitoring and your blood prescription glucose levels Wise meal Exercise planning regularly www.justforhearts.org 9
  10. 10. TREATMENT MONITORING BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELSThis is very important to the management of diabetesbecause: That’s how you know right way if you arekeeping your blood glucose near normal.It will tell you rather quickly whether your treatment(diet, exercise, and medication) are working for you.EXERCISE REGULARLYExercise can actually help control blood sugar levels asit depresses insulin production & also prompts musclecells to take in more glucose from blood stream.It also improves the cardio vascular system, thusreducing the risk of heart attack.It also encourages the weight loss which can have bigbenefits for people with diabetes. www.justforhearts.org 10
  11. 11. TREATMENTPLANNING YOUR MEAL WISELY1. Generally many people with diabetes seem to tolerate a more moderate carbohydrate (around 50% of calories from carbohydrates), moderate fat (30%calories from fat), and moderate proteins (around 20% calories from proteins) way of eating.2. Make fiber apart of almost every meal. There are two types of fibers Soluble and insoluble fibers. Soluble fiber is a vital component of blood glucose control for many people. It leaves the stomach slowly so it makes you feel satisfied longer. Insoluble fiber is not digested by the body causes other carbohydrates in the meal to be digested and absorbed more slowly, encouraging lower blood sugar. Beans, oats &oats bran, barley, fruits like apple, pear, berries, oranges, www.justforhearts.org 11
  12. 12. TREATMENTPLANNING YOUR MEAL WISELY3. Switch to smart carbohydrates and emphasize on low glycemic load foods. High glycemic index foods, such as white bread & white rice, give you a quick blood sugar boost that also fades quickly, leaving you hungry again. Low glycemic index foods such as whole grains & beans keep you feeling full longer, because they cause your blood sugar levels to rise more slowly.4. Emphasize Heart protective fats.Omega-3 and monounsaturated fats to make up most of the 30%.Use canola oil, olive oil for cooking, enjoy a handful of nuts per day & eating fish twice a week.5. Fat helps slow down digestion in general. It also helps people feel more satisfied after a meal or www.justforhearts.org 12
  13. 13. TREATMENTMEDICATION & PRESCRIPTIONIt’s important to work with your healthcare team particularly if insulin ispart of your treatment plan Read More: 1. Advantages Of Insulin 2. Diabetes Education 3. New Trends in Insulin www.justforhearts.org 13
  14. 14. PREVEVTION Awareness & Education Weightmanagement Healthy lifestyle www.justforhearts.org 14
  15. 15. Public Forum: Free for all usersA forum – Users can get answers for free…..  You can ask your question in different categories.  Receive answers in your mail and Dashboard.  Get sms notifications on registered no. www.justforhearts.org