The Color Wheel #2


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This is an art lesson on using the color wheel for mixing simple harmonic color chords. It is an introduction to monochromatic, complementary, analogous and neutral color schemes. This slide show was prepared for a class at Broward College.

The Color Wheel #2

  1. 1. The Color Wheel Lesson #2 Susan Convery Foltz Broward College – Educator Preparation Institute Diversity – Professor Hall Presentation for Northeast High School Architecture & Design 1 Teacher: Leslie Rowntree Black April 16, 2009
  2. 2. An Introduction to Harmonic Color Hans Hoffman
  3. 3. Color is like Music <ul><li>The selection and use of color has been of primary importance to artists over the centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Like music, color can be used in pleasing chords and many artists have gone so far as to assign particular notes to each color. Like music, there are several primary chords that are universally accepted as harmonic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complementary , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analogous (Warm, Cool), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monochromatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutral </li></ul></ul>Richard Cramer, Redbank
  4. 4. The Perception of Color Harmony <ul><li>“ It is now generally recognized that the perception of color harmony depends on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) race; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) geographical location; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3) historical period.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kurt Wehite The Materials & Techniques of Painting </li></ul>Romare Bearden, Sunrise for a China Lamp
  5. 5. To Generalize: <ul><li>In general, the mind prefers to equalize or neutralize the effect of extremes in stimuli. Full strength color extremes can be overpowering. </li></ul><ul><li>However, too much moderation can be monotonous. Accents of acute extremes introduced into our diets of food, sound, odor or color create interest: </li></ul>
  6. 6. Complementary Color <ul><li>Complements are any pair of colors which are exactly opposite each other on the color wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>Complements are one of the most common harmonic color schemes and can provide a beautiful array of subtle variations. </li></ul><ul><li>Complements are most pleasing to the eye when one of them dominates and the other is featured as an accent. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mixing Complements <ul><li>Complements , when mixed together in the right proportions always make a neutral dark. Complements always neutralize each other and can provide a lovely range of colors on their own. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Complementary Zing <ul><li>Complementary Colors are capable of creating two opposite effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>placed next to each other, they make each other more exciting. For example, to bring out the zing in a dull orange, just try putting pure blue right next to it – both become vivid! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mixed with each other, the complement makes the first color darker, duller. So when you want to show a darker side to an object, you can create this shading with the color's complement. In the example the violet has been tempered with its complement, yellow. </li></ul></ul>Wayne Thibaud, Untitled, Pear with Strawberry Wolf Kahn, Yellow Square
  9. 9. Complementary Shadows <ul><li>When light falls on an object the shadow is generally the complement of the color of the light. Our sun is yellow so we prefer to use purple as a shadow color. </li></ul><ul><li>The light at sunset is orange and pink at sunrise. You can use complements in your art to great effect at those times. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Analogous Color <ul><li>Analogous colors are those which lie next to each other on the color wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>Analogous colors can be made to harmonize quite readily. </li></ul><ul><li>Analogous colors have a dominant color temperature. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Analogous Harmony <ul><li>When choosing a related group of colors it is useful to start with a secondary color and use the colors on either side as supports. </li></ul>Milton Avery, Woman in Red
  12. 12. Warm and Cool Analogous Color <ul><li>Warm and Cool Colors can set moods with ease. A painting which has a feeling of warmth or coolness will have strong emotional sensitivity. </li></ul>Fritz Bultman, Hotter Joan Miro, The Hunter Henri Matisse, Interior with Violin
  13. 13. Monochromatic Color <ul><li>Monochromatic color uses a subtle variation of tints and shades it is just a big word for similar. It means using only one color. Think of the old sepia photographs or old master drawings. They had beautiful, but limited color. </li></ul>Edgar Degas, Dancer Alan Blaustein, Burgos Espana
  14. 14. Monochromatic Harmony <ul><li>A monochromatic color scheme can also be more than one color as long as its a fairly small part of the color wheel. No where in the painting can there be any other colors. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Monochromatic Mood <ul><li>Here are two famous monochromatic paintings. How do you feel when you look at them? </li></ul>Pablo Picasso, La Vie Van Gogh, Sunflowers
  16. 16. Neutral Color <ul><li>Neutral Colors have no real color of their own. You find them in the middle of the color wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>To get control of your colors, get control of your neutrals, and use them extensively. Look at how the colors sing on a neutral background: </li></ul>
  17. 17. Learning to Love Neutrals <ul><li>Pure colors stand out, but they compete with each other, and seem childish. </li></ul>Henri Matisse, The Snail
  18. 18. Making Color Sing <ul><li>Notice how the scarcity of color makes the color more important. </li></ul>Vincent Van Gogh, The Plane Trees Wassily Kandinsky, Counter-Gravitation
  19. 19. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Van Gogh, Café de Nuit
  20. 20. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Hieronymous Bosch, Death and the Miser, 1485
  21. 21. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Joseph Raffael, Iris
  22. 22. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Modigliani, Woman in Red
  23. 23. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Leo Manso, Argosy
  24. 24. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Denise Duplock, Coulis
  25. 25. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Georgia O’Keeffe, Oriental Poppies
  26. 26. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Romare Beardon, Musicians
  27. 27. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Ruffino Tamayo, Dos Hermanos
  28. 28. Can You Guess the Color Scheme? <ul><li>Analogous? </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic? </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral? </li></ul>Gary Smith, Sunset
  29. 29. Your Assignment <ul><li>Objective: Learn to recognize color harmonies and create a project demonstrating the understanding of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>analogous color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complementary color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neutral color </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Assignment #1 <ul><li>3 Designs </li></ul><ul><li>Create a simple design of a grapefruit on newsprint. Really look at the grapefruit. Trace 3 copies onto watercolor paper. Create three different color schemes for this design. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>analogous color scheme (warm or cool), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complementary color scheme, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neutral color scheme where 80% of the color is neutralized. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try to create a mood. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Assignment #2: <ul><li>Create a page in your notebook for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complementary color, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analogous color (1 warm, 1 cool), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monochromatic color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neutral color. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find 3 examples for each in your magazines and paste them in. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Self Evaluation <ul><li>When you are finished, please, fill out the self-evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>I hope you learned something new and have some fun with this project! </li></ul>
  33. 33. Resources: <ul><li>Wilcox, Michael, Perfect Color Choices for the Artist, North Light Books </li></ul><ul><li>Brooks, Walter , The Art of Painting, Golden Press 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Brown, Margaret Wise, The Color Kittens , Golden Books Publishing Company </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>