Water, recognition and resistance at the Golan Heights and the Westbank

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Presentation at Umeå University Conference, Sweden: "Water, recognition and resistance at the Golan Heights and the Westbank"

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Water, recognition and resistance at the Golan Heights and the Westbank

  1. 1. Water, recognition and resistance at the Golan Heights and the Westbank By Joshka Wessels (PhD), Lund University Presented at the National Conference on Peace and Conflict Research, Umeå, 27-28 February 2014
  2. 2. © 2002 The Knowers Ark Educational Foundation
  3. 3. Hydrohegemony Hydro-hegemony is hegemony at the river basin level, achieved through water resource control strategies such as resource capture, integration and containment – Zeitoun & Warner • Riparian position • Military or economic power • Exploitation potential infrastructure & technology
  4. 4. Environmental Peacebuilding • • • • • • • Common ground of a shared environment Resource driven war vs. resource driven peace Cooperative benefits and strategic interests Hegemonic asymmetry vs. equal counterparts Altruism vs. Selfishness for human survival Emphasis on technocracy and rational choice Transformation of conflict and trauma
  5. 5. Colonial-logics “All remnants of colonial or neo-colonial thought in world politics and multiple rationalities that drive the rational choice of powerful militarised countries to exploit the planet’s natural resources whilst disregarding the human rights and ownership of those at local level who are directly dependant on those resources”.
  6. 6. Deconstruction of colonial-logics • Democratic liberal peacebuilding theory • Rational choice for collective action theory • Realism and liberalism perpetuates domination (Jabri) • Empirical studies of “domination dressed up as cooperation” (Selby) • Local level cases of hydrohegemony and counter-hegemony
  7. 7. Occupied Golan Heights
  8. 8. Source: www.polgeonow.com
  9. 9. Battir (West Bethlehem) Source: Cafés-Cartographiques 2013
  10. 10. Actors in Battir • • • • • • Battir Local Community Palestinian Authority Israeli High Court Israel Nature and Parks Authority Civil Administration & Israeli Defense Forces NGO Friends of the Earth - Middle East (FoEME) • UNESCO Cultural Heritage Committee
  11. 11. Local counter-hegemony • • • • • • Legal action Non-violent resistance Citizenship, cultural heritage and identities Annexation (legal/de-facto) or Occupation Third party agency Recognition and Disrecognition

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