Channels of NonverbalCommunicationBody CommunicationFacial CommunicationEye CommunicationTouch CommunicationParalanguage and SilenceSpatial MessagesArtifactual CommunicationTemporal Communication
Facial CommunicationFacial Management Techniques:1. Intensify2. Deintensify3. Neutralize4. Mask5. SimulateFacial Feedback1. Facial Feedback Hypothesis: Your facial expressionsinfluence your physiological arousal.
Eye CommunicationOcculesis: The study of messages communicated withthe eyes, which vary depending on the duration,direction, and quality of the eye behavior.Eye Contact1. To monitor feedback2. To secure attention3. To regulate the conversation4. To signal the nature of the relationship5. To signal statusEye Avoidance
Touch CommunicationTactile Communication: Communicationby touch, also referred to as Haptics.Meanings of TouchTouch Avoidance
ParalanguageParalanguage: The vocal but nonverbaldimension of speech. It has to do with themanner in which you say something rather thanwhat you say.1. Rate: Speed at which you speak2. Volume: Loudness or quietness of vocal speech3. Pitch: The highness or lowness of vocal tonePeople PerceptionPersuasion
SilenceFunctions of Silence1. Give speaker time to think2. Weapon to hurt others3. Response to personal anxiety4. Prevent Communication5. Communicate emotional responses6. Achieve specific affects7. Speaker has nothing to saySpiral of Silence: A theory that argues that you’remore likely to voice agreement than disagreement.
Spatial Messages AndTerritorialityProxemic Distances (4 types)1. Intimate Distance: Ranging from the closephase of actual touching to the far phase of 6-18 inches.2. Personal Distance: Ranges from 18 inches toabout 4 feet.3. Social Distance: Ranges from 4 feet to 12 feet.4. Public Distance: Ranges from12 feet to morethan 25 feet.
TerritorialityPrimary or Home Territories: Areas that you call yourown.Secondary Territories: Areas that don’t belong to you,but that you have occupied.Public Territories: Areas that are open to all people.Withdrawal: you simply leave the sceneTurf Defense: you defend the territory againstencroachmentInsulation: Involves erecting barriers between yourselfand those who would encroach on your territory.Linguistic Collusion: speaking in a way that intruders willnot understand either language or jargon.
Artifactual Communication-Messages conveyed by objects that are made byhuman hands.Space DecorationColor CommunicationClothing and Body AdornmentScentOlfactory Communication: Communicating bysmell.
Temporal CommunicationConsists of the messages communicated by your timeorientation and treatment of time.Chronemics- the study of the communicative function of time.Psychological Time- Refers to a person’s emphasis on, ororientation towards, the part, present or future.
Functions of NonverbalCommunicationForming and Managing ImpressionsForming and Defining RelationshipsStructuring Conversation and SocialInteractionInfluencing and DeceivingExpressing Emotions
Nonverbal Communication andCultureCulture and GestureCulture and Facial ExpressionCulture and Eye CommunicationCulture and TouchCulture, Paralanguage, and SilenceCulture and ColorsCulture and Time (Formal / Informal)Monochronism and Polychronism
YouTube ExamplesHere are 2 videos from YouTube that will help explainNonverbal Communicationhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VfDWQG47pAQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jl8xVhKZRHk&feature=pyv&ad=3807773923&kw=communication%20body%20language&gclid=CNGVkvntz6gCFQ4g2godemlggg