Ramadan3 Parts The holy month of Ramadhan isdivided into three parts: Rahmat : meaning "mercy of Allah” Maghfirat : meaning "forgiveness of Allah“ Nijaat : meaning "salvation"
Ramadan3 Parts In the first part : Allah showers mercy andblessings, so that his servants may acquire all theirneeds In the second part : the servants are purifiedof past sins In the third part : - Allah keeps them under Hisbenevolence and kindness- accepts prayers- keeps them safe fromHis wrath in the Hereafter
RamadanDesired Actions Good and desired actions specified forRamadhan.A. Careful performance of obligatory acts : salaatfasting
RamadanDesired Actions.B. Increasing the supererogatory acts: reading Quran performance of the Taraweeh prayer performance of the Tahajjud prayer giving charity itikaaf
HadithProphet Muhammadsawsaid:“Ramadhan burns the sins and faults,just as the fire burns the wood.”
QuranSurah Al Baqarah: 183 Fasting was made obligatory for thefollowers of all the Prophets :بَ تَِبكُت م اَ كَ مُتي اَصِّ ال مُتكُت يُْكلَعَ بَ تَِبكُت اُْكاونُتمَ آ نَ ذنيَِبلَّا ه اَ نيُّأهَ ني اَنَ قاوُتتَّتَ مُْك كُت لَّعَ لَ مُْك كُت لَِببُْكقَ منَِب نَ ذنيَِبلَّا ل ىَعَ“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed foryou, as it was prescribed for those whopreceded you; that perhaps you will bemindful of God.”
RamadanWhy is it important ? The Holy Qur’an,The greatest favor upon humankind, was gifted inthis monthIt is the month of Quran Ramadhan is declared by Allah as a month of blessings
RamadanWhy is it important ? An annual institution containing allconceivable attributes for human excellence training for the body and soul a renewal of life encouraging the spirit of sharing and giving
Hadith The importance of this divine monthwas reiterated by the Prophetsawwhenhe said,“The Month of Ramadhan is the month ofAllah (God), bringing His Mercy andForgiveness.”
RamadanMoral Significance Month of obligatory fasting Fast of Ramadhan commemorating the revelation ofQuran A time to reflect and refresh pledge of being perfectwitnesses of the Prophets’ lifestyle Time to look at one’s self critically Abstinence and restrain practiced
RamadanMoral Significance Saum of Ramadhan instills Taqwa and fearof Allahcontrols 2 aspects of body, which are theroot causes of human downfall- the stomach- the private parts
RamadanSocial Significance Ramadhan is known as the month ofinvitations and visitations Enhances and energizes friendships and family ties The Prophetsawcalled it a month of sympathy Instills empathy for the indigent An equalizer of rich and poor
RamadanSpiritual Significance The Prophet (pbuh) said that"When Ramadhan starts, the gates of paradise areopened and the gates of Hell are closed and theSatans are chained. “ The Prophet (pbuh) has said in the meaning:‘Woe to one, Ramadhan reached to him buthe could not use it for forgiveness of hissins’ Allah denies access of Satans to believers deeds sothey can come closer to Him
RamadanSpiritual Significance Instills the essence of consciousness ofAllah increases moral courage guides the heart (Qalb) from spoilage and moralindecency level of Taqwa is raised, the person avoids the sins a believer becomes one with religion feels a genuine need to do good
RamadanSpiritual Significance The Prophet (pbuh) said"Fasting is regarded as having acquired halfofpatience" Patience is the pinnacle of self-mastery, disciplineand spiritual agility Rigorous disciplining during Ramadhan Leading of a more refined and introspective life
RamadanSpiritual Significance Increased generosity of Muslims Increased Taqwa during Ramadhan Allah accepts repentance Acceptance of Dua’s
RamadanSignificance for Health Improves all aspects of health Regularises life Moderates lifestyle Time to give up bad habits Control over addictions Detoxifies and purifies body Rests the digestive system (stomach, secretions) Beneficial for blood pressure, obesityBetter mental health (less stress, more inner peace)
RamadanBlessings Ramadhan is the period of purgation The blessings of Ramadhan are not limitedto fasting alone any worship is rewarded many times over good deeds also a source of great Divine favor Muslims ask for Allahs blessings to make their lifemeaningful
RamadanAcceptance of Duas In Ramadhan Allah answers the servant’ssupplication The Prophet, pbuh, said:“To every Muslim is an answered supplication(du’aa) in Ramadhan.” this particular time is at Iftar
RamadanReading Quran It is the duty of every Muslim to read Quranin Ramadhan- try to understand meaning of the Quran &- gain insight into the Divine message enshrinedtherein It brings peace and illumination to the mindImparts purity to the soul
RamadanHistorical Importance Of historical significance too : the revelations of the Holy Quran commenced in thismonth battle of Badr fought in Ramadhan conquest of Mecca also took place during this month
QuranSurah al Baqarah: 185 Ramadhan is the (month) in which the Quran wassent down, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs)for guidance and judgment (Between right andwrong). So every one of you who is present (at hishome) during that month should spend it in fasting…“
Ramadhan and QuranThe Link This Quranic verse explains the inseparable linkbetween Quran and Ramadhan The revelation to Prophet Muhammadsawbegan in thismonth The night in which the Quran was revealed is knownas The Night of Power or The Night of Destiny.
RamadhanA Celebration Ramadhan can be said to be a celebration ofthe revelation A celebration of the Quran as a living guidance tohumanity A proof of the divinity of Allah A proof of the authenticity of the Prophethood ofMuhammadsaw Proof of the supremacy of revelation over all else
RamadhanKey facts about the QuranRevelation Over 23 yearsNo. of surahs 114Revealed in Mecca 86Revealed in Medina 28Total no. of verses 6239Longest surah Al Baqarah, 286 versesShortest surah Al Kawthar, 3 verses
RamadhanLaylat ul Qadrرَِب دُْك قَلُْكا ةَِب لَيُْكلَ ف يَِب هُتن اَلُْكزَ أزنَ زن اَّإَِبLo!We revealed it onthe Night of Predestination
RamadhanLaylat ul Qadr Importance attached to this night A time for especially fervent and devoted prayer Rewards and blessings are manifold Praying throughout this one night is better than athousand months of prayer
RamadhanFinding Night of Power No one knows exactly which night it is; it is one ofGods mysteries The Prophetsawinstructed Muslims to search for itduring the odd nights of the last 10 days ofRamadhan without specifying any day Many scholars believe it to be on the 27th
Ramadhan and QuranThe Link Highly meritorious to complete reciting theQuran in Ramadhan It was recited to the Prophet (peace be upon him) byJibreel (alayhi salaam) over a period of 23 years Thus, Quran literally meansrecitation or proclamation
Ramadhan and QuranThe Link Muslims encouraged to read the Quran regularly andmore so in Ramadhan The Prophetsawused to recite the whole Quran toGabriel once every Ramadhan and twice in the yearin which Hesawdied This practice emulated by completing the recitation ofQuran at least once Ramadhan - especially inTarawih prayers
HadithMuslimHadith QudsiI swear by the One in Whose Hand is the soul ofMuhammad, the breath of the faster is sweeter toAllah on the Day of Judgment than the scent of musk.
RamadhanThe Principle The principle behind Saumis to understand the plight of the poor and needypledge to live a more significant and meaningful life
HadithProphet Mohammedsawsaid"if a person observing fast does not shun untruth, hishaving given up eating and drinking is of little value.Such a person starves for nothing. And those whorise in the midnight to recite prayers but do not giveup untruth and evil deeds, lose their sleep fornothing”
RamadhanThe Fast For thirty days abstain from food, drink, evil thoughts and sensualindulgences from shortly before sunrise to shortly after sunset due reward for fasting one who takes this obligation lightly is a sinner
RamadhanThe Niyyat Intent of fasting could be verbal and in any language preferable to make Niyyat during nighti.e. prior to Subah Sadiq without Niyyat, Saum is mere starvation(time limit for validity of Niyyat for Saum is before the time of Nisfun-Nahar i.e. midday in terms of the Shariah)
RamadhanMeals Special meals of the Saum :Suhoor before the Fajr prayersIftar evening mealoften eaten communallyoften including dates
QuranSurah al Baqarah: 187 احْ باوُاورَُب شْ واَُب احْ لاوُاوكُاووَُب محْ كُاو لَُب حللُّه بح اَُب تَُبكَُب م احَُب احْ غاوُاوتَُببْ واَُب نحَّ هُاو روُاو شِر ب اَُب نحَُب ف الَُبدِراوَُب سْ ألَُب طح اِر يْ خَُب لْ نح اَُب مِر ضحُاو يَُببْ ألَُب طح اُاو يْ خَُب لْ مح اُاوكُاولَُب حنَُب يَّ بَُبتَُبيَُب تي ىحَّ حَُب “...And now associate with them and seek what Allahhas ordained for you and eat and drink until the whitethread of dawn appears to you distinct from its blackthread.”
HadithAhmedThe Messenger of Allahsawsaid : "Sahuur is a blessed meal, do not neglect it even if itis a mouthful of drink. For Allah and the Angels blessthose who observe it."
RamadhanA Special act Of all the pillars of Islam, none is morespecial than siyaam/ fasting no possibility of Riya or show in fasting only Allah knows the one really abstaining fasting is considered a special worship
RamadhanBenefits Why fast? to develop patience and self-control to learn sympathy for the deprived to cleanse the body and mind
RamadhanBenefits Why fast? to gain appreciation for Allahs bounty to demonstrate the depth of ones commitment to protect against sin.
RamadhanHadithThe Holy Prophetsawsaid :"Satan runs in the circulatory system of the son ofAdam in the same way blood circulates in oursystem; so tighten his passages with hunger“Bukhari and Muslim
RamadhanThe 3 Grades of Fasting Ordinary Fastingabstaining from food, drink and sexual satisfaction Special Fastingabstinence and keeping ears, eyes, tongue, handsand feet and allorgans free from sin
RamadhanThe 3 Grades of Fasting Extra-special Fastingabstinence & total disregard of everything but Allah- this kind of Fast broken by thinking of worldlymatters- consists of utmost dedication to Allah To this third degree belongs fasting of Prophets, theawliya and intimates of Allah
RamadhanHadith Qudsi"All services of the son of Adam are for him exceptfasting. It is for Me, and I will reward him for it.Fasting is a shield. On the day you fast, do not useobscenity, nor yell at others, nor act ignorantlytowards them. However, if anyone abuses youverbally or attempts to draw you to fight with him, sayI am fasting two times. The Prophet (saas) thenstates: I swore by the One (Allah) in Whose Hand isthe soul of Muhammad, the breath of the faster issweeter to Allah on the Day of Judgment than thescent of musk. The faster experiences enjoymenttwice: he is pleased when he breaks his fast, and heis pleased when he meets his Maker"(Muslim)
RamadhanFastingFasting is a shield protects believer from sin (maasi) eating increases blood flow and energy levels making easier for Satan to use ones own energylevel to tempt to commit sins
RamadhanA test The fast is the single most important deviceto test the Iman the depth of sincerity commitment to the concept of Tauheed
HadithTirmidhiThe Messenger of Allahsawhas been reportedas saying:"There are three categories of people whosesupplications will not be rejected:- the person who observes the fast until he breaks it,- a just ruler,- and a person who has been oppressed."
RamadhanSunnahs of Fasting 6 duties in fasting known as Sunnahs- Sehri or predawn meals - Iftar immediately after sunset - Tarawih Salaat at night - Feed the poor and hungry - Increased reading of the Holy Quran - I’tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadhan
RamadhanMustahabs of FastingTo partake of SehriTo delay the Sehri upto a little Subha Sadiq To break ones fast immediately after sunset To break ones fast with dates and waterTo make Niyyat at night
HadithBukhari, Fath ul Baari No.1933 "If he forgets (about the fast) and eats ordrinks absent-mindedly, then he shouldcontinue his fast, because it was Allah whofed him."In another narration, "and there is no dayowed nor expiation required."
RamadhanMakroohat of FastingTo chew gum, rubber, plastic items etc To taste food/drink and spit it out(If husband very ill-tempered, permissible for wife totaste food without swallow it) Collecting saliva in the mouth and swallowing it toquench thirst Delay a bath that has become FARZ knowingly untilafter Subha Sadiq
RamadhanMakroohat of FastingUsing paste/tooth powder. (Miswaak permitted)Complain of hunger and thirst Taking water too much up the nostrils (when cleaningthe nose) To gargle more than necessary To quarrel, argue, use filthy or indecent words To backbite, tell a lie and swear etc. are sinful acts
RamadhanRegarding Children The normal ruleAfter age 7 : order child to observe SaumNo Qadha if child breaks the fastBy age 10 : compel child to fast in Ramadhan
RamadhanQaza saum Compensate unobserved fastsare Wajib without needless delay make Niyyat at night i.e. before Subah Sadiqomission due to Haidh/Nifaas must be made up Qadha saum need not be consecutive Fidyah wajib if Qaza saum not posiible
RamadhanKaffarah Penalty for deliberate nullification of Sawmof Ramadhan fasting 60 consecutive days those unable to fast canfeed 60 needy 2 meals a dayor pay the amount in cash (Sadaqah Fitr)or give 2kgs flour per poor
HadithSihah Sitta except TirmidhiHazrat Aishahrasays:"The Prophet offered salah in the mosque and manypeople prayed with him. The next day he did thesame and more people prayed with him. Then thepeople gathered on the third night but, the Prophetdid not come out to them. In the morning, he said tothem:Surely I saw what you did, and nothing preventedme from coming out to you, save that I feared that[that prayer] would be made obligatory upon you.’And that was during Ramadhan."
RamadhanTarawih The Prophetsawpassed awayand Tarawih salaat remained a sunnah Hazrat Umarrarevived the Sunnah of Tarawihprayer in congregation
RamadhanTarawih Tarawih ()تراويح is an Arabic word forextra prayers at night in RamadhanThe Prophetsawencouraged special prayers duringRamadhan without commanding them as obligatoryand said:"Whoever prays during the nights of Ramadhan[taraweeh] with a firm belief and hoping for reward, allof his previous sins would be forgiven.”(Sihah Sitta)
RamadhanTarawih Sunnah Muakkadah for men and women Tarawih with Jamat is Sunnah muakkadahfor menafter obligatory isha & before witr prayersprayed in sets of 2 rakat eachcustomary to recite whole Quran in Ramadhanby reciting at least a juz per nightIf one cannot recite entire Quran,recite Surahs that one knows
RamadhanLast Ashra Last 10 days are the most spiritually chargeddays of the month a time of special spiritual power Ramadhan enjoys an intrinsic superiority over allother months its last Ashra superior to both earlier AshrasLailatul Qadr or the Night of Power falls in it
RamadhanLast AshraHazrat Ayeshararelated that :“ The Apostle of Allah (peace & blessings upon him)strove harder and took greater pains to observeprayer etc., during the last ten days of Ramadhanthan during the other days.”Muslim
RamadhanLast AshraNight of PowerThe night on which the first verses of the Quranwere revealed to the Prophetsaw Generally taken to be the 27th night of the month Muslims spend the entire night in prayer
RamadhanLast AshraHazrat Aisharasaid:I asked the Messenger of Allah: O Messenger ofAllah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr, whatshould I say during it? He said: Say: O Allah, Youare pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardonme. “Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and TirmidhiTransliteration of Dua is "Allahumma innaka `afuwwun tuhibbul`afwa fa`fu `annee"
RamadhanLast Ashra last ten days hold a special status reflected in recommendations/practices of theProphetsawand the Sahabasra 3 major practicesincreased prayingItikaf in the Masjidseeking Lailat ul Qadr
QuranSurah al QadrIn the name of Allah, the Beneficent, theMerciful Lo! We revealed it on the Night of Predestination Ah, what will convey unto thee what the Night ofPower is! The Night of Power is better than a thousand months The angels and the Spirit descend therein, by thepermission of their Lord, with all decrees(The night is) Peace until the rising of the dawn
HadithBukhari, MuslimIn a Hadith related by Abu HurairahraThe Messenger of Allahsawsaid: "He who spends the night in prayer on the Night ofPower, as a sign of His faith, and seeking rewardsfrom Allah, his previous sins will be forgiven."
RamadhanLaylat al Qadrlit. the night of destiny(is the night of revelation and the night of judgment) Pious Muslims spend the night (when possible for 10days) in the mosquesDevote themselves to extra prayers and study of theQuran
HadithAhmed, Nasaae and BayhaqiAbu HurairahrarelatesThe Messenger of Allahsawsaid when oneRamadhan came:"A blessed month has arrived. Observing it in fastingis mandated on you (the believers). During thismonth, the gates of Paradise will be opened and thegates of Hellfire will be closed. The evil ones(Shayaatin) will be handcuffed. In it there is onenight, during which worship is better than worship in athousand months. Whoever is denied its blessingshas been denied the biggest blessing."
RamadhanLaylat al QadrThis night lends Ramadhan its specialcharacterThe Prophetsawwas first taught Quranic verses byJibril, and the teaching continued for 10 daysAllah determines the course of the world for thecoming year
RamadhanLaylat al Qadr No consensus which night of Ramadhan is Laylat alQadr Could be any odd numbered night from 21st to the29thTraditionally, celebrated throughout the night of the27th (i.e. the night between the 26th and 27th)
RamadhanLaylat al QadrThe Night of Al-Qadr has a Fixed Date:The best night in Ramadhan is the Night of Al-Qadr,based on the Prophets saying:"Whoever performs the night prayer on the Night ofAl-Qadr with firm faith and while seeking reward, hispast sins will be forgiven."
RamadhanLaylat al QadrHadeeth of Zurr Ibn HubayshUbay Bin Kaab rasaid:"May Allah have mercy on him, his intention was thatthe people not (grow lazy) and depend solely (on justone night). By the One of whom there is no deityworthy of worship beside Him, it is indeed inRamadhan. And by Allah I know on which night it is.It is on the night that Allahs Messengersawcommanded us to perform the Night Prayer. It is onthe twenty-seventh night. Its sign is that the sun riseson its following morning bright with no rays."
RamadhanSearching Laylat al QadrOne of the odd numbered nightsof the last 10 days of Ramadhani.e. 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th.It has been emphasized that it ismost likely to be the 27th night
RamadhanSearching Laylat al Qadr Signs of Laylat al Qadr are :Early sunrise without raysRainfall either at night or during the day of that nightNightsky will be slightly foggySlightly lighted sky without reflections or raysThe angels and Gabriel descend to earth for manypurposes
RamadhanLaylat al Qadr Allah has hidden knowledge of itsoccurrence out of mercy that one can increase actions in thesearch for it during these honorable nights by praying making dhikr supplicatingAllah’s test to distinguish who struggles to find itand who is lazy and negligent
RamadhanObserving Laylat al Qadr Collective/individual observance of :- Recitation of the Quran- Prayers : Nafl after Tarawih- Remembrance of Allah or zikr- Supplication or Dua for self and others- Reading books of Hadeeth
RamadhanObserving Laylat al Qadr Collective/individual observance of :- Reading Tafseer of Quran- Explaining Islam for benefit others- Giving charity- Pondering and contemplating"...and they contemplate the (wonders of)creation in the heaven and the earth…."(3:191)
HadithBukhari, Volume 3,Book 33: 260Observing it in Ramadhan is established inthe Hadith of Abu Hurairahra:"Allahs Messengersawwould make Itikaaf for ten daysin every Ramadhan. But when it was the year inwhich he died, he made Itikaaf for twenty days."
RamadhanWhat is Itikaaf ? Seclusion in masjid for a specific purposewhich is to worship Allah it is a Sunnah best time is Ramadhan, sp last 10 days best in Masjid where Friday prayers also held cannot be done at homeno kaffarah if voided, but reobserve it
RamadhanPrerequisites of Itikaaf4 prerequisites :Islam Sane (person should not be mad) Taharat (be free from Hadath e Akbar) Niyyat (Intention)
RamadhanDuring ItikaafA Mutakif should engage himself in Ibaadat Recital of the Holy QuranNafl Salaat and Zikr Durood Sharif and Istighfaar Remembrance of AllahLearn or teach the knowledge of deen
RamadhanBenefits of Itikaaf Immense hidden benefit protection from effects of excessive socializing protection from evil consequences of talking andsleeping too much concentrated devotion enhances spiritual growth
RamadhanBenefits of ItikaafActs of Itikaaf turning to Allah by praying Qiyam ul Layl(Night prayers) reading Quran making Dhikr reciting duas
RamadhanTypes of Itikaaf 3 types according to Hanafi school ofthought Wajib Itikaaf when a person makes it obligatory upon himselfeg after fulfillment of a prayer
RamadhanTypes of Itikaaf Sunnah Itikaafseclusion in a Masjid for last 10 days of Ramadhan(as per the practice of Rasulullahsaw) Nafil Itikaafno special time/specific number of daysImam Abu Hanifahrastates that it must be for ‘at leastone full day’
HadithSahih Abu Dawood 2135Aishahrasaid:"The Sunnah for the one doing Itikaaf is that heshould not go out (of the masjid) except for someneed that he must fulfill. He should not witness afuneral, nor should he touch his wife, or haveintercourse with her. And there is no Itikaaf except ina masjid that establishes the Jama’ah(congregational prayer). And the Sunnah for the onedoingItikaaf is that he should be fasting (on the dayhe makes Itikaaf)."
RamadhanConditions of ItikaafThe sunnah is that one does not visit the sick during itikaaf does not answer the invitation nor fulfill the needs of his family not witness the funeral (by following it) not go to work outside the masjid not touch his wife not leave to fulfill a need except that which isnecessary
RamadhanItikaaf for Women Permissible for women to do Itikaaf if their guardians grant them permission place must be free from any fitnah no intermingling with men
HadithSahih Ahmad, 3/103 Eid - a Mercy of AllahThe Prophetsawtold the people of Madina :“I came to you and you had in Jahiliyah 2 days ofplay and amusement. Indeed, Allah has replacedthem for you by that which is better than them:The day of Nahr (slaughtering) and the day of Fitr(breaking fast).”
RamadhanEid ul Fitr celebrated on the first day of Shawaal Eid means recurring happiness/festivity al Fitr means breaking of the fast 10thmonth of Muslim calendar Marks end of month of fasting Salat ul Eid (Eid prayers) offered Zakat ul Fitr Greetings of "Eid-Mubarak" /"a blessed Eid"exchanged
RamadhanEid ul FitrThis happy day designed by Shariah as sign of gratitude on accomplishment of Ramadhan as an immediate reward by Allah for those who spentRamadhan fasting and in other ibadah haraam to fast on this day day of forgetting grudges and ill will
RamadhanEid ul Fitr Islam has prescribed a simple yet gracefulway to observe the happy day- mandatory on well-off Muslims to start the day bypaying Zakat ul fitr- proceed to an open place to offer Eid prayercollectively- After Eid prayer, rejoice in a responsible manner
Eid Greetings(Fath al Baree 2/446) Jubair bin Nufair said:“The Companions of Allahs Messengersawwhen theymet on the day of Eid, would say to each other:‘Taqabbala Allahu minna wa minkum’(“May Allah accept it from you and us”)
RamadhanThe Night Preceding Eid ul Fitr Named in a Hadith as the Night of Reward(Lailatul Jaiza) The Prophetsawwould not sleep in the nightpreceding the day of Eid ul fitrAllah rewards those who spent Ramadhan byShariah, and all their prayers in this night areacceptedDesirable to perform nafl prayers in this night
HadithIbn Majah The Prophetsawis reported to have said:Whoever stands up (in worship) in the nightspreceding the two Eids expecting rewardsfrom his Lord, his heart will not die when theother hearts will die.
RamadhanRecommended Acts Following acts are Sunnah at the beginningof the day of Eid ul Fitr before the Eid prayer rising early in the morning brushing the teeth bathing for Eid after the Fajr prayer Wearing the best available dressUse of perfume
RamadhanRecommended Acts personal adornment and decoration give Zaka-ul-Fitr before going to the Eid ground eating something sweet before going for Eid Prayer reaching Eid ground early walking to the Eid ground one way and returning byanother Takbir on the way in a low voice
RamadhanTakbeer Alla-u Akbar, Allah-u AkbarAllah is greatest Allah is greatestLa-Ilaha ill-AllahThere is no God but Allahwa-Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbarand Allah is greatest Allah is greatestwa-lillah-il-hamdand all praise is for Allah
Zakat ul FitrMeaning Zakat ul Fitr also referred to as Sadaqah alFitrFitr means the same as Iftaar : breaking a fastFrom same root word - Futoor : meaning breakfast Islamically, Zakat al-Fitr is the charity whichis distributed at the end of the fast ofRamadhan
HadithAbu Dawud, Eng. transl. vol. 2, p. 421, no.1605In a hadith reported by Ibn Abbasra "The Messenger of Allahsawhas mandated theobligation of fast breaking alms as a cleanser of thefaster from (what one may have done) mistakes orobscene acts, and to provide for the poor. Whoevergives it before Eid prayer, it is an accepted alms, butwhoever gives it after Eid prayer, it is only a charitylike any ordinary charity."
Zakat ul FitrWhen to pay ? A special charity of the month of Ramadhan should be given during Ramadhan anytime beforethe Eid-ul-Fitr prayer Because it can be given until Eid-ul-Fitr time, it iscalled Zakat-ul-Fitr The Prophetsawurged Muslims to pay this charity in themonth of Ramadhan
HadithMuslim, English transl. vol. 2, p. 469, no. 2155 Abu Saeed al-Khudree said :"On behalf of our young and old, free men and slaves,we used to take out during Allahs Messengers(sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) lifetime one Saa` ofgrain, cheese or raisins".
Zakat ul FitrWho must pay ? Waajib on every Muslim as long as one hasthe means to do so poor or rich, man or woman, sane or insane amount of this zakat must be enough to feed a pooror needy person the head of the household may pay the requiredamount for the other members
Zakat ul FitrWhy pay it ? meant to expiate for any mistakes or wrongdoingsa person may have done during this blessed month helps the poor and needytakes care of their needs in the month of Ramadhanmakes it possible for them to celebrate Eid with otherMuslims
HadithBukhari, Volume 2, Hadith No. 579Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with themboth, said :"The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him,enjoined the payment of one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’of barley as Zakat ul Fitr on every Muslim, young andold, male and female, free and slave."
Zakat ul FitrHow much ? The amount is the same for everyone regardless of their different income brackets minimum amount is one Saa` (two handfuls ) of food,grain or dried fruit for each member of the family This calculation is based on Ibn Umarsreport
Zakat ul FitrHow much ? The amount fixed by the Prophet (peace andblessings be upon him)incumbent on every Muslim who possesses one Sa`(2.176 kilograms or 4.797 pounds) of dates or barleywhich is not needed as a basic food for himself or hisfamilyfor the duration of one day and night Some jurists allow paying equivalent in cash
Zakat ul FitrWhen to pay ? Should be given during Ramadhan any timebut before the Eid prayer should be given to the poor and needy Individuals can make payments to Islamic charitableorganizations These organizations then should distribute thesefunds soon and to the needy people on time
Zakat ul FitrVirtues Declared by the Prophetsawa perquisite for theacceptance of fasting Meant to :cement relationship between members of Muslimsocietyalleviate pain of the poorcultivate sense of brotherhood and solidarity
HadithAbu Dawud & TirmidhiThe Holy Prophetsawhas said :"Have mercy upon those on earth, andthose in heaven will have mercy uponyou."
Zakat ul FitrImportant Points permissible for a wealthy woman to pay Zakat to herhusband, who is poor, however the opposite is notpermissible Zakat ul Fitr not required from one who does notpossess a day’s worth of food Whoever possesses more than a day’s worth of foodand he gives it (as his Zakat-ul-Fitr), this will sufficehim
RamadhanEid Prayer It is a Wajib salaatcan be performed any time between the Ishraq andZawal Hazrat Umarrasaid:“The prayer of Eid and al-Adhaa is two completerak’ahs, not shortened. This is according to the wordsof your Prophet, and the liar is doomed.”
RamadhanEid Prayer No Iqaamah or Azaan Six extra Takbeers The prayer comes before the khutbah No nafl prayers before or after the Eid prayer If Eid prayer in a mosque, pray 2 rak’ahs Tahiyat al-Masjid before sitting down
RamadhanEid Prayer In this Salah, Khutbah is a Sunnah is delivered after the Salah listening to the Khutbah of Eid Salah is wajib Eid prayer in an open fieldand not in a mosque If difficult, can be performed in a big mosque
HadithSahih Muslim, 878 Al-Nu’maan ibn Bishr said:“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings ofAllah be upon him) used to recite on the two Eids andon Fridays, Sabbih isma rabbika’l-a’laa [al-A’laa 87:1]and Hal ataaka hadeeth al-ghaashiyah [al-Ghaashiyah 88:1].”
RamadhanConclusion The believer knows that :- the Lord of Ramadhan is also Lord of other months- that He is the Lord of all times and places- so he is steadfast upon the Shariah of Allahuntil he meets Him while He is pleased with him
RamadhanConclusion Righteous actions are for all times and allplaces Reading Quran and contemplating, is not only forRamadhan but for all times One must continuously be :- obedient to Allah,- firm upon His Shariah,- steadfast upon His Deen,- so that one is not of those who worship Allahonly during one month or only in one place
RamadhanConclusion From signs that ones deeds are accepted,is improvement in obedience to Allah`azzawa jall“And remember when your Lord proclaimed,If you are grateful, I will surely increase you[in favor]…” (Quran, surah Ibrahim: 7) So if the servant is truly thankful to his Lord, you willsee him guided to more obedience and distancedfrom sinfulness
RamadhanThankfulness is leaving sinsنُ قنيِنينيَلِقْيكا اَِق نيَتِقِنيأْييَِق تي ىاَّىحَِق كاَِق بَّىرَِق داْي بُعْي واَِق“And worship your Lord until there comesyou to the certainty [i.e. death].”Quransurah al Hijr: 99