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Metaphor and metonymy in magritte

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Metaphor and metonymy in magritte

  1. 1. Metaphor and metonymy in MagritteDaniela MedallaJulia TinocoMarita AbbudRoberta Fabri
  2. 2. • Randa Dubnick’s article “Visible poetry: metaphorand metonymy in the paintings of René Magritte”(1980)• Her work is based on Roman Jakobson’s work
  3. 3. metaphorLa Trahison des Images• similarity• dissimilarity• metaphor as the secondary reading
  4. 4. metonymyLes affinités electives•contiguity• metonymy as a local process of transfer
  5. 5. metaphor and metonymy in visual artsLa cascadePainting is poetry and always written in versewith plastic rhymes, never in prose.—Picasso, from a letter to Francoise Gilot
  6. 6. C.S.Pierce:"Iconic signs take a visually similar form to the thingthey stand for, thus have a meteaphoricalrelationship to the referent".Example: the picture of an airplane. The referent isan aircraft and it actually stand for an airplane.When we see an airplane in a picture refering to anairport it is based on casuality, association orcontiguity and the index and the referent have ametonymic relationship.Clé des songes
  7. 7. Inspired by Peirce’s concepts of similarity andcontiguity, Roman Jakobson viewed metaphorand metonymy as two major modes ofassociation, triggering and interacting in mostmeaning-making processes, be they ordinaryor artistic.He argued that certain poets and art schoolsexhibit a tendency for either the metonymicor metaphoric style. Cubism, for instance,appears to be inherently metonymic innature, whereas Surrealism has a tendencyfor metaphorical symbolism.Le chatêau des pyrenées
  8. 8. René Magritte(1898 – 1967)• ordinary objects in an unusual context• poetic imagery• not a thing; an image of the thing“It is a union that suggests the essential mystery ofthe world. Art for me is not an end in itself, but ameans of evoking that mystery.” ”— René Magritte on putting seeminglyunrelated objects together in juxtaposition
  9. 9. La durée poignard• Similarity or dissimilarity → metaphor• Spatial or temporal relationship; contiguity → metonymy
  10. 10. subtle association based either on contiguity orsimilarityLes vacances de Hegel(Hegel’s Holiday)
  11. 11. La legende dorée(The Golden Legend)• changes in scales• negation of normal spatial relationship
  12. 12. techniques of realism -> undermine realityLes promenades d’Euclide

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