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Catalog of the Solar System


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Catalog of the Solar System

  1. 1. Catalogue of the Solar System
  2. 2. Things in our Solar System What is an elliptical orbit? <ul><li>The Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Planets </li></ul><ul><li>Moons </li></ul><ul><li>Comets </li></ul><ul><li>Asteroids and Meteoroids </li></ul><ul><li>Dwarf Planets </li></ul><ul><li>Kuiper Belt Objects </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Sun <ul><li>Description: star at the middle of our solar system made of hot plasma </li></ul><ul><li>Size: 865,400 miles across </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: Helium & Hydrogen (and a little bit of everything else) </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: 30,000 light years from the center of the Milky Way </li></ul>Price Tag: $83 trillion
  4. 4. Planets <ul><li>Description: celestial bodies moving in elliptical orbit around a star </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: 3,032 miles – 12,400,000 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: Rocky (mineral) or gaseous (hydrogen, helium) </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: edge of the Milky Way </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Neptune, Jupiter, etc. </li></ul>Price Tag: $36-87 billion each
  5. 5. Moons <ul><li>Description: a natural satellite (celestial body orbiting a planet) </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: 310 km - 3,476 km (2,160 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: rock (mostly aluminum and silicon oxides) </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: orbiting around planets </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Io, Europa, Calisto, Luna </li></ul>Price Tag: $ 28 billion
  6. 6. Comets <ul><li>Description: celestial object made of ice and dust showing a tail when near the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: Miami, FL or Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: ice, gasses, ammonia, dirt and carbon compounds </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: typically originate from the Kuiper Belt or Oort cloud, orbiting around the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Haley’s, Hug-bell 1, Johnson-1 , Bus-1, Hale-Bopp </li></ul>Price Tag: $3-8 million
  7. 7. Asteroids <ul><li>Description: large rocky body orbiting the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: tens of meters across up to 1000 km wide </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: metal & rock </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: mostly in belt orbiting between Mars & Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Griffin, Daniel, Dick, Andrewmerrill </li></ul>Price Tag: $250,000 and up
  8. 8. Meteoroids <ul><li>Description: small body moving in the solar system that would become a meteorite if it enters Earth’s atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: sand to boulder-size (up to 300 yards across) </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: rock and ice </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: everywhere, orbiting planets </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Murchison, Allende, </li></ul><ul><li>Peeskill </li></ul>Price Tag: $200 - $75,000
  9. 9. Dwarf Planets <ul><li>Description: celestial body orbiting the sun, massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, but has not cleared its neighboring region of planetesmals and is not a satellite </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: 1,010 km across </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: traces of methane, hydrogen & helium atoms </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: near the orbits of Jupiter and beyond </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Pluto, Eris, Ceres, Sedna </li></ul>Price Tag: $25 to 30 billion
  10. 10. Kuiper Belt Objects <ul><li>Description: large chunks of ice and rock, minor planets from which most comets originate </li></ul><ul><li>Average size: unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: frozen volatiles (gases such as methane, ammonium and water) </li></ul><ul><li>Location in space: ring outside of Neptune’s orbit </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Object 1993SC, Quaoar, Binary KBOs </li></ul>