J.M. Díaz Nafría (2014): Inequality and subsidiarity

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Presentation used at the International Conference: University, Science and Research: European Resistances and Alternatives, 31/1 - 1/2, 2014, Madrid.
Panel: Towards a Democratization of Science and Research in Europe

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J.M. Díaz Nafría (2014): Inequality and subsidiarity

  1. 1. International Conference: University, Science and Research: European Resistances & Alternatives February 1st 2014, Madrid: Science, Society and Democracy Towards a Democratization of Science and Research in Europe: Inequality and Subsidiarity José María Díaz Nafría
  2. 2. The HDI Perspective UNDP Report 2013 2
  3. 3. The HDI Perspective (evolution) HDI evolution between 1990 and 2010 (%) Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 3
  4. 4. UNDP Report 2013 Income Poverty and Multidimensional Poverty Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 4
  5. 5. The Economist The inequality perspective Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 5
  6. 6. The Economist Growing Inequality Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 6
  7. 7. Growing Inequality in Europe Eurostat, Income distribution statistics Income rate of the richest 20% above the poorest 20% Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 7
  8. 8. Global Wealth Inequality Change the Rules (2013) 1810s 1960s Today Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 8
  9. 9. UNICEF Global Wealth Inequality Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 9
  10. 10. Wealth World Chart (Fat and skinny countries) University of Sheffield Global Wealth Distribution in 2015 Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 10
  11. 11. NewScientist Inequality distribution Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 11
  12. 12. The Economist How is inequality changing per country? Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 12
  13. 13. Evolution of Real Income Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 13
  14. 14. Global Risks Interconnection Map (Perceived economic impact/likelihood, Interrelation) World Economic Forum (2011) Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 14
  15. 15. Inequality Increases Societal Ills (infant-death, descholing, drugs, mental illness, prisoners, homicides) D. S. Rogers (2012): Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequality for Sustainability Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 15
  16. 16. Inequality Blocks Cooperation (Trust, Foreign Aid) D. S. Rogers (2012): Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequality for Sustainability Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 16
  17. 17. Subsidiarity: The Role of Science and Education (Europe) Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 17
  18. 18. Subsidiarity Subsidiarity (different meanings) • Social Doctrine of the Catholic Church (19th C. Social inequality, Capital-Work) • Principle of Participatory Democracy • Advocacy of Conservative Liberalists • Juridical Principle (Civil Law / Penal Law…) • EU (since Mastrich) > General principle of European Union law Under the principle of subsidiarity, in areas which do not fall within its exclusive competence, the Union shall act only if and in so far as the objectives of the proposed action cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, either at central level or at regional and local level, but can rather, by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, be better achieved at Union level • UN (UNDP): Decentralization, or decentralising governance, refers to the restructuring or reorganisation of authority so that there is a system of co-responsibility between institutions of governance at the central, regional and local levels according to the principle of subsidiarity, thus increasing the overall quality and effectiveness of the system of governance, while increasing the authority and capacities of sub-national levels. Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 18
  19. 19. Subsidiarity The case of Basque Country (Cooperative socio-economy) Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 19
  20. 20. Subsidiarity Can we expand this model from the national to the international perspective? Cybersyn or Synco 1972-1973 (S. Allende, F. Flores, R. Espejo, S. Beer) Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 20
  21. 21. Global subsidiarity as a key-factor for human and sustainable development? Inequality and Subsidiarity (José Mª Díaz Nafría) 21
  22. 22. International Conference: University, Science and Research: European Resistances & Alternatives February 1st 2014, Madrid: Science, Society and Democracy Inequality and Subsidiarity José María Díaz Nafría jdian@unileon.es Thank you for your attention!

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