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This study analyzes the socio-economic considerations of genetically modified (GM) maize adoption in Honduras and their relation to farmer’s characteristics influencing their decision making process durign crop year 2013. This presentation highlights the preliminary result from a joint University of California- Davis, IFPRI and Zamorano University study in Honduras. This is the second round of surveys conducted by IFPRI and Zamorano University in the country. GM maize has a great potential of reducing pest or weed damage and thus produce higher yields compared to the conventional counterpart. Damage reduction can lead to an increase in farmer’s income, if managed appropriately. During the last decade the adoption of GM maize in Honduras has increased steadily from 2,000 ha in 2002 to more than 36,000 ha in 2012 (Cerritos, personal communication 2014). In the case of Honduras, GM maize may contain protection for specific target insects through the introduction of the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) gene into the genetic material of the plant. A second trait is the introduction of herbicide tolerance (HT) to withstand the herbicide glyphosate which allows its application. Herbicide tolerance enables weed control without causing crop damage. These two traits may be available individually or together incorporated into the maize germplasm.