Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

How our cities can plan for driverless cars

335 views

Published on

Lauren Isaac

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

How our cities can plan for driverless cars

  1. 1. July 2016 How Our Cities Can Plan for Driverless Cars
  2. 2. THEY’RE COMING… The state of autonomous vehicle technology seems likely to advance with or without legislative and agency actions at the federal level. However, the manner in which autonomous vehicle technologies progress and will eventually be implemented depends heavily on these efforts. Intelligent planning, meaningful vision, and regulatory action and reform are required. - “Preparing a Nation for Autonomous Vehicles: Opportunities, Barriers, and Policy Recommendations,” Eno Center for Transportation
  3. 3.  Driverless vehicles 101  Our Driverless Future  Current Status of Government with Driverless Vehicles  Proposed Actions for State and Local Governments Regarding Driverless Vehicles DISCUSSION TOPICS
  4. 4. Driverless Vehicles 101
  5. 5. DRIVERLESS VEHICLES DEFINITION NHTSA defines “Full Self-Driving Automation” as: “designed to perform all safety-critical driving functions and monitor roadway conditions for an entire trip. Such a design anticipates that the driver will provide destination or navigation input, but is not expected to be available for control at any time during the trip.” Source: http://www.internationaltransportforum.org/Pub/pdf/15CPB_AutonomousDriving.pdf
  6. 6. NHTSA’S DEFINITION OF VEHICLE AUTOMATION
  7. 7. DEFINITIONS: DRIVERLESS VS CONNECTED VEHICLES Driverless Vehicles Connected Vehicles (CV) Automated Vehicles Best of Both Worlds!
  8. 8. Positives Negatives  Safety improvements  Improved mobility for youth, elderly, and disabled  Improved traffic circulation  Reduced need for parking  Improved travel time reliability  Reduced GHG emissions  Reduced need for private car ownership and private auto insurance  Increased “VMT”  Insurance policy disruption  Increased urban sprawl  Job loss POTENTIAL IMPACT OF DRIVERLESS CARS ON SOCIETY
  9. 9. DRIVERLESS VEHICLES ADOPTION TIMELINE
  10. 10.  Technology development continues to be the main focus; however, other considerations are being researched as well  Governments around the world are developing partnerships and conducting research to determine how they should regulate the industry in order to ensure public safety DRIVERLESS VEHICLES TODAY Industry Standards Text here Society Integration Human Factors Technology Privacy & Security Infrastructure Requirements Insurance
  11. 11. Our Driverless Future
  12. 12. SCENARIO 1
  13. 13. SCENARIO 2
  14. 14. POTENTIAL FUTURE SCENARIOS Level of Vehicle and Ride Sharing Scenario 1: Driverless Nightmare Scenario 2: Driverless Utopia 0% of Society 100% of Society
  15. 15. CHANGES FROM TODAY’S SOCIETY Driverless Nightmare Driverless Utopia Safety VMT GHG Emissions Urban Sprawl Parking Req’ts No Change Roadway Maintenance Req’ts Low Income Mobility
  16. 16. Proposed Actions For State And Local Governments Regarding Driverless Vehicles
  17. 17. PROPOSED GOVERNMENT ROLE IN DRIVERLESS VEHICLES Update, Establish and Enforce Policies and Regulations Safety Privacy/Data Sharing Cyber Security Establish and Enforce Standards Manufacturing Vehicle Design Infrastructure Data/Communications Federal Role State and Local Role
  18. 18. LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS Stay educated on driverless vehicles progress Incorporate driverless vehicles into city goals Establish communications and/or coalition with driverless technology stakeholders Support testing activities Establish policies and plans with consideration for the future Encourage open data sharing What can be done now?
  19. 19. LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS What can be done in the medium (1-2 years) to long-term (3-5 years)? Planning Update travel demand model Evaluate road capacity needs Assess transit requirements Forecast financial implications Infrastructure Modifications Update traffic signs and markings Reduce lane width Alter speed limits Adjust traffic signal locations and timing Eliminate/reduce parking and add more “drop- off/pick-up” locations Add electric vehicle charging infrastructure Develop new predictive models for pavement maintenance Certify roads for driverless and/or manual usage Miscellaneous Update enforcement function within the government Update incident management function within the government Incorporate driverless vehicle technology into government services Update government workforce to match needs
  20. 20. LOCAL GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATIONS What policy changes can be made by local governments to influence potential AV impacts in our cities? Update roadway policies and infrastructure to manage the VMT impact Adjust land use policies to reduce urban sprawl Adjust the tax/fee structure to dis- incentivize car ownership and/or parking Alter parking policies to reduce the need for private parking Change transit pricing
  21. 21. CONTACT LAUREN • Email: isaac@pbworld.com • Phone: 415-815-8200 • Guide: http://www.wsp-pb.com/en/WSP-USA/What-we-do-USA/Services/All- Services-A-Z/Driverless-Vehicles/ • Blog: www.drivingtowardsdriverless.com • Twitter: @DriverlessLau Blog: Twitter:

×