My slide deck from the EXCHAiNGE conference in Frankfurt, 24-25 June 2014, focusing on how the collaborative economy impacts the supply chain. The research relies heavily on the work done by Jeremiah Owyang in this space.
The Maker Movement: People are making their own goods, with Etsy and 3D printers
From 1 to 6: The collaborative economy is a major disruption
• If social media has been big, then you can’t imagine what this could potentially mean to businesses.
• In the collaborative economy people are sharing 6 things:
1. Goods (e.g. Yerdle, get physical things from your neighbour)
2. Services (on Taskrabbit and oDesk people are sharing their time)
3. Space (e.g. AirBnB, and Liquidspace on the business side)
4. Transportation (e.g. ride sharing rather than buying cars anew)
5. Money (sharing money, crowd-funding)
6. Food (e.g. Feastly, connecting homechefs, or LeftoverSwap)
How big is it today?
• An average car that is properly shared reduces the need for 9 cars. It changes over a million dollars of
ecosystem impact. (UC Berkeley, 2013)
• 75% expect to share over the next 5 years. (Sharable Magazine, 2013)
• In the past 12 months almost 25% have used the latest generation of sharing sites or apps, such as Etsy,
TaskRabbit, Uber, Airbnb and Kickstarter. (Vision Critical, 2014)
• It’s heavily funded (and will not go away). For example: In June 2014, Uber raised $1.2 billion in it’s last
funding round (at a $17 billion valuation).
Why do people share?
Source: “Sharing is the new buying”. A report by Crowd Companies and Vision Critical, 2014.
Is it mostly a US thing?
• No, quite the contrary. The Americans
are among those least willing to share.
• The Asia-Pacific, Latin America and
Middle East/Africa seem more ready to
tap the potential of the sharing
• Why? Cultural differences around
ownership and access, what’s mine and
• “The American Dream is not about
ownership of products, but just access
3 business models in the collaborative economy
• Deploy the same tactics and strategies as the crowd and the startups.
• Three business models for big companies in the collaborative economy:
1. Turn products into services (rent, subscribe)
2. Turn services into marketplaces (motivate a two-sided marketplace, e.g. Marriot
using the AirBnB-model)
3. Activate your marketplace to create your products (everything co-; cannot tell
the difference between a customer and an employee)
Both BMW and Toyota launch on-demand car rentals in cities
• In 2050, there’s simply no enough space for all the cars in the world.
• Find your car using the app and return anywhere.
U-Haul Investors Club
• U-Haul invites the crowd to fund
their equipment and moving
• People invest in their assets and
get a dividend of the revenue
• They are tapping into a trend that
• They can set the terms that they
want (better than a bank).
• It’s about the highest form of
West Elm and Nordstrom dedicate shelfs for Etsy
• Re-selling these local, artisan goods in their stores.
• A crowd-based addition to their supply chain that drives additional store visits (and PR).
But why should you invite the crowd into your company?
• Basically, there’s two reasons why it’s a good idea: Efficiency gains + Developing a long-term
relationship with your customers.
• The crowd is good at: Innovation, flexibility and speed.
• Companies are good at: A trusted brand, consistency and scale.
The 1st step: Deploying social technologies in your supply chain
• Social media is much more than Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.
• Internal collaboration (and collaboration with external partners) has a huge upside as people use social
technologies to enhance communication, share knowledge and collaborate across the supply chain.
• A 20-25% potential productivity gain from working smarter (McKinsey 2012).
Three short-term opportunities from deploying social technologies
1. Demand management. What do customers want?
2. Operations/Lean. Empower employees, through the cloud, to share experiences, ideas and
3. Real-time data. Today, problems within the supply chain can be detected fairly quickly. Useful
for both exceptions management and risk management.
The 2nd step: The crowd-based supply chain
• Customers to be integrated into every business unit, from innovation, sourcing, production, to marketing,
distribution and sales.
• One way is to simply integrate crowd-produced goods into your supply chain, like the Etsy example.
• The notion of what a company is is being challenged as customers become employees.
• From consumers to partners: You need to partner with the crowd.
• How to get there? First you start using, then you start doing.
How to tap the crowd? A step-by-step guide.
1. Build a community of valuable connections (customers, experts, ambassadors etc.)
2. Ask your customers what they need. And what they are willing to pay for it.
3. Let them design, innovate, discuss, rate and vote.
4. Let them fund it.
5. Get their help in sourcing and manufacturing.
6. Get their help in distributing, marketing and selling the product or service.