This PowerPoint presentation is
©2007 by Robin L. Simmons.
All Rights Reserved.
The Hero
Cycle
Important

Background
Carl Jung
1875 – 1961
Swiss psychologist/
psychiatrist
Collaborator and
friend of Freud
Collective
unconscious =
inherited...
Just as the human body
Just as the human body
shows a common
shows a common
anatomy over and above
anatomy over and above
...
II have called this
have called this
substratum the
substratum the
collective
collective
unconscious,, …
unconscious …
[wh...
Just as
everyone has
two arms and
two legs, so
too does
everyone share

common
ideas for

stories and the
characters
who p...
Joseph
Campbell
1904 – 1988
Mythologist, college
professor, author
Campbell’s big
contribution:
definition of a
hero [from...
First Major Section
of the Cycle

Departure
Stage 1: Call to Adventure

A herald or announcer appears

Often [but not always] someone dark, loathly,
terrifying, and/o...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
call to adventure:
call to adventure:
The call [is] a … moment, ...
Remember Gandalf from The
Lord of the Rings, who called
first Bilbo and then Frodo?
Stage 2: Refusal of the Call
All true heroes at first refuse the adventure.
The consequences of finally accepting the
call...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
refusal of the call:
refusal of the call:

The refusal is
The re...
Do you want your
life to be this, a
wasteland of dry
stones?
… Or do you
want your life to
be this, a
flowering
world?
Stage 3:
Super-natural
Aid
Usually [but not
always] masculine
in form
Typically a wizard,
hermit, shepherd,or
smith—someon...
Campbell says this about
Campbell says this about
supernatural aid:
supernatural aid:
For those who have not
For those who...
Stage 4:
Crossing of the First Threshold
Threshold

Sphere of
Knowledge

Great
Unknown

II am so
am so
out of
out of
here!...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
crossing of the first threshold:
crossing of the first threshold...
Campbell says, “The hero
… is swallowed into the
unknown, and would
appear to have died.”
Stage 5: The
Belly of the
Whale
Crossing the
threshold is a form of
self-annihilation.
The belly = the
adventure, where th...
Second Major Section of
the Cycle

Initiation
Stage 6: The
Road of Trials
The hero must put
aside pride, virtue,
beauty, and life.
He must bow and
submit to the
absolut...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
road of trials:
road of trials:
Once having
Once having
traverse...
Stage 7:
Meeting with
the Goddess
Usually depicted
young and/or
beautiful
Teaches the hero an
important lesson.
Does not h...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
meeting with the goddess:
meeting with the goddess:
[The goddess...
Stage 8: Woman
as Temptress
Woman is the metaphor
for the physical or
material
temptations of life.
A temptation tries to ...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
woman as temptress:
woman as temptress:
Not even monastery walls...
Woman as Temptress: Sirens
Stage 9:
Atonement with the
Father
Atonement = at + one +
ment
The hero encounters his
biological father, a
father figure,...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
atonement with the father:
atonement with the father:
There is a...
Eventually, Luke realizes that his
father and he share the same
potential to be evil.
apotheosis
n.
Exaltation
to divine
rank or
stature;
deification;
Stage 10
Stage 11:
The Ultimate
Boon
All previous steps
have prepared and
purified the hero
for the boon.
A difficult task is
accom...
Campbell says this about the
Campbell says this about the
ultimate boon:
ultimate boon:
The ease with which the
The ease w...
Third Major Section of
the Cycle

Return
Stage 15:
The Crossing of the Return Threshold
Hero’s
Reentrance

I’m
I’m
Old Sphere back!
back!

of
Knowledge

The Now
Kn...
Campbell says this about
Campbell says this about
crossing the return threshold:
crossing the return threshold:

He [must]...
Master of the Two Worlds
The Hero-NowMaster

Old Sphere
of
Knowledge

Wherever,,
Wherever
whenever,, II am
whenever am
fre...
Nancy.storm ap campbell powerpoint 1-
Nancy.storm ap campbell powerpoint 1-
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  • http://www.bhagavad-gita.org/Images/jung.jpg
    Collective unconscious = a pool of inherited psychic residue accumulated since the beginning of the human race, an echo of the sum of experience accessible to all humans, that manifests itself through archetypes, or patterns of expression.
  • Photo from http://www.purereason.org/images/jung.gif; quotation from “Jung on Mythology,” p. 63
  • Picture from http://www.purereason.org/images/jung.gif; quotation from “Jung on Mythology,” p. 63
  • Picture from http://www.garyflegal.com/UniversalMan.jpg
  • Photo from http://www.jcf.org/jcbio1.htm
  • Photo from http://www.amra.pl/star/20.jpg
  • Picture from http://www.mythsdreamssymbols.com/images/joe.gif; quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 51
  • http://img-fan.theonering.net/rolozo/images/howe/gandalf.jpg
  • Quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 59
  • Picture from http://www.mythsdreamssymbols.com/images/joe.gif; quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 60
  • Photos from http://www.clipart.com
  • Picture from http://www.uh.edu/engines/romanticism/barque-dante.jpg [Eugene Delacroix, “The Barque of Dante,” 1822 (150 Kb); oil on canvas, 189 x 242 cm (74 1/2 x 95 1/4"); Musee du Louvre, Paris]
  • Picture from http://www.mythsdreamssymbols.com/images/joe.gif; quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 69
  • Picture from http://www.mythsdreamssymbols.com/images/joe.gif; quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 77
  • Picture from http://www.forgottenoh.com/Drains/gates2.jpg; quotation from “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” p. 90
  • http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/research/2001/11/science_solves_more_mysteries/images/lg_Jonah.jpg
  • Boris Vallejo, “Flying Serpent,” at http://www.borisjulie.com/details.cfm?Id=604
  • p. 97
  • Picture from http://www.tigtail.org/TVM/X2/c.PImpressionism/moreau/M/moreau_hesiod+his_muse.1891.jpg
  • p. 111, 116
  • Picture from http://www.artrenewal.org/images/artists/b/Bouguereau_William/large/Naissance_de_Venus.jpg
  • p. 125
  • Herbert James Draper, Odysseus and the Sirens, 1909, now at the Ferens Art Gallery, Hull. Picture from The Trojan War: An Illustrated Companion, at http://www.calliope.free-online.co.uk/odyssey/pic99.htm
    http://www.praeraffaeliten.de/bilder/Draper-Ulysses-and-Sirens.jpg
  • Picture from http://scholar.uwinnipeg.ca/courses/38/4500.6-001/Cosmology/time-goya-painting.gif
  • p. 136
  • http://movieweb.com/movie/starwars/coe.jpg
  • p.39 The American Heritage Dictionary
  • http://www.utexas.edu/courses/larrymyth/images/jason/GG-Jason-Dragon-Rosa.jpg
  • p. 173
  • p. 216
  • Nancy.storm ap campbell powerpoint 1-

    1. 1. This PowerPoint presentation is ©2007 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights Reserved.
    2. 2. The Hero Cycle
    3. 3. Important Background
    4. 4. Carl Jung 1875 – 1961 Swiss psychologist/ psychiatrist Collaborator and friend of Freud Collective unconscious = inherited fantasy life Archetypes = basic components of human psychic nature The hero = an important archetype
    5. 5. Just as the human body Just as the human body shows a common shows a common anatomy over and above anatomy over and above all racial differences,, all racial differences so, too, the human psyche so, too, the human psyche possesses a common possesses a common substratum transcending substratum transcending all differences in culture all differences in culture and consciousness.. and consciousness
    6. 6. II have called this have called this substratum the substratum the collective collective unconscious,, … unconscious … [which] is … the [which] is … the brain structure brain structure irrespective of irrespective of all racial all racial differences.. differences
    7. 7. Just as everyone has two arms and two legs, so too does everyone share common ideas for stories and the characters who populate the tales.
    8. 8. Joseph Campbell 1904 – 1988 Mythologist, college professor, author Campbell’s big contribution: definition of a hero [from mythical to ordinary human] Path with specific stages, all of which the potential hero must travel
    9. 9. First Major Section of the Cycle Departure
    10. 10. Stage 1: Call to Adventure A herald or announcer appears Often [but not always] someone dark, loathly, terrifying, and/or unordinary Sometimes a beast The call is typically heard someplace remote—for example, in a dark forest, near a great tree, beside a babbling spring, etc. The call promises both treasure and danger. The call requires travel to a distant land, forest, or kingdom somewhere underground, beneath the waves, above the sky, on a secret island, atop a lofty mountain—even into a profound dream state.
    11. 11. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the call to adventure: call to adventure: The call [is] a … moment, of The call [is] a … moment, of spiritual passage,, which, spiritual passage which, when complete, amounts to a when complete, amounts to a dying and birth.. The familiar dying and birth The familiar life horizon has been outgrown; life horizon has been outgrown; the old concepts, ideals, and the old concepts, ideals, and emotional patterns no longer emotional patterns no longer fit;; the time for the passing of fit the time for the passing of a threshold is at hand. a threshold is at hand.
    12. 12. Remember Gandalf from The Lord of the Rings, who called first Bilbo and then Frodo?
    13. 13. Stage 2: Refusal of the Call All true heroes at first refuse the adventure. The consequences of finally accepting the call: The person gains self-awareness and control. The person responds only to the deepest, highest, richest answers to problems faced in life. The consequences of always refusing the call: The person loses the power of affirmative action and becomes a victim to be saved. According to Campbell, the person’s “flowering world becomes a wasteland of dry stones and his life feels meaningless.”
    14. 14. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the refusal of the call: refusal of the call: The refusal is The refusal is essentially a essentially a refusal to give up refusal to give up what one takes to what one takes to be one’s own be one’s own interest.. interest
    15. 15. Do you want your life to be this, a wasteland of dry stones?
    16. 16. … Or do you want your life to be this, a flowering world?
    17. 17. Stage 3: Super-natural Aid Usually [but not always] masculine in form Typically a wizard, hermit, shepherd,or smith—someone peripheral to the community Supplies the amulets and advice that the hero will require to begin
    18. 18. Campbell says this about Campbell says this about supernatural aid: supernatural aid: For those who have not For those who have not refused the call, the first refused the call, the first encounter … is with a encounter … is with a protective figure … protective figure … who provides the who provides the adventurer with adventurer with amulets against the amulets against the dragon forces he is dragon forces he is about to pass. about to pass.
    19. 19. Stage 4: Crossing of the First Threshold Threshold Sphere of Knowledge Great Unknown II am so am so out of out of here! here!
    20. 20. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the crossing of the first threshold: crossing of the first threshold: The hero goes forward The hero goes forward in his adventure until he in his adventure until he comes to … the comes to … the entrance zone of entrance zone of magnified power. magnified power. Beyond … is Beyond … is darkness,, the darkness the unknown,, and unknown and danger.. danger
    21. 21. Campbell says, “The hero … is swallowed into the unknown, and would appear to have died.”
    22. 22. Stage 5: The Belly of the Whale Crossing the threshold is a form of self-annihilation. The belly = the adventure, where the rules are different. The hero is to be born again, undergo a metamorphosis, shed his old character for a new one.
    23. 23. Second Major Section of the Cycle Initiation
    24. 24. Stage 6: The Road of Trials The hero must put aside pride, virtue, beauty, and life. He must bow and submit to the absolutely intolerable. Dragons must be slain, victories won, barriers passed, ecstasies experienced, etc.-usually in series of threes.
    25. 25. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the road of trials: road of trials: Once having Once having traversed the traversed the threshold, the threshold, the hero … must hero … must survive a survive a succession of succession of trials.. trials
    26. 26. Stage 7: Meeting with the Goddess Usually depicted young and/or beautiful Teaches the hero an important lesson. Does not have to be a goddess [such as the Greek Athena or the Egyptian Isis]. Any strong female or feminine force meets the requirements for this stage.
    27. 27. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the meeting with the goddess: meeting with the goddess: [The goddess] is [The goddess] is the incarnation of the incarnation of the promise of the promise of perfection …. perfection …. She … guides [the She … guides [the hero] to burst his hero] to burst his fetters.. fetters
    28. 28. Stage 8: Woman as Temptress Woman is the metaphor for the physical or material temptations of life. A temptation tries to lead the hero off his path of adventure. The “woman” can be a female, a strong feminine force, or a temptation representing lust, comfort, and/or lack of spirituality.
    29. 29. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the woman as temptress: woman as temptress: Not even monastery walls, … Not even monastery walls, … not even the remoteness of not even the remoteness of the desert, can defend the desert, can defend against female against female presences;; for as long as presences for as long as the [hero’s] flesh clings to his the [hero’s] flesh clings to his bones and pulses warm, the bones and pulses warm, the images of life are alert to images of life are alert to storm his mind.. storm his mind
    30. 30. Woman as Temptress: Sirens
    31. 31. Stage 9: Atonement with the Father Atonement = at + one + ment The hero encounters his biological father, a father figure, a strong male presence, or someone or something with incredible power. At first, the “father” represents what the hero despises or disagrees with. The hero is killed during the encounter--either literally or symbolically--so that a new self can come into being.
    32. 32. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the atonement with the father: atonement with the father: There is a new There is a new element of rivalry element of rivalry in the picture: the in the picture: the son against the son against the father for father for mastery of the mastery of the universe.. universe
    33. 33. Eventually, Luke realizes that his father and he share the same potential to be evil.
    34. 34. apotheosis n. Exaltation to divine rank or stature; deification; Stage 10
    35. 35. Stage 11: The Ultimate Boon All previous steps have prepared and purified the hero for the boon. A difficult task is accomplished with great ease. The boon is sometimes the goal of the adventure--a magical elixir, the holy grail, a golden fleece.
    36. 36. Campbell says this about the Campbell says this about the ultimate boon: ultimate boon: The ease with which the The ease with which the adventure is here adventure is here accomplished signifies accomplished signifies that the hero is a superior that the hero is a superior man,, a born king.. Where man a born king Where the usual hero would face a the usual hero would face a test, the elect encounters test, the elect encounters no delaying obstacle no delaying obstacle and makes no mistake.. and makes no mistake
    37. 37. Third Major Section of the Cycle Return
    38. 38. Stage 15: The Crossing of the Return Threshold Hero’s Reentrance I’m I’m Old Sphere back! back! of Knowledge The Now Known Unknown
    39. 39. Campbell says this about Campbell says this about crossing the return threshold: crossing the return threshold: He [must] re-enter … He [must] re-enter … where men who are where men who are fractions imagine fractions imagine themselves to be themselves to be complete.. complete
    40. 40. Master of the Two Worlds The Hero-NowMaster Old Sphere of Knowledge Wherever,, Wherever whenever,, II am whenever am free to act! free to act! The Now Known Unknown

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