Open Access, Open Data - Why it Matters


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Open Government continues to expand its adoption and Open Access to Government and Open Data is a foundational element. Review of current state globally with a further focus on Canada is provided. Thoughts on the value proposition to Open Data are provided as a starting point for further discussion. NextGen Open Data is an area of increasing discussions in the community these days. In addition to Open Government Data, progress in Open Corporate and Open Scientific data is being made. Bottom line - all of this work should focus on the eventual benefit to citizens - you and I.

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Open Access, Open Data - Why it Matters

  1. 1. Open Access, Open Data - Why it Matters Presented byUniversity of Toronto Jury Konga, PrincipalRobarts LibraryOctober 25, 2011. eGovFutures Group
  2. 2. ContextOpen Government• Roots in Freedom of Information legislation (oldest identified with Sweden in 1766, U.S.A. 1966; Canada FOI as well as Privacy Act; 1983)• President Obama’s Open Government directive (Jan. 2009) synopsis: Government should be transparent, participatory and collaborativeGov 2.0• Gov 2.0 is transformative and is often associated with Web 2.0 technologies (i.e. Social Media)Open Data• Open Data is a foundational component for Open Government and focuses on freely making public data available in a usable format for all to re-use and add value for the benefit of citizens. Jury Konga Open by Design TM 2
  3. 3. Open Government - Open Government Partnership Principles• The U.S. and seven other countries launched the OGP, on September 19 & 20, 2011 – highlights of the Open Government Declaration include: – “We uphold the value of openness in our engagement with citizens to improve services, manage public resources, promote innovation, and create safer communities. We embrace principles of transparency and open government with a view toward achieving greater prosperity, well-being, and human dignity in our own countries and in an increasingly interconnected world.”• “Together, we declare our commitment to: – Increase the availability of information about governmental activities. – Support civic participation. – Implement the highest standards of professional integrity throughout our administrations. – Increase access to new technologies for openness and accountability.”Source : KongaOpen by Design TM 3
  4. 4. Open Government - A Global Perspective KongaOpen by Design TM 4
  5. 5. Open Government - Principles in Canada1. The Commissioners endorse and promote open government as a means to enhance transparency and accountability which are essential features of good governance and critical elements of an effective and robust democracy.2. The Commissioners call on the federal and all provincial and territorial governments to declare the importance of open government, including specific commitments for stronger standards for transparency and participation by the public.3. Governments should build access mechanisms into the design and implementation stages of all new programs and services to facilitate and enhance proactive disclosure of information.4. Through ongoing consultations with the public, governments should routinely identify data sources and proactively disclose information in open, accessible and reusable formats. Public access to information should be provided free or at minimal cost.5. In implementing open government policies, the federal and all provincial and territorial governments should give due consideration to privacy, confidentiality, security, Crown copyright and all relevant laws. Source : Sept 1, 2010 Resolution of Information and Privacy Commissioners of Canada, Provinces and Territories Jury Konga Open by Design TM 5
  6. 6. Open Government - Local Open Government Principles• Declaration of Local Open Government Principles – “*City+ is committed to transparency ….. – [City] is committed to meaningful public participation ….. – [City] is committed to collaborating with the public and across government ….. – [City] is committed to sharing best practices and software and other resources with other government entities. …..”Source : Open Government Initiative; Jury Konga Open by Design TM 6
  7. 7. Open Government - A View of PrinciplesJury KongaOpen by Design TM 7
  8. 8. Open Government Elements - Focus on Citizens What needs to improve to benefit citizens … Core Element Value to Citizens Citizen Engagement Democracy with the opportunity to participate and influence policyOur focus today Open Data Transparency via access to public information and potential value added products and services Collaboration Efficiencies in government , reduced duplication of effort and better results Innovation Enhancing policy , service delivery and optimizing government resources Jury Konga Open by Design TM 8
  9. 9. Open Data - Community Driven Principles (circa 2010) 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information Completeness  Machine readability Primacy  Non- discrimination Timeliness  Use of commonly owned standards Ease of Physical and Electronic Access  Licensing Permanence  Usage costsJury KongaOpen by Design TM 9
  10. 10. Open Data - Principles in Ontario “Access by Design” principles from Ontario Information and Privacy Commissioners Office (April 2010)1. Proactive, not Reactive2. Access Embedded into Design3. Openness and Transparency = Accountability4. Fosters Collaboration5. Enhances Efficient Government6. Makes Access Accessible7. Increases Quality of InformationSource: KongaOpen by Design TM 10 10
  11. 11. Open Government, Open Data - Why?Shareholders…. needs & expectations Images via MS Office 11
  12. 12. Open Data Current State - Where in the World KongaOpen by Design TM 12 12
  13. 13. Open Data Current State - From Local to GlobalJury KongaOpen by Design TM 13 13
  14. 14. Open Data Current State - the Canadian Open Scene • Federal : started shortly before election call. One year pilot. Considered 2 – 3 years behind UK & USA • Only 1 Province: Data BC which also has Minister of Open Government • Municipalities: Leaders in Open Data. In Ontario: Toronto, Ottawa, London, Windsor, Mississauga. Others in planning stages.Jury KongaOpen by Design TM 14 14
  15. 15. Open Data Current State - Collaboration from Local to Global  Local Open Data Community sites and events “owned and operated” by citizens  USING Open Data - Local to Global collaborations – all at once!  Participated in RHoK Dec 4 – 5, 2010. Combined with Intl Open Data Hackathon: 63 cities, 25 countries, 5 continents … another planned for 2011Jury KongaOpen by Design TM 15 15
  16. 16. G4 Open Data Cities ODF Project• G4: Toronto, Vancouver, Edmonton & Ottawa• ODF Project: August – December 2010.• ODF Components – Governance – Principles & Policy – Standards – Technology – Data, Operations & Human Resources – Open Data Portal – Future Roadmap Jury Konga Open by Design TM 16
  17. 17. Open Data Framework - Open Data Maturity Model Five Phases of Open Data 5 Global 4 Integration 3 Open Enterprise Data Open Data 2 Data Portal Catalog Evolutionary within 1 Startup Info Management Best PracticesJury KongaOpen by Design TM 17
  18. 18. Open Data Value Proposition - Use & Re-Use of the DataGreat video on value of open data- • Value is not in the raw data alone • Apps for use of the data is key to open data success • Value to the Citizen is the bottom line Jury Konga Open by Design TM 18
  19. 19. Open Data Value Proposition - Visualization for Education • Hans Rosling’s Gapminder App • Raw data input from simple table • Animation to simplify understanding of temporal dataJury KongaOpen by Design TM 19
  20. 20. Open Data Value Proposition - Visualization + Data • Dynamic visualization based on neighbourhoods • User control over well-being indicators & weighting • Option to download data for re-use ! • New features on the way Source: Harvey Low, Project Manager Social Policy, Analysis and Research KongaOpen by Design TM 20
  21. 21. Open Data Value Proposition - Some Commonly Defined Benefits• Enhanced services• Cost reductions (e.g. FOI requests)• Economic development• Improved government transparency & trust• Increased citizen engagementJury KongaOpen by Design TM 21
  22. 22. Open Data - NxGen Open Data DNA Linked Open DataLinked … everything is connectedPersonal Data to everything Jury Konga Open by Design TM 22
  23. 23. Open Data NxGen - New ApproachConsider a new focus for the Service Provider – Client Relationship WE From this …. to this .. Service Service Service Service Provider Recipient Provider Recipient Us Them Government Citizens A Community Approach To Public Service Jury Konga Open by Design TM 23
  24. 24. Open Data NxGen - Crowdsourcing Today’s examples of where tomorrow will goJury KongaOpen by Design TM 24
  25. 25. Open Data NxGen Continually evolving - Crowdsourcing - the human sensor web!Jury KongaOpen by Design TM 25
  26. 26. Open Data NxGenVisualization - Enhanced Usability User interaction Jury Konga Open by Design TM 26
  27. 27. Open Data NxGen - Enhanced Content & Access Public Municipal Service Provincial Federal External Academia, Non- OpenData. Profits, Data Linkages OpenData.CA Community EARTH (e.g. World Bank) Groups OpenStreetMap Community UpdatesSource: Municipal Open Government Framework, 2010 Jury Konga 27 Open by Design TM
  28. 28. Moving forward together … as a communityNeed to leverage ourCommunity Intellectual Capitaland resources Government Community Groups NGO Academia Private Jury Konga Open by Design TM 28
  29. 29. Open Corporate Data“The 147 Companies That Control Everything”Forbes Article, October 22, 2011. • OpenCorporates is a recent initiative • Aims: URL for every company in the world & relating government data to companies • How about a “Good” Corporate Source: The New Scientist; (Image: PLoS One) Citizen Index …. Occupy Wall Street revealed--the-capitalist-network-that-runs-the-world.html (#OWS) would be interested Jury Konga 29 Open by Design TM
  30. 30. Open Scientific Data• Informal defn: “Open science is the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process.”• Fundamental Goals – July 28, 2009.  Transparency in experimental methodology, observation and collection of data  Public availability and reusability of scientific data  Public accessibility and transparency of scientific communication  Using web-based tools to facilitate scientific collaboration• Opportunity for collaboration and benefits to society are HUGEJury KongaOpen by Design TM 30
  31. 31. Why access matters … • Open Government Data – it benefits people • Open Corporate Data – it benefits people • Open Science Data – it benefits people • An Open World Benefits All of UsJury KongaOpen by Design TM 31
  32. 32. Thank You Jury Konga, Principal eGovFutures Group Twitter @jkonga Skype jury.konga Other presentations: