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First world war poetry (con animaciones)


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Poetry of the 20th Century. Authors, style and works.

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First world war poetry (con animaciones)

  1. 1. 20th Century <br />Poetry<br />1<br />
  2. 2. FirstWorldWarPoetry<br />Thepoetrychanges in line withthedevelopment of theconflict:<br /><ul><li>Background
  3. 3. Early verse
  4. 4. Medium verse
  5. 5. Final verse</li></ul>- Wilfred Owen<br />2<br />
  6. 6. Background<br />Feelings: <br />Horrificnature of thewar<br />Heartlessness and incompentence of thegenerals<br />Widespreadignoranceaboutthereality of theconflict<br />Warfoughtmostly by civilians, including many writers<br />Major war centred on Europe. <br />Summer 1914-November 1918.<br />3<br />
  7. 7. Early Verse<br />Britainconfidence<br />+ <br />No first-handexperience of war<br />+<br />Warexpectedto be short<br />=<br />Optimism and enthusiasm 750000 volunteers<br />Poetryreflectsoptimism and excitement, glorifyingtheconflict. <br />Use of romanticimages of heroism, patriotism and noble sacrifice<br />4<br />
  8. 8. Early Verse: Rupert Brooke<br />RupertBrooke(1887-1915). Died in war (28 years)<br /><ul><li>Moststronglyassociatedpoetwiththisphase
  9. 9. Peace: sonnetthatwelcomestheoutbreak of fighting</li></ul>Now, God be thankedWho has matcheduswithHishour.<br />5<br />
  10. 10. Another typical poets are:<br />- Herbert Asquith’s - Philip Larkin<br />The VolunteerMCMXIV<br />Early Verse<br />6<br />
  11. 11. Medium Verse<br />Poetry about war began to change, partly because several soldier-poets wanted civilians at home to know the truth. <br />A new kind of realism in English poetry came holding hands with Isaac Rosenberg, Wilfred Owen and Robert Graves.<br />Use of disturbing images of violence and death.<br />Vocabulary stark and direct, incorporating soldier’s slang.<br />7<br />
  12. 12. Medium Verse: SiegfriedSassoon<br />Another approach was satire, with themes like incompetent generals, smug, insensitive civilians. <br />Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967) is specially associated with this satirical approach, as in Base Details. He also write a semi- autobiographical book about the war, called Memories Of An Infantry Officer<br />8<br />
  13. 13. Final Verse: Wilfred Owen<br />Wilfred Owen (1893-1918) killed in the war a week before it ended. He is considered the major poet of the First World War<br />Themes: <br />Horrors of trench warfare<br />Humanity of soldiers on both sides<br />Anger at the futility of the conflict and war in general<br />Bitter questioning of the decisions taken by politicians and military leaders<br />9<br />
  14. 14. Final Verse: Wilfred Owen<br />Brutally realistic descriptions of life and death on the front line<br />Irony and satire:<br />DulceEt Decorum Est, one of his best-known poems has an ironic title, this Latin title refers to a quotation that appears in full at the end of the poem, which means “It is sweet and proper to die for the fatherland”<br />Style: <br />Half-rhyme: gives to his poetry a feeling of dislocation and disharmony, consistent with his presentation of war. <br />Owen also uses onomatopoeia and alliteration to evoke the sounds of battle: wailing shells, the stuttering rifle’s rapid rattle<br />10<br />
  15. 15. WilfredOwen: Example<br />I thought of somewhoworkeddarkpits<br /> Of war, and died<br />Diggingthe rock whereDeathreputes<br />Peaceliesindeed<br />11<br />
  16. 16. Other 20th Century Poetry<br />Some general movements and trends<br />Poetry since 1900 has been extremely varied:<br />- Modernist poetry<br />- Traditional poetry<br />- Feminism poetry<br />- Multicultural poetry<br />12<br />
  17. 17. Modernist Poetry<br />First half of the 20th century<br />Response to the feelings of alienation and insecurity created by two World Wars and continued technological change<br />Experimental poetry which deliberately rejected traditional forms and conventions<br />Free verse  broke with the patterns of regularly stressed syllables<br />13<br />
  18. 18. Modernist Poetry<br /><ul><li>Some authors</li></ul> T.S. Eliot W.B. Yeats<br />14<br />
  19. 19. ModernistPoetryExample<br />HYSTERIAby: T.S. Eliot (1888-1965)<br />As she laughed I was aware of becoming involved in her laughter and being part of it, until her teeth were only accidental stars with a talent for squad-drill. I was drawn in by short gasps, inhaled at each momentary recovery, lost finally in the dark caverns of her throat, bruised by the ripple of unseen muscles. […]<br />15<br />
  20. 20. Traditional poetry<br /><ul><li>Traditional anti-experimental poetry
  21. 21. Contrast to the Modernist poets</li></ul>Thomas Hardy Philip Larkin <br />16<br />
  22. 22. Feminism Poetry<br />Later decades of the 20th century <br />+<br />growth of feminism<br />= <br />emergence of a number of important women poets<br />17<br />
  23. 23. Feminism Poetry<br />Carol Ann Duffy Sylvia Plath <br />18<br />
  24. 24. Multicultural Poetry<br />Grace Nichols <br />19<br />She reflects on her experiences as a black woman living in Britain<br />
  25. 25. Ted Hughes <br />Poetry about nature<br />Nature represented by animals<br />Nature ungovernable<br />The Jaguar is about an animal in a zoo that disregards its captivity<br />20<br />
  26. 26. Ted Hughes: Wind<br />Till day rose; then under an orange skyThe hills had new places, and wind wieldedBlade-light, luminous black and emerald,Flexing like the lens of a mad eye. <br />21<br />
  27. 27. Seamus Heaney <br /><ul><li> Irish history and politics
  28. 28. About the natural world too
  29. 29. Explores his own childhood, Irish history and ancient legend and myth</li></ul>22<br /><ul><li> Beowulf is a powerful modern version of an epic Old English poem</li></li></ul><li>Philip Larkin<br />Ability to evoke ordinary, everyday life<br />Development from a particular situation to a general reflection about life<br />First-person narrators  autobiographical<br />Passing of time and the inevitability of death are recurring themes<br />Life is first boredom, then fear<br />23<br />
  30. 30. Carol Ann Duffy<br /><ul><li>Themes:
  31. 31. Childhood
  32. 32. Family relationships
  33. 33. Memory and the past
  34. 34. The passing of time
  35. 35. Heterosexual and lesbian love
  36. 36. Politics</li></ul>24<br />Poetic forms: sonnet and dramatic monologue<br />In MrsTilscher’s Class<br /><ul><li>poem about the innocence of children in a primary school and their approaching adolescence </li></ul> the rapid transition from one phase of life to another.<br />
  37. 37. TheEnd<br />25<br />