Thomas Gainsborough was born inSudbury (England) May 14, 1727.His father was a trader in textiles.Thomas was not able to get the fullart education, although he had aclear ability. In the 1740s, hebecame an apprentice Frenchengraver Hubert Gravlo and earneda well-known publisher Boydella. To earn a living, Thomas draws asmall portraits and landscapes,which sells inexpensive. But eventhis is enough to him to start in 1745,his own workshop. At that time, his work is dominatedby two main lines: the beautifullandscapes, inspired by Dutchartists, portraits amid idyllic scenery.
In 1759 Gainsborough moved to Bath -aristocratic resort. It was here that he becameacquainted with the work of Anthony van Dyck.Formal portraits of the famous Flemish had astrong influence on the artist.The main genre in Gainsborough painting - aportrait, but the artist considered himselfprimarily a landscape painter. He often feltburdened by work on the portrait, and it is veryupsetting to the landscape skepticism inacademic circles.
At Gainsborough landscapes influenced theDutch tradition of XVII century. Like the Dutchartist, he painted picturesque rural views,necessarily including them in person. Heroesare usually shown in a way ("wagon", 1767,"The Return of the peasants and the market,"17b7-1768., "River Landscape with Figures ina Boat", 1768 - 1770., Etc.). The artist almostnever used field observations in hislandscapes: Getting Started, he built on sucha small model of the pebbles, twigs, sand,pieces of moss, and then play it on thecanvas. At the same time, the colors of naturereflected in the color of his paintings. Mastertried to thin and delicate undertones, soft lightand shade. Gainsborough world filled withpeace and harmony. Gainsborough valued innature natural, modest beauty and sound tohuman experiences. He loved the forest andriver views from the winding paths, free-growing trees, sometimes take strangeshapes. His work has prepared the floweringof English romantic landscape in the first halfof the XIX century.
"View near the village Kornard" "Portrait Henedzh Lloyd sister"
All mixed up in the artistic culture of England at that time - the remains of the principles and traditions of theBaroque, to dictate ceremonial big style, inscribed in French Rococo, elegant, decorative, but not deep,Classicism, with its forms of organization, idealized nature, a strict hierarchy of art, in which the favoriteGainsborough landscape and portrait occupied the lowest rung; centimentalizm that caused by naturalchuvctvam; budding sharp, satirical realism. Art galleries and museums in England there was no access to private collections had not any, but there was a great British invention - the auctions where exhibited paintings for sale. In those years he worked the famous auction Christie. Since its founding, the former seaman John Christie, later befriends Gainsborough and leave us with a portrait of him. On auction exhibitions and art reflects the struggle of opinions and tastes.Gainsborough soon notice and begin to appreciate colleaguesHogarth himself invited him to participate in the decoration ofthe orphanage, and he wrote a kind of London HospitalCharterhouse - powerful brick walls, the severity of whichmelted in the warm reddish tones and does not suppress thatgoes deep into the cobbled pavement, uneven lighted andtherefore plays all the shades which can give a brick andstone sunbeam, in the bright spot tiny black figures ofchildren, from left - trees, and above them - a breakthrough inthe sky, foaming clouds.
Thomas Gainsborough. Portrait of Duchess Elisabeth deBeaufort. 1770s. Hermitage. St. PetersburgThomas Gainsborough (born ThomasGainsborough, May 14, 1727 - August 2, 1788) -English painter, graphic artist, portraitist andlandscape painter. Gabrielle DEstrees (born Gabrielle dEstr &1570, Montlouis-sur-Loire - April 10, 1599,Paris), the Duchess of Beaufort and de Verneuil,the Marquis de Monceau - the daughter of thechief of artillery Antoine DEstrees, one of thefavorites of King Henry IV the Great.