Educational Project for Loreto


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Educational Project for Loreto

  1. 1. “LORETO REAL” EDUCATIONAL COMPLETED PROJECT Autonomic and Free Region School of Leadership 2006-2008 1
  2. 2. Executing Entity: Instituto de Libre Empresa (Free Enterprise Institute) Civil Association Web: Project Director: José Luis Tapia Rocha General Manager Email: Telephone/Fax: 511 592-1175Calle Barajas 522, San Borja, Lima, Peru 2
  3. 3. INDEXWhat is ILE and what does it do?......................................................................Summary of the Loreto Project “REAL”Objectives………………………………………………………………………..Loreto people are able to…..…………………………………………………….Loreto people can have…………………………………………………………..Strengths of Loreto………………………………………………………………Causes of Loreto’s underdevelopment …………………………………………..How to obtain wealth?...........................................................................................In order to reach prosperity, the project requires aiming………………………...Bill creating the ZDE for Loreto…………….…………………………………..School of Leadership - Cadre training program 2006-2007for the Loreto Project “REAL”………………………………………………..Objectives, great topics, schedule and evaluation……………………………….Methodology……………………………………………………………………..Entities participating in the Project………………………………………………Compulsory Bibliography...……………………………………………………...Plan of Liberal Government: Letter of the 11 rightsPart I: Recitals and Foundations1. Self-determination and social systems……………………...…………………2. Free Enterprise System…..................................................................................3. Public and private spheres…………..………………………………...............4. Interpretation of this Letter…………………………..………………………..Part II: The 11 rightsSection I: Within the public sphere of politics, the right to alimited and respectful government……………………………………………Art. 1. Right to a government which meet its functions……….........…………..Art. 2. Right to a respectful government…………………………….…………...Art. 3. Right to a neutral State…………………………………………………...Art. 4. Right to moderate taxes…………………………………………………..Art. 5. Right to a government exempt from debts……………………………….Section II: Within the private sphere of economy, the right for free marketsof monopolies and oligopolies…………………………………………………..Art. 6. Right to use a freely-chosen currency…………….…………………….…Art 7. Right to participate in the privatizations of assets and state enterprises…..Art. 8. Right to compete in open markets exempt from state regulations………..Art. 9. Right to have institutions, groups and associations such as unions,media, political government, churches and religious congregations whichare totally free from any type of state meddling………………………………….Art. 10. Right to be involved in the state institutions privatizationsof teaching, medical care and prevention services………………….…………….Art.11. Right to coupons for education, medical care, prevention 3
  4. 4. in case of extreme poverty……………………………………………………….Objectives of the Latin American Liberal ConferenceAnti-system choices………………………………………………………...……The classical liberalism…………………………………………………………..The statement of objectives……………………………………………………...1. Politics……………………………………………………………………2. Liberal measures…………………………………………………………3. Legal, constitutional reforms and autonomies…………………………..4. The letter of the 11 rights..........................................................................5. Philosophy and religion…………………………………………………6. Massive liberal political education and activism………………………...7. Network or resources pool ……………………………………………… 4
  5. 5. About the Free Enterprise Institute (ILE)What is ILE?The civil association “Institute of Free Enterprise” is a non- profit making private-oriented centrefounded in 1998 which promotes free enterprise ideas in Peru, in order to achieve the actualprogress of the country as a whole, the improvement in the business environment, an essentialand quick improvement in the levels of Peruvian lifestyles, as a result of the application andpractice of values and virtues of the State which is limited to the execution of its essentialfunctions, and to the fulfilment of private property, the free market and open competence andindividual and business freedoms.What are its objective and its reason of existence?ILE promotes values of free enterprise to entrepreneurs, businesses, scholars and professionalsthrough training, diffusion and research.It strives to achieve the public recognition of individuals and enterprises’ moral rights to incomesand revenues they earn (profits); to an improvement of the economic welfare of businessmen,enterprise and working people through individual liberty (“right for progress”); and to expectsecurity, justice and sufficient public works; without avoiding or diminishing the social activitiesand private economic systems which are not violent or fraud. These are able to produce and todistribute wealth and welfare, as long as they are put into practice within an institutional andlegal environment of such values and principles.Which are the means and instruments through ILE carries out actions?In ILE, we believe in objective truths and trust their convincing power. For that reason, we workthrough four programs: events and training; business leadership; institutional relationships andmedia. The activities consist of study groups, workshops, conferences, forums, seminars andpublications. We talk and interchange information from other organizations in order to promote afree-enterprise capitalist and open society where all people can undertake and execute personalprojects, earn money and enjoy freely and peacefully the fruits of our honest efforts, our servicesupport and our creativity.What does ILE want for Peru?Three aims: a limited State; free markets; and free institutions separated from the governmentand politics. Likewise, ILE wants a change of cultural values and standards, starting with apublic recognition of the moral role of businessmen and their rights to gain profits.What does ILE do in order to preserve its independence?It does not accept any government funds. The donations are offered by companies, individualsand also ILE has other incomes obtained through publication sales and services.Work AreasNº1. REPOSITIONING STATE. Focus of the state actions for security, justice and publicworks and re-allocate the public expenses for these purposes in order to eliminate the unfaircompetence of the state observed in the several business activities hence these must beprivatized. 5
  6. 6. Nº 2. UNTAXATION. All the economic activities of society are enriched through the cuttingand elimination of taxes; individuals, workers and enterprising people are benefited byincreasing their capacity for consumption, saving and private investment.Nº 3. DEFLATIONS. The sustainable decrease of the price and cost levels is absolutelypossible to achieve while the companies raise their sales and national and internationalcompetitiveness – with the increase of employment. Thus, the progress of the country will notstop and there will be abundance of high-quality goods and services at low prices.Nº4. DEREGULATIONS. The increase in number, size and competence between companiesare carried out through the elimination of excessive regulations.Nº 5. BUSINESS ETHICS. The profits can not be considered ethical but the means to achievethem can. Therefore, any business is moral provided that they neither imply violence, coercion orfraud nor attempt against people’s life, their integrity, property and liberties. On the contrary,businesses are actually immoral when they accept privileges, allowances, monopolies and anyentrance barrier into the market, imposed against the competitors by the State. DIRECTORS AND FOUNDERSJosé Luis Tapia Rocha (1965). Executive Director and Founder of the Instituto de LibreEmpresa (Free Enterprise Institute). Graduate in Economics at Ricardo Palma University withpost graduate studies in strategic management in Lima and in Foreign Trade in South Korea. Heis a professor of economics at the School Business Administration of University of San Martinde Porres and San Juan Bautista. He has a broad professional expertise in the public and privatesector for over a decade. He has worked as an economical advisor in the ex Vice Ministry ofIntegration and Foreign Trade Affairs, dealing with subjects related to the World Organization ofCommerce. He has been involved in the opinion journalism for five years in daily newspaperssuch as Síntesis, Gestión, Expreso, Correo. Currently, he writes in his column La Salida in LaPrimera. He has hosted radio and TV programs between 2003 and 2005.Myriam Janet Ortiz Herrera (1970). - Director of Economics and co-founder of ILE. She has aMaster degree in University Education and she got a professional title as economist. She is aprofessor at the School Business Administration and Communications of the Private UniversitySan Juan Bautista and at University San Martin de Porres. She enjoys professional expertise inexecution of investment projects. She hosted radio and TV liberal programs between 2003 and2005. &&&&&&&&&&&&& 6
  7. 7. LORETO “REAL” EDUCATIONAL PROJECT May 2006- August 2008The Loreto Project “Real” is a plan which pursues to transform this region into a prosperityemporium through a principle-based framework which allows the rule of a free market and amaximum individual freedom. The project aims to train people in order to transform the LoretoRegion into a Región Autónoma y Libre (Autonomic and Free Region “REAL”) with its owngovernment and statutes, enjoying all the rights and features of an independently administratedterritory.Objectives:1. This project does not seek to separate the Loreto Region from the rest of Peru but to get it administrated with autonomy and economic freedom.2. Make ethnic groups and nations comprised in this region in order to recover their own self- esteem and, for first time after several centuries, they can enjoy the liberty to choose their destiny.3. Show that through the most humane juridical-institutional framework, it is possible to transform one of the worst regions of Peru into a paradise undergoing a material, intellectual, spiritual and environmental progress.Loreto people can:1. Put an end to poverty and unemployment.2. Minimize the existing crime3. Reach high levels of welfare and competitiveness4. Overcome racism and discriminationLoreto can have:1. An luxury international airport2. Millionaire commerce volumes3. Efficient and economical airports4. High-level roads5. Excellent healthcare centres6. Incomparable phone services7. Dignified houses for everyone8. Abundant and cheap goods and services.Loreto’s Strengths:Natural Resources: Its climate and excellent soils are perfect for numerous options regardinglivestock, agriculture, mining, oil and fishery.Tourism:Its climate, its landscapes, the Amazonas River and the wide range of natural resources areperfect for the receptive tourism.Services:Due to its strategic location, Loreto may become a main centre for trade, air and landtransportation, finance, insurance and telecommunication services between Brazil and Peru. 7
  8. 8. Causes of Underdevelopment of Loreto:Until now, Loreto has not taken off, mainly due to several reasons which include its bad politicsboosted by the central government.1. Economic interventional politics2. Restraints to international commerce3. Monopolization of the markets4. Excessive regulations for the economic activities5. Imposition of excessive taxes6. A low private investment7. Currency devaluation8. Lack of rights of the individual property9. Weakness and inefficacy of the market institutions.How to obtain wealth?In order to materialize all the Loreto’s potentials, it is required to attempt economy liberty. It isalready shown that the less taxes, business and personal restraints, state control and meddling inthe trade affairs exist; the bigger prosperity will be achieved. Hong Kong, Singapore, TheCayman Islands, The Bahamas and other countries have staked on economical libertysuccessfully.In order to achieve PROSPERITY, the project requires attaining:1. A thinking and attitude change2. Uphold the individual rights3. Eliminate the obligatory issuance of the official currency4. Totally liberate commerce between Loreto and the rest of the world.5. Eradicate the unnecessary regulations6. Replace taxes with payments according to services rendered.7. Transfer the state companies to Loreto’s peopleThe means to achieve prosperity are:The Congress approval for the Law creating the Special Development Zone for Loreto. To intendsanctioning an autonomic statute comprising free- market laws and rules through a political act(covenant) among Loreto people.Before we need to train potential political leaders to change of political environment and to gainpolitical support among people of Loreto. With those people in political arena, can change lawsand political ideas according with free market system. The School of Political Leadership is thepivot of Loreto Real project to transform the region in a prosperous and wealth part of Peru. 8
  9. 9. Bill creating the ZDE for LoretoBill Nº.00……/20….CR……..……,…………………………………………………………………..And ………………., Congressmen of the Republic, representatives of the Loreto Region, inaccordance to the Article 107º of the Constitution of Peru and to the Article Nº 75 of theCongress of the Republic, hereby submit the following: BILL LAW CREATING THE SPECIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONE OF LORETORecitals,Whereas, if sanctioned, this legal text will not affect the legal ordinance of the whole Peruvianterritory, except for the Loreto Region, in accordance to the articles.Whereas, the proposed rule is based on the principles and constitutional articles mentioned inthe Foundations and Reasons of this Bill.Whereas, the present bill does not aim to separate Loreto Region from the rest of Peru but tomake this region administrated in an autonomic way and with an economic freedom.Whereas, it intends to make the ethnic groups and nations of Loreto Region recuperate theirself-esteem and that, for first time after many centuries, they can live in real freedom to choosetheir own destiny.Whereas, it aims to demonstrate that it is possible to transform one of the worst regions of Peruinto a paradise which enjoys a material, intellectual, spiritual and environmental progress via amore humane juridical-institutional framework.Whereas, the present bill will have a demonstrative effect that other regions can also apply forthe legal vacancy in accordance to the above mentioned recitals.THEREFORE,THE CONGRESS OF THE REPUBLICHAS PASSED THE FOLLOWING LAW: BILL“LAW CREATING THE SPECIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONE IN THE LORETOREGION”Article 1. Zone of Special DevelopmentThe Loreto Region becomes a Special Development Zone, Zona de Desarrollo Especial (ZDE),under the system of individual rights, a private initiative and of free market.Article 2. Equality of Individual Rights 9
  10. 10. All the people of the ZDE are recognized equal before law and are gifted by God inalienablerights of life, freedom and property. There is no other type of equality and other human rightsthat are opposed to the above three subject rights; where the rights of each individual limit theequal rights of the other people.Article 3. FreedomsUnder the principle established in the final part of the previous article, the entire and effectivevalidity of the human freedoms are recognized within ZDE. These freedoms include:1. Working, making business and enterprises; maintaining the whole result of one’s own productive activity and creativity and having them at one’s disposal.2. Expressing thoughts, opinions and beliefs in a free way.3. Teaching, learning and practicing arts and occupations4. Transition, settlement and association5. Defending people and property against offences.Article 4. PrinciplesIn ZDE, the following principles are substantial:1. Government which are limited to perform their own functions: restrictive functions of the real crimes -violence and fraud against people and properties-; judicial functions and genuinely public work contracts. Another function is to administrate restitutive or compensatory justice instead of purely vindictive justice.2. Markets free from violence and fraud, enjoying a total contracting freedom.3. Social institutions which are autonomic and independent from power and politics. Companies, schools, healthcare centres and institutions of culture, sports, sciences, recreation, religion and philanthropy are of exclusively private-nature and are strictly separated from State and government powers.Article 5. Good LawsThe ZDE is ruled by the Civil, Commerce, and Penalty Codes and by the respective procedurallaws which ordinances will be compatible with the rights, freedoms and principles established inthe above articles; and when the ordinances are not in accordance with these, any rule ordisposition will be inapplicable in the ZDE.Article 6. Individuals, activities and goodsThe following principles are also substantial in the ZDE:1. Individuals and activities are free. Any special law, rule or disposition contrary to the above articles or to the liberal spirit of this Letter, whether in the whole or in part of their content depending on nature of contradiction, will be inapplicable in the ZDE.2. The goods available in the ZDE, or in transit to or from this zone –of whatever origin or destiny –are also exempt from any taxation, obligation, burden which are contrary to this Law.Article 7. Government and Public TreasureThe ZDE refuses and declines any kind of help, subvention or participation in the NationalPublic Treasure. As a reward for this refusal, the following rights are recognized: 10
  11. 11. 1. Paying taxes, only in the necessary amounts, to the National Tax Administration in order to financially support the functions that the State can effectively perform in the ZDE, in the terms of the article 4, numeral 1.2. Substituting execution of such functions performed by the regional authority.3. Provide in concession certain national goods and properties located in the ZDE, which include lands, ways and roads, schools and hospitals furnished with appropriate facilities and equipments.Article 8. Validity termThis law has a 7-year validity, which can or can not be extended to a similar term after every 7years, in accordance to the express will of people and as long as the expected results of this lawapplication can be observed.Article 9. AgreementComplementary dispositions of this Law will be arranged and will agree with domesticauthorities, being established through a Writ of Agreement for the ZDE.Article 10. Legal EffectsAny disposition contrary to this law must be revoked. Lima………….………., 20………Signed by………………………………………Congressman of Frente de Centro……………………………………… Congressman of Perú Posible……………………………………… Congressman of Alianza por el Futuro……………………………………… Congressman of UPP……………………………………… Congressman of Restauración Nacional……………………………………… Congressman of Unidad NacionalPURPOSE ARTICLEThe population of the Loreto Region is very disappointed and frustrated after having listened tomany populist and state promises for over many decades.People have realized that they are mere fantastic and unfeasible dreams. Despite their goodintentions, these promises are not fulfilled because they can not be fulfilled due to their naturecontrary to the immutable laws of nature, society, economy and government.However, they have learned that such projects and plans are materialized in bad laws which takepower and capital away from them. These dreams end by turning into nightmares, which causestagnation, unemployment, poverty and backwardness.People consider that the National Constitution protects and upholds the supreme principle basedon the respect for the human being dignity, which is contained in its Article 1. Consequently, thecurrent Constitution recognizes in the same way other rights related to: the equality before Lawand individuals (Art. 2); the free private initiative (Art. 58), the creation of wealth and economic 11
  12. 12. liberties (Art. 59); a free competence (Art. 61); the private property (Art. 60º), and the regionaldecentralization (Art. 188º), among others.Therefore, Loreto people think it is completely fair to recover their rights and capabilities, thusagreeing with the National Government in the following articles.COST BENEFIT ANALYSISGiven the evident and revealed superiority of the free market system, the effect of the subjectLaw will be boosting the creation of wealth, prosperity and welfare for all the population ofLoreto Region. This result will cause, in turn, a positive effect in all over Peru. 12
  13. 13. LORETO REAL EDUCATIONAL PROJECT Cadre Training Program 2006-2007 Mayo 2006- August 2008OBJECTIVETrain and develop skills and design strategies which help to strengthen the human capital of theorganizations, and liberal movement in order to achieve the growth and a better development ofthe political environment of a country.GREAT TOPICS DIVIDED INTO MODULES:Politics: 1.Liberalism – Philosophy – Ideology - Doctrine. 2. Liberalism sources – AustrianEconomics School – Methodological Individualism – Economics and Law. 3. Private Property –Origin – Implications and Consequences. 4. Property Rights – Life Rights – Iusnaturalism,Contractarianism – Utilitarism. 5. - Individualism – Colectivism. 6. The State –Origin –Implications –Limits 7.-Democracy – Government of Majority – Limited Government. 8-Democracy – Redistribution –Destruction of Property. 9- Positive Liberty – Negative Liberty.10. - Liberal Government – Democratic Government. 11. Enemies of Liberty – SocialDemocracy – Social Christianity – Socialism – Marxism. 12. Common Welfare – Social Justice–Distributive Justice.Economics: What is a free market?. Foundations of economic behaviour. Offer and Demand.Monopoly and competence. Costs. Theory of Business Enterprise, Factors of the production:Natural Resources, Manpower, Capital and Entrepreneurship. Added Offer and Demand andEconomic Cycle. Ideas and interest groups concerning economy and public policies. CaptureTheory, Antimonopoly and Rent Seeking. Public Policies, Public Election and Regulation. Theknowledge problem in public policies and enterprise activities. Critical Analysis ofInterventionism. Market Failures?, Austrian Economics School, Analysis of healthcare,commerce, education, currency, banking policies and others. Eliminating the great myths abouteconomy and politics.History: History of Liberalism. Great Achievements and Liberal Politicians who made history.Economic History & Peruvian and World Politics.Law: Law and privileges, and an iusnaturalist approach of liberalism. The relationships betweenLaw and Economics. Law: Spontaneous Juridical Order I. Praxeology. Social Science. Rules andInstitutions. Law: Spontaneous juridical Order II: Competitive Nature of the Law Sources. Lawand Legislation. Property. Coase`s Theorem. Contract Law. Civil Law: Theory and Reality.Competence Law. Neoclassical Foundation vs. Austrian Perspective. (Racionalist) Legislationand economics. Cases such as BCR, labour market, education.Political and Electoral Engineering: Network Strategy. Community-based Organizations.Local Agenda. Liberal Communication. Political and Electoral Strategies. Design and Makingliberal agendas in community-based organizations. Electoral Legislation. Calls for Referendumsand Plebiscites. Registrations of political movements. Presidential, council and regionalelections. Alliances. Fronts.Leadership: How to lead people?. How to designate tasks?. How to generate effectivemeetings?. How to organize successful political events?. How to make effective presentations?.How is the current political participation of young people?. Political diagnosis of Loreto in 3D. 13
  14. 14. Opportunity of a political leadership: participative budget. Opportunity of a political leadership:citizenship security. How to develop a strategic plan of political communication?. Making theelectoral campaign: Loreto Real.Organization: Fundraising. Administration, planning and management principles for politicalorganizations.SCHEDULE:Monday through Friday, 9:30 - 12:30 p.m & 3:30 to 6:30 p.m.Saturdays, 10:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. & 3:00 - 7:30 p.m.EVALUATIONThe lecturers will be free to evaluate following the methodology that can best be applied to thesepotential cadres. This constitutes an admission requirement for the rest of the 9-month period. &&&&&&&& 14
  15. 15. LORETO “REAL” EDUCATIONAL PROJECTThe Loreto Real Project (Autonomic and Free Region) – Cadres Training is comprised inthe mission of Free Enterprise Institute which claims “ILE promotes values of free enterprise toentrepreneurs, businesses, scholars and professionals through training, difussion and research.ILE is limited to help achieving the following strategic objectives: 1) Reassign the naturalfunctions to the State, 2) Untax the economic activities, 3) Deflate prices and costs, 4)Unregulate the enterprising activities and 5) Emphasize the enterprise ethics.One of ILE´s programs is training, having as a purpose searching leaders who boost the freeenterprise system in the country or regions based on the approach from Hans Hermann-Hope, so-called autonomic liberalism. The Autonomic Liberalism intends that the liberal people can reacha legislative, tax, economic, administrative and political autonomy of a particular region. Thismeans that it is necessary the political and social support of the organized population in thefavoured region. The Hispanic American Liberal Conference is impelling the Autonomic Statute forany Latin American region, which is inspired in the Letter of the 11 Rights..At this initial stage, the project consists of the training of 10 cadres for one calendar year. Thistraining strengthens regional leaders who will raise the flag of liberty, private property, freemarkets and limited governments in the region.In order to achieve this goal, they should be cadres who are highly prepared to face any kind ofcircumstances. This preparation does not only imply doctrine but also leadership, organization,strategy and fund raising.When the 10 cadres` training is finished, they will have to get back to their region with a totallystrong determination to form a regional political movement in order to accomplish the autonomicliberalism of the region. The economic and naturally political result will be achieving wealth andfreedom with the presence of justice.The methodology to be applied is pyramidal. First, the cadres must transmit the same messageand training given to them, by organizing in cellules some study groups with other 10 potentialcadres so that they can, in turn, do the same with another 10 potential cadres. At the end,reaching 100 potential cadres will be enough to make this small army distribute their tasks intoorganized sectors of the society.We have support of 300 churches leaded by Pastor Elias Valles, a bishop of Loreto. Thisorganizational infrastructure lets project to begin it process of disseminating in this region. Eachpastor has 100-300 people who follows him and is very important to get support him. For thispurpose we have regular contact with pastor through seminars to persuade to support the project.This project consider that it is necessary a 3-month trial period for cadre candidates in order toselect those who meet the requirements and, consequently extend their participation for 9additional months. The total educational project period is 36 months which is not renewable. &&&&&&&&& 15
  16. 16. LORETO “REAL” EDUCATIONAL PROJECT Training Program 2006-2008ENTITY PARTICIPATING IN THE PROJECTExecuting entity:Instituto de Libre Empresa (Free Enterprise Institute) ( José Luis Tapia Rocha, General ManagerTRAINEES OF SCHOOL OF LEADERSHIPJohnny Rafael Coquinche ChumbeLuis Daniel Montes VallesMarco Orbe B.Neizer Max H.Elías Sánchez Sh.Alberto Angulo MDavid Canayo Ch.Rubén Manrique E.Jimmy ZaragozaRamiro Celis G.Caleb Paredes A.Juan Luis Alvarado &&&&&&&&&&&&& 16
  17. 17. LORETO “REAL” EDUCATIONAL PROJECT Training Program 2006-2008 MANDATORY BIBLIOGRAPHYTapia, José and others. Empresa, Economía y libertad (Enterprise, economy and liberty).ILE, 2006, Lima. 236 pgs.Miller, Darrow, Discipling Nations: The Power of Truth to Transform Culture published byYWAM Publishing in 1998.McDowell, Stephen. Liberating The Nations, Providence Foundation, 1995.Cobin, John. Bible and Government. ILE. 2005. Lima, 220 pgs.Cobin John. A Primer on Modern Themes of Market Economy. AlertnessBooks, 2003. USA, 560 pgs.Frederic Bastiat, The Law, Economics- Social Science s/f.Friedrich Von Hayek, The Fatal Conceit, The Errors of Socialism. Santiago de Chile: Centre ofPublic Studies, 1990.Jesús Huerta de Soto, Socialismo, Cálculo económico y función empresarial (Socialism,Economic Calculation and function of Enterprise), Spain: Unión Editorial S.A., 1992.Jesús Huerta de Soto, La Escuela Austríaca: Mercado y Creatividad Empresarial (TheAustrian School: Market and Enterprise Creativity).Douglas Hyde.Dedication and Leadership, 12th Edition 2005,USA.189 pgs.Israel M. Kirzner, Competencia y Empresarialidad, (Competente and Entrepreneurship),Second Edition, Spain: Unión Editorial S.A., 1998.Pierre Lemieux, Individual Sovereignty. Foundations and Consequences of the New Liberalism,Spain: Unión Editorial, S.A. 1992.Ludwig Von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics, fifth edition. Spain, UniónEditorial S.A, 1975.Ludwig Von Mises, Liberalism and Capitalism, second edition. Buenos Aires: Centro deEstudios sobre la Libertad, 1975.Ludwig Von Mises, Socialism. Analysis in Economics and Sociology, New York, UnitedStates: Western Books Foundation, 1968.Mark Skousen, Economic Logic, Florida, United States: Mark Skousen Publishing Inc., 2000.Ayn Rand –Ideas sobre Libertad (Ideas about Liberty) – IPL Lima-Peru – 2004 17
  18. 18. Isaiah Berlín, Dos Conceptos de Libertad (Two Concepts about Liberty) – IPL – Lima –Peru -2004.Karl Popper – La Opinión Publica y Los Principios Liberales (Public Opinión and LiberalPrinciples) – IPL – Lima – Peru – 2004.Eberhard Punsht – The Non Liberals –IPL – Lima –Peru- 2004.Murray Rothbard –Property and Interchange – FOR A NEW LIBERTY “LIBERTARIANMANIFESTO” – Macmillan Publishing Co. – New York – 2004.Jacob Hornberger – Visión de una Sociedad Libre ( Vision of a Free Society) – ILE - Lima –Peru - 2001.Friedrich Hayek – Individualism and Colectivism -THE ROAD TO SERFDOM –UniónEditorial – Madrid –Spain -2004.Mariano Grondona – Chapter 1 John Locke – THE THINKERS OF LIBERTY – Buenos Aires– Argentina – Editorial Sudamericana – 1994.Mario Grondona – Chapter 7 Juan Bautista Alberdi – THE THINKERS OF LIBERTY –Buenos Aires – Argentina – Editorial Sudamericana- 1994.Mario Grondona – Chapter 10 – The School of Vienna – THE THINKERS OF LIBERTY –Buenos Aires – Argentina – Editorial Sudamericana -1994.Mario Grondona – Chapter 3 – The Federalist. THE THINKER OF LIBERTY Buenos Aires –Argentina – Editorial Sudamericana -1994.Friedrich Hayek - Majority Government –THE FOUNDATIONS OF LIBERTY-Madrid –Spain – Unión Editorial -2004.Murray Rothbard – State against Nature –THE ETHICS OF LIBERTY, Madrid, Spain –UniónEditorial -2004-Alexis de Tocqueville –The Government of the Democracy In America – THE DEMOCRACYIN AMERICA –Madrid –Spain – Ediciones Aguilar -1971.Hans Herman Hoppe –Democracy, Redistribution and Destruction of the Property -MONARCHY, DEMOCRACY AND NATURAL ORDER –Madrid –Spain –Ediciones Gondo –2004.John Locke – On Property - SECOND TREATISE OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT –Buenos Aires–Argentina – Editorial Agora -1959.ODCA – Humanist and Reformist Centre –Democratic Christian Organization of America –Santiago –Chile- 2003. 18
  19. 19. Joseph Schumpeter – Can Socialism work? CAPITALISM, SOCIALISM ANDDEMOCRACY – Madrid – Spain. Ediciones Aguilar- 1950.ODCA. Doctrinary Sources of Christian Democracy – Gutemberg Martinez- Santiago- Chile –Ediciones ODCA -2002. &&&&&&&&&&& 19
  20. 20. LETTER OF THE 11 RIGHTSWe, the above subscribers, members of the Latin America Liberal Conference, acting asrepresentatives of our respective groups, parties and institutions, hereby submit The Letter ofRights, subscribed below jointly with their previous Recitals and Foundations for public opinionin our countries, in countries of America and of the rest of the world.For a long time, we, the classical liberals, have lacked a concrete political program to offer,which can comprise our principles and doctrines, and at the same time, which can be easilyrecognized, understandable and attractive to people and applicable in a short time period. Hence,our thesis have been distorted, deformed, confused and misunderstood by our opponents, by ourfollowers and by the indifferent people as well.However, nowadays we have this Political Program: THE 11 RIGHTS.Our Political Program represents in the XXIst century what the Spanish Law of the 7 Divisionsrepresented in XIIth century, or the Magna Charter in XIIIrd century, the English Provisions ofOxford, the Bill of Rights and The United States´ Constitution in 1776 in the New World, or theSpanish Constitution of Cadiz in 1820.In the following lines, we present:Part I: FOUNDATIONS1. Self-Determination and Social and Government Systems. Whereas, people are free tochoose and adopt their social system and their preferred government in accordance with theprinciple of Self-Determination of People - liberty so-called sovereignty. Whereas, the respect toreality is the best philosophy. Whereas, as an objective evidence and for sufficient reason, theFree Enterprise is the best System of Government, Economy and Social Coexistence and themost appropriate system for achieving progress, welfare and freedom of people for justice, order,peace and harmony. Therefore, people choose with sovereignty the Free Enterprise System andadopt its principles and rules like theirs.2. The Free Enterprise System. This system, also called The Free Market or ClassicalLiberal System, is composed of the essential and featuring elements of its nature:A. In a political order of society: a limited and respectful government which performs theirown natural functions and which is limited only to such functions, moderating its power andexpenses.B. In the economical order of society: markets free from monopolies and oligopolies. Thismeans they are free from privilege positions and from state meddling which grants, causes orcreates these positions.C. In the spiritual, ethical, cultural order of society: Some private institutions which areseparated from State and consequently, not subject to power and politics. 20
  21. 21. 3. Public and Private Spheres. Considering that any Constitutional Letter is an Agreementof Limits between a country´s society and the state – that is to say, a separation of public andprivate spheres, this Letter outlines them as follows:A. In the political order, Only State Powers, Government and the opposition to it belong tothe public sphere; while the rest of the elements of the political reality belongs to the privatesphere of politics: parties, associations, groups, currents of opinion as long as they have apolitical involvement.B. In the economic order, the public sphere of economy only includes the Public Finance:the State expenses for achieving its own and natural functions, the taxes collected in order tosupport such functions. Likewise, the state debt certificates and others – business, enterprises,markets, etc, even currency - belong to the private sphere of the economy.C. In the spiritual, ethical and cultural order, This is basically banned for the State action,and almost concerning to the private sphere. This aspect is free from the meddling of authorities,except for the manifest and patent crimes. It is about individuals and their family, theireducation, physical and intellectual life, information, health and moral care, related associationsamong others, having the following private realities: sports, science and technology, recreation,art and culture, religion. In this aspect of the social reality, the public sphere is only related to themorality of the state administrations and to the justice of the Magistrates` decisions.4. Interpretation of this Letter: The previous principle based on the separation betweenprivate and public is a valid criterion for the interpretation of this Letter in all its content. Theprinciples and concepts featuring the Free Enterprise system are also valid interpretative criteria,in the way they are presented through the Realistic Philosophy, The Austrian School and otherSchools of Economics, associated to this system and to the constitutional tradition of theClassical Liberalism.Part II: LETTER OF THE 11 RIGHTS:The constitutionals inalienable, imprescribable and mandatory human rights of the citizens are: Section I In the public environment of politics, the rights for a limited and respectful government.This right is based on the political and democratic liberties of the citizens and includes thefollowings rights.Art. 1. Right for a Government who commits to its functions. Paragraph One. The ownnatural functions of the State are three:a) To offer external and internal security for people`s property, and their individual rights andliberties.b) To manage impartial and expeditious public justice that helps to solve disputes, and whichforces guilty people of crimes to make restitutions or compensation to their victims.c) To make contracts for the execution and maintenance of the genuine public work. 21
  22. 22. Paragraph Two. The Government is only instituted to act in its own functions, the onescorresponding to the State, and respecting the private functions which are managed bycompanies and other particular institutions.Art. 2. Right for a Government that is respectful. Paragraph One. The Government is limitedto its functions, in its attributions required to be fulfilled, and in the expenses necessary tomaintain them; therefore the government attends to the above functions but not to others. Withinthe category of "social" or collectives rights, or within any kind of intended justification, there isno place for rights which are contradictory with the ones recognized and declared in this Letter.Under any excuse, the State can create privileges or overrun economic or non-economic privateenvironments.Paragraph Two. The right for a respectful and limited Government also comprises these otherrights:a) The right for a legal order that limits the government. The statutes and laws of the Republic,as well as the Decrees, Resolutions and Decisions of its authorities, are totally complied, but arefulfilled and applied only under their laws and orders which are compatible with the liberties andrights already mentioned and numbered for the citizens in this Letter.b) The right for an Opposition that restrains the State. In order this opposition is effective, twosolid politicians are required, they may be particular associations, completely independent fromthe State, which operate in the private sphere of the politics.c) The right for a Judicial Power separated from the others Powers of the State, whichunderstands and sentences the disputes between individuals, between individuals and the State,and between the services and Departments of the State.d) The right for a limited democracy: no popular majority, regardless as big and numerous it maybe, is authorized to decide against the liberties and rights guaranteed to the citizens by thisLetter.Art. 3. Right for a neutral State. An state that neither interferes in the private life or in theconduct of citizens, nor it intends to decide what citizens can, must, or must not do, viaregulations and, excepting for promotion and defence of the guarantees confirmed to citizens inwritten and spirit by this Letter, it is not to instruct them regarding what they must or must notthink, believe or feel.Art. 4. Right for moderate taxes. The taxes are only for physical people, and with the uniqueaim to support the expenses incurred by the state services. They are uniform and non-progressive, even and without exceptions, neutral and non-discriminant, and stable during time.Art. 5. Right for debt-free government. Via exception, issues of bonds are only admitted, andonly for executing extraordinary public works – establishing their layout as a popularconsultation regarding these works-, or for cases of extraordinary public calamities and reallyunforeseeable. Section II In the private environment of the economy, the right for trades exempt from monopolies and oligopolies. 22
  23. 23. This right is based on the recognition of the private property, and on the liberties of companies,commerce and industry, on the change and on other economic liberties. This includes thefollowing rights:Art. 6. Right for use of a free-chosen currency. The currency is voluntarily chosen by people,for any type of payments and contracts, businesses, budgets and financial statements, loans anddebts, deposits and banking accounts.Art. 7. Right for participating in privatizations of assets and state companies. ParagraphOne. The State is not the owner or co-owner neither of natural resources nor of other economicassets or companies, excepting for the buildings, facilities and equipment strictly required for itsfunctions.Paragraph Two. The assets and the currently state-owned companies have to be privatizedthrough three serials of actions, A, B and C (international, national and popular), respectivelyoriented to the international private capital, to the domestic private capital, and to the generalcitizenship in preferential conditions. The main objective and goal of the privatization in theSerial A consists of the payment for the external domestic debt; and in the B, and especially theC, the aim is the popular capitalization, as a compensation for people who underwent so manydamages caused in decades of statization.Art. 8. Right to compete in opened markets, exempt from state regulations. First of all, theState establishes general laws, but not special regulations, excepting from the regulationscorresponding to its own operations and to its services and departments. In matter of laws, theordinary Codes are sufficient – substantive or procedural -; and consequently all the present stateregulations for economic private activities and markets of goods, services and factors arerevoked. The private companies commit to their natural own functions without rights or specialduties established by the State, which are subject to the discipline of the market. Section III In the private environment of the spiritual, ethical and cultural matters, the right for enjoy private institutions separated from the State.This right is based on the liberties of thoughts, research and expression of information, belief andother individual liberties including the following rights:Art. 9. Right to have institutions, groups and associations such as labour unions, massmedia, political parties, churches and religious congregations totally exempt from any typeof state meddling. Similar to the case of the companies in the economic environment, theseprivate organizations fulfil with their own natural functions conferred without subsidies, aids, orstate regulations that offer certain privileges for them, and/or which establish special obligationsor conditions of functions and activities for them.Art. 10. Right to participate in the privatizations of the State institutes that offer education,medical care and welfare service. Paragraph One. The State does not need to be owner of theseinstitutes, and those which are now State-owned institutes need to be privatized especiallythrough the granting of a full and complete ownership to its operators, in exchange for theiroutstanding obligations. For this purpose, their respective associations will be formed byteachers and professors by the medical personnel, paramedical and nurses; and by employees and 23
  24. 24. officers of the Social Insurance, and also in each case by the administrative employees andworkers of all these current State-owned institutes. Similarly, it will be privatized the stateentities in charge of sports, recreation, culture, science, technology, arts, etc., which functions arenot appropriate and inherent to the State.Paragraph Two: The enterprises are also entitled for this right as well as the companies,professional and technical associations and labour unions that fulfil with their own main naturalfunctions in the System of Free Enterprise: a) Intermediation (Labour exchange) performed in a pacific way and in a free labour market, without privileges. b) Professional training and teaching without purposes of exclusivity. c) Management and administration of medical centres and pension and retirement funds in a regime of open and free competition.Art. 11 Right for vouchers in education, medical care and welfare, in case of extremepoverty. Via unique exemption, and as long as there are people who undergo extreme povertyand thus, are unable to cover their education, medical and welfare expenses, they will only havethe right to claim for state aid and assistance regarding these needs and only through coupons or“vouchers” like Educupon, Medicupon, Segucupon. The respective coupon bonds are reimbursedto the institutions who offer the services for education, medical care and welfare chosen by thebeneficiary, whether they be privatized or currently private, and all of them will compete equallyunder Law, without regulations, controls or state supervisions. 24
  25. 25. HISPANIC AMERICAN LIBERAL CONFERENCE (CLH) STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVESHuge hopes for change are held in the hearts and minds of millions and millions of HispanicAmericans. They live in bad conditions and foresee an even worse future for them and theirchildren. However, they are unaware about the real reasons and solutions for their suffering andconsequently, they vote mistakenly.However, they vote mistakenly because there is no offers and political programs structuredwithin a classical liberalism, which are the unique capable to lead to a good electoral course fortheir wills, according to their authentic rights and their best interests.What do the great majority of voters want in each of our countries? They want solutions now.They wish for a big and notorious change for the best and which may be quick. They suspect thatonly a radical change can meet these conditions: a system`s change. For this reason, they do notvote for any of the discredited and worn-out politicians of the system, who are related with theold mercantilist right wing or with the old populous left wing, whether it be the old-fashionedsocialism or communism.Anti-system alternatives. They vote for candidates in vogue who introduce themselves as anti-system alternatives. What do they bring? The usual populous promises and statism offers but ina current new language of the new left wing, talking about matters of ecology, feminism, womenand children ´s right and rights of the Indian towns. As the left wing usually does, the new leftwing now also rants and raves about the market and capitalism, but they now neither mention theproletariat nor do they talk about their dictatorship but about a new democracy . They also talkabout a big and heterogenic collection of alleged human rights to be complied by the State.As usual, the left wing does not call for the reason but control emotions and feelings through adistinct way, perhaps more dangerous: the current New Communism is identified with themilitary people and they are so-called Nationalists. They declared to be very spiritual and evenreligious. They are frequently “politically correct” and include a big part of Postmodernism andNew Age. For this reason, they highly confuse people who do not receive any other proposalmore interesting. Nevertheless, people are right when saying that the old system has failed, and that urgent andradical changes are necessary and feasible without a long wait. (People look forward to theresults of the central plan- or of the neoclassical macroeconomics belonging to the “Neo”Liberalism; or they expect for “a New Man”, resulting from a “new public education”, or from a“cultural change” or from other similar very long-term conditioning factor.)People vote mistakenly because their “guides” of opinions get confused and make peopleconfused when they describe and explain about which system failed and why, which one willhave to be replaced successfully and which ways are appropriate to get an immediate transitionthat leads to a happy end.The classical Liberalism. Then, what happens with the classical liberal parties who, through theirdoctrinarian formation, are in charge to explain and give offers? Do they get most of thepopulation informed about the Government measures proposed and their justification? Do they 25
  26. 26. explain and describe the expected results? Do they propose measures for a transition? Are theyarranging and forming their political and party proposals in every country aiming at theelections?In the past, the Marxism, despite of the meager number of their members at the beginning and oftheir division and subdivisions, they attained to materialize their requirements into a veryattractive Program with very specific items to know: Agrarian reformation, labour and tradeunions laws; “education and free public health; statization of the mines and of the Central Bank,retirement and pensions funds which are in charge of the State; municipalization of the publictransportation, etc. In that way, the groups and social and communist parties with attractiveproposals positively projected, get more followers and undermine the reputation of the oldprinciples and institutions. Their shrewd propaganda convinced the public opinion and, in thatway, the press and nearly all the parties adopted their Program. Likewise, the governments beginto put their measures into practice and get the results we can notice.Today, it is necessary to alter this process. How? With Destatization and deregulation and byclearly placing limits to the State so the society can live, grow and get developed according withtheir spontaneous requirements and with coupon bonds for poorest people, at least for the timebeing. However, to achieve this goal, it is needed to design a Liberal Program of Governmentwhich is as comprehensive and thorough as possible, clear and convincing so it can be explainedand conveyed in simple terms. It is also needed to organize parties as it happened duringCobden, Bright or Frederic Bastiat `s times.However, and excepting for honourable exceptions, the current classical liberals do not applythem. Most of them criticise the anti-liberal measures and foresee their terrible consequences;however they do not express their attractive but feasible and realistic own proposals in a positiveway, even when they have an adequate doctrine towards this goal, however most of people onlyknow these proposals in a superficial way. Frequently, classical liberals get worn out in uselessand precise struggles against the decisions of the Government. The decisions are based on anti-liberal laws or in anti-liberal rules belonging to constitutional status. For this reason, they areseen as purely critic and negative and considered out of the population and their hopes. Evenworse, they get stuck in endless “internal” arguments (¿?), about matters which are not always ofhigh importance, including spokesmen from other trends like the anarchism and the socialdemocracy. They show the deformation sponsored by the IMF and WB which failed in the 90`sand which is sometimes wrongly called “Neo” liberalism.As a result, the classic liberalism has lost its whole political validity and is in danger to looseeven its own identity and die away.In view of this environment, the HISPANIC AMERICAN CONFERENCE (CLH), identified withthe classical liberalism is born in order to contribute to meet these needs, setting as a main taskthe fulfilment of the following STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVES:1. Politics: Collaborate with the aperture of political ways to the classical liberalism andclosing the breach between the political opponents and the liberals from the academic and thecompanies´ world. Intellectuals and liberal businessmen are to support liberal politicians thusbusinessmen will not have the need to accept transactions and shady deals. The struggles for 26
  27. 27. separated liberties- like political, academic, economic, belonging to worship etc; are lead tofailure.Help to avoid doctrinarian confusions and the loss of identity, by focusing on the three historicsymbols for meeting with these needs of the classic liberalism in order to describe the liberalsociety: a limited Government – to their specific functions for security, justice and public works;free markets; and private institutions separated from the State.The CLH aims to recover the identity of the classical liberalism, and to take it apart fromanarchism and from the “moderate terminology”: social democracy, social Christianity, and thewrongly called “Neo” Liberalism. Likewise, CLH wants to separate it from the old mercantilistright parties as well as from the old left parties. In order to face the new anti-system left wingwithout any difficult; once it is well politically- structured, there is no other more seriousopponent than the classical liberalism.2. The liberal measures: Help to get a Liberal Program of Government in every country, in four axis or mainstays: i. Reform of the State: In order to place the Governments in charge of their own functions: Security, justice, public works with moderate expenses. ii. Populous privatization without benefit for the State Treasure, in order to capitalise and give power not to the States and the Governments but to people, in the fields of the economy, bank and business as well in education, medical care and welfare. iii. Deregulations and apertures for any types of markets and activities, avoiding monopoly opportunities; in order to create and distribute wealth equally for everyone. iv. Programs of Transition for poorest people through the employ of coupon bonds for education, medical and pension and retirement services.This implies the immediate cancellation of bad or anti-liberal laws: the fruit “laws” of the socialengineering in a Hayekian sense. The CLC wants to help liberal politicians to define theirconsistency with the doctrine, and to provide intellectual tools to be used as a guidance andconceptual defence not to strongly criticize the statism but to explain their alternative proposal ina positive way.Is it difficult to explain the liberal proposal? Which is this? It is a society in which companies,centres of teaching medical and welfare services, churches and any type of particularassociations operate with competence and without depending on the State. It is a State which isonly concerned about their affairs and only about them and not about banks, lands, schools,hospitals, retirement Funds, etc, because the State neither is made for doing business, whetherthey be good or bad, nor for providing services. The State is to offer the unique services that cannot be offered by the society in a spontaneous coordination- security, justice, public orders- andits subsidiary function may be understood within this restricted sense.Certainly, all this will be established under the juridical rules that respect individuals, families,properties, contracts, and private environments. Also, an independent Judicial Power that solvesthe litigations regarding the damages or harm shown through individual decisions, following 27
  28. 28. their due process with their own warranties and not through the general rules approved as lawsby the Congress, which allege purpose of prevention, or as Decrees approved by the ExecutivePower or as Resolutions by Ministries or by its powerful executive agencies.If we add the concept of compensatory justice, it is not so difficult to explain the sense of thereform of the State and of other measures but there is not any substitutes for these classicalliberal policies, having beneficiary and immediate effects, they do not require palliatives orcountermeasures for compensation. In this way, there is not any substitute for words: call a spadespade and call the privatization, privatization.3. Legal and constitutional Reforms and Autonomies: Helping in the preparation and in thewriting of the law changes in order to make the liberal measures effective, once their frame,philosophy, goals and operational principles are well known.A) Whether it be, through the constitutional reform for a country as a whole with vocation andwilling to put the liberal system into practice.B) Or whether it be, through the Autonomic Statutes for a certain region of the country, once thepublic opinion has been led to the liberal principles and linked with their proposals.In a very close future, the public opinion can be convinced and political forces that go for a newmajority in favour of the reforms can be structured. Once the measures have been adopted-without delaying tactics and without any compromises or shady deals but with positive results -the opinion and these political forces will turn into the guarantees of permanence for the liberalsystem.4. The Letter of the 11 Rights: Provide a brief, emphatic, ideologically consistent and, at thesame time, feasible and liberal anti-system program as a reference in the four axis or serials ofliberal measures herein described. The 11 rights, in order to be approved in Constitutions and/orautonomic Statutes, can turn, at the same time, into doctrine, program and strategy for theclassical liberals as well into a symbol and an identity sign.Getting the prosperity and welfare would take a very short time after the implementation of theliberal measures: a few years, maybe only months would take to observe the first results. A lot ofrecent literature of the Austrian School of Economics shows that the solutions and achievementsdo not come from the executives and political activists but from the own people who gatherbusiness, companies and any type of relationships for co-operation if they are not impeded fromdoing so. Historical experiences like the Industrial Revolution in England, the German andItalian “miracles” of the II Post war and some others more recent in Asia-Pacific show that whenapplying certain reforms, even if they are partial, no much wait is needed, and even it will bemuch better if the reforms are complete.Excellent News for poor people and medium class! For urban districts and rural towns, whichtoday are equally overwhelmed by poverty, insecurity and lack of employment, and which aredesperate because of so much bad news from the specialists in anti- liberal “solutions”, whoalways predict long waits to observe the results expected, even when all of us, the liberals, areaware that these solutions will never arrive. 28
  29. 29. 5.Philosophy and Religion. Highlight the links between the classical liberalism and thephilosophic realism, refining the concept of politics as a favourable instrument of change for thebig majorities who collaborate to cause their own damages.Likewise, underline the Bible foundations of the classical liberalism- without recognizing itsother basis- and help believers to get out from the left-winged ranks, who are now blinds lead byother blinds (Luke 6:39) and certainly to live within an environment of mutual respect andharmonious coexistence between liberal believers and non-believers. Currently, in the entireworld, a new and increasing biblical and Christian literature is coming up regarding economicaland government matters. It has a big content and comes from distinct identities and theologicaltraditions but it is in favour of a limited Government, a free market as well as of the separation ofthe State from the private institutions. It is one of the goals of the CLH to convey these ideas tothe millions of Christian believers in Latin America.6.Mass liberal political education and activism. Among the political tasks, it is essential atraining regarding the values of a liberal society, its modes of operation and the way to reach tosuch society. In other words, to get an instruction regarding how a certain society is, which aredistinctive features and regarding the enormous differences with the current society and how toreach to it.A) It is essential to describe the various practical advantages of the social change proposed forevery type of individual according to his particular conditions, whether he be a trader, housewife,student, teacher, workers, policeman, countryman, an unemployed person or a professional. Toexplain in each particular case how and why we will be able to earn more and live in betterconditions with less work and needs.B) Once this is rightly understood, the individual is able to know the theoretical foundations ofthe classical liberalism, like the Austrian School of Economics, the philosophic realism and theNatural Rights.C) Also, once the person is well-instructed about the classical liberalism, if he has a vocation; hecan initiate other political tasks: Such as communicating this message to other people and helpthem to be part and to be active in a political group. The CLH aims to collaborate with thetraining of liberal politicians so they can gain sympathizers and get the enrolment of adherents,funds collection, surveys, internal government actions, propaganda, events, manifestations,elections and communication. Obviously, the School of Ideologies and the instructional materialare essential in the life of any political group.There are excellent academic centres of production of liberal ideology but this so valuablematerial does not reach people by chance. The CLH wants to cooperate with these centres byannouncing and spreading the set of ideas and the program of classical liberalism to majorities.These ideas will be previously “translated” into common and practical terms, in a simplelanguage but without being disloyal with them, and if possible to use graphical and audiovisualways, music, theatre and other non-conventional resources.7.Financial resources. To help to promote business in order to get a financial support for theideological, academic- teaching, communicational, political and electoral activities, by applyingthe practices we go for. We can mention among other means or ways to obtain this support, aglobal network of foreign trade companies which operate in each of the distinct Latin Americancountries. 29
  30. 30. 8.Resources pool or network. To act as a gate and bridge for the cooperation betweeninstitutions, liberal political groups and personalities including their similar fellows of theacademy, the companies, churches and religious institutions, advertisement and mass mediabased on the several countries of the Latin American world. To offer reciprocal supportregarding intellectual, technical, ideological and political resources –as well as to providebusiness opportunities – coming from supporting groups, institutions and personalities.Also, put these resources, which are in benefit of the classical liberalism, as an adequate politicalpath for rescuing Latin America and its towns from the exasperating situation of poverty,ignorance and backwardness that still remain in the region.In this current situation, Latin America’s towns still continue as a result of an unfortunate set ofprejudices and wrong and misunderstood concepts in addition with false values and evil rules setwithin a jumble of a totally evil culture joined with certain interests sheltered in evil institutionswhich are created pursuant to trends of the human nature which are not less evil.However, there is a solution. There is a way out. If, this is finally the time for Liberalism, thetrue Liberalism, The classical Liberalism, then the CLH aims to become their best instrument.Directors & Founders of CLH:Alberto Mansueti, Director President (Venezuela)José Luis Tapia Rocha, Executive Director (Perú)Pedro Trujillo, Director (Guatemala)Santos Mercado, Director (México)Félix Hurtado, Director (México)Oliver Laufer, Director (España)Hans Peter Muller, Director (Colombia)Luis René Baptista, Director (Bolivia)Myriam Janet Ortiz Herrera, Directora (Perú)Humberto Pérez Fry, Director (Perú)Walter Puelles Navarrete, Director (Perú)Marco Polesel, Director (Venezuela) 30