The very best methods for the secondary science


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The very best methods for the secondary science

  1. 1. The Very Best Methods of Instruction for the Secondary Science Classroom By: Jovanne M. Cole University of Turku, 2008
  2. 2. Students want REAL SCIENCE!!! Graveyard shift website, 2009 Allhealthcare, 2010 University of Bath, 2010 Leeds SCITT website, n.d. UNB website, n.d.
  4. 4. The Problem <ul><li>There is a need for the incorporation of a variety of instructional methods in secondary science classrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>We must be changing our instructional methods from day to day to tend to the needs of all the different types of learners! </li></ul>Look! This is how real Scientists do it!!! Allhealthcare, 2010
  5. 5. <ul><li>“ Participation rates in senior secondary school science, as a percentage of the Year 12 cohort, have declined over the last 30 years and university enrolments in the natural and physical sciences have remained static since 2001” (Ainley, Kos & Nicholas, 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>“ Generating higher levels of participation in science-related studies at university appears to be partly dependant on strengthening science education in schools” (2008). </li></ul>OH NO!!! OUR FUTURE SCIENTISTS ARE LOSING INTEREST!!!!
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ A number of reviews and reports on secondary science </li></ul><ul><li>education (Goodrum, Hackling & Rennie 2001; Tytler 2007) have highlighted problems with engaging students' interest </li></ul><ul><li>in the study of science and have suggested that the </li></ul><ul><li>curriculum should be reformed so that it is more inquiry-oriented, provides greater opportunity for students to </li></ul><ul><li>engage in practical science investigations and gives </li></ul><ul><li>them a more authentic experience of science” (Hackling 2009). </li></ul>YAY!!! REAL SCIENCE!
  7. 7. My Research Statement <ul><li>The goal of this research is to refine our current understanding of the best instructional methods for secondary science classrooms. </li></ul>This is what happens when I mix these together!!! University of Bath, 2010
  8. 8. Significance <ul><li>This research will be a review of popular, new, and effective teaching methods and resources that can greatly improve the quality of instruction in the science classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>It will also point out other instructional methods to avoid… </li></ul>A GREAT RESOURCE!
  9. 9. Methods of Instruction Worksheets!!! Hands-On Labs Creative Lesson Plans Problem Solving and Analysis Relevance to Real World Collaboration And Networking Secondary Science Education
  10. 10. <ul><li>Hands-on, problem solving labs are the best way to give students the best idea of what real scientists do. </li></ul><ul><li>“… secondary science education needs to be more inquiry-oriented and involve authentic and practical investigations to develop scientific literacy and better engage students in learning science” (Hackling 2009). </li></ul>Real Science! GROUP WORK!!! Click this picture! Leeds SCITT website, n.d.
  11. 11. Professional Development <ul><li>Consider mentors : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientists mentoring science teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider professional associations : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Science Teachers Association </li></ul></ul>CORD website, 2010
  12. 12. Stressing Relevance <ul><li>Teach students how information relates to the real world ! </li></ul><ul><li>Teach them about real scientists ! </li></ul><ul><li>Use every opportunity to get students involved with scientists in their community . </li></ul><ul><li>Consider video tours as a free classroom “field trip”. </li></ul>Look! This is how real Geneticists do it!!! NOAA website, 2007
  13. 13. Challenge Students <ul><li>Always be challenging students to achieve the highest cognitive domains of Bloom’s taxonomy : analyze, evaluate, and create. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider programs where students are working with scientist mentors . </li></ul>UNB website, n.d.
  14. 14. Get Creative <ul><li>There are resources all over the internet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a scientist’s real data! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get students up and moving with science skits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Act out the electron transport chain! </li></ul></ul>Art4me, 2010
  15. 15. Things to Avoid! <ul><li>Avoid using worksheets every day! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let Power Point take over your classroom! </li></ul><ul><li>There are concerns, “…about the lack of relevance and engagement, and the chalk and talk nature of secondary science education...”(Hackling 2009). </li></ul>
  16. 16. Conclusions Give students the feel of what it is like to work in a real laboratory! Always be trying to improve your teaching strategies through professional development! Look for ways to get students involved with their community to add real world elements to your classroom!
  17. 17. Conclusions Really push your students with challenging activities that allow them to discover and analyze information! Get creative! There are many online resources for teachers to get your students moving around and involved in the science they are learning! Avoid doing the same thing every day! Possible future scientists may be losing interest in science! Demonstrate passion and enthusiasm for science to make students want to find out more!
  18. 18. Your task…. <ul><li>Never stop researching how to improve your classroom teaching strategies! </li></ul><ul><li>Collect resources and talk with coworkers and other professionals to get new ideas! </li></ul><ul><li>Create a memorable experience for your students with exciting activities that challenge them! </li></ul><ul><li>Give your classroom a real-world feel with inquiry-based instruction that allows them to make their own discoveries! </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bibliography Ainley, J., Kos, J. & Nicholas, M. (2008). Participation in science, mathematics and technology in Australian education. ACER research monograph, 63 . Camberwell, Victoria: ACER. Allhealthcare. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Allhealthcare: Making it in Medicine website: healthcare-fields-of-2009 Art4me website . (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Free Links to Theater Sites website: Bloom’s taxonomy. (2009). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains website: http:// CIESE website. (2008). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the CIESE: Curriculum website: http://
  20. 20. Bibliography Community involvement. (2009). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the UC San Diego: School of Medicine website: http:// Content rich science skits. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the LessonPlansPage website: GForce-Hydrogen-Inertia712.htm CORD website . (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Center for Occupational Research and Development (CORD) website: http:// /professional-development-programs Dragonflytv website. (2006). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the PBS KIDS GO!: DragonflyTV website: http://
  21. 21. Bibliography The futures channel website. (2009). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Futures Channel website: Real Math, Real Science, Real Careers website: http:// / Goodrum, D., Hackling, M. & Rennie, L. (2001). The status and quality of teaching and learning of science in Australian schools. Canberra: Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs. Graveyard shift website. (2009). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the The Graveyard Shift website: http:// =200803 GSC video tour. (2005). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Washington University website: Hackling, M. (2009). Laboratory technicians in Australian secondary schools. Teaching science, 55(3), 34-39.
  22. 22. Bibliography Hands-on science lab. (n.d.). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the CSU Center for Mathematics and Science Education website: High school students challenging their brains. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Chicago Press: Release Services website: their-brains Leeds SCITT website . (n.d.). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Leeds SCITT: Science website: http:// NOAA website . (2007). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the NOAA Celebrates 200 Years of Science, Service, and Stewardship website: NSTA website . (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the National Science Teachers Association website: http:// /
  23. 23. Bibliography Pegg, J., Schmook, H., & Gummer, E. (2010, February 1). Scientists and science educators mentoring secondary science teachers. School Science and Mathematics, 110(2) 92. Prudent prospective on powerpoint. (2009). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the Minnesota State University: Mankato website: t.html Tytler, R. (2007). Re-imagining science education: Engaging students in science for Australia’s future. Australian Education Review. Camberwell, Victoria: ACER. UNB website. (n.d.). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the UNB Saint John: Canadian Prospective students website: http://
  24. 24. Bibliography University of Bath. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the University of Bath website: University of Turku. (2008). Retrieved June 23, 2010, from the University of Turku: Department of Biology website: http://