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Antibiotics Fact Sheet

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Provided messaging and copy for science-based fact sheet about antibiotic use in agriculture.

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Antibiotics Fact Sheet

  1. 1. KEEPING ANIMALS HEALTHY AND YOUR FOOD SAFE The importance of livestock antibiotics goes well beyond the farm. Keeping farm animals healthy protects the food we eat and keeps us healthy. Farmers do their very best to care for their animals by providing shelter, clean and nutritious food and veterinary care. But sometimes, farm animals do get sick. Antibiotics are an important and humane tool used to comfort and treat livestock in time of illness. Bacteria-fighting medicine Antibiotics are substances that stop or slow the growth of dangerous bacteria such as salmonella or E. coli. As humans we use them to treat and prevent certain bacterial infections.1 Farmers use antibiotics in animals for the same reason. watchusgrow.org 2 2 Safe food starts with farmers. A close partnership between a farmer and veterinarian means a judicious use of medication and maintaining accurate records.4 Before any medicine is approved to use, the FDA determines the amount of time it takes for an antibiotic to clear an animal’s system before it enters the food supply, to make sure your food is safe.4 Before food production After food production The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) regularly tests food to ensure it is antibiotic free. USDAFDA Multiple checkpoints ensure a safe food supply Categories of animal antibiotics2 Treatment Control Prevention Used to control the spread of a disease on a farm Used to prevent the spread of disease between animals Used to treat an ill animal Growth Sometimes used in beef cattle and overseen and regulated by the FDA, growth hormones (steroid implants) are used at specific stages of animals’ growth to improve their ability to convert feed to muscle. Implants are placed in the animal’s ear and have a zero-day withdrawal, meaning the meat from the animal is safe to eat at any time after receiving the implant. Growth hormones are not used in dairy, pigs or poultry.
  2. 2. References: 1. Microbiology Society: https://microbiologysociety.org/education-outreach/antibiotics-unearthed/antibiotics-and-antibiotic-resistance/what-are-antibiotics-and-how-do-they-work.html | 2. Animal Antibiotics: https://animalantibiotics.org/antibiotics-used-farm- animals/ | 3. Food and Drug Administration: https://www.fda.gov/animalveterinary/safetyhealth/productsafetyinformation/ucm055436.htm | 4. Animal Health Institute: https://www.ahi.org/issues-advocacy/animal-antibiotics/benefits-of-antibiotics/ | 5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/index.html | 6. Food and Drug Administration: https://www.fda.gov/animalveterinary/guidancecomplianceenforcement/guidanceforindustry/ucm216939.htm | 7. Animal Health Institute: https:// www.ahi.org/issues-advocacy/animal-antibiotics/fact-or-fiction-common-antibiotic-myths/ | 8. United States Department of Agriculture: https://agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_1_US/ A new way to look at farm animal antibiotic use It’s true more antibiotics are used with animals, but that’s because there are 23 times more farm animals in the U.S. than humans.7 There are 9.3 billion farm animals compared to only 326 million people.8 Antibiotics provide much needed relief to farm animals.They also require careful monitoring and responsible use.4 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Ionophores Tetracyclines Penicillin Cephalosporin Sulfa HUMANS ANIMALS Antibiotic resistance Farmers and veterinarians share your concern. Sometimes bacteria become resistant to antibiotics after repeated exposure. When this happens the bacteria multiply and antibiotics become less effective.5 Preventing antibiotic resistance Veterinarians and medical professionals are working together to ensure approved animal antibiotics are safe and do not promote human resistance. One of the best ways to prevent human resistance is to separate those which are medically important for humans from those used in animals.6 The most common antibiotics used in animal agriculture, ionophores and tetracyclines, are used in less than 4 percent of humans.2 Penicillin, cephalosporin and sulfa are the most common human antibiotics and are used in less than 10 percent of animals.2 Responsibly using a necessary tool

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