Adverbs are words that modify: VERBS ANOTHER ADVERB ADJECTIVESAdverbs also answers this questions: WHEN WHERE HOW
VERBSPlace the adverb before or after the verb that ismodified.Example:When businesses knowingly deceive customers, they areviolating ethical standards.Example:Do not illegally copy paper or electronic documents.
ADVERBSPlace the adverb immediately before theadverb being modified.Example:We very precisely judged the commute time to our new client’s office.Example:Ruby did extremely well on the ethics section of her real estate exam.
ADJECTIVESPlace the adverb immediately before theadjective.Example:The courtesy of greeting others within your own firm is universallyacceptable in the United States.Example:Downsizing is becoming an increasingly popular way for businesses to lowerexpenses.
WHEN Example:Soon she displayed her work.Soon is the adverb in this sentence because itdescribes when she displayed her work.
WHERE Example:His keys hung there.There is the adverb in this sentence because itdescribes where his keys hung.
HOW Example:I quickly ate my lunch.Quickly is the adverb in this sentence because itdescribes how I ate my lunch.
Many adverbs are made by adding –ly onto the end of an adjective.KindThe boy kindly carried the old lady’s bags.StrangeIt was strangely quiet in the village.
Adverbs may be single words, prepositional phrases or infinitive phrases. Examples:The new machine works well.(single word)The machinist placed the tools inside the cabinet.(prepositional phrase)Mr. Santos came to see the computers.(infinitive phrase)
Single-word Adverbs may be noun-words use asadverbs, common adverbs not ending in –ly or adjectivesending in –ly. Noun-words used as adverbs. Afternoon Upstairs Today Downtown Common Adverbs not ending in –ly. Forever There Not Well Adjectives ending in –ly. Safely Steadily Truly Gratefully
Most adverbs are formed by adding –ly to an adjective. Theeasiest way to spot adverbs is to look for the telltale –ly suffix.Rules to change an adjective to an adverb form.1. If the base word ends in –l, add –ly; successful – successfully truthful – truthfully2. If the base word ends in –y, chande y to I and add –ly; day – daily speedy – speedily3. If the base word ends in –e, drop the e and add –ly; able – ably simple – simply4. If the base word ends in –ic, add –ally; critic – critically scientific - scientifically
Comparison of Adverbs is done by usingvery, so, or too, adding –er or –est suffixes, andputting more or most (less or least) beforethem.Like Adjectives, Adverbs have three degrees ofcomparison :Positive degree – expresses the quality withoutcomparison. Comparative degree – compares two verbs, adjectives, oradverbs.Superlative degree – compares three or more verbs,adjectives or adverbs.
Comparison of Adverbs •More, less or using -er are used to express the comparative degree. •Most, least or using -est are used to express the superlative degree.POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVEgood very good so goodsoon sooner soonesthappily more happily most happily
Irregular adverb forms are closely related toirregular adjective forms.POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVEwell better bestbad/badly worse worstfar farther farthestAbsolute adverbs such as always, never and one o’clockcannot be compared. For instance, we cannot say more always,most never or more one o’clock. again almost before ever here now then there thus too twice very
GROUP 3 Sayson, JosephGarcia, Jan ClarenceLacuna, Dan Michael CEMT 1-3 THE END