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Poster1RMMEFFinal

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Poster1RMMEFFinal

  1. 1. THE EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON BENCH PRESS STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE Joseph Frazey, Tyler Hewett, Brandie Holt, Melanie Le, and Garrison Niemiec Department of Health and Exercise Science; University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK Twelve total individuals were randomly selected for this study. The first visit included a 1RM test on the bench press followed by an MEF test which was calculated by taking 60% of the 1RM weight. Both tests were conducted without music. For the second visit, the same tests were given, but with the use of music; however, if a subject’s 1RM weight changed during the second testing period, the 60% of the initial 1RM weight was still used. All subjects brought their own headphones and music playing devices where they could choose their own genre of music. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of music versus no music on one repetition maximum bench press (1RM) and bench press muscular endurance to failure (MEF) with a washout period of at least 48 hours. The analyses indicated no significant differences in 1RM strength in both male and female subjects with the use of music; however, there were significant statistical differences in endurance with the female subjects (P = 0.05), but not male subjects (P = 1.0). Introduction Purpose Methods Results Conclusions Practical Application The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of music versus no music on one repetition maximum bench press (1RM) and bench press muscular endurance to failure (MEF). Six healthy men (mean±SD age=22±2 yrs; stature= 183±5.5 cm; mass =85.4±11 kg) and six healthy women (mean±SD age=22±1 yrs; stature= 164.5±5.3 cm; mass =63.8±5.3 kg) performed a 1RM and MEF two different times. There was at least a 48-hour washout period between the series of tests. There were no changes in 1RM and MEF with music for the male participants; however, there were changes in 1RM and MEF with music for the female participants. When using music for motivation, the female participants increased by 4.2 repetitions during the MEF test. Subject (Male) No Music 1RM Music 1RM No Music Reps Music Reps 1 175 175 26 25 2 265 270 23 23 3 185 185 22 24 4 220 215 21 22 5 145 150 26 27 6 250 245 23 20 Mean ± SD 206.7 ± 43.3 206.7±45. 2 23.5 ± 2.1 2.64 ± 0.58 Table 1. The male subject’s bench press testing results. The main findings of the present study revealed that there were no significant statistical differences in 1RM strength in both male and female subject groups; however, there were significant statistical differences in MEF endurance repetitions in the female subject group, but not in the male group. With the use of music as motivation, the female group increased their repetitions on the MEF endurance test with a mean increase of 4 repetitions. Working out with music is purely a personal preference. According to our study, it does not have any effect on the male population in regards to anaerobic workouts on the bench press. For females, it does have an effect on endurance; therefore, if someone is a female, working out with the accompaniment of music could prove beneficial in increasing repetition workouts. Results (continued) Table 1. The female subject’s bench press testing results. Subject (Female) No Music 1RM Music 1RM No Music Reps Music Reps 1 105 110 15 21 2 60 60 25 29 3 125 125 27 30 4 85 85 22 22 5 95 100 17 28 6 115 115 16 17 Mean ± SD 97.5 ± 23.2 99.2±23.5 20.3 ± 5.04 24.5 ± 5.2 Figure 1. The comparison of 1RM with music and without music for males and females. Figure 2. The comparison of muscular endurance to failure with music and without music for males and females. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Men No Music 1-RM Men Music 1-RM Women No Music 1- RM Women Music 1-RM BenchPress1-RM(lbs.) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Men No Music Reps Men Music Reps Women No Music Reps Women Music Reps Repswith60%1-RM

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