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OpenAccess
J u l i e n C o l o m b 

M o d i f i e d f r o m a p r e s e n t a t i o n o f
L I S A M AT T H I A S – F R E ...
2
Open-access (OA) literature is 

- digital,
- online,
- free of charge, and
- free of most copyright and licensing restr...
P O W E R
3
How many of you have ever hit a
paywall when trying to access a
research article?
4
video introduction
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?
time_continue=503&v=L5rVH1KGBCY
• License: Creative Commons Attribut...
5
M O S T
Scholarly research remains
inaccessible to most people on this
planet.
O N LY A R O U N D
2 8 %
Of scholarly lit...
6
“Academic publishing is the perfect business model to
make a lot of money. You have the producer and
consumer as the sam...
7
What do publishers do ?
- organisation of peer review
- copy editing editing (xml version creation)
- distribution
- pro...
8
Profit Margins
0
10
20
30
40
BMW Google Apple Springer Elsevier
Adapted from https://alexholcombe.files.wordpress.com/20...
9
Economics
costs
- 400-600 € for publishing a paper
- multiplied by the rejection factor
price
- what people will be read...
10
See CC-BY movie: 

https://paywallthemovie.com
P O W E R
11
Open Access
G O L D ( A P C g o l d , d i a m o n d
Publishing your scholarly work in an OA journal or
as an ...
12
12
12
13
The OA

Citation
Advantage
17
7
46
Studies that found citation advantage
Studies that were inconclusive, found non-sign...
14
Gold Open Access: Common Concerns
PAY I N G TO
P U B L I S H
Majority of OA journals does not
charge APCs.
A U T H O R ...
15
Early-career researchers
• What do we want?
And build our academic profile.
G E T P U B L I S H E D
…
F I N I S H T H A...
16
Green Open Access: Common Practices
W H E N & W H AT
Check the publisher’s self-archiving
policies to know when & which...
16
Green Open Access: Common Practices
• Preprints
• Bioarchive
• peerJ preprints
• …
W H E N & W H AT
Check the publisher...
17
30 Citations 28 Citations
PREPRINT JOURNAL ARTICLE
https://www.altmetric.com/details/23358582 https://www.altmetric.com...
18
SUPPORTS EXPORT &
HARVESTING
LONG-TERM
PRESERVATION
BUSINESS MODEL
FULFILLS FUNDER OA
POLICIES
N o N o Ye s
N o N o Ye ...
P O W E R
19
20
Benefits of Open Access
Fast communication
Maximize visibility (and therefore citation)
Facilitate collaboration
Increa...
P O W E R
21
22
The future ?
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
22
The future ?
• Gold OA may not be cheaper !
• It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
• The pressure to...
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3 1 openaccess

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3 1 openaccess

  1. 1. OpenAccess J u l i e n C o l o m b 
 M o d i f i e d f r o m a p r e s e n t a t i o n o f L I S A M AT T H I A S – F R E I E U N I V E R S I T Ä T B E R L I N – @ l _ m a t t h i a
  2. 2. 2 Open-access (OA) literature is 
 - digital, - online, - free of charge, and - free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.
  3. 3. P O W E R 3 How many of you have ever hit a paywall when trying to access a research article?
  4. 4. 4 video introduction • https://www.youtube.com/watch? time_continue=503&v=L5rVH1KGBCY • License: Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed) • Not easily accessible (no download button) • No raw data
  5. 5. 5 M O S T Scholarly research remains inaccessible to most people on this planet. O N LY A R O U N D 2 8 % Of scholarly literature is Open Access. Piwowar H, Priem J, Larivière V, Alperin JP, Matthias L, Norlander B, Farley A, West J, Haustein S. (2018) The state of OA: a large-scale analysis of the prevalence and impact of Open Access articles. PeerJ 6:e4375 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4375 The Access Problem
  6. 6. 6 “Academic publishing is the perfect business model to make a lot of money. You have the producer and consumer as the same person: the researcher. And the researcher has no idea how much anything costs.” BRIAN NOSEK U N I V E R S I T Y O F V I R G I N I A , C E N T E R F O R O P E N S C I E N C E
  7. 7. 7 What do publishers do ? - organisation of peer review - copy editing editing (xml version creation) - distribution - provide prestige - subscription negotiations and lobbying - create the paywall - create a way to pay to pass the paywall
  8. 8. 8 Profit Margins 0 10 20 30 40 BMW Google Apple Springer Elsevier Adapted from https://alexholcombe.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/publisherprofitsincludingplos2015edition1.png
  9. 9. 9 Economics costs - 400-600 € for publishing a paper - multiplied by the rejection factor price - what people will be ready to pay - prestige has no price (every journal is a monopoly)
  10. 10. 10 See CC-BY movie: 
 https://paywallthemovie.com
  11. 11. P O W E R 11 Open Access G O L D ( A P C g o l d , d i a m o n d Publishing your scholarly work in an OA journal or as an OA monograph. G R E E N Providing OA to a version of a work published in a closed-access journal or with a closed-access publisher. B R O N Z E BRONZE: free to read B L A C K BLACK: illegal copies (ResearchGate, sci-hub)

  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 12
  14. 14. 12
  15. 15. 13 The OA
 Citation Advantage 17 7 46 Studies that found citation advantage Studies that were inconclusive, found non-significant advantage etc. Studies that found no citation advantage Tennant JP, Waldner F, Jacques DC et al. (2016) The academic, economic and societal impacts of Open Access: an evidence-based review [version 3; referees: 4 approved, 1 approved with reservations]. F1000Research 5:632. https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.8460.3
  16. 16. 14 Gold Open Access: Common Concerns PAY I N G TO P U B L I S H Majority of OA journals does not charge APCs. A U T H O R R I G H T S Author rights still protected, granting greater reuse right to readers. AVA I L A B I L I T Y OA articles and monographs subject to the same editorial & peer review standards as closed- access counterparts. Q U A L I T Y OA does not influence print sales. Consult publisher. R O YA LT I E S Considerable differences regarding the availability of OA journals.
  17. 17. 15 Early-career researchers • What do we want? And build our academic profile. G E T P U B L I S H E D … F I N I S H T H AT D I S S E R TAT I O N Within or outside of academia. F I N D A P E R M A N E N T J O B
  18. 18. 16 Green Open Access: Common Practices W H E N & W H AT Check the publisher’s self-archiving policies to know when & which version you are allowed to deposit. W H E R E Institutional or disciplinary repositories
  19. 19. 16 Green Open Access: Common Practices • Preprints • Bioarchive • peerJ preprints • … W H E N & W H AT Check the publisher’s self-archiving policies to know when & which version you are allowed to deposit. W H E R E Institutional or disciplinary repositories
  20. 20. 17 30 Citations 28 Citations PREPRINT JOURNAL ARTICLE https://www.altmetric.com/details/23358582 https://www.altmetric.com/details/33152539
  21. 21. 18 SUPPORTS EXPORT & HARVESTING LONG-TERM PRESERVATION BUSINESS MODEL FULFILLS FUNDER OA POLICIES N o N o Ye s N o N o Ye s C o m m e r c i a l C o m m e r c i a l N o n - p r o f i t N o N o Ye s Adapted from: https://openreflections.wordpress.com/2017/05/09/academia-edu-and-self-branding
  22. 22. P O W E R 19
  23. 23. 20 Benefits of Open Access Fast communication Maximize visibility (and therefore citation) Facilitate collaboration Increase efficiency
  24. 24. P O W E R 21
  25. 25. 22 The future ?
  26. 26. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper !
  27. 27. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs
  28. 28. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change
  29. 29. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news
  30. 30. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA
  31. 31. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands
  32. 32. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands • The industry is changing fast
  33. 33. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands • The industry is changing fast • PloS was a huge commercial success = to be copied
  34. 34. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands • The industry is changing fast • PloS was a huge commercial success = to be copied • New business models are developed
  35. 35. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands • The industry is changing fast • PloS was a huge commercial success = to be copied • New business models are developed • Open peer review is coming
  36. 36. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands • The industry is changing fast • PloS was a huge commercial success = to be copied • New business models are developed • Open peer review is coming • Eventually, we will achieve full, free OA
  37. 37. 22 The future ? • Gold OA may not be cheaper ! • It is a monopoly industry: prices do not go along costs • The pressure to publish in "high impact journals" did not change • Good news • Funders are pushing for OA • DORA: limiting the importance of journal brands • The industry is changing fast • PloS was a huge commercial success = to be copied • New business models are developed • Open peer review is coming • Eventually, we will achieve full, free OA Because YOU will not care about journal prestige!

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