The most severe form The child has low weight for A lack of basic nutrients for a their height long time Require urgent Causes medical attention Delay in physical and mental because development of children-Alter all the vital processes over timeof the child. Requires immediate treatment to prevent-Very high rises the risk of it from getting worse.death. Must be treated before 2 years of age
Born annually in the world some 24 millionchildren are underweight (less than 2.5 kg) which represents 17% of all births Most of these children born in developing countries the cause of low birth weight is poor fetal development.
CAUSES OF MALNUTRITION Immediate causesInsufficient feeding Inadequate attention Diseases Underlying causes Water and sanitationLack of access to food Lack of health care insalubrious Basic causes Scarce education of Poverty Inequality the mothers
Includes factors: Economic Psychological Educational Cultural
840 million 109 million peoplepeople are suffer from foodaffected by 398 million insufficiency are childrenmalnutrition 230 million are stunted 50 million suffer from extreme malnutrition
UNICEF The convention on the rights In over 150 Supports child the child countries and UNICEF health andterritories to help working childhood children survive areas Recognizes the nutrition, water and thrive, from worldwide right of every child supply and early childhood to a standard of sanitation, the through living adequate for provision of quality adolescence. physical, mental, basic education for spiritual, moral all children and and social, in protecting children addition of course from violence, to recognize their exploitation right to life and survival.
Governments Join Private Promotes action andSector and civil society intervention to improveorganizations to promote nutrition of mothers andand strengthen early children during the period ofnutrition policies in 1000 days, ranging fromcountries in pregnancy to 2 years old child.development, unicef is amember of this initiative