The marriage between church and state..The parish curatesIn the eye of the People, parish priest was the real representative of the king.So, they
Establishment ofDuring the spanish ruleBut with the help of the missionariesBecause of the religious resultButthe Augustinian (1565), the Franciscans (1577), Jesuits (1581), the Dominicans in (1587) and the recollects (1606).
The pioneering work of evangelization in the Philippines began with the..The missionaries plunged themselves into the difficult labor of.. Considering the large no. of people in proportion to the small band of missionaries, they need more missionaries so this problem was answered by the arrival of the ship san juan bring two more Augustinian priest.
Which explored In Burias, he said..Pagkataposkatomaam, simgaiba pang native chief tapos c mga party maam nag move sindasa may mainland kangluzon, taposduman man nag stay sijimenez,tapossi party naito o samahannakaabotsatierra de camarines..Taposna reach ninda c native settlement and bato lake known to the natives as the rancheria of kakalingo.Taposdaql pa syangnadumanannamgarancheriaarogkangbua, binoyoan and sabang.
And the king grant his wish.
The first two franciscans who dropped by in bikol and pioneered missionary workTapospagdumannindaigwanang nag oorganizeningibatibangencomienda.
To make the work of evangelization and the process of civilization easier and possible the Franciscans..This system..And so
Headed by Fray Diego de HerreraAmong them were the apostolic Friars whom the islanders attacked and killed with spears and bolos.
Caceres became a diocese, the first cathedral was.. It’s made of bamboo, nipa and other local materials.So..(3 meaning)
In pre Spanish or pre colonial, most of the disease were regarded by the superstitious natives as the working of the spirits and cure would always call for the assistance of the balyana who perform the appropriate religious ceremony. But in the arrival of spaniards.. Hospital de san lazaro was introduced by the franciscans.
Religion in Spanish Era Page 1
Pre-colonial Spanish era The creator of the earth Bathala God / Diosand superior of all deities Anitos (tagalog) Santo / Santa Diwata (Visaya) Place of worship or Nature/ house of the Church rituals chief Babylan or katalonan Priest/ Pare/ Padre (male or female) (male) Page 2
UNION OF CHURCH AND STATE• Enabled the archbishop and the head of the religious orders to occupy significant position in the central government.• Exercised multifarious political and economic, patently non-spiritual powers.• Controlled the educational system, supervised the collection of taxes, controlled municipal election and etch.• Caused much oppression and suffering among the masses. Page 3
Religious result• Pax Hispanica was facilitated by the missionaries.• Remained to convert the native to Christianity• Soldiers were very few to maintain Spanish authority• Scarcity in numbers did not present a serious problem.• The entire archipelago was apportioned among the different religious orders, the Augustinian, the Franciscans, Jesuits, the Dominicans and the recollects.• The Filipino converted easily to the new faith• Catholicism did not entirely displace the pre colonial religion Page 4
Religion uprising• Used the church not for spiritual and charitable purposes but to entrench Spanish power in the colony, impelled some Filipinos to found another religion under native supervision.• The racial prejudice of many Spanish friars alienated countless Filipinos from Christianity. Page 5
THE BEGINNING OF CHRISTIANITY• Arrival of the five Augustinians who accompanied by Legazpi expedition 1565.• Conversion baptizing the pagan natives to the Christian faith.• Fray Juan de Alba (70), and Fray Alonzo Jimenez (middle-aged). Page 6
Augustinians In Bikol• Fray Jimenez embarked with the expedition headed by captain Luis Enriquez de Guzman.• Masbate, Ticao and Burias where he preached and made converts.• Baptized a powerful chieftain who had 49 children.• “TIERRA DE CAMARINES”• Bato lake or Rancheria of kakalingo. Page 7
The Franciscans• Fray Diego de Herrera need for more missionaries so he requested to king Philip II to send more missionaries.• A band of Franciscans bound for Solomon island, stopped for a while in Mexico then entered Philippine waters. Page 8
The Coming to Bicol• Friars Pablo de Jesus and Bartolome Ruiz• They entered the Bikol river district and made their residence in the prosperous native village in Naga. Page 9
The Reduccion• Adopted the system known as “reduccion” (Reduction).• Compelled the natives scattered in far- flung areas to congregate in strategic site and form a town.• Alcalde Mayor of Caceres, Don Juan de Bustamante call into consultation of the villa to build their respective towns and churches. Page 10
The Reduccion• Both the encomenderos and the natives were to contribute their share in the construction of these buildings who would be receiving stipends fixed at ₱ 100.00 fanegas of rice. Page 11
Obstacles and Triumphs of Christianity• A group of 10 Augustinian missionaries and 100 Spanish passenger on board the galleon Espiritu Santo met a violent storm while passing close to the shore of Catanduanes. Many were killed but some 20 to 30 persons reached the shore. Page 12
GROWTH OF CHRISTIANITY• Naga Cathedral -1595, Constructed close to the bank of the Bicol river. -it’s closeness to the river and the humidity were considered to have greatly affected the premature deterioration of the building. -the new cathedral was completed on 1825 and place where it stands now. Page 13
GROWTH OF CHRISTIANITY• Second Wave of Evangelization• Franciscans• Recollects• Jesuit• Hospital De San Lazaro – A revolution in the understanding and treatment of sickness was introduced in scientific way. Page 14
GROWTH OF CHRISTIANITY• Franciscan Saint in Bicol – St. Francisco de la Parilla – Spent some years as infirmarian of the convent in Camalig Albay Church. – Canonized by Pope Pious IX Page 15