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  1. 1. RIGHTSSpace and the conflict of rights and !eedoms
  2. 2. What are rights? Where do they come !om?
  3. 3. MANY KINDS OFRIGHTSHuman rightsEmployee rightsTraveller’s rightsPatient’s rightsAttorney-Client privilegeUnion rights
  4. 4. Members of Wisconsin’s public service unions protest at thestatehouse in Madison in opposition to ‘union-busting’ measuresproposed by the Governor, March 2011.
  5. 5. Stranded: Today, Canada, the EU, and the US (among others) a%have a passenger bi% of rights--ensuring a minimum standard ofaccommodation in the event of delays, cance%ations, or over-bookings.
  6. 6. VARIOUS RIGHTS =RIGHTS IN CONFLICTSo many rights are beingarticulated at once:Even the internationalhuman rights texts have‘overlapping’ andsimultaneous rights (e.g.“rights of the child”, “rightto privacy”, “right to thebody” versus “right toagency”
  7. 7. DO WE HAVE RIGHTS?How do we know we haverights? How do we knowour rights have beenviolated?How do we address rightsviolations?Where do express ourdiscontent or take ourgrievances?
  8. 8. WHERE DO RIGHTSCOME FROM?Do they come from areligious power? The state?Institutions? Groupmembership?How might we see rights ashaving a geography? Inwhat ways are rightsspatially relevant?
  9. 9. Rights at work: the supermarket theory
  10. 10. UNIVERSAL, BUT...Human rights are activated Rights are spatiallyin response to a perceived bounded, conditionallyviolation. guaranteed by states, employers, institutionsThe knowledge of that (e.g. Miranda warnings inviolation, your rights, and the US, Ontario Humanthe mechanisms to have Rights code)your rights accommodated,is not universal. Rights are performative. We activate rights and call them into being.