GEOG 381: Geographies of Space and Power

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GEOG 381: Geographies of Space and Power

  1. 1. GEOGRAPHIES OF SPACE AND POWERMonday, 28 January, 13
  2. 2. Origins of Political Geography Territory Nationalism RealismMonday, 28 January, 13
  3. 3. Origins of Political Geography Ratzel Mackinder Bowman ALL THREE ‘FOUNDING FATHERS’ FOLLOW A SIMILAR APPROACH, PRIORITIZING TERRITORIAL CONTROL AS EMBLEMATIC OF POWERMonday, 28 January, 13
  4. 4. Friedrich Ratzel (1844-1904) Ideas form the basis for German geopolitics (Geopolitik), notably his concept of Lebensraum, or living space, which served as the basis for expansion policies under the Nazi regime.Monday, 28 January, 13
  5. 5. Halford Mackinder (1861-1947) The Heartland Theory (similar to Ratzel’s Lebensraum) mapped power in relation to a ‘pivot area’. Like Ratzel, having space is significant--power is manifested through territorial control. A Conservative MP in the House of Commons 1910-1922Monday, 28 January, 13
  6. 6. Isaiah Bowman (1878-1950) “Chief Territorial Advisor” to President Roosevelt Canadian-born, American-educated Like the other ‘founders’ conceptualizes the world as blocks of nation-statesMonday, 28 January, 13
  7. 7. Treaty of Westphalia All of the ‘founders’ are working off a Westphalian vision of the world. Based on the Treaty of Westphalia, Westphalian sovereignty stresses nationalism and national control of territory. Globalization, global capital, global terrorism seen as challenged to the superiority of this approach.Monday, 28 January, 13
  8. 8. Critical Political Geography Gender/ Feminist Political Geography Marxist political economy Critical geopoliticsMonday, 28 January, 13
  9. 9. Foucault...again Critical geography is interested in moving beyond space as container and site of power. Foucault’s conception of power as operating at the ‘capillary’ level is a useful way to think beyond states. Interested in techniques of power; the how versus the why of power Power as productive “The modern state is born, I think, when governmentality became a calculated and reflected practice” (STP, p. 165).Monday, 28 January, 13
  10. 10. Getting beyond the state Gender/ Feminist Political Geography Body Gendered politics spaces Performativity Migration and Domesticities, (of nation, mobilities spaces of care identity)Monday, 28 January, 13

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