1st Conference on
July 10-12, 2009
This event, sugg-ested by AAPS
President, Glenn De-Vlaminck, is
the first to focus on ancient copper,
in the Copper Country, (or any-
where.) It featured excursions and
just one evening of presentations.
Coordinated by Judy, with the
knowledge-able assistance of
Hoolie DeCaire and Robert
Wheeler, we are thankful to de-
clare our first Conference on An-
cient Copper a success…
attributing to the responses from
attendees. (25 in all) The weather
was gorgeous, the scenery a de-
light, and the sites diverse and in-
specimens of na-
unique to the Lake
and Hecla Con-
where copper re-
placed the matrix,
bles in the con-
ation and disinte-
gration of the
cobbles left be-
hind the skull-like
Review of activities and things we learned
1. Seaman Mineral Museum, Michigan Tech campus hosted by cu-
rator Dr. Robinson, who led us with emphasis on copper. What a visual
delight this was! There are some very large hunks and sheets of glacial
copper, and a marvelous collection of unique crystallized copper and
copper/silver blends. Copper crystals can look lumpy, square, like frost,
tree-shaped, and more. Dr. Robinson patiently answered dozens of
questions about the origins, creation & removal of copper, and why was
it so pure right here, (with a touch of silver and a wee bit of )arsenic?
Just lucky to have all the right components, which melted into crevices
created by intense heat released by geophysical upheavals billions of
years ago. The mountains formed (highest in the world) were scrubbed
off by progression and recession of glaciers at the same time the gla-
ciers picked up then dropped the wonderful pure- to near pure- copper
right on the surface of the land, to be discovered and harvested. “Float”
copper was dropped all over the Lake Superior area, and down as far
as central Illinois and Indiana. The
greatest abundance being the Copper
Country range throughout the Ke-
weenaw Peninsula, along the lake
over to Ontonagon. This is BIG:
Michigan copper’s fingerprint is
having silver in its chemical com-
position. NO OTHER copper in the
world is the same. Anealing does not
change the chemical identity. We can
go a looong way with this knowledge.
Natural copper crystal, abt. 14” tall
Seaman Mineral Museum
2. Then onto Calumet to visit Cop-
per World shop to enjoy their wares
and private collection of copper and
datolite pieces, Several of us spent
money on their treasures. Next was
Coppertown USA Mining Museum
where we learned “modern” mining
techniques of the last 150 years, with interesting exhibits of equipment, tool-
ing, and copper & mineral specimens.
3. Friday night: program of speakers at Houghton High School. David
Hoffman was to kick-off but technical problems set us back while Judy shot
the breeze about Fred and AAPS. Myron Paine stepped up to speak of an-
cient Norse travel and languages mixed into Algonquin nation tribes. David
then showed images of very old maps showing varied water levels, rivers
that sliced through the Upper Peninsula, making waterways between Lake
Superior & Michigan. He also showed the Mississippi came out the west end
of Lake Superior and down to the Gulf, making another passage from the UP
to the rest of the world. Then we enjoyed a playing of the Pennington’s film
on Fred Rydholm- Let Me Not Drown on These Waters.
Map from 1960 Michigan History Mag.
Monette Bebow Reinhard spoke on the old copper culture peoples of
Oconto Wisc. She raised questions on Fred’s research and conclusions on
amounts of copper removed from the UP, and connection to bronze-making
(90% copper, 10% tin) during the Bronze Ages, 5-7000 years ago. Sure wish
Fred was there to talk with her!
Saturday: 1. Caledonia Copper Mine, Greenland MI. The only working cop-
per mine in the UP today, though they only mine specimen copper, not in-
dustrial. This place is significant to us, as the main shaft is an “addit” mined
in the 1800s atop a mine begun by ancient miners. Above & right of the wide
approach to this shaft is a small ancient copper pit left just as it was thou-
sands of years ago.
Caledonia Mine. Foreground was cleared by present owners of 40 ft of rubble to re-
veal main shaft. Red arrow points to ancient pit. left un-mined.
We drove another few
miles to a site near Mass
City where we enjoyed
seeing two ancient pits,
one into a deep crevice
under an overhang of gran-
ite, and one more near by.
Warren Jensen viewing
cave-like pit above photo.
3. Bob Wheeler’s back yard,
to view petroglyphs. The most
prominent being the 3-legged “A”
like form, (right) perhaps Ba’al,
symbolizing the ancient (Ogam)
Phoe-nician name of sun god.
Wheeler Glyph below
4. Quincy Mine tour took us
seven levels down into a mine
(closed in 1972) that once
went 92 levels down over
2,000 feet to temps of high
90s. At level 7 the temp was
a steady 45 degrees. The
lower levels flooded when
continuous pumping ceased.
As curious as it was to see
the modern style of saw
17 tons of pure vein copper taken from Lake
Superio rnear Eagle Harbor, 2001
5. We enjoyed the museum-like mineral
shop Prospector’s Paradise at Allouez,
amazed at the fabulous collections from
which to buy…from 50 cents and UP! Many
came away with copper specimens and
Sunday: 1. After breakfast in Mohawk, the
group split at the Old
Some went 300 steps
down to the old cop-
per mining caves,
and some enjoyed
picking rocks in a tailings pile. Hoolie, our resident
expert, told us what to look for to find copper & other
minerals. Datolite, calcite, quartz and prehnite are
often aligned with copper. We
found a few small pieces with
wee lines of copper crystals
along blue-green prehnite
2. Copper Harbor: The
BEST!!! We drove into the
boonies west of town, walked a
long way and saw FABulous
ancient petroglyphs. We‘e still
researching and discussing
possibilities as to their meaning
and source. Those things are OLD! We were greeted by a 6” bear -symbol of
strength in many cul-
tures, then climbed to a
curious triangular lady
(Tanith?) a whole bird for
her head. The bird could
be a phoenix, thunder-
bird, songbird or raven,
leaning to raven because
of the curved beak and
Norse connection. There
are angular writings
nearby; oft-seen in
bronze ages, cross-in-a-
circle symbolizing sun,
earth or life. There are
faint markings in each
quarter of the circle. To
the lady’s left is a hand.
Markings hint of Ogam
and runic writings.
Lower image- enhancement
of inscribings; Hand, Circle-
cross (sun, earth, life,)
Lady-Bird (about 10” tall) &
DJohn White says all
these symbols represent
Earth Mother in some form.
lichens can provide clues to
From a 13th century Icelandic
manuscript, is the Norse god,
Odin with his wise Ravens
Huginn and Muninn on his shoulders- as if giving advice to his ears. His female con-
sort is known as Tanit or Tanith…perhaps the lady-raven figure here. Note the beak
shape similarity. Also seen is the sun…like the circle-cross. Some 35 feet north of
the lady is a wonderful ship with a square sail; its prow & stern like Norse, Carthagin-
ian or Minoan ships.
3. After a great
lunch at The
Mariner, many went
to the Astor House
Museum to view
their collections of
historical and pre-
The VERY best
thing is having the
time to get to know
one another, and
enjoy the beauty of
the UP together.
Conclusion of attendees: Find more won-
ders in the Copper Country, and DO IT
AGAIN! We’ll see… Whew!
From Danish 12th century man-
uscript. Note shape of ships sim-
ilarity to petroglyph. They lack
Poking around, we found several
other markings not previously
noted by earlier investigators.
Above: Markings are overlaid
with orange in photo. It can be
hard to tell natural cracks from
intentional scribes. Petroglyph
etiquette says we must not touch them as oils disrupt age-clues in the stone.
L: Mediterranean Bucket Boat
OCONTO WI COPPER FEST, JUNE 11-13, 2009
AAPS had a presence at the Copper Fest this year. We were the only evi-
dence that the so-named festival had anything to do with copper. Monette
Bebow Reinhard would have had a booth, but funds did not support that wish.
Several of your AAPS board attended our booth (a tent w/netting sides purchased-on
sale for the occasion.) Judy and Glenn set up the tent & displays. They were assisted
by Oedith Harris, Ray Meininger, and Hoolie DeCaire. All had turns talking with curi-
ous people who stopped by. Several would have attended the Copper conference if
not for schedule conflicts. We proposed the idea that Oconto, situated along the
Oconto River, would have been a perfect stopping point for ancient travelers hauling
copper to Lake Michigan, thence to the gulf. Higher waterways would have allowed
such travel. As there is evidence of 7,500 years of activity on that site, one can only
speculate what may have transpired among the peoples over those thousands of
years. It most certainly involved copper at the site, and in transit. We are thankful for
this connection with Oconto and Ms. Bebow and her determination to learn all she
can about the copper connections to Oconto.
THE COPPER TRAIL
This is a project that will eventually be supplemental to our future museum. COP-
PER TRAIL from Isle Royale and the Keweenaw/ Copper Country, southward, across
the UP via rivers, from Lake Superior to Wisconsin, to Lake Michigan, into the
Wabash and Chicago Rivers then the many connecting sites along the Missis-sippi,
and out to the Gulf of Mexico, then leading onto the WORLD! Dr. Jim Scherz is
working on mapping. Karl Hoenke (707-279-1615) is researching sites integral to the
movement of ancient copper. David Hoffman (715-477-1210) and his water-level re-
search will be helpful. Jeff Bennett (952-8840048) has offered his help too. Oedith
Harris (906-353-6409) is researching Bronze Ages-dates, locations, to get an idea of
how many bronze implements and armor may have been made to get an idea of how
much copper may have been required…a huge endeavor. She would like to share re-
searching with others. If you can offer further knowledge in any aspect, please call
Important things you folks can do to help promote this effort
as well as general spreading of knowledge:
* If you are near any significant sites along the Mississippi, talk to city/township of-
ficials and the Chambers of Commerce, so they are aware of the tourism potential
of having this ancient history highlighted in their area.
* Give programs and/or exhibits in your area schools, library, scouts, service
groups, churches, 4-H, etc. Use Myron’s free downloads of PowerPoint programs. If
you can’t do that, ask him to mail you CDs. Myron Paine Ph- 925-957-0260, or for
free downloads, go to www.frozentrail.com
* Talk about our ancient connections to the world with anyone who will listen.
It’s amazing how many people’s interest will be piqued. Even some of my paper doll
customers are getting curious and have asked to see a newsletter. It’s very exciting
to people whose knowledge only goes back to Columbus. They love mysteries and
want to learn more. Read Karl’s Strategy below for ways you might fit into this en-
A Strategy for Establishing The Copper Trail
For Consideration by AAPS Prepared by Karl Hoenke
Background – During the period 1845 to 1996, an estimated 15.6 billion pounds of
copper were recovered from Michigan’s Keweenaw Peninsula using modern mining
techniques. However, long before this, ancient miners were active throughout the
western Lake Superior Region. Between 5,000 B.C. and 1,200 B.C. indigenous peo-
ples, and perhaps others, are believed to have removed an estimated 1.5 billion
pounds of this Region’s uniquely pure copper from both surface finds and from shal-
low pits. While archaeological evidence for “Michigan” copper in the Americas is
abundant, evidence for use of such an enormous quantity is lacking. It is hypothe-
sized that the Bronze Age in Europe and the Mediterranean provided a market for
much of this copper and that a complex trade network (The Copper Trail) existed to
move copper throughout the Americas and also to Europe. The Bronze Age in Eu-
rope and copper mining in the Region both terminated in 1,200 BC.
Objectives – The AAPS wishes to see this story brought to the general public
through a network of museums and archaeological waystops illustrating the how,
who, when and where of this ancient copper trade. General education would recog-
nize and teach the means by which ancient traders followed land, river and ocean
routes to supply the Americas. If quantities and distribution can be confirmed, the
story would include movement of this essential raw material to supply the Bronze Age
in Europe and the Mediterranean. Public appreciation of the Great Lakes’ role would
begin to fill in the enormous gap in knowledge spanning the post-glacial epoch from
Clovis to Columbus. Curiosity should support an increase in regional tourism as well.
Initiation – The AAPS membership comprises both professional and amateur scien-
tists interested in developing and sharing knowledge of ancient copper mining activi-
ties in the western Lake Superior Region. AAPS must start by determining its role in
this enterprise. Will it seek to develop and manage the effort by itself? Will it seek to
develop and lead a coalition of interested parties? Will it seek to inspire formation of
such a coalition and then contribute people, time and funds while others assume
Leadership – AAPS’ first need is a key individual to lead this program, regardless of
which participation role is chosen. This leader is someone with the optimistic person-
ality and enthusiasm to lead such a long-term and challenging project as this. This
is essentially a full-time job, and could remain such for several years. Many other
AAPS members must be willing to contribute time and knowledge. A local UP person
would probably be best due to the importance of networking with local and regional
Scope – The second requirement is to actually define The Copper Trail. In all likeli-
hood many pathways will be discovered by which copper was moved from the Re-
gion to the present Canada, U.S. and Mexico, and perhaps beyond. It will be best to
select only those routes and sites for which the strongest available evidence can be
assembled and articulated (to avoid giving critics any opportunity to dismiss the Trail).
Establish dates of activities and identify who the people were, if possible, and if they
are related to present indigenous populations. Research and confirm the quantities
of copper removed and the amounts of copper estimated to have been consumed by
the Bronze Age. Employ as many technical tools as possible for dating and finger-
printing sites and copper. Our selected sites should be robustly supported by data to
avoid simply creating tourist “Mystery Spots” with no credible connection to our foun-
AAPS needs to define the geographic and technical extent of the Copper
Trail project. It could be local, regional, national, and/or international. It would be
logical to begin with local features centered on the AAPS’s Copper Museum. As
recognition is established, expansion could involve regional sites such as museums,
portages, mines, transshipment locations, etc. The Plan must address the pace and
direction of scope expansion. Each step is best if self-contained or stand-alone.
Sites must be selected early which contribute significantly to the Project.
Public Awareness – Success or failure of The Copper Trail Project rests on suc-
cessful implementation of a publicity plan. General and professional support must
be generated and sustained. A critical tool for achieving this would be a distinct logo
or graphic to associate with the Trail, realizing it would appear in print, on roadsigns,
in advertisements, etc.
The publicity plan will identify players and means for generating public awareness
of both the broader outline of the Trail and also of many local specifics such as a par-
ticular mine or dolman or ham-merstone. Alliances through which AAPS could lever-
age its resources would be especially valuable. It will be necessary to identify which
vehicles (newspapers, public TV stations, schools, etc.) can be most effective in the
U.P. and probably to generate a continuous stream of publicity through them to keep
Funding – Another item critical to success is adequate financing. The Leader should
establish budgets consistent with the scope, objectives and pace of development.
Public awareness will help generate donations, but institutional sources and commit-
ments will most likely be needed first. Once the Copper Trail story is written and illus-
trated, the Leader can take it “on the road” to solicit contributions from some of the
potential sources noted in section 8 of the Outline.
Timetable – The pace of development will be limited by people and financial re-
sources. Nevertheless, realistic timetables for each of the major efforts above
(scope, publicity, funding) should be established with milestones for measuring
Reporting – The Leader should prepare a quarterly report to AAPS, benefactors, and
allies/partners summarizing progress, obstacles, changes, etc.
UPDATE: The board has deemed top priority, continued raising of funds for
the giant float copper, & acquistion of a museum building, as we have only
until March 27th, 2011 to end of contract to raise $340,000. Focus is on an
existing historical building in Calumet in cooperation with city and National
Parks Service- who have recently indicated great enthusiasm to work with us
and our vision and goals. We are seeking grants & continued donations to
these ends. The Copper Trail will be a support plan to these first goals.
National Parks Service HQ in Calumet building below.
Letters from Members
Lee & Joy Pennington- Hi Judy, We returned to much work and am just now with
chance to say thanks for the conference on ancient copper and the tours you put to-
gether. I know you did an amazing amount of work organizing it all (Joy and I for 28
years organized an international storytelling festival here in Louisville and we know
what work it takes to make something like the copper conference work). There were
a bunch of highlights. The Seaman Mineral Museum was special, especially with Dr.
Robinson's guide duties and his gracious sharing of information. Visiting the historic
mines also was nice. To find the Quincy mine had 92 levels and that heat at the 92nd
level was around 105 degrees (closer to the center of the earth) was interesting. Was
glad to get to see Bob Wheeler's petroglyph site (which may be connected with some
kind of relationship to the Copper Harbor site). If the one petroglyph is indeed Ba’al at
the Wheeler site,then Baal's consort, Tanith, at Copper Harbor, would likely be re-
lated the same people, Carthaginians, would have been the seafaring visitors. Oh
we could name more highlights. But mainly, as David mentioned many times during
the conference and tours, the best part was just being with people with similar inter-
ests who shared with each other in a very special way. So this is to say thank for you
all your hard work and effort. You done good! We all appreciate that.
Myron Paine- The Copper Culture event was outstanding. Similar events should be
tied into the proposed Copper Museum. The event would make a good Elderhostel
program. Perhaps a bigger “contribution” could be requested. I would be willing to
be one of the Copper Trail instructors in the next program. One of my greatest gains
from the event is the book by Roger Jewell entitled Ancient Mines of Kitchie Gummi.
I cannot believe that the book was published in 2004, a year before the first Confer-
ence on Ancient America, and I did not know about it until I bought a copy in the Min-
ing Museum. You MUST get Roger Jewell on the Conference on Ancient America.
He is an authoritative author that builds a logical skeleton of the copper trade and
hangs a lot of flesh on the skeleton. Thanks for organizing an excellent outing.……………………………….
Karin & Allen Altman- Hi Judy, Many thanks for the wonderful Copper Culture Con-
ference. We especially enjoyed the petroglyphs near Copper Harbor. We’ve sent you
a check for the AAPS conference in September.
David Hoffman- Always an honor to be with like-minded people, sharing questions.
One can see photographs, read certain articles, but there is always something rather
indescribable that results from standing in front of a prehistoric feature. Who were
those guys? [who made the petroglyphs]
Lowell Ferguson Grosse Pointe Farms, MI- Sorry I did not respond when Fred
passed away. I was suffering from shingles during th period. Better now. Also sorry
we did not get to the UP in July to visit the copper sites. Weill consider the Fall pro-
gram. This past winter, I purchased three copies of "Michigan Copper" from Snow-
bound Books and had them sent to friends. One, a retired superintendent of the
Northern Michigan Intermediate School District, found Fred's book fascinating as we
all did. He, in turn, sent me an interesting book "1491" by Charles Mann. That book
focused on the Western Hemisphere before and after Columbus's arrival in 1492. Al-
though Mann's book does not reference Fred's work, it paints a very interesting por-
trait of civilizations in the Americas well before Columbus arrived. It is estimated that
the population of Central America was over 20 million at the time of Cortez. Mexico
City was then larger than Paris and London. Clearing of the trees in the Amazon rain
forest has exposed huge tracks of land that were used for irrigation farming many
I am beginning to believe that the Western Hemisphere saw civilizations come and
go over the past thousands of years. These disappeared for one reason or an-
other......volcanoes, earthquakes, comets, meteors, and disease certainly took their
toll. I became interested in ancient civilizations over forty years ago, starting with
Stonehenge followed by Barry Fell and his America BC series, Salvatore Trento's
"The Search for Lost America," and finally "Collapse" by Jared Diamond. There are
many more texts yet to be read. These all point in the same direction, and that is .....
smart humans have been around for a very long time. The truth depends on the
questions we ask. With Warm Regards,
FRIEND of AAPS on the HISTORY CHANNEL
I don't know if I'll be making the conference or not considering all
the commitments I have coming up in the coming days. My new
book comes out July 22nd and the documentary film [on the Kens-
ington Stone] is set to air on History Channel September 21st. However, if I
can make it, I'd love to come! Scott Wolter
5th International Conference
on Ancient America
Sept 25-27, 2009, Marquette, Michigan
Holiday Inn, Hwy 41 West
phone 906-225-1351 – ask for AAPS price ($99)
firstname.lastname@example.org Limited to 100
Sponsored by AAPS & Ancient American Magazine
] The end of September is likely to have better weather than Oct. and
near peak color of our annual Autumn Spectacle.
] Room rates are the same as last year- $99/ up to 6 in room.
] Our speakers - not necessarily in this order:
] Documentary Film-makers, Lee & joy Pennington: “’Eyes That Look at
the Sky: The Mystery of Easter Island’ Thor Heyherdahl thought there was a set-
tlement on the island from S. America (some of the stonework sure looks like Inca
stonework). Other archeologists say not so. This gives a comprehensive overview of
the island, people, and the giant moai.”
] William Morin of Sudbury, Canada, is Native American/ British Isles
blended heritage, a college professor, author, poet, philosopher, with a spe-
cial interest in native interactions with ancient visitors.
] Author, Peter Marsh, has been working for years on his “Polynesian
Pathways” book, which links these sea-farers with Canada, Ancient America,
& Peru. He goes into genetic and plant & animal evidences.
] Karl Hoenke "Provocative Perspectives in Time" up to 12,000 years.
To include the comet story and some of the plants, microbes, and animals
"out of place" as per the writings of Sorenson and Johannesson. (Part of
which will be incorporated into the Paradigm Project with Jay and Myron)
] Gregory Cavalli,’s family has the largest private Pre-Columbian collec-
tion in the world. Several generations have mined in central America and
have preserved their findings, which are sometimes on loan to museums.
Gregory and his wife with their little children and a contingency of profession-
als have turned to archaeology entirely, and have exciting finds to share with
us. He had to cancel in ‘08 as the dig was so successful, he couldn’t leave,
as will be the problem again this year. However he is creating a film on his
finds,. methods, techniques, agreements with interested parties, provenance
etc. which will be of value to all researchers.
on that search.
] Dr. John White, 2 programs: Mystic Symbol Culture, and Sun Religion
of Old and New Worlds.
] By this time, Wayne May may have some good news on the cave. We
thrill just thinking about what’s soon to be found.
] Author-researcher Jay Wakefield: Poverty Point and the Copper Trail
Jay Reports, “Presentation of 72 slides, many, an introductory walk-over of
the site. I have documentation of pottery and metallic finds, and literature
finds, that I am sure will contribute significantly to the Copper Trail story. I
look forward to having fun presenting these slides!! I wish Fred could be
there.” [ You and every one of us, Jay!]
] Author, Researcher, Jack Salmela: European Land Claims in Central
North America -- the history behind the novel, "Of Vikings & Voyageurs"
] Radio Host, Rick /Oz Osman: "The Coalition of Pre-Columbian Stud-
ies". It will give an overview of what CoPS is, how we got into this doctrine of
Columbus first, and a plan for how we get out of it.
] Author-Researcher Roger Jewell “Ancient Mines of Kitchi-Gummi” and
updates learned since the publication of this seminal work. He hopes to pre-
miere his newest book to us.
] Judy M Johnson, Sec. AAPS: “A History of AAPS-Where we’ve been,
and Where we are going”
We love to hear from others who have updates to share: Sam Osmonagic
says we’ll see him in ‘10. As schedules always change, if you have a short
presentation handy, it would be well to be prepared should a spot open.
PARADIGM TEACHERS’ SYMPOSIUM
In our efforts to expand education to the schools, we are incorporating the Paradigm
Project into our Sat. a.m. Schedule: Educators are invited to the day’s event at NO
CHARGE. We’ll get some press in local Calendars. Myron, Jay, and Karl will work
on this program which will be of interest to us all, even though some of it will not be
“new” to us, having a review never hurts. DVD/PowerPoint. Karl’s introductory
speech on timelines, Jeff’s PowerPoint on the “Oceans” with Myron narrating, Jay’s
PowerPoint on the “Maps of Stone,” CDs will be available at no charge to teachers.
’09 CONFERENCE SCHEDULE OVERVIEW
Registration Times: Hotel lobby Thursday 7:00- 9:00 pm, and on Friday
9:00 am to noon when lunch begins, followed by programs @ 1:00.
Programs, with buffet meals interspersed
* Friday 1:00 to 10:00 pm * Saturday 9:00 am to 9:00 pm
* Sunday 9:00 am to noon
Registration Fees Full conference/all programs/exhibits $135
SIX Meal package only $120 per person incl. tax/tips.
Ford Motor Company on Board with
Ancient Michigan Copper!
GOOD NEWS! The historical department of Ford
Motor Company, historian and producer, were here to
interview June Rydholm (and a little with Judy too) about Fred's research
and knowledge of Michigan ancient copper. They are making a film on the
Industry of Ancient Michigan Copper! The historians have done enough
research to know that there was a great deal of activity in ancient days here
in the U.P. June did a fine job of getting the idea across of the importance of
saving artifacts, having a place to house and display them, and of saving the
massive float copper as the centerpiece of a museum. Mr. Robert Kreipke,
Ford Motor Co. Corporate Historian, and Janine McFadden, Producer are
enthusiastic about the importance of UP copper and its influence on the rest
of the world. This will be a real help to get the word out far and wide, and to
educate thousands about our copper.
Pennington Film & Rydholm Tribute in Marquette
On Sat. May 30th from 2-4:00 pm the wonderful film we so enjoyed premier-
ing at conference ’09, was shown at no charge to the public, at Peter White
Public Library community rooms. June and son, Dan started the program
with happy memories. Then young friend William Morrison narrated June’s
slide program. The JoLee film is entitled after the ancient Norse prayer stone
fund in the Escanaba River; Let Me Not Drown Upon These Waters, Fred
Rydhom, Michigan’s Mr. Copper, the film highlights the joys of a lifetime of
research, study, teaching,
story-telling, sharing, plant-
ing trees, love of family,
community, friends, family
and COPPER! The room
was packed to standing
room only with over 200
people, many of whom
were wearing Fred’s fa-
mous plaid shirts, given by
June. The warm feelings
shared by all attendees, cannot be explained here, except to say we all felt
close to Fred, while hearing his booming voice, his infectious laughter, and
words of wisdom. The Pennington’s say “We would not have missed this for
the world. It was truly a precious event.” They had tears of joy and apprecia-
tion for the reception of the film and the powerful emotions felt in the room by
so many who love Fred. Photos for this article are by Eaton J. Blumenstein
June Rydholm Picking up Where Fred Left Off
June has been a busy little beaver, handling phone calls, setting up meetings, plan-
ning/ promoting the showing of the Pennington's film on Fred, doing interviews, giving
out promos/ mission/goals of AAPS. She is as determined- or more so- as any one of
us active members, to see Fred's dream of saving the huge float copper, for it's place
as a centerpiece attraction in the future museum. She's learning to make PowerPoint
presentations, and had one ready to give when receiving an award from Marquette
Arts and Culture for Fred...a big push to understand the historical importance of an-
cient copper and our goals. She believes we can beat our deadline to make the
$340,000 to buy the copper and 40 acres, with ALL our efforts together. She goes to
the Huron Mountain Club to hand them her PowerPoint program, and post cards...a
subtle push toward some funding from members there, as hey do not hear direct ap-
peals for any donations. Way to go, June!
Donations and Memorials
To date we are thankful to have nearly $1400 to date. Thank you to- Karin &
Allen Altman, Faye Amo, Charles & Audrey Alvord, Karl Bohnak & Liz Yel-
land, Richard & Ronald Bullock, John Case, Ann & James Caudill, Charles
DuCharme, Stan Hess, Judy M Johnson & Glenn DeVlaminck, Ken & Helen
Johnson, Marjorie Hornblower Johnson, Dave Kallio, Kathie & Chriss Kerr,
Leonard Kramer, Eeva Miller, Sally Olsen, Lee & Joy Pennington, Carol
Rees, Robert Swanson, and Jim Weupper. From Am. Legion Unit #444
Baraga: Sharon Wright, Virginia Penoric, Beverly Yon, Phyllis Adams, Diane
Koskinen, Barbara Broadbeck, Cindy Collins, Barbara Mayo, Sandra Pittsley,
Dorothy Mayo, Diane Waara, Karen DeKleyen, Mary Williams, Viv Barada,
Val Darcy, Berdee Sheldon, Barbara Stephens, & Oedith Harris.
Thank you all, for your general contributions & memorials to Fred!
Renew or Not to Renew Your Membership?
If you have not yet renewed and wish to continue supporting our goals, and
receive the News, please send $25 (or more-thanks!) to address below. If
you get the newsletter and do not wish to renew, a $5 donation to cover the
cost of one issue would be most appreciated.
Members-In-Good-Standing for 08-09 or through 09-10
All board and advisors: Thom Bell, Jim/Hoolie DeCaire, Glenn DeVlaminck,
Oedith Harris, David Hoffman, Judy M Johnson, Dave Kallio, Carl Lindquist,
Wayne May, Rick Osmon, Myron Paine (Patron,) Lee & Joy Pennington (Pa-
trons,) June Rydholm, Mary Turvey, Jay Wakefield (Supporting,) Beth Webb
and Robert Wheeler.
Other Members (*Welcome New!): Karin & Allen Altman (patrons,), *David &
Janet Anderson, Monette Bebow Reinhard, Mary Jo Berner, Charles Bruns,
Kevin Callaghan (Supporting,) Anne Caudill, Charles Creager (Patron,)
*Charles DuCharme, Barb Dukeman, *Lowell Ferguson (Supp.,) Hugh Fox,
Larry Gallant, Richard & Judy Haskell, Stan Hess (Supp.,) Karl Hoenke
(Supp.,) Peter Hoheisel, Robert & Joan Howling, Charles Huver & Andrea
Hildebrandt, *Larry & Sue Koetter (Benefactors,) Leonard Kramer (Supp.,)
Dale Kramer (Supp.,) Gail Manthei, Marion Manthei, Eeva Miller (Supp.,)
Mary Ellen Quaine, Chris Reinhold Hill, *Fred K. Rydholm, *Tom Teel, Norm
Thomas, Wayne & Crystal Trickle, *Wayne Westerson (Supp), and *J.C.
Williamson. Some have already paid for 09/10, thank you very much! We fig-
ure memberships from Sept.-Oct. as so many join and renew at conference
time. If you are a paid-up member, and do not see your name here, please
let Judy know she’s made an error. Thanks. Your renewals are appreciated.
AAPS PowerPoint CD Now Available
Judy will send to anyone for a small fee: A PowerPoint Program "AAPS His-
tory from 1999 to 2009" is now ready with self-explanatory images. Any one of you
who have been to an AAPS conference and/or heard Fred Rydholm speak, can make
a decent fill-in talk using this little program of 28 slides. It starts with Patt Hendrick-
son's People's Festivals in Baraga Michigan with ancient American subjects and pro-
grams and exhibits, to formulation of our casual PCCRS/Pre-Columbian Cultural
Research Society and excursions, to AAAPF and conferences to our final name
AAPS. Our goals of acquiring the giant float copper, land and eventual museum with
photos, are included. LOTS of pictures of people and artifacts are included. I'll be
happy to send you a copy for just $3.75 to cover CD, case and shipping.
Judy M Johnson, PO Box 216, Skandia MI 49885
AAPS / Diffusionist Museum in New York State
Wayne May has worked with hotel owners to establish a mini-museum
(30’x60’) at Palmyra Inn, in upstate New York. Both are along what is known
as the “Mormon Trail.” Wayne says that about 60% of the tour travelers are
Mormon, the rest, interested parties in America’s ancient past. Thousands of
travelers each summer traverse these historical trails. A perfect place to ex-
pand the copper history and other evidences.
In the extensive glass dis-
play cabinets, Wayne is show-
ing some of his treasures.
AAPS has loaned some of our
ancient copper artifacts, and a
portion of the Michigan
Relics/Tablets from the David
Deal/Henriette Mertz collection
will also be exhibited. The arti-
facts will be displayed with in-
formational cards. Also available in the hotel gift shops, will be related books
on the subjects, including Fred Rydholm’s Michigan Copper book, and AAPS
fund-raiser post cards…which help promote our goals of acquiring the giant
float copper and eventual museum building. Here’s a coup; the Michigan
State Historical Society is loaning 100 pieces of the Michigan Tablet collec-
tion for this exhibit. Photo shows the AAPS exhibit.
Congratulations and thanks to Wayne for helping to create perhaps the
first true diffusionist museum, which will do much to promote and display
anomalies until a major museum can be built. To loan a piece from your
collection, mail to: Palmyra Inn, 955 Canandaigua Road, Palmyra, New
York 14522. Contact Wayne May at 877-494-0044 or 1-800-426-9900.
Tips: When you select artifacts from your own collections to loan to the
museum, take photos, check with your insurance company to make sure the
item is covered against loss in transit and in a location away from your
home. You may need to add a small rider to your policy. Keep track of all ex-
penses and deduct them under the AAPS non-profit status. Ask that your
items go into the AAPS section of the exhibits.
..............PENNIES for Mr. COPPER
By Lee Pennington
If we all can think together and do together, we
can get Fred's dream of the copper piece saved
and the museum going in his honor. It would be a
shame not to call the museum the Fred Rydholm
Ancient Artifact Museum or something near that. If
Fred's name is connected to the whole thing up
front, it will certainly help the fundraising, I think. Also, every single one of us
needs to donate something, whatever we can, if only a $1. Each person needs to be
and feel a part of this. I've tried to think of something unique that would get thou-
sands of people involved--something so unique that it would attract media attention
world-wide and even attract total strangers to the cause. I thought about this kind of
campaign: "Pennies for Mr. Copper," and having people send their pennies to a bank
account set up in Marquette strictly for saving the piece of float copper. With a little
You Tube and other outlets and EVERYBODY spreading the word, it might just attract
enough attention to work. The logistics of THAT many pennies would be horrendous,
but that's exactly what would attract the attention. After all, it would only take
35,000,000 pennies. At approximately 180 pennies per pound, that would only be
approximately 194,444 pounds, about 97 tons. Wouldn't this give everybody some
kind of sense of the amount of copper that came out of the UP and Isle Royale in an-
cient times? Some estimates are as high as a billion pounds that came from those
ancient mines. So when all the copper pennies started rolling in for Mr. Copper, and
the mass started growing, we could say, "Hey, if you think this is a lot of copper, just
imagine how much copper was mined by the ancients. Also, it would give a sense of
just how big this piece of float copper is (some estimates 70 tons, or about 27 tons
less than the pennies needed to save it).
EVERYBODY could participate for just pennies, literally. Even during these hard
economic times, people could, and I think would, donate their pennies without their
suffering. And I think a bank in Marquette, in spite of the logistics, would be willing do
this for Fred. [Ed. Note: We suggest you start a penny jar, to bring it to fall confer-
ence to dump together with other penny-savers. If you are flying, and you have a big
weight of pennies, you might want to change it into paper at your bank, before con-
ference or mailing to us. If a display is necessary for publicity purposes, we can
change your paper back into copper.]
May & August Board Meetings Report
In our accounts: 7-30-09: Savings - $14,917.86 Checking - $566.24
This is before costs of newsletter product & QuarkXpress
Elections- AAPS Officers:
Glenn E DeVlaminck (prev. VP) moved into Fred’s spot as President.
Newly elected are Vice President: David Hoffman
2nd Vice President: Ray Meininger
Renewed are Treasurer, Dave Kallio and Secretary, Judy M Johnson.
Board Members Renewed and New:
Oedith Harris Jim (Hoolie) DeCaire
Thom Bell Mary Turvey
Robert Wheeler Beth Webb
WELCOME June Rydholm and Carl Lindquist!
Advisors: Lee Pennington, Jay Wakefield, Myron Paine, Ida Jane Gal-
lagher, Jeff Bennett, Rick Osman, Karl Hoenke,
WELCOME new Advisor, Charles DuCharme.
We have received a note of resignation from Dan Hornbogen for personal
and health reasons. He is regretful that he must do so. We thank him for the
years of sage advice he has given, and we wish him well. David Richarde,
citing irreconcilable beliefs & goals, resigned early this year as well.
Recent News and Decisions:
After five of us visited “our” float copper and site we decided unanimously
that we would not build on that remote woodsy site, but seek an existing
building in Calumet, perhaps an old mining structure associated with the Na-
tional Parks Service. Money would better be spent on that than on an expen-
sive road across the easement to the interior forty acres. Judy popped into
the Parks offices on Aug. 6th, ran into city liason to the Parks, executive di-
rector of Main Street Calumet, Historic Preservation; Tom Tikkanen, who was
extremely responsive to our plan of having a museum with a focus on an-
cient copper. He said “Perfect! People want to know more about aboriginal
copper people and we don’t know what to tell them. We have this great book
by Fred Rydholm, but not everyone can buy that.” I shared some things
about our group, our goals to buy the copper and have a museum, and they
want to work with us. Having “copper” in our museum name, will not limit us
when you consider how copper connected the Americas to the rest of the
world, and it helps get us into a system that wants to help us succeed in hav-
ing a museum. By conference we will have more to report on this.
MES Barry Fell Award
Given to Fred Rydholm
Each year the Midwestern Epigraphic Society
selects a worth recipient for this honor. The organi-
zation continues the work of finding, preserving and
deciphering ancient epigraphy whether on stone,
clay, metals or parchments. These words and symbols are key in helping us under-
stand our history and our connectedness with the worlds beyond out shores. The
group presented the award posthumously, to Fred, being accepted by Lee Penning-
ton. Lee gave a program about Fred and AAPS as well. We are all most appreciative!
Curious Stone Found on Shores of Lake Superior
In the 1960s, Judy’s friend Donna’s
brother, Charley MacIntosh, found a
small marked rock on the north shore of
the Keweenaw Peninsula. He’s always
kept it as a treasured touchstone. He’s
agreed to show a photograph of it here
in hopes that some of our people might
have a clue as to its origin and meaning.
Photo showing front & back, is discolored reddish tone, by flash. White banding indi-
cates Lake Superior igneous black basalt as the base stone. The MacIntosh’s own
the charming Nahma Inn Bed and Breakfast on Lake Michigan in Southern UP. 906-
AAPS is “Mission Fish” Approved
Charity on eBay
If you sell or buy on eBay, here’s an easy way to
help raise funds for AAPS. Judy is selling some of her books on eBay with 10% of
sale price being automatically credited to AAPS’s PayPal account. YOU can do the
same thing when you sell or buy. Just look for the “Donate to a Charity” button, scroll
to AAPS or put it in the search to find us. Then select the % you wish to contribute.
It is tax deductible as a charitable 501-C-3 corporation. They send receipts
MAGAZINES FEATURE ANCIENT UP COPPER
The May/June 2009 issue of Michigan History
Magazine featured an 8 page report on ANCIENT
copper pits in the Copper Country. They noted reports
of early historical agents of mines; captains, superintend-
ents, and high ranking company officials. They consis-
tently reported that signs of ancient miners were most
evident. They said these prehistoric miners were not
primitive, but “were educated and had a broad base of
world experience.” Maps and photos supported the story;
showing positions of ancient copper pits, cribbing holding
hammered copper boulders, and tools. They acknowledged the thousands of pits on
Isle Royale alone. The expert contributing this data? John Halsey, the State of Michi-
gan’s Archaeologist. Very interesting.
2 issues of Rock & Gem feature Michigan Copper: #36, August 2006, and #39,
May 2009. What’s exciting about these articles is they have answered the burning
question; what’s the chemical fingerprint that can identify Miichigan copper from that
found elsewhere in the world. It’s the SILVER- and a wee bit of arsenic! Ours is the
only copper in the world that has this intrinsic fingerprint. Bob Jones is the author/re-
searcher of both articles. I’ll call him as soon as I receive the issues I have ordered.
Vintage post card showing 5 millions lbs of UP copper awaiting shipment. c.1930s
BOOK DONATED TO AAPS
We received an intriguing book by Stephen W Snuffer, “Mountain Mysteries
and Ancient History: the Prophecy of the 7th Seal and Crystal Skulls” It’s BIG,
8.5”x11” & 689 pages, soft cover. Its focus is on ancient archaeology of West Virginia
with a wide smattering of many topics, showing lots of photos of inscriptions and
ogam writing found inside mounds, on cliffs and at stone forts. Mr. Snuffer is an em-
ployee of West Virginia as a substance abuse therapist. Additionally he is an insur-
ance agent and private investigator, aiding him in ferreting out evidence of ancient
visitations and their link to native peoples. Read about mounds, pyramids, petro-
glyphs, end-time & ancient calendars, and many mysteries.
$55.50, Stephen Snuffer, PO Box 786 Cool Ridge WV 25825.
SILENT AUCTION AGAIN PLANNED FOR
AAPS CONFERENCE on ANCIENT AMERICA
Our silent auction of donated goods last year at 4th Annual Conf. on Ancient
America raised $769! thanks to the generosity of our friends. Most items
were related to archaeological subjects: books, images, mineral specimens,
artifacts, tools, etc. A few things were unrelated but brought some income
too. We again seek donations of goods to support our mutual goals of a dif-
fusionist museum. See registration form to pledge your donation, even if you
cannot come to the conference. Thank YOU!
Mail to: AAPS, PO Box 216, Skandia MI 49885
Phone Judy: 906-942-7865 or 810-299-5210
AAPS NEWS, August 2009
PO Box 216
Skandia MI 49885
Membership Paid (08-09) (09-10) Due (08-09)