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Senior Citizens and Minority Groups -


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Senior Citizens and Minority Groups -

  1. 1. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets Minority Groups have five characteristics: 1. They suffer discrimination and subordination, 2. physical and/or cultural traits that set them apart, and which are disapproved by the dominant group. 3. a shared sense of collective identity and common burdens. 4. socially shared rules about who belongs and who does not. 5. tendency to marry within the group. Five Examples of Minorities RACIAL OR ETHNIC MINORITIES:Every large society contains ethnic minorities and linguistic minorities. Their style of life, language, culture and origin can differ from the majority. GENDER AND SEXUALITY MINORITIES:The abbreviation LGBT is currently used to group these identities together : Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people . RELIGIOUS MINORITIES:Persons belonging to religious minorities have a faith which is different from that held by the majority. Most countries of the world have religious minorities. It is now widely accepted in the west that people should have the freedom to choose their own religion, including not having any religion (atheism and/or agnosticism), and including the right to convert from one religion to another. AGE MINORITIES:The elderly, while traditionally influential or even dominant in the past, have in the modern age usually been reduced to the minority role of economically ‘non-active’ groups. PEOPLE W ITH DISABILIT IES:The Disability rights movement has contributed to an understanding of people with disabilities (including not to be called ‘disabled’) as a minority or a coalition of minorities who are disadvantaged by society.
  2. 2. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets LGBT Parade on 2014 Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender folk and their allies marched down the Paseo Colón for San José’s annual pride parade. The pride parade took place this year following two historic acts in Costa Rica for the LGBT community. President Luis Guillermo Solís raised the rainbow flag at the Casa Presidencial, and the Costa Rican Social Security System extended public insurance benefits to same-sex couples for the first time ever. But the Diversity Movement, a LGBT rights advocacy group, has its eyes set on another brass ring: same-sex marriage. “It’s an honor for us to be who we are and not feel discriminated against. We shouldn’t miss this opportunity to show the people of Costa Rica that we’re normal, socially responsible, equal, and that we deserve the same rights as the rest of the population,” Diversity Movement President Marco Castillo told The Tico Times in a telephone interview. The Center for Research and Promotion of Human Rights in Central America released a survey in May reporting that 56.5 percent of Costa Ricans support legal recognition of same- sex relationships. Castillo said the Diversity Movement would not turn down any extension of same-sex unions in Costa Rica, but he stressed that they would continue to push for same-sex marriage as their ultimate goal. 1. What does LGBT stands for? ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ 2. What two achievement does the LGBT community celebrate this year? __________________________________ ___________________________________
  3. 3. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets 3. What’s the ultimate goal of the LGBT movement? ____________________________________ 4. What characteristic does the LGBT community want to show to society? ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 5. According to the article ___________________ a) Less than half of the population show support for same sex marriage b) More than a sixty percent show support for same sex marriage c) Less than a sixty percent show support for same sex marriage d) A small percentage of people show support for same sex marriage Out of the text question What is an LGBT ally? __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________
  4. 4. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets President Solis and an anti-racism convention “We’re aware that the populations most affected in our country are those found in vulnerable conditions, like the case of Afro-descendent or indigenous peoples, migrants, or any number of minorities. For them and all, the principles of equality and non-discrimination should prevail,” Solís said in a statement. The anti-racism convention would establish the government’s obligation to prevent, eliminate and punish racism, and codify protected rights. “Every human being is equal under the law and has a right to equal protection against racism, racial discrimination, and related forms of intolerance in any sphere of life, public or private,” article 2 of the convention states. In August, Costa Rican lawmakers approved a bill in a first-round vote to reform Costa Rica’s Constitution to redefine the Central American country as a “multiethnic and plurinational” republic. ZACH DYER - OCTOBER 1, 2014 – Tico Times 1. According to President Solis , who are the most vulnerable people to racism? a) __________________________ b) __________________________ c) __________________________ 2. What does the anti-racism convention establish? a) _________________________ b) _________________________ c) _________________________ 3. What does the anti-racism covention protect minorities from? a) _________________________________ b) _________________________________ c) ___________________________________
  5. 5. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets Elderly Abandonment in Costa Rica According to Fernando Morales, director of Hospital Blanco Cervantes, local hospitals generally see a 20 percent increase in cases in December in which families come, leave their disabled grandma or grandpa and take off. Costa Rican public hospitals report a total of 500 cases annually. “People want to be in peace with liberty to enjoy the festivities,” said Morales in explaining the Christmastime phenomenon. “They see [their elderly] as an obstacle.” Morales said the number of reported abandonments has climbed in recent years, as hospital officials have become more vigilant in documenting cases. Melba Quesada, director of social work at San José’s Hospital Mexico, said said she collaborates with families to draw up solutions in which responsibility is shared, and in which caring for a relative doesn’t fall to just one person. “Our work is not to punish, but to work with them,” said Quesada, who mentioned that abandonment can come with a sentence with up to two years in prison. She said, “People need to understand that hospitals aren’t depositories for their elderly.” True or false Identify if these sentences are true and false a) Less people are abandoned in hospital during the christmas time ( ) b) Some Costa Rican see the elderly as an obstacle ( ) c) Abandonment of the elderly has increase over the years ( ) d) The responsibility for the elderly must to just one person ( ) e) The abandonment of the elderly doesn’t receive any kind of sentence ( ) f) Hospital are depositories for the elderly ( )
  6. 6. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets People with Disabilities Battled for Equal Access In May, advocates complained of a lack of job opportunities, poor distribution of information about disabled rights and assistance programs, and limited access to public spaces. Just days after the May 29 10th anniversary of the passage of the equalaccess law, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court (Sala IV) rejected the first of 14 lawsuits filed by bus companies against the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MOPT) for the announcement authorities would fine buses without wheelchair ramps. The 1996 law gave these companies until 2003 to install the ramps, but most haven’t. The court ruling allowed Transit Police to start handing out fines of ¢30,000 (approximately $60) to these buses in May, giving them three months to install ramps or face being taken out of circulation. However, bus company owners complained that enforcement of the law could cause a shortage of public transportation. Tico Times 2006 Complete the following sentences using information from above 1. Advocate for people with disabilities complained for _______________________________________________ and ________________________________________________. 2. Most of bus companies haven’t installed________________ in their buses and because of that companies can receive ________________________ and can be ___________________________ 3. The main complain of bus company owner is :__________________________________________________
  7. 7. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets 1. The text talks about __________________________________ violence against women. a. The absence of b. New Chinese laws on c. Psychological and sexual d. Government policies to reinforce 2. In china ________________________________________________________ a. Many laws protect women from sexual abuse b. Every single women has suffered some kind of abuse c. 28 million girls had to work in India and Bangladesh d. More than eighty percent of women have been sexually harassed 3. The article says that some organizations met to ___________________ beaten women a. Find solutions to eradicate b. Establish the celebration of c. Abuse the representatives of d. Seek the representatives to harm 4. Statistics show that in America___________________________________________________ a. More than 86% of women are abused b. The problem of beaten women overpasses the 50% c. There are more cases of harassed women than in China d. There are fewer cases of harassed women than in China Violence and Discrimination “Beat” Women Worldwide discrimination against women was denounced recently through the United Nation Organization (ONU, in Spanish). In Asia, for instance, more than 28 million girls work to survive in India and Bangladesh. In China, 86% of women are said to have suffered from sexual harassment some time in life; there is no law to protect them though. In America, statistics show that from20% to 50% of women have been victims of physical, sexual or psychological violence from their partners. As a part of the Women’s International Day celebration, government and other groups’ representatives met in San Jose, Costa Rica, to discus the establishment of the National Policy for Equality and Equity of Gender.
  8. 8. English Language Learning and Teaching Minority Groups Make sure to visit for additional information and worksheets Women Rights 5. The English feminist movement started______________________________ a. After the 19th century in the Western world b. Two centuries before that in England c. before the 18th century d. in the 1800s 6. One of the first women’s rights documents was called the ____________________ a. Declaration of Sentiments b. Simone de Beauvoir c. Feminist Movement d. Woman Question 7. After women got involved within the abolition movements, women_____________________________ a. Opened their eyes to the issues of male dominance b. Wrote a detailed analysis of the women’s situation c. Criticized the new role of women within society d. Planted the roots of sentiments 8. A revolution in the Western world changed women conditions ________________________________ a. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s b. During the 18th and 19th centuries c. in the 1800’s d. After 1970 Women’s rights refer to the social and human rights of women. One of the first women’s rights declarations was the “declaration of sentiments”. From women’s involvement within the abolition movements, women became aware of male dominance and oppression. From then on, women struggled for equality. The history of feminism reaches way back before the 18th century, but the seeds of the feminism movement were planted during the last part of that century. The earliest works on the so- called “women question” criticized the restrictive role of women, without necessarily claiming that women were disadvantaged. In England, the feminist movement began in the 1800s and continues to the present. In the early 20th century, Simone de Beauvoir wrote a detailed analysis of women’s oppression. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a revolution substantially changed the condition of women in the Western world. The trigger (something that produce an immediate result) for the revolution was the development of the birth control pill in 1960, which gave women access to easy and reliable contraception.