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4. März 2011 Informationsphilosophie. Information und urbanes Systeme 1UN ENFOQUE SISTÉMICO DE LAINNOVACIÓN:Cosmos, vida, ...
Un Enfoque Sistémico de la Innovación:Cosmos, vida, sociedadProgressive Perspective (Emergence)“The force, through which t...
Does Emergence exists assomething new in nature?3• Emergence can be understood as the “real” consequence ofagents’ actions...
Does Emergence exists assomething new in nature?4• It properly requires rephrasing the philosophical concepts of choice(fr...
Does Emergence transcendclassical models of computation?5• Classical computation model is restricted by Turing’s haltingth...
Does Emergence transcendclassical models of computation?6• What computation model can better represent real emergence?i. Q...
Basic ideas (fundamental agents)7We have rephrase the problem in terms of proper agency1) Generalized Autonomous Agent (S....
Basic ideas (Agent’s dynamics)83) Agency dynamics: mapped through game theoretical applications (Szabó &Fáth 2007); Evolut...
9Generalized concept of informationGeneralized 2nd principle of thermodynamics: entropy/information of a closedsystem incr...
10The Odyssey of Autonomous Agency(History of innovation)A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
11The Odyssey of Autonomous AgencyExample 1: spin networksA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
12Example 2: atomA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
13Example 3: planetary systemA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
14Example 4: proton channelsA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
15flagellumnucleolusnucleusphotoreceptorchloroplastcontractile vacuoleeyespotparamylonpellicleflagellarswellingINFORMATION...
Basic ideas (observing agent)165) In Cognitive and social contexts, we deal with agents who have self-reflection and try t...
17Animal visionLightPhotoreceptorsPhotoreceptorsNeuronalnetworkLightNeuronalnetworka) Retina structure of vertebrates b) R...
18Hermeneutical agency(computational mapping)sN, Ψ1N... ΨNNInitial hypothesisG2-1G1-1G2G1Ob{ k1Ψ }},{1kkd ssK{ ks }Ob{ k2Ψ...
19Conclusive remark• By using the given conceptualization of the fundamental attributes(E, M, I, S) emergence can be mappe...
Is information a sufficient basis for cognition?20A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO INNOVATION:Cosmos, Life, Society
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J.M. Díaz Nafría: Systematic approach to innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society

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Ponencia del curso: "Pensamiento sistémico abierto: en la encrucijada de un mundo complejo", Universidad de León, 15-17 mayo de 2013

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J.M. Díaz Nafría: Systematic approach to innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society

  1. 1. 4. März 2011 Informationsphilosophie. Information und urbanes Systeme 1UN ENFOQUE SISTÉMICO DE LAINNOVACIÓN:Cosmos, vida, sociedadPensamiento Sistémico Abierto: En la encrucijada de un mundo complejoLeón, Mayo 2013José María Díaz Nafría (Universidad de León; HM)A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TOINNOVATION:Cosmos, Life, Society
  2. 2. Un Enfoque Sistémico de la Innovación:Cosmos, vida, sociedadProgressive Perspective (Emergence)“The force, through which the development of theindividual occurs, is the same force, throughwhich different organizations at the earth comeinto existence.” (Kielmayer, c. 1790)Regressive Perspective (computing the origins)“What we call nature is a poetry enclosed within asecrete enigmatic writing. If the enigma wereunveiled, we would recognize the spirit’s Odyssey.”(Schelling, STI, 1800)Purpose:1. Understanding the emergence of newbeings within the world2. Understanding cosmological evolution ascomputationA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society 2
  3. 3. Does Emergence exists assomething new in nature?3• Emergence can be understood as the “real” consequence ofagents’ actions on its own level (Zimmermann & Díaz 2012; Díaz &Zimmermann 2012)• Agents can be generalized by extending S. Kauffman’s idea ofautonomous agency as systems capable to performthermodynamic cycles (from pre-geometry, to physics, to chemistry,to biology, to conscious life, to sociality)• Ontological irreducibility with respect to the parts constituting theagency: formation of new classicity, which in turn is related to therules of interaction/organization (“new order of existence with itsspatial laws of behavior”, Alexander 1920)A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  4. 4. Does Emergence exists assomething new in nature?4• It properly requires rephrasing the philosophical concepts of choice(from an (un)determined set of possibilities), meaning (related tothe sense of beings, ontological disposition of a real being) andnormalization (as combined effect of a critical mass of interactingparts) throughout the ladder of complexity.• The fundamental attributes of Energy, Matter andInformation, Structure need also be reviewed as fundamentalelements for the constitution and evolution of systems.PotentialityEnergyInformationActualityMatterStructureA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  5. 5. Does Emergence transcendclassical models of computation?5• Classical computation model is restricted by Turing’s haltingtheorem bzw. Gödel incompleteness (Chaitin), thus it represents acase of systemic closure, which is indeed needed for theconstitution of an effective agency (for instance, Kuhn’s normalscience). Thus, it properly models closure.• Emergence can be visualized as the need to overcome thelimitations of an algorithmic closure referred to the relationsgoverning the system, which in turn can be mapped into Turingmachines as long as they are in normal operation.A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  6. 6. Does Emergence transcendclassical models of computation?6• What computation model can better represent real emergence?i. Quantum computation (Zizzi 2005)ii. Cellular automata (Wolfram 2002)iii. Computational ecologies (Mainzer 2004), etc.• In the human: perception, scientific discovery, etc. requirescreative abductions which represent a most distant case toclassical computing: epistemological emergences.• How can we rephrase the relation between physics-aesthetics-ethics?PhysicsAestheticsEthicsA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  7. 7. Basic ideas (fundamental agents)7We have rephrase the problem in terms of proper agency1) Generalized Autonomous Agent (S. Kauffman 2000, 2006): systemable to achieve a new closure in a given space of catalytic and worktasks propagating work out of non-equilibrium states and playingnatural games according to constraints of its environment.2) For enabling a systematic view of the universe: the fragmented visionof quantum- and relativistic physics has to be overcome. Thus we setoff from the level of pre-geometry described in terms of spin networks(R. Penrose) and the related developments of quantum gravity.• Good candidate: L. Kauffman’s knot theory visualize spin networks asknots acting on knots to create knots in rich coupled cycles ( metabolisms)• Braunstein-Gosh-Severi (SVR) entropy allows to put forward generalizedconditions of autonomous agency in the sense of S. Kauffman.A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  8. 8. Basic ideas (Agent’s dynamics)83) Agency dynamics: mapped through game theoretical applications (Szabó &Fáth 2007); Evolutionary system dynamics: mapped through category theory(Zimmermann 2011). Utilizing the “skeleton-of-the-universe-view”(Zimmermann 2004), we can set off from the fundamental level of quantumgravity: inserting steps of a hierarchy of complexity into the functor diagramfrom topological quantum field theory:4) Fundamental attributes of the universePotentialityENERGY: to perform workINFORMATION: to select/utilizework in the benefit of theorganization of the systemActualityMATTER: actualized (stabilized)energySTRUCTURE: actualization of theorganization potentialA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  9. 9. 9Generalized concept of informationGeneralized 2nd principle of thermodynamics: entropy/information of a closedsystem increases(Potential) information: what the observer ignores about a situation(Boltzmann) Entropy: what the observer ignores about themicroscopic constitution of a systemExample 0: steam enginethis is a non-self-organizingsystems working for itself,but for another systemA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  10. 10. 10The Odyssey of Autonomous Agency(History of innovation)A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  11. 11. 11The Odyssey of Autonomous AgencyExample 1: spin networksA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  12. 12. 12Example 2: atomA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
  13. 13. 13Example 3: planetary systemA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
  14. 14. 14Example 4: proton channelsA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
  15. 15. 15flagellumnucleolusnucleusphotoreceptorchloroplastcontractile vacuoleeyespotparamylonpellicleflagellarswellingINFORMATION as potentiality for building constraints and affordances thatenable propagating workExample 5: Euglenoid cellA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, SocietyThe Odyssey of Autonomous Agency
  16. 16. Basic ideas (observing agent)165) In Cognitive and social contexts, we deal with agents who have self-reflection and try to reconstruct objective situations from essentiallylimited information (Díaz 2011). Basic level: animal perception.• We introduce: hermeneutical agency (HA), defined in terms ofobservation-interpretation cycles (“sensing reality” – Zubiri).• The HA can be visualized in thermodynamic terms: abductions asreduction of (apparent) representation complexity (neg-entropy) orincrease in the probability of interpretation with respect to given constraints(maximal likelihood). Semantics as interpretation tools, which evolvesfrom the very sense of the being (means to reproducing itself, and toevolving); from objective- to reflective- response.• Semantics are only relatively closed. Openness becomes clear when anepistemic emergence is needed, rooted on ontological constraints (Levy-Strauss).A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  17. 17. 17Animal visionLightPhotoreceptorsPhotoreceptorsNeuronalnetworkLightNeuronalnetworka) Retina structure of vertebrates b) Retina structure of octopusA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  18. 18. 18Hermeneutical agency(computational mapping)sN, Ψ1N... ΨNNInitial hypothesisG2-1G1-1G2G1Ob{ k1Ψ }},{1kkd ssK{ ks }Ob{ k2Ψ } Ob{ k3Ψ } Ob{ kNΨ }G3-1G 3GN-1G N● ● ●Application ofobservations(corresponding tomanifestation ofmodality 1, 2,.. )Gi : allows to derive themanifestation of modality i from aninterpretation of the object, s.Gi -1: allows to make aninterpretation of the object sconsistent with observation iTruthfulness criterionIterationInterpretation outputA Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  19. 19. 19Conclusive remark• By using the given conceptualization of the fundamental attributes(E, M, I, S) emergence can be mapped from the pre-geometricallevel to the social one;• It requires at the fundamental level an unified perspective(quantum gravity)• The emergence is visualized as consequence of agent’s action atits own level causing new classicities (space-time, forces,particles, molecules, organisms, humans, societies), related to therules of interaction/organization.• Hermeneutical agency requires rephrasing the relation betweenphysics, ethics and aesthetics (normalization, meaning, choice).A Systematic Approach to Innovation: Cosmos, Life, Society
  20. 20. Is information a sufficient basis for cognition?20A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO INNOVATION:Cosmos, Life, Society

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