THE STRANGE CASE OF DR
JEKYLL AND MR HYDE
Robert Louis Stevenson
Dr. Henry Jekyll - A respected doctor and friend of both Lanyon, a fellow
physician, and Utterson, a lawyer. Jekyll is a seemingly prosperous man, well
established in the community, and known for his decency and charitable works.
Since his youth, however, he has secretly engaged in unspecified dissolute and
corrupt behavior. Jekyll finds this dark side a burden and undertakes experiments
intended to separate his good and evil selves from one another. Through these
experiments, he brings Mr. Hyde into being, finding a way to transform himself in
such a way that he fully becomes his darker half.
Mr. Edward Hyde - A strange, repugnant man who looks faintly
pre-human. Hyde is violent and cruel, and everyone who sees him
describes him as ugly and deformed—yet no one can say exactly why.
Language itself seems to fail around Hyde: he is not a creature who
belongs to the rational world, the world of conscious articulation or
logical grammar. Hyde is Jekyll’s dark side, released from the bonds of
conscience and loosed into the world by a mysterious potion.
Mr. Gabriel John Utterson - A prominent and upstanding
lawyer, well respected in the London community. Utterson is reserved,
dignified, and perhaps even lacking somewhat in imagination, but he does
seem to possess a furtive curiosity about the more sordid side of life. His
rationalism, however, makes him ill equipped to deal with the supernatural
nature of the Jekyll-Hyde connection. While not a man of science,
Utterson resembles his friend Dr. Lanyon—and perhaps Victorian society
at large—in his devotion to reasonable explanations and his denial of
Dr. Hastie Lanyon - A reputable London doctor and, along with
Utterson, formerly one of Jekyll’s closest friends. As an embodiment
of rationalism, materialism, and skepticism, Lanyon serves a foil (a
character whose attitudes or emotions contrast with, and thereby
illuminate, those of another character) for Jekyll, who embraces
mysticism. His death represents the more general victory of
supernaturalism over materialism in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Mr. Poole - Jekyll’s butler. Mr. Poole is a loyal servant, having worked
for the doctor for twenty years, and his concern for his master eventually
drives him to seek Utterson’s help when he becomes convinced that
something has happened to Jekyll.
Mr. Enfield - A distant cousin and lifelong friend of Mr. Utterson.
Like Utterson, Enfield is reserved, formal, and scornful of gossip; indeed,
the two men often walk together for long stretches without saying a word
to one another.
Mr. Guest - Utterson’s clerk and confidant. Guest is also an
expert in handwriting. His skill proves particularly useful when
Utterson wants him to examine a bit of Hyde’s handwriting. Guest
notices that Hyde’s script is the same as Jekyll’s, but slanted the other
Sir Danvers Carew - A well-liked old nobleman, a member of
Parliament, and a client of Utterson.
One day, Mr Enfield and Mr Utterson have a long walk together. Suddenly, Mr
Utterson sees a house without a doorknob and wonders. It was then when Mr
Enfield told him a story about the house. It was one late evening where he saw a
man crash into a child. As he was a gentleman he hurried to them and helped the
child out and caught the mysterious man. This man gave him then a cheque which
was worth 100 £. He then went into the house without a doorknob. The cheque was
signed under the name of Mr Hyde.
Mr Utterson has the testament of Dr Jekyll, a very old and good friend of his. It is
written that everything Dr Jekyll ever owned will be inherited by Mr Hyde. Their
relationship is a very old one and never did Dr Jekyll mention a man of the name Mr
Hyde. That’s why he goes to his other good friend Dr Lanyon who was a friend of Dr
Jekyll for a long time too. He too never heard of a man called Mr Hyde. Mr Utterson
cannot sleep and so he goes out at night and walks in the streets and thinks. Suddenly, he
sees Mr Hyde! When he went to him to see his face he was almost shocked to death,
because what he saw, was pure evil (like Satan’s face) and Mr Hyde immediately returns in
his house. Shocked by this, Mr Utterson goes to Dr Jekyll’s home, but he is absent as he
was told by his servant.
Two weeks later, he hears from Dr Jekyll that he is giving a party.
Mr Utterson visits him and asks about Mr Hyde. Dr Jekyll does not
say a lot but he has a request. He asks Mr Utterson if he could help
Mr Hyde in justice if necessary, because Mr Utterson is a lawyer.
A maid looks out of the window at night. She can see her master with
another guy who will be revealed to be Mr Hyde. This was the last time
she saw her master, because Mr Hyde kills him.
Mr Utterson and the police officer go to Mr Hyde’s place (he received his
address in chapter 2). The housekeeper tells them that she has not seen
Mr Hyde for two months already. What they find are several 10’000 £
cheques and the second half of a broken stick which actually belongs to
Mr Utterson is given a letter by the now sick Dr Jekyll. The letter
was written by Mr Hyde. That’s why Mr Utterson visits a friend and
client of him Mr Guest who knows how to read handwritings. He
compares the letter with one of Dr Jekyll’s invitations. They look
quite similar but are still somehow differently slopped.
There is no trace of Mr Hyde and Dr Jekyll renewed his relationships and did a
lot of good things in his community. But Mr Utterson was rejected by Jekyll’s
dinners several times. He dined with his firend Dr Lanyon one night, but he has
changed a lot. Somehow, he looked grown pale and bolder and like in a deep-seated
terror. Mr Utterson finally concludes that Dr Jekyll must have problems or a dark
secret. Dr Lanyon also gives him a letter which is only to be opened in case of Dr
Jekyll’s death or his disappearance. Dr Lanyon also tells Mr Utterson that he does
not want to see nor talk to Dr Jekyll ever again. Some weeks later, Dr Lanyon dies.
Mr Utterson visits Mr Poole more often who is the oldest servant of Dr Jekyll.
Mr Utterson has again one of his walks with Mr Enfield. They
pass the house without doorknob again and find out that this is a
secret entrance to Dr Jekyll’s laboratory. A window is slightly opened.
They stare in it and see Dr Jekyll lying around, unable to have a
conversation with them. Suddenly, they saw something in Dr Jekyll’s
face what made them leave this place immediately, scared to death.
Poole came into a rush to Mr Utterson. The two of them hurry
back to Dr Jekyll’s house and the first time they go into his laboratory.
They see Dr Jekyll turning into Mr Hyde who dies. Mr Utterson sees
the connection from this laboratory to the house without doorknob
and many weird other chemicals. Also, he finds a note where stands
written he should read the letter given by Dr Lanyon and the other
two letters (which he received previously).
Dr Lanyon is the narrative in this letter.
This letter unravels why Dr Lanyon did not want to see Dr Jekyll
anymore. Dr Lanyon received a very urgent letter by Dr Jekyll. He should
go to his place at night and he will be led by Poole to his laboratory where
he has to get certain chemicals and things. At midnight, he will meet a
person, who he should give these things. He saw the man how he is
transformed into Dr Jekyll. Dr Lanyon was terrified for his life and dies in
This is Henry Jekyll’s full statement of the case. Jekyll reveals
everything. He has found a chemical mixture which can help to bring
out the pure evil in one’s person. He also reports the deadly side
effects and this letter helps to explain the events in the previous