English class 5 a

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English class 5 a

  1. 1. English class 5 Elementary level Juan José Simón Pérez Mail: simondeibi@gmail.com
  2. 2. THERE IS / THERE ARE Usamos there is o there are para indicar la existencia de algo: There is / There are ≈ Hay Examples: There is a table in this room. There are three books in that shelf. There is / There are ≈ Son / somos Examples: There are three of them in the company.
  3. 3. THERE IS / THERE ARE Se usa THERE IS para singular e incontables: There is water in that bottle. There is a portrait in the wall. Se usa THERE ARE para el plural: There are some birds. There are many people in the party. THERE IS se contrae quedando THERE’S: There’s a house next to the river. THERE ARE no se contrae.
  4. 4. THERE IS / THERE ARE NEGACIÓN: se forma añadiendo NOT detrás de is / are: There is not / There are not: there is not a car. Se contrae al igual que el verbo TO BE: There isn’t / There aren’t: There aren’t many people Para indicar que la cantidad de algo es nula añadimos ANY: There aren’t any people in the party. (no hay nadie en la fiesta)
  5. 5. THERE IS / THERE ARE PREGUNTAS: Se coloca IS / ARE delante de THERE: Is there…? / Are there…? RESPUESTAS: Yes, there is / No, there isn’t Yes, there are / No, there aren’t En preguntas se utiliza ANY con nombres plurales e incontables: Is there a dog in the street? Are there any dogs in the street? Is there any rice left?
  6. 6. THERE IS / THERE ARE A. Complete the sentences using "there is" or "there are" 1) _______ some books on the table. 2) _______ many cars in the street. 3) _______ a picture on the wall. 4) _______a pencil near the book. 5) _______many trees in the forest. 6) _______a cat under the table.
  7. 7. THERE IS / THERE ARE B. Complete the sentences using "Is there" or "Are there". 1) _______ an opera in our city? 2) _______ many girls in your class? 3) _______ a police-station near the hospital? 4) ________ any bananas in the basket? 5) ________ any trees in the park? 6) ________ any water in the bottle?
  8. 8. THERE IS / THERE ARE C. Complete the sentences using "there isn't" or "there aren't". 1) _____ many people in the streets. 2) _____ any jam in the fridge. 3) _____ any plates on the table. 4) _____ any milk in the bottle. 5) _____ any coffee in the cup. 6) _____ any people in my family.
  9. 9. THERE IS / THERE ARE Answers A) 1- THERE ARE 2- THERE ARE 3- THERE IS 4- THERE IS 5- THERE ARE 6- THERE IS B) 1- IS THERE 2- ARE THERE 3- IS THERE 4- ARE THERE 5- ARE THERE 6- IS THERE C) 1- THERE AREN’T 2- THERE ISN’T 3- THERE AREN’T 4- THERE ISN’T 5- THERE ISN’T 6- THERE AREN’T
  10. 10. PRESENT SIMPLE (Affirmative) El presente simple (I do) se utiliza para: a) Hablar de hechos o cosas en general: The sun goes round the Sun; people need to eat… b) Hablar de cosas que ocurren siempre o repetidamente (rutinas): I practice sports every weekend, he buys food on Mondays… c) Hablar de eventos o acciones que tienen horario: The café opens at 7:30 in the morning, the party starts at 22:00…
  11. 11. PRESENT SIMPLE (Affirmative) El presente simple se forma generalmente poniendo el ‘infinitivo’ tras el sujeto: Sujeto + ‘infinitivo’ + objeto: I buy clothes… A la 3ª persona del singular se le añade –s o –es al final. En general se añade –s: buy-buys; run-runs; speak-speaks; know-knows; start-starts En verbos acabados en –s/-ss/-sh/-ch/-x, y en los verbos do y go se añade –es: do-does; go-goes; watch-watches; miss- misses
  12. 12. PRESENT SIMPLE (Affirmative)  Exercise.Complete with present simple. 1) (to like) I _______ yogurt very much. 2) (to listen) The girls always ____ to pop music. 3) (to wear) Janet never ______ jeans. 4) (to teach) Mr. Smith ______ French. 5) (to do) You ____ your homework after school. 6) (to read) Mike _____ a lot of books. 7) (to learn) We _____ English with Simon. 8) (to be) He _____ a good boy.
  13. 13. PRESENT SIMPLE (Affirmative) Answers: 1) I like yogurt very much. 2) The girls always listen to pop music. 3) Janet never wears jeans. 4) Mr Smith teaches French. 5) You do your homework after school. 6) Mike reads a lot of books. 7) We learn English with Simon. 8) He is a good boy.
  14. 14. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY Los adverbios de frecuencia dan información acerca de la frecuencia con que ocurre la acción del verbo. Los más comunes son: NEVER SOMETIMES OFTEN ALWAYS
  15. 15. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY Los adverbios de frecuencia se colocan delante del verbo principal: I often go cycling. Cuando el verbo principal es el TO BE, se colocan detrás de éste: I am never tired of eating chocolate. Cuando el verbo principal esté compuesto por más de un verbo se colocan tras el primero de ellos: I have always said that he drives too fast.
  16. 16. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY Exercise. Make sentences with the following words. Note that you have to change the verbs, they are in infinitive. 1) usually / Tom / to school / to go / by bus 2) to be / They / always / at home 3) You / to run / on your way/ often / to work 4) sometimes / I / to buy / online 5) Barbara / magazines / never / to read 6) hardly ever / The Simths / TV / watch
  17. 17. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY  Answers. 1) Tom usually goes to school by bus 2) They are always at home 3) You often run on your way to work 4) I sometimes buy online 5) Barbara never reads magazines 6) The Simths hardly ever watchTV
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention!

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