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Work & Mental Health: knowledge
and approaches
Brussels / 17 March 2019
Dr Claudia Marinetti, MHE Director
WHO WE ARE
European non-governmental network organisation committed to:
• the promotion of positive mental health,
• the prevention of mental distress,
• the improvement of care, advocacy for social inclusion and the protection of the
rights of (ex)users of mental health services, persons with psychosocial disabilities,
their families and carers,
• The end of mental health stigma.
OUR WORK
• We work closely with the European Institutions and international bodies
• Together with our members, we formulate recommendations for policy makers to develop
mental health friendly policies
• MHE places users of mental services at the centre of its work
Work & Mental Health
Why work matters for mental
health?
We spend a lot of time at work
Workplaces present an important forum to identify and support
existing mental health needs
Work can be very positive for mental health
Poor working conditions & quality of work additional risk factors
for mental health
Why mental health matters for
work?
Persistence of stress can lead to
other problems and diseases
Chronic fatigue, burnout, musculoskeletal
or cardiovascular diseases
Negative impact on job satisfaction,
morale and performance
i.e. absenteeism, presenteeism
Negative impact on productivity and health of the organisation
The costs of poor mental health for individuals, employers and society are
enormous
Psychosocial risk factors
Understanding stress and its risks
• Work-related stress: harmful physical and emotional response
caused by an imbalance between the perceived demands and the
perceived resources and abilities of individuals to cope with those
demands.
• Dynamic interaction between the individual and the environment
• Stress is not a challenge
• Not a disease, yet first sign of a problem
• Psychosocial hazards/risks: those aspects of the design and
management of work and its social and organizational contexts
which have the potential for causing psychological or physical
harm.
Source: ILO report Workplace Stress – A collective challenge
Psychosocial risks
poor work design,
organisation and
management, effort-
reward imbalance,
unfavourable social
context of work
Negative outcomes
Emotional
Cognitive
Behavioural
Physical and mental ill-
health
Work-related
Stress
demands at work are
beyond
worker’s capacity to
cope with them
Non work-related factors
major life events, serious illness, bereavement, etc.
Psychosocial risks, stress and health
What can be done?
How to support a mentally healthy workplace?
• Create a culture of openness: mental health should not be a taboo
subject at work, it should become a topic of conversation and a focus
for shared activity
• Make an organisational commitment to mental health, encourage
senior executives to speak up and champion positive mental health
• Find ways of measuring the mental health and wellbeing of workforces
and report to top level management/decision makers
• Training on mental health for employers, front line managers and
workers
• Consider reasonable adjustments for workers experiencing severe or
longer term mental health problems
MHE infographic: How to support a
mentally healthy workplace?
It’s not just words…
 The words we use can frame and reframe people’s experiences.
 They can be stigmatising or discriminatory.
 They can open or close conversations.
 They can give or take away hope.
 They can be at the heart of misconceptions.
Words matter: why
Mental Health
is not mental ill
health
Mental Health
• Need to speak about mental health using positive
terms – we all have mental health
• Mental health = a spectrum of experiences and
feeling; “The ups & Downs” may happen to anyone
Mental ill health
• Speaking about recovery is important
• Taking some distance from « the sufferer » perspective
and labels
• Combating common misconceptions and clichés about
people living with mental ill health
• Not ‘them’ but ‘us’
MHE infographic: words matter
Thank you for your attention!
www.mhe-sme.org
claudia.marinetti@mhe-sme.org
The work of Mental Health Europe is supported by the European Commission through the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme

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2019-06-17_claudia_marinetti_mhe.pptx

  • 1. Work & Mental Health: knowledge and approaches Brussels / 17 March 2019 Dr Claudia Marinetti, MHE Director
  • 2. WHO WE ARE European non-governmental network organisation committed to: • the promotion of positive mental health, • the prevention of mental distress, • the improvement of care, advocacy for social inclusion and the protection of the rights of (ex)users of mental health services, persons with psychosocial disabilities, their families and carers, • The end of mental health stigma.
  • 3. OUR WORK • We work closely with the European Institutions and international bodies • Together with our members, we formulate recommendations for policy makers to develop mental health friendly policies • MHE places users of mental services at the centre of its work
  • 4. Work & Mental Health
  • 5. Why work matters for mental health? We spend a lot of time at work Workplaces present an important forum to identify and support existing mental health needs Work can be very positive for mental health Poor working conditions & quality of work additional risk factors for mental health
  • 6. Why mental health matters for work? Persistence of stress can lead to other problems and diseases Chronic fatigue, burnout, musculoskeletal or cardiovascular diseases Negative impact on job satisfaction, morale and performance i.e. absenteeism, presenteeism Negative impact on productivity and health of the organisation The costs of poor mental health for individuals, employers and society are enormous
  • 8. Understanding stress and its risks • Work-related stress: harmful physical and emotional response caused by an imbalance between the perceived demands and the perceived resources and abilities of individuals to cope with those demands. • Dynamic interaction between the individual and the environment • Stress is not a challenge • Not a disease, yet first sign of a problem • Psychosocial hazards/risks: those aspects of the design and management of work and its social and organizational contexts which have the potential for causing psychological or physical harm. Source: ILO report Workplace Stress – A collective challenge
  • 9. Psychosocial risks poor work design, organisation and management, effort- reward imbalance, unfavourable social context of work Negative outcomes Emotional Cognitive Behavioural Physical and mental ill- health Work-related Stress demands at work are beyond worker’s capacity to cope with them Non work-related factors major life events, serious illness, bereavement, etc. Psychosocial risks, stress and health
  • 10. What can be done?
  • 11. How to support a mentally healthy workplace? • Create a culture of openness: mental health should not be a taboo subject at work, it should become a topic of conversation and a focus for shared activity • Make an organisational commitment to mental health, encourage senior executives to speak up and champion positive mental health • Find ways of measuring the mental health and wellbeing of workforces and report to top level management/decision makers • Training on mental health for employers, front line managers and workers • Consider reasonable adjustments for workers experiencing severe or longer term mental health problems
  • 12. MHE infographic: How to support a mentally healthy workplace?
  • 13. It’s not just words…  The words we use can frame and reframe people’s experiences.  They can be stigmatising or discriminatory.  They can open or close conversations.  They can give or take away hope.  They can be at the heart of misconceptions. Words matter: why
  • 14. Mental Health is not mental ill health Mental Health • Need to speak about mental health using positive terms – we all have mental health • Mental health = a spectrum of experiences and feeling; “The ups & Downs” may happen to anyone Mental ill health • Speaking about recovery is important • Taking some distance from « the sufferer » perspective and labels • Combating common misconceptions and clichés about people living with mental ill health • Not ‘them’ but ‘us’
  • 16. Thank you for your attention! www.mhe-sme.org claudia.marinetti@mhe-sme.org The work of Mental Health Europe is supported by the European Commission through the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme