Juen fishing


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Juen fishing

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. 1.1 The importance of fishing in Brunei Darussalam 1.2 Factors encouraging fishing in Brunei Darussalam 1.3 the main fishing areas in Brunei Darussalam 1.4 Fishing methods in Brunei Darussalam 1.6 Problem of fishing 1.7 Solution
  3. 3. importance Source of Protein – for muscles, tissue & bones Self sufficiency in food production Fish wastes can be made into fertilizer, oil, fodder and glue Provide employment Fish export can contribute to the country’s earning
  4. 4. OFFSHORE South China Sea INSHORE Brunei estuary
  5. 5. There are two main areas of fishing in Brunei Darussalam •Brunei Estuary •This is sheltered part of Brunei Bay where strong winds from South China Sea generally does not cause large waves. It is located along the lower course of the Brunei and Temburong rivers and their estuaries and channels. It is a tidal area and many different types of fish are found here. •South China Sea •Here mainly coastal ‘inshore’ fishing is done within 25 KM of the coast. A small percentage of fisherman are also involved in ‘offsore’ fishing between 25 KM TO 75 KM from the coast. Most fishing in this area is carried out at the north of Tutong.
  6. 6. Drift Net (Rantau) •Used to catch fish which swim near to the surface of the sea •The net hangs from buoys which float on the surface of the water •The bottom edge of the net is held down with weight (tin)
  7. 7. •The net is dragged along the sea bed. •This boat can go further out to the deep sea and spend more time at sea. Trawling Net
  8. 8. •A long fishing line with hook •Used to catch small and big fish •Need bait to attract fish
  9. 9. •It is a box-shaped trap which is used to catch grouper, red snapper and lobster •It is weight down with heavy stones so that the trap can sink to the sea bed
  10. 10. •Is used to catch crabs •It is weight down with tin to make it sink •Bait should be needed and replaced to attract the crab
  11. 11. •Less fish resources in coastal waters (polluted/contaminated water) •Loss of traditional fishing round e.g. the new Kampong Ayer and Yayasan) •Shortage of young labour (people prefer to work in offices)
  12. 12. Can serve fish resources by:- •Limiting the numbers of fishing vessels/boats to go to the sea •Practicing selective fishing – catch only the target and release •More efforts to check water pollution: 1. Control industries construction and development at the coast 2. Monitor water pollution caused by factories 3. Control dumping of materials in to the sea/river
  13. 13. •Having joint ventures with American and other foreign companies to develop large scale trawling in order to overcome the problems of low production from traditional fishing methods •Government fisheries research station scientist atMuara have started turning low grade fish into fish cakes, fish balls, animal food and fertilizer •To increase the fish population, the Fisheries Department hasbulit artificial coral based on more than 2000 used tyres at the seabed off the coast of Tungku. •At Muara and Kuala Belait, fish landing complexes have built an ice factory, a chill room and fish –selecting hall. Fisherman can rent the chill room for their catch
  14. 14. •Since fish farming (aquaculture) is more productive than traditional fishing, government encouraged fish farms to be set up. Today, many fish farms are spread throughout the state. Fish breeding units also developed such as in Serasa. In the 1970’s, the Fisheries Department began freshwater pond aquaculture with a farm at Sg. Jambu in Tungku •Cage culture of marine fish and pond culture of marine shrimp have also been developed. Sea bass fry and shrimp fry are produced at the Meragang hatchery, which is developed by Department of Fisheries. Fry are then transferred to the Serasa Grow Out to grow bigger. At Pelampong, Serasa, sea bass, grouper and snapper are grown for their eggs. Tiger Shrimp are grown at Telisai and Japanese Shrimp at Serasa.