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Module  7 Configuring and Managing the VMM Library
Module Overview ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Lesson  1 : Overview of the VMM Library ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What  I s  the  VMM Library? VMM Library is: VMM Library: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
VMM Library Resources File-based resources: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What  Are the  Library Server and Library Group? A library server is: A library server: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Working with  Stored  V irtual  M achines  in the Library A stored virtual machine appears as an object in the Virtual Machines and Templates nodes Actions to perform on stored  virtual machine s in  l ibrary : ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Demonstration:  Adding  the  Library Server and Configuring  the  Library Group ,[object Object]
 
Demonstration:  Adding Library Shares ,[object Object]
Demonstration:  Adding  R esources to  the  Library ,[object Object]
Lesson  2 : Managing Profiles and Templates ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What Is a Hardware Profile? A hardware profile is: ,[object Object],Hardware profiles: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Hardware Profiles Settings BIOS Startup order: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What Is the Guest Operating System Profile? A guest operating system profile is: ,[object Object],Guest operating system profiles: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Guest Operating System Profile Settings ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Demonstration: Creating Hardware and Guest Operating System Profiles ,[object Object]
What Is the Virtual Machine Template? Virtual machine  templates are : Two types of virtual machine templates: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Virtual machine template components : ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Virtual Machine Template Settings Settings: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Demonstration: Creating and Modifying the Virtual Machine Template ,[object Object]
Lesson  3 :Making the VMM Library Highly Available ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
High Availability Options for the VMM Library For high availability, you can : ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Only Windows Server 2008 clusters are supported
How to Configure Failover Clustering for the  VMM Library Requirements: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Procedure : ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Considerations for Highly Available Library Servers Considerations : ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Lab :  Configuring and Managing the VMM Library  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Logon information Estimated time:  50  minutes NYC-Host1, NYC-Host2 Host machines Virtual machines NYC-DC1, NYC-SVR5 User name Administrator Password Pa$$w0rd
Lab Scenario ,[object Object]
Lab Review ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Module Summary ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Module Review and Takeaways ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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10215 A 07

  • 1. Module 7 Configuring and Managing the VMM Library
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Editor's Notes

  1. Module 7: Configuring and Managing the VMM Library Course 10215A Presentation: 60 minutes Lab: 60 minutes After completing this module, students will be able to: Describe the VMM Library. Manage profiles and templates. Make the VMM Library highly available. Required materials To teach this module, you need the Microsoft Office PowerPoint® file 10215A_07.ppt. Important It is recommended that you use PowerPoint 2002 or a later version to display the slides for this course. If you use PowerPoint Viewer or an earlier version of PowerPoint, all the features of the slides might not be displayed correctly. Preparation tasks To prepare for this module: Read all of the materials for this module. Practice performing the demonstrations and the lab exercises. Work through the Module Review and Takeaways section and determine how you will use this section to reinforce student learning and promote knowledge transfer to on-the-job performance. Make sure that students are aware that there are additional online resources for the module on the Course CD.
  2. Briefly present Module content. Make a short introduction for key topics covered in this module. Tell students that o ne of the main components of System Center Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) is the Library . You can describe the Library as a catalog of resources that you can use for building virtual machines . Course 10215A
  3. Present the Lesson content. Explain students that you will introduce the Library in this lesson , and that you will show them how to manage the Library Server. Course 10215A
  4. Define the Library by using the definition from the slide. After that, discuss the terms Library Server and Library share. Also, spend some time talking about the library resources indexing. Tell students that when you create new virtual machines in VMM, you must use Library resources. Question: What is the primary purpose of Library? Answer: The main purpose of Library is to catalog and index various resources that you can use to build new virtual machines. Course 10215A
  5. Explain that the library contains the building blocks for creating new virtual machines . Without library resources, you need to perform the entire operating system installation for a virtual machine, and then configure all necessary settings. Describe the various Library resources. Students might be familiar with file-based resources, so spend more time describing the templates, profiles , and virtual machines that the Library stores . Course 10215A
  6. Define the Library server as a central repository of resources that you can use to create new virtual machines. Describe that the VMM Server is configured as a default Library server, and that this default library server might be the only one an organization ever needs. This typically is the case i n small and medium-sized environments. Emphasize that you can add more library servers and Library shares based on business needs . Describe the reasons that you would associate Library servers with specific host groups . Question: What is the purpose of library groups? Answer: Library groups enable you to organize library servers. Course 10215A
  7. Describe reasons for storing virtual machines in Library. Also, explain what happens when virtual machine is stored to Library, and what happens when you deploy it on a host. After that describe actions that can be performed while virtual machine is in Library. Question : Can you provide one usage scenario for stored virtual machines? Answer : An example is that you can store a virtual machine that is for a specific project and that you use only temporarily, from time to time. Course 10215A
  8. The p urpose of this demo nstration is to show students how they can add an additional library server to the VMM infrastructure, and how they can ali gn the Library server with a host group. Before starting this demonstration, complete the following steps. Import the 10215A-NYC-SVR5 Virtual Machine 1,On NYC-HOST1 , open Hyper-V Manager. Click NYC-Host2 . 2,In the Actions pane, click Import Virtual Machine . 3.In the Import Virtual Machine dialog box, click Browse . Browse to E:\\Program Files\\Microsoft Learning\\10215\\Drives , click 10215A-NYC-SVR5 , and then click Select Folder . 4.Click Import . Note: If you receive a message that the virtual machine imported with warnings, right-click 10215A-NYC-SVR5 and click Settings . Under IDE Controller 0 , verify that the 10215A-NYC-SVR5.vhd file is connected to the virtual machine. If it is not connected, click Browse , and browse to E:\\Program Files\\Microsoft Learning\\10215\\Drives \\ 10215A-NYC-SVR5\\Virtual Hard Disks . Click 10215A-NYC-SVR5.vhd , click Open and then click OK . If the hard drive is listed, click OK . 5. Right-click 10215A-NYC-SVR5 and click Start . Close Hyper-V Manager. Detailed demonstration steps: On NYC-SVR5, use Windows Explorer to create a shared folder named Library on volume C. Share the folder with Read permissions for Authenticated Users. On NYC-Host1, in the VMM Administrator Console , in the Actions pane, click Add library server . On the Enter Credentials wizard page, type Administrator for user name, Pa$$w0rd for password, and Contoso for the domain, and then click Next . On the Select Library Servers wizard page, type NYC-SVR5 in the Computer name field, and then click Add to add the server to the list of selected servers. Click Next . On the Add Library Shares wizard page, place a check mark in the box next to Library , and then click Next . On the Summary wizard page, click Add Library Servers . Course 10215A
  9. Click the View Script button to display the Windows PowerShell – Virtual Machine Manager cmdlets that will perform this operation. Close the Jobs window after the action completes. In the VMM Administrator Console , click the Library tab. Make sure that NYC-SVR5 appears as the Library Server. Right-click NYC-SVR5.contoso.com in the Library view, and then click Properties . In the Library group text box, type Contoso , and then click OK . Repeat steps 10 and 11 for NYC-Host1.contoso.com . In the Library view, click Columns on the toolbar. In the Select Columns dialog box, select Library Group . Use the Move Up and Move Down buttons to move the column to the position where you want it in the results list, and then click OK . This adds a Library Group column to the results list and adds Library Group to the Group by list. Sort by the new column or use the Group by field to group your Library servers by Library group.
  10. Demo nstration steps: On NYC-SVR5 , create a shared folder named C:\\Library2 using Windows Explorer . Share the folder with Read permissions for Authenticated Users. On NYC-Host1 , in the VMM Administrator Console , click the Library tab, expand Library Servers in the navigation pane, and then navigate to the library server NYC-SVR5.contoso.com . With the server selected, in the Actions pane, under Library Server , click Add library shares . On the Add Library Shares page, select the Library2 check box, and then click Next . On the Summary page, click Add Library Shares . Course 10215A
  11. In this demonstration you will add an . ISO file manually to the library share , and then refresh the library to demonstrate how you add content. Demonstration steps: On the NYC-SVR5 library server, copy the D:\\Labfiles\\test.iso file to the C:\\Library folder. On NYC-Host1 , in the VMM Administrator Console , display the Library view. In the navigation pane, expand Library Server , and then navigate to the library share named Library . With the library share selected, in the Actions pane, under Library Share , click Refresh . Make sure that all files on the share index immediately in Virtual Machine Manager and then are added to the Library view. Course 10215A
  12. Present the content of the lesson. Explain that h ardware and guest operating system profiles are very important parts in rapid virtual machine deployment. Instead of configuring various virtual machine and operating system settings each time you deploy a new virtual machine, you can use preconfigured values from profiles. Both hardware profiles and guest operating system profiles are VMM Library resources. The virtual machine template also is a Library resource that consists of a hardware profile, virtual hard disk, and a guest operating system profile. Course 10215A
  13. Explain the purpose of hardware profiles. Do not spend time explaining which hardware specifications are in a profile, as the next topic discusses that . The main purpose of this topic is to explain profiles to students, and explain how and why to use them. Question : What is the main benefit of using hardware profiles in VMM? Answer : It enables you to perform rapid virtual machine deployment with consistent hardware configurations. Course 10215A
  14. Explain each component of a hardware profile . Question : If you want to map .ISO file to virtual machine DVD drive in hardware profile settings, where should you store .ISO file? Answer : You must store and index the .ISO file in Library, as it is the only place from where you can map .ISO file to DVD drive in hardware profile settings. Course 10215A
  15. Explain a g uest operating system profile. Emphasize that a g uest operating system profile provides standard settings for the operating systems on virtual machines . Also mention that guest operating system profiles are database objects that do not have any physical files associated with them , so they are not stored on Library Shares. After you create a template, no association is maintained between the template and the guest operating system profile that was used with it. Question: What is the purpose of using guest operating system profiles? Answer : The guest operating system profile contains some automated answers to operating system setup and other settings that can provide a consistent operating system environment when you are deploying new virtual machines. Course 10215A
  16. Explain the purpose of each component of a guest operating system profile. Course 10215A
  17. Show students how to create hardware and guest operating system profiles by using the VMM Admin istration Console. Demonstration steps: On NYC-Host1 , in the SCVMM Admin Console , switch to Library view. Click New hardware profile from the Library Actions Pane . On the General tab, in Name text box, type Test Desktop profile . In the Description text box, type Hardware settings for desktop machines . Click the Hardware Settings tab. Click the BIOS section. In the right pane, click PXE Boot , and then click Up twice. Place a check mark next to Enable Num Lock . Click Processor section. Select 1.80 Ghz Pentium 4 . Click Memory section. Type 1024 in the Virtual Machine memory text box. Click the IDE Devices – Virtual DVD drive section. Click Existing image file , and then click Browse . Click test.iso , and then click OK . In the title bar, click Network Adapter , and then click the Emulated Network adapter . Click Network Adapter 2 , and then change the Network Location to Internal Network Click OK . Click New guest OS profile from the Library Actions pane. On the General tab, in the Name text box, type Windows 7 . Click the Guest OS tab. Click the Identity Information section. In the Full name box, type your name, and then in the Organization name box, type Contoso . Click Admin Password section. Type Pa$$w0rd in both the Password and Confirm fields. Click the Time Zone section. In the right pane, choose your time zone. Click the Operating System section. In the right pane, in the Operating system drop-down box, select Windows 7. Click the Domain/Workgroup section. In the right pane, click Domain , and then type contoso.com . In the Domain user field, type Contoso\\Administrator , and then type Pa$$w0rd in both the Password and Confirm fields. Click OK . In the Virtual Machine Manager warning dialog box, click Close . Change the User name to Admin , type Pa$$w0rd in both the Password and Confirm fields, and then click OK . Course 10215A
  18. Define a virtual machine template. Explain to students that virtual machine t emplates provide a standardized group of hardware and software settings that you can use to create multiple new virtual machines configured with those settings . Discuss customized and noncustomized templates. Briefly discuss template parts. Question: What are required parts of a virtual machine template? Answer: The hardware profile and virtual hard disk are mandatory parts of virtual machine template. Course 10215A
  19. Briefly discuss the settings available on each tab of the virtual machine template. Do no t spend too much time on Hardware and Operating system configuration as these settings are described in other topics. Course 10215A
  20. Demonstration steps: On NYC-Host1 , in the SCVMM Admin Console , switch to the Library view. Click New template from the Library Actions Pane . On the Select Source page, click Use an existing template or a virtual hard disk stored in library , and then click Browse . Click 10215A-CoreTest.vhd , and then click OK . Click Next . On a Template Identity page, in the Template name text box, type TestTemplate , and then click Next . On a Configure Hardware page, open the drop-down box next to Hardware profile , choose Test Desktop Profile , and then click Next . On the Guest Operating System profile page, open the drop-down box next to Guest operating system profile , select Windows 7 , and then click Next . On the Summary page, click Create . Close the Jobs window after the job completes. In a Library view, click the Filters tab. Place a check mark only on Template . In the central pane, right-click TestTemplate , and then click New virtual machine . On the Virtual Machine Identity page, in the Virtual machine name text box, type Win7test , and then click Next . On the Configure Hardware page, review the configuration, and then click Next without making changes (as these settings are already configured from the template). On the Guest Operating System page, review the configuration, and then click Next without making changes (as these settings are already configured from template). On the Select Destination page, click Next . On the Select Host page, click NYC-Host1 , and then click Next . On the Select path page, click Next . On the Select Networks page, review the configuration, and then click Next . On the Additional Properties page, in the Action when physical server stops drop-down box, select Shut down guest OS , and click then Next . On the Summary page, click Create . Close the Jobs window after the job completes. In the central pane, right-click TestTemplate , and then click Properties . In the template properties window, review the tabs and configuration settings, and then click the Settings tab. Change Quota points to 5 , and then click OK . Course 10215A
  21. Present the content of the lesson. Explain that the approach that you use to make the VMM Library highly available is somewhat different than general high availability strategies that the module on that topic discusses . Course 10215A
  22. Discuss the two ways to achieve high availability on the VMM Library. Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of each approach. Question : Which approach is appropriate for your organization? Why? Answer : Answers may vary. Some organizations will not need high availability in their Library. Course 10215A
  23. Explain the requirements to configure failover clustering for the VMM Library. Emphasize that the procedure you perform for making a cluster is not VMM-specific, but rather is the regular procedure to create a f ile s erver cluster. Be sure to mention that the Cluster Validation wizard is very important to run, as is configuring proper Client Access names and IP addresses . Question: What is the Client Access Point name from the aspect of the VMM Library? Answer: You use the Client Access Point name as a name for a highly available Library that you add to the VMM Server. Course 10215A
  24. Course 10215A
  25. In this lab, students will design and implement the integration of System Center VMM into a Hyper-V™ virtualization solution. Exercise 1 In this exercise, students will add a Library Server and Library resources. Exercise 2 In this exercise, students will create a hardware profile. Exercise 3 In this exercise, students will create a guest operating system profile. Exercise 4 In this exercise, students will create a virtual machine template. Before the students begin the lab, read the scenario associated with each exercise to the class. This will reinforce the broad issue that the students are troubleshooting, and will help to facilitate the lab discussion at the module’s end. Remind the students to complete the discussion questions after the last lab exercise. Note: The lab exercise answer keys are provided on the Course Companion CD. To access the answer key, click the link located at the bottom of the relevant lab exercise page. Course 10215A
  26. Course 10215A
  27. Use the questions on the slide to guide the debriefing after students complete the lab exercises. Question: What needs to be installed on a new Library s erver? Answer: O nly a VMM agent is needed on a VMM Library s erver . Question: List some differences between hardware and guest operating system profiles . Answe r : A h ardware profile contains only settings that are related to a virtual machine’s hardware co n figuration , while a guest operating system profile has settings that are related to the operating system ’s setup configuration . Question: What are the components of a virtual machine template? Answer: H ardware profile, guest operating systems profile , and virtual hard disk. Course 10215A
  28. Course 10215A
  29. Review Questions 1. What is the VMM Library, and what kind of resources can you index in it? Answer: VMM Library is a catalog that gives access to file-based resources (such as Sysprep scripts, ISO images, and virtual hard disks) that are stored on your library servers, and to virtual machine templates, guest operating system profiles, and hardware profiles that reside in the VMM database. 2. Why do you create a hardware profile? Answer: You use hardware profiles to have consistent hardware configuration when creating new virtual machines and to speed up a virtual machine’s deployment process. 3. What is a guest operating system profile? What kind of information does it contain? Answer: A guest operating system profile is a collection of operating system settings that you can import into a virtual machine template to provide a consistent operating system configuration for virtual machines created from that template. It contain information such as computer name, administrator password, product key, and other data. How should you add a clustered file server as a Library server to VMM? Answer: To add a clustered file server as a Library server, you have to use the Client Access Point name that you define during the cluster’s creation. Common Issues Related to Desktop Application Support Point the students to possible troubleshooting tips for the issues that this section presents. Real-World Issues and Scenarios You can either discuss possible solutions for the scenarios at the end of the module or assign these scenarios as homework for the students. If you assign the scenarios as homework, you should provide some high-level hints that might help the students solve the problem stated in the scenarios. You also can do a follow-up debriefing on some of the scenarios that you assign as homework. You can create high-level hints for each scenario by using the following possible solutions for the scenarios: Scenario 1. Solution 1. Scenario 2. Solution 2. Scenario 3. Solution 3 . Tools Point out the location from which students can install each key tool. Let students review the function and usage of each tool on their own. Remind students that they can use this as a master list to help them gather all the tools required to facilitate their application support work. Course 10215A