Battle of the Great War Notes


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Battle of the Great War Notes

  1. 1. Highlights of the Great War Battles and Advances in Weapons
  2. 2. A War of Attrition Verdun-Feb. to Dec. 1916 ● The German Army did not believe they could break through ○ A different plan was needed ● Decided on a “War of Attrition” ○ The goal is not to take territory, but to inflict so many casualties the enemy will quit.
  3. 3. A War of Attrition It works. ● 400,000 French casualties during the battle ● 350,000 German casualties
  4. 4. The Somme - July 1916 to November 1916 To relieve pressure on the French at Verdun, the British planned an attack on the Germans at The Somme River ● The British started the battle with a 7 day artillery barrage ○ ○ ○ ○ The goal was to destroy the line so that the British troops could march right through The plan backfired, with the Germans hiding until the guns had stopped, then mowing down the British as they started across no man’s land After the first day of the attack, 60,000 British Casualties, 20,000 dead Total Casualties ■ British: 420,000 ■ French: 195,000 ■ German: 650,000
  5. 5. Jutland ● British ○ By the time the Great War starts, the British have introduced the Super Dreadnoughts ■ Orion Class ● Germans ○ Were unable to keep up with the British ■ Were using “U-Boats” (underwater boats) as main naval weapon
  6. 6. Jutland The Battle of Jutland is the only major naval engagement of the war. Both sides had built up great Navies, but neither really ended up using them. ● British engaged the German fleet and fought for approximately 12 hours ○ The battle ended in a draw
  7. 7. Aviation in the War ● By 1914, the start of the war, airplanes had been around for 9 years ● Two types ○ Pusher ■ ○ Tractor ■ ○ Propeller on the back of the plain Propeller on the front of the plane Tractor became most used
  8. 8. Aviation in the War ● Evolution ○ Original use, also best use, throughout the war was for reconnaissance ■ ■ Would find enemy position and radio back to the artillery Extremely dangerous ○ From Waving to shooting ■ ■ ■ Two person planes ■ ● ● Pistols Mounted machine guns Machine gun mounted forward Baron Manfred von Richthofen The Perils of Flying in WWI
  9. 9. Bombing Began with Airships ● German Zeppelins bombing Liege and London ● By the end of the war planes were being used