IC Accounting<br />1<br />Developed for<br />Insert Client<br />Logo Here<br />Outlining the Principles of IC Accounting<b...
The Challenge!<br />2<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting – Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
Why would anyone want to increase				their balance sheet?<br />there are many reasons ...<br />Litigation<br />Transfer Pr...
Importance of Intellectual Capital<br />Intellectual Capital = Intangible Assets – so what is changed:<br />Immaterial val...
Intangible Assets – some examples<br />Computer Software<br />Patents<br />Trademarks<br />Brand Names<br />Copyrights<br ...
What Is Intellectual Capital?<br />				(some illustrations, not definitions)<br />... the sum of an organization’s patents...
What Is Intellectual Capital?<br />Intellectual Capital is considered as the resource that creates invisible or intangible...
Knowledge vs Intellectual Capital<br />85%<br />15%<br />8<br />AREOPA sc - L&KM – The Knowledge Evolution (sc-KM S&M-BD20...
4 Approaches for Measuring Intangibles<br />Direct Intellectual Capital methods (DIC): Estimate the $-value of intangible ...
4 Approaches for Measuring Intangibles<br />Scorecard Methods (SC): The various components of intangible assets or intelle...
The Fundamental Dilemma<br />The main problem with measurement systems is that it is not possible to measure social phenom...
What could it mean for the Accounting World?<br />Importance of Intellectual Capital and Intangible Assets<br />Immaterial...
International Accounting Standards (IAS)IAS 36 Impairment of Assets / IAS 38 Intangible Assets<br />13<br />AREOPA sc - IC...
Intellectual Capital CalculationBuilding Blocks – elements/phenomena<br />14<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outl...
Intellectual CapitalIdentification, Measuring and Reporting in Practice<br />Some of the Gurus<br />Internationally, a num...
Karl-Erik Sveiby’s Matrix on the Methods for Measuring Intangibles<br />16<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlin...
AREOPA’sIC 4-Leaf Model®– 15 categories<br />17<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100...
AREOPA’s Intellectual Capital CalculationExample – Non Structuralized Human Capital<br />18<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Ac...
AREOPA’s Intellectual Capital CalculationExample – Non Structuralized Human Capital<br />19<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Ac...
Areopa’s Positioning on Karl-Erik Sveiby’s Overview<br />20<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the princip...
Still too complex! Don’t know where to start!<br />21<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (s...
AREOPA’s <br />4-Leaf Modelâ<br />IC Balance<br />Sheet<br />Added Value<br />Parameters-Variables<br />IC Assets<br />Pro...
The fundamentals of accounting<br />23<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<...
IC Accounting:the same principles apply<br />24<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100...
Intellectual Capital Valuation: Book Value<br />(Net) Book Value =(Acquisition Cost + Enhancement Cost(s)) – (Depreciation...
Intellectual Capital Valuation: Future Potential<br />In addition to the Book Value of IC Assets we need to add a second p...
Intellectual Capital Valuation: 				Total Value Equation<br />Bringing the 2 elements (Book Value (BV) and Future Potentia...
AREOPA IICARuS™ Framework<br />28<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
(Financial) Balance Sheet<br />29<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
Intellectual Capital Balance Sheet<br />30<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+M...
Consolidated Balance Sheet<br />Assets are either Internal or External and vary fromhighly structured to not structured at...
IC balance sheet: follows the structure logic of the financial BS<br />32<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlini...
Consolidated Balance Sheet<br />Consolidated Balance Sheet shows the total value of the enterprise, combining financial wi...
AREOPA’s IC Accounting – in conclusion<br /><ul><li>Intellectual Capital is considered as the resource that creates invisi...
Ability to transform knowledge and intangible assets into wealth creating resources, by multiplying human capital with str...
Customer capital
Structural Capital
Strategic Alliance Capital</li></ul>77 phenomena’s<br />IC Calculation: <br />(Net) Book Value (BV) + Future Potential (FP...
35<br />AREOPA’s experience<br />The effects of adding<br />Intellectual Capital Assets<br />to a Traditional Balance Shee...
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Principles of IC Accounting

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Overview of AREOPA\'s approach to IC Calculation and IC Accounting - principles and positioning of IC - innovation for growth.

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Principles of IC Accounting

  1. 1. IC Accounting<br />1<br />Developed for<br />Insert Client<br />Logo Here<br />Outlining the Principles of IC Accounting<br />Identifying areas for Innovationand Sustainable Growth<br />Confidential, not to be disclosed without written approval of AREOPA<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  2. 2. The Challenge!<br />2<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting – Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  3. 3. Why would anyone want to increase their balance sheet?<br />there are many reasons ...<br />Litigation<br />Transfer Pricing<br />Mergers and Acquisitions<br />Financing<br />Joint Ventures<br />Capital Markets<br />Purchase Price Allocation (PPA)<br />Enforcement<br />Bankruptcy<br />...<br />3<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  4. 4. Importance of Intellectual Capital<br />Intellectual Capital = Intangible Assets – so what is changed:<br />Immaterial value of companies has greatly increased <br />relationships with business partners and brand awareness (relation capital), <br />ability to innovate (e.g.: R&D capital),<br />ability to multiply knowledge within an organization (structural capital)<br />Financial Accounting and traditinal management instruments are not able to capture these new values and report them!<br />An enhanced concept is needed for coporate reporting and new management tools, that will enable companies to manage these new drivers in a systematic way<br />Enhancing the capability of investors to better understand the value and the potential of the hidden intellectual resources of an enterprise in order to make better judgements about its capabilities to perform in the future.<br />4<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  5. 5. Intangible Assets – some examples<br />Computer Software<br />Patents<br />Trademarks<br />Brand Names<br />Copyrights<br />Motion Picture Films<br />Customer Lists<br />Mortgage Service Rights<br />Licenses<br />Import Quotas<br />Franchises<br />Concessions<br />Marketing Rights<br />Customer/Supplier relationships and contracts<br />5<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  6. 6. What Is Intellectual Capital?<br /> (some illustrations, not definitions)<br />... the sum of an organization’s patents, processes, employees’ skills, technologies, information about customers and suppliers, and old-fashioned experience ...<br />... an individual’s accumulated knowledgeand know-how [that] is the source of innovation and regeneration ...<br />... ability, skill, and expertise ... embedded in human brains ...<br />... knowledge that exists in anorganization that can be used to create differential advantage ... (Hugh MacDonald, ICL)<br />... intellectual capital that has been formalized, captured, and leveraged to produce a higher-valued asset ... (Klein and Prusak)<br />6<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  7. 7. What Is Intellectual Capital?<br />Intellectual Capital is considered as the resource that creates invisible or intangible sources of competitive advantages such as networks and organizational systems.<br />... a combination of human capital – the brains, skills, insights and potential in those of an organization – and structural capital – things like the capital wrapped up in customers, processes, databases, brands and IT systems. It is the ability to transform knowledge and intangible assets into wealth creating resources, by multiplying human capital with structural capital (Leif Edvinsson)<br />7<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  8. 8. Knowledge vs Intellectual Capital<br />85%<br />15%<br />8<br />AREOPA sc - L&KM – The Knowledge Evolution (sc-KM S&M-BD20100320)<br />
  9. 9. 4 Approaches for Measuring Intangibles<br />Direct Intellectual Capital methods (DIC): Estimate the $-value of intangible assets by identifying its various components. Once these components are identified, they can be directly evaluated, either individually or as an aggregated coefficient.<br />Market Capitalization Methods (MCM): Calculate the difference between a company’s market capitalization and its stockholders’ equity as the value of its intellectual capital or intangible assets.<br />Return on Assets methods (ROA): Average pre-tax earnings of a company for a period of time are divided by the average tangible assets of the company. The result is a company ROA that is then compared with its industry average. The difference is multiplied by the company’s average tangible assets to calculate an average annual earnings from the intangibles. Dividing the above-average earnings by the company’s average cost of capital or an interest rate, one can derive an estimate of the value of its intangible assets or intellectual capital<br />9<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  10. 10. 4 Approaches for Measuring Intangibles<br />Scorecard Methods (SC): The various components of intangible assets or intellectual capital are indentified and indicators and indices are generated and reported in scorecards or as graphs<br />10<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  11. 11. The Fundamental Dilemma<br />The main problem with measurement systems is that it is not possible to measure social phenomena with anything close to scientific accuracy<br />All measurement systems, including traditional accounting, have to rely on proxies, such as dollars, euros, and indicators that are far removed from the actual event or action that caused the phenomenon<br />This creates a basic inconsistency between manager’s expectations, the promises made by the method developers and what the system can actually achieve and makes the systems very fragile and open to manipulation<br />11<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  12. 12. What could it mean for the Accounting World?<br />Importance of Intellectual Capital and Intangible Assets<br />Immaterial value of companies has greaty increased in the last two decades through:<br />relationships with business partners and brand awereness (customer/partner capital)<br />ability to innovate (e.g. R&D capital)<br />ability to multiply knowledge within the organization (structural capital)<br />Financial accounting and traditional management instruments are not able to capture these new values and report on them<br />What is needed is an enhanced concept for corporate reporting and new management tools that will enable companies to manage these new drivers in a systematic way.<br />This should enhance the capability of investors to better understand the value and the potential of the hidden intellectual resources of an enterprise in order to make better judgements about its capabilities to perform in the future.<br />12<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  13. 13. International Accounting Standards (IAS)IAS 36 Impairment of Assets / IAS 38 Intangible Assets<br />13<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  14. 14. Intellectual Capital CalculationBuilding Blocks – elements/phenomena<br />14<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  15. 15. Intellectual CapitalIdentification, Measuring and Reporting in Practice<br />Some of the Gurus<br />Internationally, a number of firms, practitioners and consultants have begun experimenting with various ways of identifying, measuring and reporting IC within organizations. <br />New breeds of internal and external accounting systems have emerged<br />Danish guidelines (Jan Mouritzen – Denmark)<br />IC RatingTM- Skandia’s Navigator (Leif Edvinsson - Sweden)<br />Intangible Asset Monitor (Karl-Erik Sveiby - Australia)<br />Balanced Score Card (Kaplan & Norton – USA)<br />Citation – Weighted Patents (Nick Bontis – USA)<br />15<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  16. 16. Karl-Erik Sveiby’s Matrix on the Methods for Measuring Intangibles<br />16<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  17. 17. AREOPA’sIC 4-Leaf Model®– 15 categories<br />17<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  18. 18. AREOPA’s Intellectual Capital CalculationExample – Non Structuralized Human Capital<br />18<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  19. 19. AREOPA’s Intellectual Capital CalculationExample – Non Structuralized Human Capital<br />19<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  20. 20. Areopa’s Positioning on Karl-Erik Sveiby’s Overview<br />20<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  21. 21. Still too complex! Don’t know where to start!<br />21<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  22. 22. AREOPA’s <br />4-Leaf Modelâ<br />IC Balance<br />Sheet<br />Added Value<br />Parameters-Variables<br />IC Assets<br />Process Clusters<br />Costs<br />AREOPA’s ‘Wheel of Fortune’<br />15 IC Areas<br />4 Plain – 11 Hybrid<br />22<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  23. 23. The fundamentals of accounting<br />23<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  24. 24. IC Accounting:the same principles apply<br />24<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  25. 25. Intellectual Capital Valuation: Book Value<br />(Net) Book Value =(Acquisition Cost + Enhancement Cost(s)) – (Depreciation, Depletion or Amortization) +/- (Value Increase or Value Decrease)<br />General Accounting<br />Acquisition Cost or Historical Cost is the actual purchase price plus incidental costs incurred in getting the fixed asset in a condition and position ready for use, possibly supplemented with costs spend to improve, enhance or better the asset at a later stage. If the asset is self-produced: all direct costs (material, labour, expenses) and optionally an appropriate share of overhead costs (fixed, and variable) that can be assigned to the production of the asset.<br />IC Accounting<br />The book value of IC Assets can be assessed in exactly the same way as for Financial Assets: Historical Cost is the actual purchase price of the intangible assets which are bought (e.g. software licences, distribution rights, …) or the costs spend to ‘build’ an IC asset, such as training costs, R&D costs, marketing costs, etc… These costs can also be subject to depreciation or value adjustments due to special incidents or evolutions. Enhancement Costs are costs to sustain the value of the IC asset without which the value of the IC asset will “vanish” over time.<br />BV = (AC + EC) - D + (VI - VD) <br />BVIC = (ACIC + ECIC) )- DIC + (VIIC - VDIC) <br />25<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  26. 26. Intellectual Capital Valuation: Future Potential<br />In addition to the Book Value of IC Assets we need to add a second portion which expresses the Future Potential (FP) of the IC Asset on hand. This FP will be calculated based on the 77 added value calculation formula’s of AREOPA’s 4 leaf model<br />If we use the basic resources(BV) in the businessprocesses they will have to create “added value“<br />This added value is calculated by using the 77 formula’s <br />26<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  27. 27. Intellectual Capital Valuation: Total Value Equation<br />Bringing the 2 elements (Book Value (BV) and Future Potential (FP)) together allows us to complete the Total Value Equation of an IC Asset:<br /> whereby:<br /> and: <br />Each of these composing elements will have to be assessed, defined and computed while putting together the initial inventory of the IC assets of an organisation in preparation of the calculation of the IC value of all or a set of assets at preset intervals (monthly, quarterly, yearly) or the start of a continuous IC accounting exercise.<br />The most difficult part lies in the calculation of the future potential of each of the IC assets, since these potential margin contributions will depend on the nature of each asset and the parameters and variables “driving” the value creating potential of each individual asset. <br />TVIC = BVIC + FPIC<br />BVIC = (ACIC + ECIC) )- DIC + (VIIC - VDIC) <br />The formula’s which calculate the added value of the 77 phenomena’s<br />27<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  28. 28. AREOPA IICARuS™ Framework<br />28<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  29. 29. (Financial) Balance Sheet<br />29<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  30. 30. Intellectual Capital Balance Sheet<br />30<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  31. 31. Consolidated Balance Sheet<br />Assets are either Internal or External and vary fromhighly structured to not structured at all<br />Assets are:<br />either owned by the company (explicit)<br />or borrowed from 3rd parties: staff, customers,alliances, partners, public authorities<br />31<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  32. 32. IC balance sheet: follows the structure logic of the financial BS<br />32<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  33. 33. Consolidated Balance Sheet<br />Consolidated Balance Sheet shows the total value of the enterprise, combining financial with IC elements<br />The assets side gives a clear insight into the relative values of ALL assets, offering THE ultimate management tool to managers<br />The liabilities side shows how assets are ‘financed’, i.e. ‘who owns’ the assets<br />Balance Sheet analytics can be developed in line with BS analysis concepts which already exist for the ‘classical’ BS <br />33<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  34. 34. AREOPA’s IC Accounting – in conclusion<br /><ul><li>Intellectual Capital is considered as the resource that creates invisible or intangible sources of competitive advantages such as networks and organizational systems.
  35. 35. Ability to transform knowledge and intangible assets into wealth creating resources, by multiplying human capital with structural capital (Leif Edvinsson)</li></ul>AREOPA’s 4-Leaf Model®<br /><ul><li>Human Capital
  36. 36. Customer capital
  37. 37. Structural Capital
  38. 38. Strategic Alliance Capital</li></ul>77 phenomena’s<br />IC Calculation: <br />(Net) Book Value (BV) + Future Potential (FP)BV= [(Acquisition Cost + Enhancement Cost(s)) – (Depreciation, Depletion or Amortization) +/- (Value Increase/Decrease)FP of IC assets calculated based on 77 added value calculation formula’s <br />IC Accounting & Reporting - ICARUS®<br />follows the structure logic of the financial balance sheet<br />34<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  39. 39. 35<br />AREOPA’s experience<br />The effects of adding<br />Intellectual Capital Assets<br />to a Traditional Balance Sheet<br />5 – 12 times leveraged<br />When IC is applied<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  40. 40. AREOPA has the IC calculator … ... you just provide the variables.<br />36<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  41. 41. Go to Market – Intellectual Capital Calculation & Accounting (ICC&A)<br />Unique Selling Point<br />Today, the intangible assets of the knowledge economy become more and more important. AREOPA is the only company in the world offering a real monetary valuation system for intellectual capital calculation and accounting.<br />Entirely based on existing IAS 38 international accounting standard for intangible valuation. Total system based on classical accounting concepts, such as balance sheets and P&L statements.<br />AREOPA has developed a completely new accounting framework (ICARUS®) for this knowledge based economy, with new rules, journal entries, inventory valuation, etc. <br />IC Calculation (ICC) is based on the 4-Leaf Model®(Human Capital, Structure Capital, Customer Capital, Alliance Capital). An econometrics approach has identified 77 Added Value Creating Phenomena (AVCP), based on 920 parameters and variables. It defines the total IC value of an organization.<br />AREOPA’s expertise has been recognized worldwide (RICARDIS standard European IC calculation, GICS in Beijing, Stock Exchanges, Banks, etc).<br /><ul><li>Equity funds
  42. 42. Venture Capitalists
  43. 43. M&A specialists
  44. 44. Investment bankers
  45. 45. Commercial bankers
  46. 46. IT companies
  47. 47. Ranking companies
  48. 48. Trade unions
  49. 49. Intellectual property traders
  50. 50. IP law firms</li></ul>Target Markets<br /><ul><li>Accountancy, financial & tax experts
  51. 51. Auditors (external / internal)
  52. 52. Companies listed on the stock exchange </li></ul>37<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  53. 53. AREOPA - Provoking Innovative Intelligence<br />AREOPA is the leading-edge<br />knowledge and practice provider<br />managing organizational change<br />creating leverage for our partners and<br />“excelleration” in business performance<br />For CUSTOMERS<br />Guaranteed predictable and sustainable results<br />AREOPA<br />Challenging the<br />KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY<br />and bringing the standards of<br />INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL to market.<br />38<br />AREOPA sc - ICC&A – IC Accounting - Outlining the principles (sc20100310+MoU)<br />
  54. 54. 39<br />

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