Eco green cities


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Eco green cities

  1. 1. Symposium ECO-GREEN CITIES
  2. 2. TeamMembersClass : XSubject: Social ScienceTask : Symposium
  3. 3. OBJECTIVETo make everyone understand the following aspects:• What is an eco-green city?• Why is it important?• How can we achieve this?
  4. 4. OBJECTIVE• How to build it through architecture, transportation and strategic plans?• Examples all around the world.
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION• An eco-city also known as sustainable city.• Designed - environmental impact, inhabited by people and dedicated to
  6. 6. • minimize required inputs of energy,• water and food, and waste output of heat, air pollution - CO2, methane, and water pollution.
  7. 7. • It should meet the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations.
  8. 8. • The term "eco-city" - 1987 book, Eco-city Berkeley: Building Cities for a Healthy Future by Richard Register.
  9. 9. • A sustainable city should be able to feed itself with minimal reliance on the surrounding countryside, and power itself with renewable sources of energy.
  10. 10. • To create the smallest possible ecological footprint• to produce the lowest quantity of pollution possible,• to efficiently use land• compost used materials
  11. 11. • recycle it or convert waste-to- energy.
  12. 12. PracticalAchievement
  13. 13. • Different agricultural systems - agricultural plots within the city – reduces distance.• Renewable energy sources - wind turbines, solar panels, or bio-gas created from sewage.
  14. 14. Methods to reduce airconditioning - planting trees andlightening surfacecolors, natural ventilationsystems, an increase in waterfeatures, and green spacesequaling at least 20% of the
  15. 15. • Transportation planning- Improved public transport and an increase in pedestrianization to reduce car emissions - requires a radically different approach to city planning.
  16. 16. • Optimal building density - make public transport viable - avoid the creation of urban heat islands.• Green roofs• Zero-emission transport• Zero-energy building
  17. 17. Green roofs in Hong Kong
  18. 18. Masdar
  19. 19. Design for a 180 meter tall tower in Paris
  20. 20. • SUDS• energy conservation systems/devices• Xeriscaping - garden and landscape design for water conservation
  21. 21. Singapore
  22. 22. ARCHITECTURE• Eco industrial park• Urban farming• Walkable urbanism• Individual buildings• Urban infill
  23. 23. • Reduces environmental impact• Improves economic performance
  24. 24. Industrial park in Michigan built byPhoenix Designs that is madealmost entirely from recycledmaterials.
  25. 25. This helps – as native trees, grasses,and flowers, and the landscapingdesign will act as climate shelter forthe facility.They are using from one plantto anotherSteam connections from firmsprovide heating for homes inthat area
  26. 26. • Using renewable energy such as wind and solar power.• Creating more efficient water flows.
  27. 27. • It is a process of growing and distributing food, as well as raising animals, in and around a city.• This method of food cultivation saves energy in food transportation and saves costs.
  28. 28. To make it successful - citiesmust allot a common area forcommunity gardens or farms.
  29. 29. • As well as a common area for a farmers market in which the foodstuffs grown within the city which can be sold to the residents of the urban system.
  30. 30. • Walk able urbanism is a development strategy in opposition to suburban sprawl.• It is known as the Charter of New Urbanism.
  31. 31. • It advocates housing for a diverse population, a full mix of uses,• Integrated civic and commercial centers and walk able streets• Accessible open space• Positive public space.
  32. 32. Welton
  33. 33. • LEED, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is an internationally recognized green building certification system.• In order for a building to become LEED, certified sustainability needs to be prioritized in design construction and use.
  34. 34. Its Recognition includes:• Sustainable sites• Water efficiency• Energy & atmosphere• Materials & resources• Indoor environmental quality• Locations & linkages• Awareness & education• Innovation in design
  35. 35. LEED
  36. 36. Abad NucleusMall, Kochi
  37. 37. Taipei 101
  38. 38. Chicago
  39. 39. Sustainable transportationattempts to reduce a use ofgreenhouse emitting gases by:• Eco friendly urban planning, low environmental impact vehicles, to create an urban center that has greater environmental responsibility and social equity.
  40. 40. Car free plan in Seine,Paris
  41. 41. • Currently, transportation systems account for nearly a quarter of the world’s energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission.• So there are two major solution for this problem to make a city healthy and productive.
  42. 42. • This requires cities be built at landmark density so that destinations are reached.• This reduces time in transit, reduces fuel expenditure & also opts for other alternative transports like walk.
  43. 43. • Implementing sustainable transportation must include access to transportation by all levels of society.• For this we need to make public transportation more accessible and cheap.
  44. 44. • By this economic and social conditions are developed.
  45. 45. • There is a private organization in all over the world in helping cities by giving guidelines of strategic planning.• This org. is United Cities
  46. 46. A Nano City Plan
  47. 47. A closer look
  48. 48. • The advantages of urban strategic planning include, that it places environmental issues as the priority for the sustainable development of the city and serves as a platform to develop concepts and new models of housing, energy, and mobility.
  49. 49. Urban Strategic Planning
  50. 50. • The inequality in spatial development and socio-economic classes paired with recent concerns of poverty and climate change are new problems in achieving global sustainable cities.
  51. 51. • UN: Half of the world’s population is concentrated in cities that are set to rise to 60% within a couple decades.
  52. 52. UCLG identified 13 globalchallenges in establishingsustainable cities:• Demographic change• Migration• Globalization of the job market.• Poverty and unmet Millennium Development Goals
  53. 53. • Segregation• Spatial patterns and urban growth, metropolisation and the rise of urban regions• More political power for local authorizes• New factors for developing a city and providing services
  54. 54. • Decline in public funding for development• The environment and climate change, new and accessible building technologies
  55. 55. • Preparing for uncertainty and limits of growth and global communications and partnerships.
  56. 56. Some Eco greencities of the future
  57. 57. Australia–City of Moreland. The City of Moreland in Melbournes north has programs for becoming carbon neutral, one of which is Zero Carbon Moreland, amongst other existing
  58. 58. Melbourne
  59. 59. City of Melbourne.Over the past 10years, various methods ofimproving public transporthave been implemented; carfree zones and entire streetshave also been implemented.
  60. 60. Canada• Calgary, Alberta was ranked as the top eco-city in the world in 2010 for its, "excellent level of service on waste removal, sewage systems, and water drinkability and availability, coupled with relatively low air pollution.”
  61. 61. Calgary
  62. 62. China• China is working with investment and technology supplied by the Singapore government to build an eco-city in the Coastal New District of Tianjin City in northern China, named the "Sino- Singapore Tianjin Eco-city.”
  63. 63. Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco- city
  64. 64. Rizhao mandates of solar water heaters for households, and has been designated the Environmental Model City by Chinas SEPA (State Environmental Protection Administration)
  65. 65. India• Manimekala is High-Tec Eco city projected in Karaikal will be considering an area of 5 km 2. It will be first of kind in South India.
  66. 66. • Auroville (Puducherry, Pondicherry) was formed in 1968 with the intention of realizing human unity, and is now home to approximately 2,000 individuals from over 45 nations around the world.
  67. 67. City plan ofAuroville
  68. 68. • Its focus is its vibrant community culture and its expertise in renewable energy systems, habitat restoration, ecology skills, mindfulness practices, and holistic education.
  69. 69. Auroville
  70. 70. DenmarkThe industrial park in Kalundborg is often cited as a model for industrial ecology.
  71. 71. Industrial park in Kalundborg
  72. 72. EstoniaOxford Residences for fourseasons in Estonia, indevelopment by the OxfordSustainable Group, winning aprize for Sustainable Companyof the Year, is arguably one ofthe most advanced sustainabledevelopments, not only trying
  73. 73. • already carbon negative and considering factors such as economic, financial, social development of the surroundings, environmental, food, energy, government policy, local residents, education, in fact more than most other
  74. 74. GermanyNo other country has built more eco-city projects than Germany. Freiburg in Breisgau is often referred to as a green city. It is one of the few cities with a Green mayor and is known for its strong solar energy industry. Vauban, Freiburg is a sustainable model district.
  75. 75. Freiburg
  76. 76. • All houses are built to a low energy consumption standard and the whole district is designed to be car free. Another green district in Freiburg is Rieselfeld, where houses generate more energy than they consume.
  77. 77. • There are several other greensustainable city projects suchas Kronsberg in Hannover andcurrent developments aroundMunich.
  78. 78. KenyaHacienda (Mombasa, Kenya) is the largest development of eco- friendly residential properties in East Africa; construction is currently ongoing, and it will eventually be one of Africa’s first self-sustaining estates.
  79. 79. KoreaSongdo IBD (International Business District) is a planned city in Korea, which has incorporated a number of eco-friendly features.
  80. 80. Songdo IBD
  81. 81. Korea• These include a central park, irrigated with seawater, a subway line, bicycle lanes, rainwater catchment systems, pneumatic waste collection system - 75% of the waste generated by the construction of the city will be recycled.
  82. 82. United Kingdom• London Borough of Sutton is the first One Planet Region in the United Kingdom, with significant targets for reducing the ecological footprint of residents and creating the UKs greenest borough.• Middlesbrough is another One Planet Region in the United Kingdom.
  83. 83. London Boroughof Sutton
  84. 84. • St David’s the smallest city in the United Kingdom aims to be the first carbon neutral city in the world.• Leicester is the United Kingdoms first environment city.
  85. 85. Leicester
  86. 86. United States• Arcosanti, Arizona• Treasure Island, San Francisco: is another project that aims to create a small eco city.• Coyote Springs Nevada is the largest planned city in the United States.
  87. 87. CoyoteSprings Nevada
  88. 88. • Babcock Ranch, Florida a proposed solar-powered city.• Douglas Ranch, Buckeye Arizona• Mesa del Sol in Albuquerque, New Mexico• Sonoma Mountain Village in Rohnert Park, California
  89. 89. ConclusionAt the end of the twentiethcentury mankind is involved inunprecedented experiment.Men are transformingthemselves to an urbanspecies.
  90. 90. Conclusion• Cities are becoming our main habitat. In the entry-first century cities will decide the destiny of man.
  91. 91. Conclusion• The entry-first century cities, with their functioning, will determine the nature of the biosphere. There will be no sustainable world without sustainable cities.
  92. 92. Conclusion• Our cities should be so organized that we feel that we have a stake in the decisions that shape our lives.
  93. 93. Conclusion• We have to look at cities as a whole in order to understand the full meaning of sustainable urban development.
  94. 94. Conclusion• We also want to create a new sense of connectedness in the neighbourhood, to People across the world, and also to future generations.