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US political system


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A quick and brief look at the political and electoral system of the US.

Published in: Education, News & Politics

US political system

  1. 1. José Pablo Quirós12BEnglish
  2. 2.  50 states North America Canada/Mexico Pacific/Atlantic OceanGeneralities
  3. 3.  Declaration of Independence 4/7/1776 May, 1787 Federal Convention (New frame ofgovernment) 17/09/1787 Constitution adopted “Founding Fathers” ( "Signers of the Declaration ofIndependence" ; “Framers of the Constitution”)History
  4. 4.  Richard Morris (historian) John Adams, BenjaminFranklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, ThomasJefferson, James Madison and George Washington.History
  5. 5.  Federal constitutional republic Declaration of Independence (1776) The Constitution (1787) The Federalist Papers (1788) The Bill of Rights (1791) SuffrageGeneralities
  6. 6. Introduction“Six Foundational Principles” Popular Sovereignty (From and for the people) Limited Government (Limited power) Separation of Powers (Three branches) Checks and Balances (Control among powers) Judicial Review (Unconstitutional) Federalism (Not all power in centralgovernment)
  7. 7.  Basic structure of the federal government Democracy “Living Constitution” Apply to modern timesConstitution
  8. 8. Bill of Rights Set of ten amendmentsadded to theConstitution in 1791 Fundamental freedomsand rights of theindividual citizens Further 17 amendmentswere added (Total=27)
  9. 9. Legislative Executive Judicial
  10. 10. Legislative Carried out by Congress New national laws Modify existing ones Federal taxing and spending Coin money Declare war on other countries Oversee the executive branch of government
  11. 11.  Capitol in Washington, D.C Bicameral body House of Representatives/SenateCongress
  12. 12. Article. I.Section 1.“All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested ina Congress of the United States,which shall consist of a Senate and House ofRepresentatives.”
  13. 13. Two chambers ofCongressHouse of Representatives Lower house Specific district Proportion topopulation 435 voting members Serve two-year termsSenate Upper house Each state Twosenators (regardless ofpopulation) Six-year terms 100 members
  14. 14. Two chambers ofCongressHouse of Representatives “first-past-the-postvoting” in every districtSenate ++deliberative;+ +prestigious(longer terms, smaller size,and statewide constituencies) Must approve the Cabinetmembers and SupremeCourt justices “first-past-the-postvoting”
  15. 15. Executive Enforces the laws President (Head) Vice-president Cabinet Independent agencies Executive office of thePresident Employees over 4million people Commands military
  16. 16. President
  17. 17. “Most powerful man onEarth”Characteristics Head of executivebranch Head of state Commander in chief ofthe military Chief diplomatDuties Negotiates internationaltreaties Signs or vetoes bills Appoints members of theCabinet, federal justicesand ambassadors Issues pardons for federaloffences
  18. 18.  Four years (two terms) First Tuesday after the first Monday in November(Congressional elections) Indirect vote (Electoral College)Presidential elections
  19. 19.  “Electoral College representing each state on thebasis of a combination of the number of members inthe Senate and the number of members in the Houseof Representatives.” California (55), Texas (34) and New York (31). Smallest states (3) (D.C also 3) Total vote=538=435+100+3 President(at least 270)Presidential elections
  20. 20.  Members of Electoral College direct vote Choose President directly “Winner-take-all system” Plurality of votes= All state electors Electors gather in December to vote (formality) “Faithless electors” Candidate largest number of votes nationwide NOT largest number of votes in the Electoral College NOT President.Presidential elections
  21. 21. Gore vs. Bush11/2000George W. Bush Al GoreParty Republican DemocraticElectoral vote 271 266States carried 30 20 + DCPopular vote 50,456,002 50,999,897Percentage 47.9% 48.4%
  22. 22.  Florida controversy (246 Bush- 266 Gore) Results too close to make a final decision Speculation by media (false affirmations) Vote difference narrowed down to 900 votes Bush declared winner Gore asks for recount Result: 537 votes differenceGore vs. Bush
  23. 23. BACK!
  24. 24. Judicial Interpret laws Use them to settle disputes Supreme Court and lower federal courts
  25. 25.  Highest court in the US One chief justice and eight associate justices “Guardian of the Constitution” Decisions are definitive Job for lifeSupreme Court
  26. 26.  Slave sues owner Freedom obligatory Court: “We think (slaves)… are not included, andwere not intended to be included, under the word“citizens” in the Constitution, and can thereforeclaim none of the rights and privileges which thatinstrument provides for and secures to citizens of theUnited States.”Dred Scott Case (1857)
  27. 27. Political parties Two-party system Republican Party (1854) and Democratic Party (1824) Great investment (No amount limit; buying broadcasting timeallowed) Geography and religion are factors in ideological positioning “Red states” won by Republican party “Blue states” won by Democratic
  28. 28. IdeologiesRepublican Party Pro free markets andindividual achievement Against universalhealth careDemocratic Party Favored farmers,laborers and religiousand ethnic minorities Against unregulatedbusiness and finance Interventionism
  29. 29. "Politics is more difficult than physics."- Albert EinsteinWed all like to vote for the best man, but hes never a candidate.~Frank McKinney "Kin" Hubbard
  30. 30. 