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Living with licensing

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Living with licensing

  1. 1. Living with Lice ns ing –Th e P ractitione rs ’ Vie wMrOdy A a S it a k d & dm mhJ iclt ie C m it e e inru iaS d s o mt Sm a d u e2 J e 025u 21 n
  2. 2. Th e Law and C ons e rvation: P rote ction Protecting nature from the hand of man Y u ut o... o msnt .C p r h ©20 S raC b A R hsR sre o yig t 0 5 ier lu . ll ig t e ev d J n u ( 88 11) o Mir13 – 94 h 1970s were about protecting resources A rin nifa nle pb acs g t s t , it r ul ces i- e ic io t , ic N t e ee e wr t wyowr a r R sr s e h a f a u v e e r d
  3. 3. P rote cting S p e cie s• Pre 1979 – Seie mngmn adea pc s aae etn l l g o nr ip we h s• 1979 onwards: – S ro t ‘Eoy e apoc’ t t fh cs t prah a e sm – FvualC ne a n tu aor e osr t S t b v io a s • P plio sedt u nt n, o u tn iz, isibt , r d a r io e f udy e nit c – Mngmn b ee p ned go aae et y xmt l in t io a ao a s L p st id s nml ... e u im u ie
  4. 4. C ap tu re d in Law• Enshrined in law – B d ad ait D ete irs n H ba ir ivs t c – W d e C ut s e c18 ilif& on y A t 91 l r id – A a edd ( ) s mne... 7• D elivery – Ml lin rr a n uip t pe t s t e e tio – S H P l , FclSe f N , o e is s hrs ic a, if – P l ainu o icl pt it ...• H ow did we get here...
  5. 5. S o d oe s p rote ction work? Bu zzard s 1988 2002 ( oin 20) H l g 03 lA des rp e nr Tet a k
  6. 6. Th e M ou ntain H are anom aly? Scottish population often 10x higher than anywhere else on globe because of management not in spite of... Alpine Mountain Hare Global range of the Mountain Hare: IUCN data
  7. 7. M am m alsBre e d ing p op u lation e s tim ate s(U K)Badger 250,000Fox 240,000
  8. 8. Bad ge rs at Langh olm • L aw: • Msnte sa s hr ‘l l t ut o stnr we ik y o e e e’ ct bde a h agr c s • G uidance: • Awy l ko sn o bde atit las o f igs fagrc y o r iv , sc a wl on a s agrr k uh s e wr pt , bde t cs l h a ad or g y as it b c ts n ca e r hirwh lkip. s e a D nte sa s t viny f o o stnr in h ic ito e e bde st o nat ir ug it in agre s r erh “dn ps t e ”, hl t og o udrecle, o sh uh r ne f e s e r n in gt as r egs l r ue b a wy o hde c ay sd y e el bdes agr . • Bt c o l acry n oe u lk f gllitad vr a e a poetned goa rt io l in t no-risk c a apoc prah
  9. 9. Im p acts on P re y: rare r p re d ators
  10. 10. P re d ators in Favou rab le S tatu s
  11. 11. Ad d re s s ing th e P rob le m• N ow: W ork with an outdated System – U e eabspate s Lglet r ic c • ( k Stf trAt nte) aa a a oy lra s isc e iv – G t r ro a e Po f h • Bspate n ur o e po l s et r ic ad ne l d rb m c sv e – G t L es e a icne• Future: – ‘S a ’ ue fy e mr s o s t t sm – Lw e r a Rf mo
  12. 12. S atis factory Alte rnative s• The Basics – H ba D es, Pea n ait, isa r t t e d io – Scn o in n ave eod p io - dic• G uidance is patchy RP Iae SBmgs – OpnLms e: a b – D t e: Pes t e il ha n ad as• N ovel approaches used to delay
  13. 13. N ot s h ooting: a s atis factory alte rnative ?N o!• C ne a n cl y osr t Eo g v io o – C r spoto mr s oe up rf a inr g – W d ir cn e nacd y ilbd a b ehne b l po utn f so t lsrl rdc o a hoa e up s io b u• Lgl ea ly – Atl2 f irs ir te oe r e o B d D e iv m r ic c imot tht r l9 p r n t At e a a ic – W A18 d e nt r ethoin C 91 os o pe n so tg v ad osr tnrm vrpin n cne a f oeap g v io o l
  14. 14. Lice ns ing wh e n b e s t p ractice fails• W d e N t aEvomn A tSol d 21 ilif& a r nirn et c( ctn) 01 l ul a• Soth a r H rae o woyep nib ct N t a eit nw hl rsos l is ul g l e• W hu ae fr e my e o mt : it t riec s a b cm it d o l im e5.W pb a cne n ilifCim e ul l odm W d e r e icl y l6.W se t udrad h c e a cm it d e eko ne t wy r s r o mt sn im e e7.W h ne t d g o e eete eo tn it udra in cms fc r lio sn f iv s u• L esg a poid udrad g n r o tn icnin cn rv e nes nin ad e lio t su• T e msb aesnb epc tn hth drgtnrm h l hr ut e r oal xetio t t eoa f t a e a e a a e io o e w wlrv e h r eyht bin suh il oid t e d t is e g ogt p e m a .• S... eidne fed o v ec o ne
  15. 15. E vid e nce 1 : C ons e rvation S tatu s• A licence when: – Pea r go s t , pe lso r t in o d tu r e s... do as y s – Ma r a S t , t n, p plio es e r tu r d o u tn u s e as e a se iz – Lgl antnl vlbt N wn ea t a al e u S H at ly io e s l al e o l vl c e s – Ioa N t aH rae oe a is f cl a r e g Z n dt l u l it a ntvil l o aa b ? ae – Pat nrmc clcithme e r it e uh oet t sl s c io s l e v
  16. 16. E vid e nce 2: S e riou s d am age• L etc ( etn 6 W d e n C ut se c18) ivs kSc 1k ilifad onr id A t 91 o io l y – Lms ab A y of e aak rtcs n cn md tc o aak ir t t – Fh is Po ail o aak rbbit ftc y t• W d n a ( etn 6cW d e n C ut se c18) ilA iml Sc 1( ) ilifad onr id A t 91 s io l y – Slo: D pns n tu wh a etlwd a n eed o s t it hr sa e m as v l o – W dgm) irs eed o s t , bt a et o a wd il a e d: D pns n tu u hr sntl e! ( b as v l o
  17. 17. E vid nce 3:W ill removing the predator solve the problem? Pine Marten or Fox Cat or Wildcat Shoot or not shoot?
  18. 18. E vid e nce gath e ring• P plio Sr y o u tn uv s a e – P ne l nd a – Opot is -C b a s p r nt a cr u ic d• Ipc mat s – Poo hts – Cr s s a ae cs• R crs eod – Ete fe s t Of a ic
  19. 19. Le gal 4: Ap p lication The most likely spp to see• Scottish N atural H eritage licensed control: – Lms ol, Sloid a b, P us a n s t m Ravens – M ut H r on in a s a e Buzzards Sawbills – W dr G e PrideG os ae , ry a rg, rue s t Sparrowhaw• C nis n ad imlr p ne ost tn T e e oss e y s ks Pine – L ecsa b is e f 2 Martens icne cn e s do u r ya er s
  20. 20. C an it work?• Spey, C onon, N ess, Beauly – T oog M noin Ss m hruh oitrg y e t • Swilad a o a bl n Sl n s m – Pio R sa h hw t e y a bl r r eer so sa b Swil c k s
  21. 21. C an it work?
  22. 22. S u m m ary• F sa d r t nrf in cag g r a rn r t t pa it e a g hnin pe t ad u re c io s c do pe p plios r o u tn y a• P plios rt t b 3 yao l s o u tn poe e y 0 er l a a cd dw• As woey o icl esg rcs l , vr p l al nin poes o l it ic• T o fn l akin r us o o e ilglil ge l t e l st• W anw ht o
  23. 23. Im p roving b iod ive rs ity: Simplify the law• C no a eis g ilifl . osl t xt wd ea id e in l w• N weistn hu b ‘ealgad e l lio sol e nb ’ n ga d inecuae ilifmngmn T e nor wd e aae et h g l .A iml ea A t20)m dl n aW lr c( 06 o e fe .• Bt r ilifpoetncn r in t e e wd e rt io, of m go t l c oE D ete ad eu tn. U ir ivs n R glios c a A des rp e nr Tet a k “H w ay e hr ra eog? o mn hn a ie r nuh rse ” M e uslSoth int f Evomn 20- 9 ik R s l ct M is ro nirn et 060 e, is e r
  24. 24. Th e P re ve nting D e cline Is s u e• C onservation should be about preventing species from reaching perilous situations ( decline or extinction) as well as rescuing them – H ba D c : ‘min in retr aits r v a t o r oe t t a s ’ – G idne o d pinip bt ht u ac go in rc l u wa e dfe: e s in • Eg o r g de fa en • C r p plio oe o u tn a – W e wu ave n h hr ol dic o t e d is cm f m o er ? o • 18 bsleo seie? 91 a in f pc s e r
  25. 25. C larify role sS tatu tory Age ncie s & C e ntral G ove rnm e nt• W hy separate production and conservation? – N t e osr ny n M isy f g uue a r C ne ac ad int o A r lr u v r ic t – ISol d n ctn: a • Rvnicnin t poet etc: ae l sgo rt l s k e c iv o S ahowr t igt ra r f d • Rvnicnin t poetbd: ae l sgo rt e c irs H !! a• Better linkage – Seie sr ae bde whad aae et pc suv lmedd it l mngmn iv n – G m cne a n nt e osr tn a e osr t is a r cne a v io u v io
  26. 26. U s e lice nce s b old ly• A void making adaptive management licences as complex as PhD s : – H h tu o seie t b mngd ig s t fpc so e aae + as – A ed t eidne fee o mngmn + ncoa v ec o bnf f aae et l it – Lw is t s t b l it mngmn = o rko tu yime aae et as d – L ec, r u tg clo mngmn ad icne e lin s e f aae etn ga a m noin r ue oitrge ir q d
  27. 27. COUNCIL DIRECTIVE (1979) on the conservation of wild birds.Article 2Member states shall take the requisite measures to maintain thepopulations of species referred to in Article 1[all birds] at a level whichcorresponds in particular to ecological, scientific and culturalrequirements, while taking account of economic and recreationalrequirements, or to adapt the population of these species to that level.

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