References: Sorensen. C. W.(1994) Success and Education in South Korea, Comparative Education Review, Vol 38 no.1‘South Korea’s education success’( http//. News.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk-news/education/4240668.stm)BBC News,13 September 2005 Accessed 3 July 2009
South Korea’s recruitment process of teachers and administrators is different from that in the United States. All of South Korean teachers are recruited from the top third percent of college graduates. The United States normally recruits approximately 23 percent from the top third percent of its college graduates, and the rest from poverty schools. There is a fairly large pay gap between South Korean teachers and administrators compared to the United States. In addition, South Korean teachers are guaranteed a teaching position for life. New incoming teachers must attend rigorous training and professional development and are paid while doing so. Teachers are evaluated by peers, parents, and administrators once every year. All evaluations are positive and supportive.
South Korea’s national curriculum is developed by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology a centralized administration. The K-6th grade curriculum includes nine subjects: Korean language, moral education, math, science, social studies, English (starting in 3rd grade), fine arts, music and physical education. Kindergarten in Korea is not public. Parents who send their children to Kindergarten will send them to private schools. Over the past twenty years, there has been an increase in Kindergarten admissions, after the Ministry of Education widely encouraged preschool. The typical age in Kindergarten is 3-6 years old (Wikipedia.org, 2012).South Korean students attend school 220 days out of the school year, almost 2 months more than the American school system. During the school year, school is generally from 8am-4pm with most students returning to the school library for afterschool lessons and study time. Students understand at a very young age that they are working toward admission into the top universities in Korea and abroad. Their parents and educators instill high academic standards in them and teach that education is the key to happiness and success (Diem, Levy, & VanSickle, 2012).
Secondary school (middle and high school) contain students who range from ages 12 or 13 years to 18 or 19 years. The standardized curriculum, set by the Ministry of Education, includes 12 subjects: Korean language, moral education, math, science, social studies, English, music, art, history, ethics, home economics, and technology. The core subjects, or concentration, are Korean, English, Math, and Science. Unlike the United States school systems, high school is not mandatory in South Korea. However 97% of South Korean students do complete high school (one of the highest percentages of students in the world).High school students anticipate college entrance exams and participate in rigorous study with efforts to earn the highest and best possible scores (Wikipedia.org, 2012).
English language education was first introduced to Korea in 1883, when the Joseon government opened an English language school in order to train interpreters. Since then, English has enjoyed the status as the most popular foreign language during the greater part of its existence in what is today South Korea.Reference- Kim Eun-gyong The Korea Times. History of English Education in Korea April 2, 2010. Retrieved on May 19, 2012 from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/special/2012/05/181_21843.html
"No one just drops out of school," says a disgusted Chung Chang Yong, principal of Ewha Girls' High School. "A student may transfer to another school, but no one just drops out. … To drop out of school is a major disaster, a catastrophe. It wouldn't happen unless it was unavoidable.“ (Yong, 2008)Reference- David J. Lynch USA Today. Chung Chang Yong 2008. Article retrieved on May 19, 2012 from http://www.usatoday.com/money/world/2008-11-18-korea-education-usa_N.htm
International Education Presentation: The Education of South KoreaJacqueline Smith, Terrence Veal, Angela Williams, and Kimberly Mcdonald EDL/510: Teacher Leadership in a Global Society May 21, 2012 Stephanie Moreno
The Education of South KoreaThe South Korean educational system has maintained a top-notch reputationamong other nations in the world. With 97% of students graduating highschool, and with a rank of 2nd place in math on the PISA exam, it is clear whyeducation in South Korea has such a reputation (USA Today, 2008). In thefollowing, South Korea’s educational system will be explored in more detailincluding information about the following areas: Education History K-12 Schools English Language Instruction College/ University Political Involvement in Education Education in South Korea Today
Educational History South Korean education is viewed as being crucial for success and competition is consequently very heated and fierce. The level of educational achievement in South Korea has become widely known, and South Korean students have recently achieved the highest mean scores in science and math in the International Assessment of Educational Progress. 81% of middle and high schools forbid relationships among students. South Korea schools have a strong tendency to neglect physical education due to the over-competitive nature of classroom-based education.
Political Involvement South Korea still has issues with North Korea after the Korean war. This contributed South Korea’s confrontational stance against North Korea in the education field The National Intelligence Service was criticized for the search and seizure of a civilian think tank This incident was carried out through a warrant to investigate an alleged South Korean spy who followed an instruction from North Korean with a purpose of instigating a university student Rallies to stop the on-going tuition hike in South Korea
Teachers and School Administrators Recruited from the top third percent of college graduates Receive higher pay for teachers and administrators Guaranteed a teaching position for life Paid for rigorous training and professional development
Kindergarten and Elementary SchoolStudents (Grades K-6) From ages 3-12 yearsCurriculum Ministry of Education and the national curriculum Academic Standards and BenchmarksSchool Year Two Semesters: March–July & August-Febraury
Secondary School and UniversityCurriculum Ministry of Education and the National Curriculum Academic Standards and BenchmarksExams End of Year High School Exams College ExamsConcentration Math and Science
English Language EducationThe English Language is the most popular foreign language in South Korea15 trillion won (15.8 billion dollars) is spent on English Learning per yearMost start learning English from middle or elementary School.The South Korean government has a policy in place called the English Language Education (ELE)
South Korean Education Today Today, education remains the guiding principle of South Korean society, from affluent city dwellers to the poorest villagers. 93% of all students graduate from high school on time An experienced secondary-school teacher makes almost 25% more than a comparable American teacher, according to OECD data
ConclusionThroughout its troubled past, South Korea has become one of the top academic performing countries in the world. One of its main focus is to close the gap between the advantage and disadvantage students. The educational system supports creativity and emphasizes the use of technology throughout classrooms. South Korea recognizes teachers and administrators asprofessionals who deserve high levels of respect. The high school drop-out rateis the lowest in the world with a 97% graduation rate. South Korea continues to stride to make its educational system the best in the world. Failure is not an option and should not be a component in any educational system.
ReferencesCenter On International Education Benchmarking. (2012) Retrieved from: http://www.ncee.org/programs-affiliates/center-on-international- education-benchmarking/top- performing-countries/south-korea-overview/south-korea-teacher-and-principal-qualityDiem, R., Levy, T. & Vansickle, R. (2012). South Korean education. Asia Today. Retrived from:http://asiasociety.org/education/learning-world/south- korean-educationKim Eun-gyong The Korea Times. History of English Education in Korea April 2, 2010. Retrieved on May 19, 2012 from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/special/2012/05/181_21843.htmlLynch, D.J. (2008) USA could learn from South Korean Schools. USA Today. Retrieved from: http://www.usatoday.com/money/world/2008-11-18-korea-education-usa_N.htmSorensen. C. W.(1994). Success and Education in South Korea, Comparative Education Review, Vol 38 no.1 ‘South Korea’s education success’( http//. News.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk- news/education/4240668.stm) BBC News,13 September 2005 Accessed 3 July 2009Wikipedia. (2012). Education in South Korea. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_South_Korea