The Origins of Rock • Rock n’ Roll sound came out of African-American culture and the Blues, with artists such as Robert Johnson and Leadbelly up to Muddy Waters.•Chuck Berry and Elvis Presleypioneered the sound of rock inthe 1950’s, using electric guitarsand youth-oriented lyrics.•Also comes the “BritishInvasion.”
The 1960’s• Rock in the sixties was influenced by revolutionary thinking, social issues such as the war in Vietnam and segregation, and the use of narcotics such as LSD.• The sixties counterculture, in revolt against the conservative fifties, produced hippies, free concerts, and new ideas that are still controversial today.
The 1960’s •Motown (Supremes, Aretha Franklin)• Folk Rock (Bob Dylan, Joan Baez)• Acid Rock (Jefferson Airplane, Cream)• Garage Rock (The Standells, The Who)
The 1970’s • Punk Rock (New York Dolls, Clash) • Progressive Rock (Genesis, Yes)•Heavy Metal (Black Sabbath)•New Wave (Cure, Blondie)•Also, Rolling Stones, PinkFloyd, Led Zeppelin, etc.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF METAL• February 13,1970 –Black Sabbath releases their debut album, marking the beginning of metal.• Other early metal bands include• Judas Priest * KISS• AC/DC• New Wave of British Heavy metal• Iron Maiden * Motorhead• Def Leppard * Quiet Riot
• Early American metal:• Motley Crue * Twisted Sister• Bands considered “classic metal:”• AC/DC * Judas Priest• Black Sabbath * Scorpions• Iron Maiden * Def Leppard
Divisions of Metal• Power metal (Dragonforce, Steel Dragon)• Black metal(Slayer,Venom,Morbid Angel)• Thrash metal(Megadeth,Death Angel,Testament)• German Speed metal(Sodom,Celtic Frost,Kreator)• Glam metal(Cinderella,Guns N’ Roses,WASP)• metalcore(Napalm Death, Bolt Thrower)• Funk metal (Red Hot Chili Peppers,Fishbone)• Alternative metal(Jane’s Addiction,Soundgarden)• Death metal(Cannibal Corpse,Sepultura)
• Avant-garde metal (Arcturus,Pan-thy-monium)• Scandinavian Black metal (Immortal,Emperor)• Doom metal (Pentagram,The Obsessed)• Nu metal (Slipknot, Korn)• Metallic Techno (Godflesh,Atari Teenage Riot)• Rap metal (Public Enemy, Ice-t)
Ska’s Background• Ska is a type of Jamaican music combining elements of traditional Mento and Calypso with an American Jazz and Rhythm and Blues sound• It is notable for its walking bassline, shuffling, scratchlike tempo, accented guitar or piano rhythms on the offbeat and more frequently in later revivals, jazz-like horn riffs
Ska Musicians• Skatalites• Desmond Dekker• The Heptones• The Specials• The Toasters• The Aquabats• The Slackers
Reggae’s Background• Developed in Jamaica in the 1960’s• Combines elements from American Soul Music with the traditional shuffle and one-drop of Jamaican Mento/Calypso• Evolved from Rocksteady, which evolved from Ska
Reggae Musicians• Bob Marley & The Wailers• Peter Tosh• Bunny Wailer• Jimmy Cliff• Burning
Origins• Began around 1974-75• Term “punk rock” coined by Dave March, a music critic for Cream magazine.• Originated in UK, US, and Australia.• Describes not just a music genre, but is associated with an entire subculture.
Band s• R am one s• S e x P is tols• N e w York D olls• Th e D am ne d• Th e C las h
Sub Genres• Crust• Horror Punk• Garage Punk• Oi!
Sub Genres • Crust punk, also known as anarcho-punk, combines metal and punk rock. • Horror punk, started by the Misfits, includes taking on a horror film persona through makeup, etc. Lyrics are horror film influenced. • The “Oi!” music genre has an emphasis on not making political statements.
Characteristics• Emphasis on do-it-yourself aesthetic.• Original subject matter involves politics and putting down the institution.• Ideology includes anti-conformity, aggression, angst, etc.
Local Punk Bands Include…• Christgun• The High Tops• Stiff Jimmy & the Viagras• Media Blitz• Knock Out