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The Comparison of Neorealism and
Neoliberalism
SUBJECT: THEORY OF IR
LECTURER: DR. KONCAK
STUDENT: DZHUMAGUL MALDYBAEVA
GR...
Content
 Neorealism
 Neoliberalism
 Similarities
 Differences
 Conclusion
What is a Neorealism?
 Neorealism is an ideological departure from Hans Morgenthau's writing
on classical realism. Classi...
What is a Neoliberalism?
 Neoliberalism refers to a school of thought which believes that states are,
or at least should ...
Similarities and differences
Neoliberalism
 Neoliberals recognize that the
international system is
characterized by some ...
Similarities and differences
Neoliberalism
 supporters of both approaches
agree with such priorities of the
states as nat...
Similarities and differences
Neoliberalism
 neorealists recognize influence
and impact of the international
organizations...
Conclusion
 Both ‘neo’ theoretical approaches have their differences, neorealists focus primarily
on high politics and ne...
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Comparison of the Neorealism and Neoliberalism. Theory of IR.
IAAU, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

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Neorealism and neoliberalism

  1. 1. The Comparison of Neorealism and Neoliberalism SUBJECT: THEORY OF IR LECTURER: DR. KONCAK STUDENT: DZHUMAGUL MALDYBAEVA GROUP: IR-4A International Ataturk – Alatoo University
  2. 2. Content  Neorealism  Neoliberalism  Similarities  Differences  Conclusion
  3. 3. What is a Neorealism?  Neorealism is an ideological departure from Hans Morgenthau's writing on classical realism. Classical realism originally explained the machinations of international politics as being based on human nature, and therefore subject to the ego and emotion of world leaders.  Neorealism is often called “structural realism,” which signifies that the theory primarily centers on the effects of the structure of the international system when it seeks to explain outcomes in international politics.
  4. 4. What is a Neoliberalism?  Neoliberalism refers to a school of thought which believes that states are, or at least should be, concerned first and foremost with absolute gains rather than relative gains to other states. Neoliberalism is not the same as neoliberal economic ideology, although both theories use common methodologies, which include game theory.  Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye are considered the founders of the neoliberal school of thought
  5. 5. Similarities and differences Neoliberalism  Neoliberals recognize that the international system is characterized by some "anarchy", however, unlike the neorealist emphasizing its fundamental value consider that certain models of interactions between the states were developed. Neorealism  neorealists agree with neoliberals that the international cooperation is possible, but unlike them they say that cooperation is difficult to achieve and more dependent on the governments.
  6. 6. Similarities and differences Neoliberalism  supporters of both approaches agree with such priorities of the states as national power and economic wellbeing, but neorealists attach bigger significance to the first priority, and neoliberals - to the second. Neorealism  neorealists insist that cooperation brings relative benefit) and neoliberals - that she is absolutely favorable to its participants.
  7. 7. Similarities and differences Neoliberalism  neorealists recognize influence and impact of the international organizations on the international relations, but believe that neoliberals exaggerate their value. Neorealism  unlike neoliberals neorealists emphasize value of the valid opportunities, resources of the states, than their political intentions more.
  8. 8. Conclusion  Both ‘neo’ theoretical approaches have their differences, neorealists focus primarily on high politics and neoliberal institutionalists focus on low politics, but regardless of this, they both share similar worldviews.They share a comparable epistemology and ontology, focus on similar questions, and have a number of assumptions about world politics, solidifying the IR mainstream against reflectivist attacks. The assumptions shared by neo-neo purport that there is no common authority and states are unitary and interest-maximizing actors. To conclude, I firmly believe that the evolution of both neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism has resulted in these theories falling under one header, and has subsequently together come under fire from positivist attacks.
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Comparison of the Neorealism and Neoliberalism. Theory of IR. IAAU, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

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