Taras Shevchenko was born on February 25 (March 9, at
BC. Century). 1814r. with. Moryntsi Zvenigorod district of
was born on February 25
(March 9, at BC.
Century). 1814r. with.
district of Kiev
1822. his father gave him " the science " in Cyrillic thanks .
Two years Taras learned to read and write, and maybe learned
some knowledge of arithmetic. He read something and
besides the Psalter .
After the death of 1823r . Mother and 1825. Taras father left an
orphan . Some time was a " schoolboy - popyhachem "
thanks in Bogor . Even in school, small Taras possessed an
irresistible passion for drawing. He wanted to " When Does
anyone sdelatsya hot posredstvennыm painter " and
persistently sought in surrounding villages teacher of
drawing. But after several unsuccessful attempts to return to
Kyrylivka where public herds pass and almost rotten year of
the priest Gregory Kosice .
In late 1828 or early 1829r. Taras taken to court in Vilshana
landlord who inherited the illegitimate son V. Engelhardt,
Adjutant Vilna Military Governor M. Engelhardt.
accompanied by rolls
to free young master.
In the yard
of his recorded able
In his spare Shevchenko
Acting Cossack landowners
in chambers. And in his spare
time secret from Mr. redraws
popular prints. Shevchenko
prefer to study painting.
Most likely, he briefly studied
at John-Baptiste Lampe (1775
- 1837), who from the end of
1829r. the spring of 1830. was
in Vilna, or Jan Rustem (? 1835), professor of painting
In his spare Shevchenko Acting Cossack landowners in chambers. And
in his spare time secret from Mr. redraws popular prints. Shevchenko
prefer to study painting. Most likely, he briefly studied at John-Baptiste
Lampe (one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five - in 1837), who
from the end of 1829r. the spring of 1830. was in Vilna, or Jan Rustem (?
1832r. Engelhardt zakontraktovuye
Shevchenko four years master
Petersburg paint shop
V. Shiryaev.- 1835),
professor of painting
Together with his students
Shevchenko involved in the
decoration of the Great and
other St. Petersburg theaters.
Obviously, 1835r. Shevchenko is met student of the Academy
of Art I. Soshenko. He does his best to somehow ease his fate,
introduces Hrebinka and conference secretary of the Academy
of Arts Vladimir Grigoryevich that allows Shevchenko attend
classes Drawing Society to encourage artists (1835).
Subsequently Shevchenko is familiar with K.
Briullov and V. Zhukovsky. Affected bitter fate
talented young man, they 1838r. redeem it from
May 21 1838r. Shevchenko
rank outsiders a student of
the Academy of Arts. He
trained under the direction
of Karl Briullov, becoming
one of his favorite pupils
receive silver medals (for
the film "Boy-poor, which
gives the bread a dog"
(1840), "Gypsy FortuneTeller" (1841), "Catherine"
(1842) ). The latter is
written based on the poem
Successfully running it in the portrait genre (portraits
N.Lunina, A. repairs, O. Kotzebue and others., Selfportraits).
Poems Shevchenko began
writing a serf, in his testimony
in 1837. Since the first poetic
attempts only known poem
"causal" and "Bored to me,
seriously - what I do."
Several of his poems
Shevchenko in 1838r. Combs
passed for publication in
"Swallow". But even before
the "Swallow" (1841) 18 April
1840. appears first collection
Shevchenko - "Kobzar".
1841. Shevchenko emerged historical poem
"Gaydamak" (written in 1839 - 1841).
1842r. writes dramatized social and household poem
online "Blind". That same year, creates a historical
poem "Gamal" (published in book form 1844r.).
End of February 1843. dated historical domestic
drama "Nazar Stodolia" (written in Russian,
known only in Ukrainian translation). In 1844 - 1845
рр. it put an amateur group in Medical-Surgical
Academy in St. Petersburg.
1844r. published the second
edition of "poet". All these
works belong to the early
period of Shevchenko when he
realized himself as a "peasant
poet" and the poet-patriot.
A new period of creativity
Shevchenko covers the
years 1843 - 1847 (before
arrest) and is associated
with two of his trip to
Ukraine. Sort by collections
of autographs "Three
Years" (which includes
poetry 1843 - 1845) the years
of life and his poetry is
called the period of "three
years". To this period
belong actually works
written in 1846 - 1847 years
(before his arrest).
First trip Shevchenko in Ukraine continued for about
eight months. Leaving from St. Petersburg in May
1843., Poet visited dozens of towns and villages of
Ukraine (native Kyrylivka, Kyiv, Poltava, Khortytsya
the peasants, met with
Т.Г.Шевченко. Собор святого Олександра в Києві
two poetic works Russian poem
the poem "dug
And, returning to St. Petersburg in late February
1844r., He impressed at what he saw Ukraine wrote a
number of works (including the poem "Dream"),
which finally determined his future path as a poet.
Spring 1846r. in Kyiv Shevchenko met with
M.Kostomarov, M. Gulak, M. Savić, O. Markovic
and other members of the secret Cyril and
Methodius (founded in December 1845 - January
1846) and entered into this organization. His work
period "three years" had an undeniable impact on
the program documents of the company.
In March 1847. Society was destroyed. Arrests began.
Shevchenko was arrested April 5 1847., And the 17th
was brought to St. Petersburg and at the time the
investigation was imprisoned in the dungeons of
8 June 1847. Shevchenko
brought to Orenburg, Orsk
Fortress from there to where
he had to undergo military
service. In Orsk he broke
royal prohibition write. His
new work, he secretly wrote to
the improvised "Every day"
zoshytkiv. In late 1849 - early
1850. He rewrote these
"slave" homemade poetry in a
book, which was later named
the "Little Book". In Orsk
Fortress poet has written 21
In 1848. Shevchenko at the request of his friends
incorporated as an artist of the Aral narrative of the
expedition led by A. Butakova. Since October 1848. by
May 1849. Expedition wintering on the island of KosAral.
23 April 1850.
Shevchenko was arrested
for violation of the royal
prohibition to write and
draw. After investigation
in Orsk Fortress was
fortifications on the
where he arrived in midOctober 1850.
Seven years in strengthening Novopetrovsk perhaps the most difficult in the life of the poet.
After the death of Nicholas I (February 1855).
Poet friends (F. Tolstoy et al.) Began to petition
for his release.
And just 1 May 1857. been given official permission
to release Shevchenko from military service with
the establishment behind him surveillance and
ban live in the capital. 2 August 1857.
Novopetrovsk Shevchenko left the building,
intending to settle in St. Petersburg.
n late March 1858 . Shevchenko came to St.
Petersburg . Literary and artistic community of the
capital warmly greeted poet. In his later years he took
an active part in public life, speaks at literary soirees ,
became one of the founders of the Literary Fund ,
helps to Sunday schools in Ukraine ( and is issued for
them " primer Yuzhnorussky ").
In the summer of 1859. Shevchenko visited Ukraine .
Kyrylivka met with the brothers and sisters. Had to
settle in Ukraine . I was looking for land to build a
house. And on July 13 near the village. Prokhorovka
was arrested . Was released a month later and offered
to go to St. Petersburg.
During these years,
Shevchenko has worked as an
artist, almost entirely devoted
themselves to the art of
etching (1860r. Council Arts
Academy gave him the title of
In January 1860. called
"Kobzar" the collection,
consisting of 17 poems written
to exile (of which only the
series "Psalms of David" fully
published for the first time).
здоров'я Шевченка. На
початку 1861р. він тяжко
захворів і 10 березня
помер. Незадовго до
смерті написав останній
вірш — “Чи не покинуть
Похований був на
кладовищі. Через два
заповіт поета, друзі
перевезли його прах на
Україну і поховали на
Тарасова) горі біля