Table of ContentsChoose a topic that interests you Native Roots The Tobacco Trade Laws and Regulations The Making of a Cigarette Lady Smokers A History of Infirmity Home
“But An Indian Weed” Tobaccos but an Indian weed, Grows green in the morn, cut down at eve; It shows our decay, We are but clay; Think of this when you smoke tobacco! Click the Speaker To Hear This Song Tobacco is a member of the nightshade family, genus Nicotiana There are more than 70 members of the tobacco family grown Home around the world.
Tobacco was an integral part of earlyNative American life. Click the name ofa tribe to learn about their tobaccolegends. Cherokee Crow Apsaroke Apache Home
World Tobacco Top Tobacco Producing Nations China India Brazil United States Top Tobacco Consuming Nations Greece Slovinia Bulgaria Home Czech Republic
The Tobacco Trade 1492- Europeans encounter tobacco use when Columbus’ crew find it in the Caribbean. 1527-Spaniards in the New World develop a taste for smoking. Explorers report finding tobacco “hard to give up”. 16th century- tobacco use spread throughout Europe. 1612- First commercial cultivation in the Americas. Home
Laws and Regulations 1604 King James I of England taxes tobacco 1608 King Louis XIV makes sale and distribution a state run monopoly. 1633 Turkey imposes the death penalty for smoking. 1683 Massachusetts passes the nation’s first no- smoking law. 1898 Tennessee Supreme Court upholds a total ban on cigarettes, ruling they are “not legitimate articles of commerce, being wholly noxious and deleterious to health. Their use is Home always harmful.”
20th Century America 1901- All but 2 states have anti smoking laws. Washington, Iowa, Tennessee and North Dakota outlaw the sale of cigarettes. 1927: All smoking bans have been repealed. Kansas is the last state to drop its ban on cigarette sales. 1945: Three largest tobacco companies are convicted of anti-trust violations. Home
What Goes Into a CigaretteAs result of litigation a list of 599 cigarette ingredients was released in 1994.A few of the ingredients other than tobacco are listed here: High fructose corn syrup, Sugar, Licorice, Menthol, Artificial chocolate /natural chocolate flavor Valerian root extract, Molasses and vanilla extracts, Cedarwood oil. Glycerol, Propylene glycol, Isovaleric acid, Hexanoic acid Home 3-methylpentanoic acid. For the entire list click here.
Lady Smokers The Baroness de Dudevant, the first woman to smoke in public. 1904: New York: A judge sends a woman to jail for 30 days for smoking in front of her children. Another woman is arrested for smoking in an automobile. "You cant do that on Fifth Avenue," the arresting officer says Home
A History of Infirmity The Medical Effects of Tobacco use1761-The first report of adverse health effects amongtobacco users reported by John Hill1929- First published evidence of a link between lungcancer and tobacco use.1951- Richard Doll begins a 50 year study of Britishdoctors to learn the long term effects of smoking. Readthe 2004 final paper hereThe World Health Organization (WHO) estimates thattobacco caused 100 million deaths over the course ofthe 20th century. Home
The harmful effects of smoking come from thousands ofchemical compounds generated by burning and inhaled • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (such as benzpyrene), • Formaldehyde • Cadmium • Nickel • Arsenic • Radioactive polonium-210 Home
The Cost of Tobacco UseIn the United States: 400,000 people die of smoking related causes annually. 8.6 million people currently suffer from smoking related illnesses. Americans spend $96 million annually in smoking related health care costs. $97 billion in productivity is lost to smoking related illnesses annually. Home
Resources• Peto, R., Lopez , A., Boreham, J., Thun, M., Heath, C., & Doll, R. (1994). Mortality from smoking worldwide . oxford journals, Retrieved from http://bmb.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/1/12.long • Davey, M. (2010, January). The European Tobacco Trade from the 15th to the 17th Centuries. Retrieved from https://www.lib.umn.edu/bell/tradeproducts/tobacc• http://www.traditionalmusic.co.uk/song-midis/Tobaccos_But_an_Indian_Weed.htm• Doll, R., & Peto, R. (2004). Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years observations on male british doctors. British Medical Journal, doi: 10.1136/bmj.38142.554479.AE Wikipedia. (25, August 12). Tobacco. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco