Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Weapons and Battles of the Great War Notes


Published on

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Weapons and Battles of the Great War Notes

  1. 1. Weapons of The Great War
  2. 2. The Machine Gun • Before the War – Great Britain • Dismissed the use of the machine gun • said it was an “improper form of warfare” – France • Thought the war could be won through an “offensive spirit” • The will to win would push the French troops forward; little need for the machine gun – Germany • The only country fighting on the western front to embrace the machine gun • Had produced 12,000 by the start of the war, compared with a few hundred for the allies
  3. 3. The Machine Gun • When the western front became a stalemate, the defensive war became an important one • Germans embraced this first – Led to British and French advances against German machine gun nests
  4. 4. The Machine Gun • Machine guns were known to overheat – Needed to be cooled – Two ways • Air – Not used until the end of the war; not successfully until after the war • Water – Made the machine gun too heavy for advancement with infantry – Used in defensive positions – When they would overheat, the gun would jam • Groups of machine guns would be placed in defensive positions together to cause the most damage
  5. 5. The Machine Gun • How it works – The explosion in the cartridge created a recoil which served to continuously operate the machine gun mechanism
  6. 6. Tanks • Before the War – Something very similar to a tank was nearly created during the Crimean war from 1854-1856 • Steam powered tractors using tracks were used to move things around the battle field • Ideas abandoned after the war’s end – In 1899 a “motor-war car” was proposed to the British government • It had – Bullet proof casing – Two revolving machine guns • Dismissed by the British Government; A “pretty mechanical toy”
  7. 7. Tanks • After stalemate had been reached on the Western front, new tactic needed – “Landship” was proposed – Similar to the armored car, only with tracks – Used a crew of 10 men – Produced by the British Royal Navy
  8. 8. Tanks • Troubles – Tanks had trouble riding over widened trenches – Sloppy weather slowed, or completely stopped tanks • Battle of Passchendaele • Successes – Scared the enemy as machine gun fire had no effect – Found that when aided by infantry, became an extremely potent weapon
  9. 9. Tanks • Germany – Germany did not really buy into the tank; went against defensive war strategy – Adolph Hitler learned the value of the tank supported by infantry • The backbone of his “Blitzkrieg” in World War 2
  10. 10. Airplanes • By 1914, the start of the war, airplanes had been around for 9 years • Two types – Pusher • Propeller on the back of the plain – Tractor • Propeller on the front of the plane – Tractor became most used
  11. 11. Airplanes • Evolution – Original use, also best use, throughout the war was for reconnaissance • Would find enemy position and radio back to the artillery • Extremely dangerous – From Waving to shooting • Pistols • Mounted machine guns – Two person planes • Machine gun mounted forward • Baron Manfred von Richtofen
  12. 12. Airplanes • Bombers – Not used greatly until the end of the war • Winston Churchill started using bombers in strategic bombings – Evolution • • • • Grenades Strafing Small Bombers Large Bombers
  13. 13. Airships • Zeppelins – Used by Germans • Could fly over London and attack the population • Not accurate enough for strategic bombings