Copyright lecture


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Copyright lecture

  1. 1. Ethics in information: Copyright <ul><li>Julius Fleschner </li></ul>
  2. 2. Genesis of U.S Copyright <ul><li>Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the U.S Constitution, the Copyright Clause gives Congress the power... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the Exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is copyright? <ul><li>Copyright is a protection provided to creators of original works by 17 USC 106. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides for the exclusive rights of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reproduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>distribution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>display </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Copyright in action
  5. 5. Copyright in action
  6. 6. Copyright in action
  7. 7. Copyright in action
  8. 8. When does copyright start? <ul><li>Copyright protections begin immediately ... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>once it’s in a fixed form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exception is when the work is prepared within the scope of employment, or the work has been specially ordered or commissioned for use. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Copyright length <ul><li>Once a work is in a fixed medium, it is automatically protected for the duration of the author’s life plus 70 years. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life + 70. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Limits to copyright <ul><li>Not everything can be copyrighted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>works that are not fixed in a tangible form of expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>titles, names, short phrases, slogans, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ideas, procedures, methods, processes, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>works that contain no original authorship </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fair use <ul><li>Fair use is a limitation and exception to the exclusive rights granted under 17 USC 106. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a right. You can only claim Fair use after being sued for infringement. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>A judge will consider the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>purpose and character of use (commercial, educational, non-profit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nature of the copyrighted work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>amount used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>effect upon potential market value of the original work </li></ul></ul>Fair use
  13. 13. Copyright registration <ul><li>The author can register his/her copyright with the U.S. Copyright office. (not required for copyright) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>establish a public record of copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>file a claim of infringement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Customs will protect against infringing imports </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Current example
  15. 15. Current example <ul><li>Lately, the Department of Homeland Security’s Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE) has been seizing websites accused of providing access to copyright material. [ more info ] </li></ul>
  16. 16. Public Domain <ul><li>After copyright has expired, the work is considered to be in the public domain. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The public “owns” the copyright. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally, works created before 1923 are in the public domain. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except government documents </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Creative Commons <ul><li>The Creative Commons is a license that works within existing copyright law. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essentially, it is a non-profit organization that creates liberal copyright licenses. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Copyright questions <ul><li>Can something used for an educational purpose still violate copyright? </li></ul><ul><li>Can a teacher play a movie for a class? </li></ul><ul><li>If something does not have a copyright notice, is it still copyrighted? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the public domain? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where can you find copyright free books for students? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. More information <ul><li>My email address: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>WikiCommons: </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr Creative Commons: </li></ul><ul><li>Project Gutenberg: </li></ul><ul><li>USF Lit2Go: [iTunes Link] </li></ul>