AMERICAN LITERATURE 11th Form
THE PROBLEM OF THE STRUGGLE WITH THEEVIL AND INJUSTICE   BASING ON THE  MATERIAL OF THENOVEL “MOBY DICK” BY  HERMAN MELVIL...
RomanticismRomanticism is the theory,  practice and style of the  romantic art, music and  literature of the late  18th an...
Movements of RomanticismI. Early or Universal [Универсальный] (XVIII-   XIX centuries); Novalis, W. Blake.Characteristic f...
III. Byronic Romanticism [Байроничный  романтизм](10-30th of XIX century); Byron,  Pushkin, Lermontov.Features: At that ti...
V.Walterscottish Romanticism Historical  [Вальтерскотовский  Исторический] (30-70th  of XIX century); Walter Scott, F. Coo...
Characteristic features of the works for that period:• There was a gap between reality and ideal (the  dream of the poet, ...
Herman Melville (1819-1891)•   “Typee”(1846)•   “Omoo”(1847)•   “Mardi”(1849)•   “Moby Dick”(1851)
“Moby-Dick” or “The White            Whale” (1851)Melville composed the first     American prose epic,   “Moby-Dick”. The ...
THE THEME: Human’s struggle with evil. [The whale’s attack symbolizes evil; nature; in the religion – it is deserved punis...
SYMBOLS IN THE NOVEL                        Moby-Dick                                          A fair punishment for sinsN...
TO RESPOND EVIL ON EVIL – MEANS TO CIRCLE ALL THE         TIME.
EVIL     OFFENCE   MORAL   DESIRE TO DESTROYDESTRUCTION    OFFENDER         REVENGE
• HOW TO ROOT OUT EVIL       WITHOUT LOSING         HUMANITY?• IS IT REALLY POSSIBLE TO     STRUGGLE WITH EVIL?• HOW TO ST...
MAYBE IT IS IMPORTANT TO START  FROM OUR OWN ATTITUDE ?• TO TRY FORGIVE OUR OFFENDERS;• TO KEEP IN MIND THAT REVENGE ISN’T...
WHAT IS EVIL?IS IT THE SAME FOR     EVERYBODY?
WITHOUT EVIL ANDINJUSTICE WE WOULDN’T BE ABLE TO VALUE ALL GOOD     THAT WE HAVE!      INJUSTICE   GOOD       JUSTICE    E...
CONCLUSION      DON’T TRY TO CHANGE        THE WORLD ALL        AROUND YOU, BUT        TRY TO CHANGE        SOMETHING IN  ...
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English literature for 11 form4

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English literature for 11 form4

  1. 1. AMERICAN LITERATURE 11th Form
  2. 2. THE PROBLEM OF THE STRUGGLE WITH THEEVIL AND INJUSTICE BASING ON THE MATERIAL OF THENOVEL “MOBY DICK” BY HERMAN MELVILLE.
  3. 3. RomanticismRomanticism is the theory, practice and style of the romantic art, music and literature of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, usually opposed to classicism. Romanticism characterizes by peculiar attention towards human and peculiar endeavor of national originality.
  4. 4. Movements of RomanticismI. Early or Universal [Универсальный] (XVIII- XIX centuries); Novalis, W. Blake.Characteristic features: 1. There was no such sharp contrast between reality and ideal. 2.There was a focus on the stylistic and genre synthesis.II. Folk Romanticism [Народно-фольклорный] (XIX century); W. Scott, Wordsword, T.Shevchenko.Features: Nature is much more important than cult. Folklore is a part of nature. There was a great interest to the culture of past centuries. (ballad, tale, lyric)
  5. 5. III. Byronic Romanticism [Байроничный романтизм](10-30th of XIX century); Byron, Pushkin, Lermontov.Features: At that time predominated total denial of existed reality. There was a forthcoming of a new type hero- rebel-hero.IV. Fantastically-grotesque R.[Гофманский/ Гротескно-фантастический Р.] (20-60th of XIX century); Гофман, Шамиссо, Гоголь, Edgar Allan Poe.Features: The basic interest was concerning social, philosophical and psychological aspects of life. There came a problem between the outer and the inner world of a human.
  6. 6. V.Walterscottish Romanticism Historical [Вальтерскотовский Исторический] (30-70th of XIX century); Walter Scott, F. Cooper, A. Pushkin.Features: It was a time of the reproduction historical events. When authors depicted past they were sure that they could find some keynotes for understanding current troubles of their time.VI.Utopian Romanticism; (30-40th of XIX century) [Жорж Санд, Шарлота Бронте].Features: For that time it was important to idealize the main hero, who always was ready for a self-sacrifice just for the sake of others. There always came an optimistical keynote and of course positivism.
  7. 7. Characteristic features of the works for that period:• There was a gap between reality and ideal (the dream of the poet, writer);• It was important to transfer all the attention to the sphere of subjective, personal;• Authors emphasized an eminent interest to the inner world of the main hero;• There was always an admiration of something fantastic, strange, irrational.
  8. 8. Herman Melville (1819-1891)• “Typee”(1846)• “Omoo”(1847)• “Mardi”(1849)• “Moby Dick”(1851)
  9. 9. “Moby-Dick” or “The White Whale” (1851)Melville composed the first American prose epic, “Moby-Dick”. The plot of “Moby-Dick” deals with the ceaseless conflicts between good and evil, of nature’s indifference to man “visibly personified and made practically assailable.” Melville makes this conflict live for us not by putting it into simple statements but by using symbols – that is, objects or persons who represent something else.
  10. 10. THE THEME: Human’s struggle with evil. [The whale’s attack symbolizes evil; nature; in the religion – it is deserved punishment for sins.]THE IDEA: Here is depicted the statement of the idea that human is bonded with the universe; philosophical sense.
  11. 11. SYMBOLS IN THE NOVEL Moby-Dick A fair punishment for sinsNature (for Melville) Evil (for Ahab) (the attack of whale)
  12. 12. TO RESPOND EVIL ON EVIL – MEANS TO CIRCLE ALL THE TIME.
  13. 13. EVIL OFFENCE MORAL DESIRE TO DESTROYDESTRUCTION OFFENDER REVENGE
  14. 14. • HOW TO ROOT OUT EVIL WITHOUT LOSING HUMANITY?• IS IT REALLY POSSIBLE TO STRUGGLE WITH EVIL?• HOW TO STAY A HUMAN IN ANY SITUATION?
  15. 15. MAYBE IT IS IMPORTANT TO START FROM OUR OWN ATTITUDE ?• TO TRY FORGIVE OUR OFFENDERS;• TO KEEP IN MIND THAT REVENGE ISN’T A LIFE PURPOSE;• TO LEARN FROM OTHERS MISTAKES;
  16. 16. WHAT IS EVIL?IS IT THE SAME FOR EVERYBODY?
  17. 17. WITHOUT EVIL ANDINJUSTICE WE WOULDN’T BE ABLE TO VALUE ALL GOOD THAT WE HAVE! INJUSTICE GOOD JUSTICE EVIL
  18. 18. CONCLUSION DON’T TRY TO CHANGE THE WORLD ALL AROUND YOU, BUT TRY TO CHANGE SOMETHING IN YOUR INNER WORLD! DON’T THINK ABOUT THE LOSSES THAT YOU HAD, THINK OVER THE VICTORIES THAT YOU WILL HAVE.

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