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Detailed lesson plan in biology

Lesson Plan in Biology Guide.

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Detailed lesson plan in biology

  1. 1. A Detailed Lesson Plan in Biological Sciences Prepared by: Jonessa U. Gurrea I. Objectives: A. At the end of one-hour and thirty minutes discussion 90% of the students will be able to have 95% mastery of the light and dark reaction in the process called photosynthesis. B. At the end of the discussion the students will be able to differentiate and define the different steps for both light dependent and independent reactions. II. Subject Matter: BIO11- Biological Sciences: Photosynthetic Light & Dark Reaction III. Materials: Colored papers- for star shaped cut-outs. Illustration board- used for showing the different steps of light & reaction mechanism in a closer look. Projector Screen & Projector- for multimedia presentation. III. Procedure: A. Learning Activities Teacher’s Activities Student’s Activities “Good afternoon class.” “How are you today? I presume that you are prepared to listen in our lesson but before that please lead us the prayer Ricson.” “Thank you Ricson” (Teacher checks the attendance) “I guess everyone’s present. So class, fasten your seatbelts as we travel to a plant food production journey. Be cautious along the way, there might be questions that needs answers. You’ll surely wouldn’t like to miss the points it will give. “Have you ever ask yourselves class why we buy foods for our consumption? Why can’t our system produce our own food “Good afternoon Ma’am”. (Ricson leads the opening prayer.) “You’re welcome ma’am”. “Wow! That sounds interesting Ma’am!” One student raise his hand.
  2. 2. supply to sustain our daily living?” Just like the plants, they produce their food. They even produce/serve as foods for us human beings. Am I right?” “Yes Vince, do you have something in mind?” “You have a good idea Vince; plants fall under the category of producers. They have the ability to produce food on their own in the process called what…?” “Yes Ma’am, you are right. Plants are producers and we animals are the consumers. It is because we cannot produce our own food but plants do in a chemical process called photosynthesis.” “Photosynthesis Ma’am” (All students said in unison.) Teacher’s Activities Student’s Activities “Everyone will get a pink star for being participative today, and Vince will received red star for sharing his thoughts.” “Yes Carmel?” “Oh, when you get a red star it means you’ve garnered 5pts for oral participation and pink star for 2pts. So next time you should participate.” “Let’s proceed” “Photosynthesis is a process used by plants to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms' activities. It has two parts; first the light reaction and second the dark reaction.” “Good question Nessa.” “To answer that take a look at this illustrations. They’re pretty colorful right? This is the thylakoid membrane found in the leaf of a plant. It is in this place that the light reaction occur.” (One student raises his hands.) “What is that pink and red star represent Ma’am? “I see, thanks Ma’am” “Why is it called light reaction Ma’am?” Asked Nessa. “Yes, very colorful indeed”
  3. 3. “It is called light reaction because this occur in the presence of the sunlight. Dark reaction on the other hand occurs in the absence of light.” (The teacher points out the illustrated board for the students’ reference.) “Let us go back to the first step of photosynthesis, the light-dependent reactions is a process by which plants capture and store energy from sunlight. In this process, light energy is converted into chemical energy, in the form of the energy- carrying molecules ATP and NADPH. In the light-independent reactions, the formed NADPH and ATP drive the reduction of CO 2 to more useful organic compounds, such as glucose. However, although light- independent reactions are, by convention, also called dark reactions, they are not independent of the need of light, for they are driven by ATP and NADPH, products of light. They are often called the Calvin Cycle or C3 Cycle. “For a better picture, let’s watch this video” “Okay now I want you to write something about the video you just watched in a clean sheet of paper.” “If you’re done please submit it here. Since we don’t have enough time to continue our discussions today please read in advance our next topic which is the dark reaction. Please familiarize its steps.” “Vince kindly lead us the closing prayer.” “Thank you very much Vince, Class remember to keep your earned stars because I’ll be collecting that at the end of the semester, is that clear?” “You’re welcome, Good Bye class, its nice meeting you today.” (The students are focused on the illustrated materials.) (The students are focused on video presentation.) “Yes Ma’am”. “Yea Ma’am! Thank you.” “Good Bye Ms. Jonessa.”
  4. 4. IV. Evaluation The teacher will let the students watch a video of the detailed steps of the Light Dependent reaction and write a reflection about it. V. Assignment In continuation of the first discussion, the teacher tasked the class to read in advance what Dark Reaction is about, its steps, and how it is different from the light reaction.