SlideShare a Scribd company logo

MODERN POLITICAL THEORIES.ppt

POLITICAL SCIENCE

MODERN POLITICAL THEORIES.ppt

1 of 41
Download to read offline
MODERN POLITICAL
THEORIES
Introduction
The discussion of political science
remains incomplete unless the political
theory is properly discussed. In the
discussion of political theory, there are
many questions that arise in your mind.
Every time you start to study political
science, the first thing you need to know
about and understand is political theory.
And in order to understand the political
theory, you have to face many problems.
Political Theory theory shape our thought
process towards society from where we
belong to. That is why as a student of
political science we should study
political theory. because it helps-
• To explain what is going on around us.
• To understand our rights and duties.
• To decide what should be or not should
be.
• To solve ethical problems.
• To understand political development
and political crisis in the world.
So it became necessary to clearly
understand the concept of political theory.
Once we understand the meaning of
political theory and what its functions are,
then it will be easy for us to figure
out why should we study political
theory in detail.
Ad

Recommended

Introduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative PoliticsIntroduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative PoliticsAmogh Kanjilal
 
Approaches to study the Political Science.pptx
Approaches to study the Political Science.pptxApproaches to study the Political Science.pptx
Approaches to study the Political Science.pptxfecoxi8718
 
Political theory vs. political ideology2
Political theory vs. political ideology2Political theory vs. political ideology2
Political theory vs. political ideology2Abir Chaaban
 
Introduction to Political Science
Introduction to Political ScienceIntroduction to Political Science
Introduction to Political ScienceAntonio Delgado
 
Nature and Scope of Political Science
Nature and Scope of Political ScienceNature and Scope of Political Science
Nature and Scope of Political ScienceAdan Butt
 
Behaviouralism ppt slideshare
Behaviouralism ppt slideshareBehaviouralism ppt slideshare
Behaviouralism ppt slideshareneethulekshmy
 
Traditional And Modern Approaches of Political Science
Traditional And Modern Approaches of Political ScienceTraditional And Modern Approaches of Political Science
Traditional And Modern Approaches of Political ScienceSaira Randhawa
 
Approaches to comparative politics
Approaches to comparative politicsApproaches to comparative politics
Approaches to comparative politicsanjalibedi512
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Ch. 1 What is Politics?
Ch. 1 What is Politics?Ch. 1 What is Politics?
Ch. 1 What is Politics?Rommel Regala
 
Comparative politics
Comparative politicsComparative politics
Comparative politicsKostyk Elf
 
Introduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics Introduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics atrantham
 
Political Theory and Ideology
Political Theory and IdeologyPolitical Theory and Ideology
Political Theory and IdeologyChristopher Rice
 
Political theory- An introduction
Political theory- An introductionPolitical theory- An introduction
Political theory- An introductionTiru Goel
 
Meaning Of Political Science
Meaning Of Political ScienceMeaning Of Political Science
Meaning Of Political ScienceShekhar598
 
Intro to comparative politics (10)
Intro to comparative politics (10)Intro to comparative politics (10)
Intro to comparative politics (10)north819
 
Introduction to political science
Introduction to political scienceIntroduction to political science
Introduction to political scienceNoel Jopson
 
Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4
Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4
Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4John Paul Tabakian
 
Comparative political system
Comparative political systemComparative political system
Comparative political systemYash Agarwal
 
Politics & political development
Politics & political developmentPolitics & political development
Politics & political developmentmustafa farooqi
 
The Nature and scope of political science
The Nature and scope of political scienceThe Nature and scope of political science
The Nature and scope of political sciencecliffordcomondi
 
Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science
Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science
Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science Saira Randhawa
 
Classification of states or government
Classification of states or governmentClassification of states or government
Classification of states or governmentzameerk546
 
Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8
Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8
Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8John Paul Tabakian
 
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISMPOLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISMGeorge Dumitrache
 
Political participation
Political participationPolitical participation
Political participationMahesh Patil
 

What's hot (20)

Political Theory
Political Theory Political Theory
Political Theory
 
Theories of Political Science
Theories of Political ScienceTheories of Political Science
Theories of Political Science
 
Ch. 1 What is Politics?
Ch. 1 What is Politics?Ch. 1 What is Politics?
Ch. 1 What is Politics?
 
Comparative politics
Comparative politicsComparative politics
Comparative politics
 
Introduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics Introduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics
 
Political Theory and Ideology
Political Theory and IdeologyPolitical Theory and Ideology
Political Theory and Ideology
 
Political theory- An introduction
Political theory- An introductionPolitical theory- An introduction
Political theory- An introduction
 
Behaviouralism
BehaviouralismBehaviouralism
Behaviouralism
 
Meaning Of Political Science
Meaning Of Political ScienceMeaning Of Political Science
Meaning Of Political Science
 
Intro to comparative politics (10)
Intro to comparative politics (10)Intro to comparative politics (10)
Intro to comparative politics (10)
 
Introduction to political science
Introduction to political scienceIntroduction to political science
Introduction to political science
 
Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4
Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4
Political Science 2 – Comparative Politics - Power Point #4
 
Comparative political system
Comparative political systemComparative political system
Comparative political system
 
Politics & political development
Politics & political developmentPolitics & political development
Politics & political development
 
The Nature and scope of political science
The Nature and scope of political scienceThe Nature and scope of political science
The Nature and scope of political science
 
Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science
Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science
Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science
 
Classification of states or government
Classification of states or governmentClassification of states or government
Classification of states or government
 
Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8
Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8
Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #8
 
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISMPOLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISM
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES - LENINISM
 
Political participation
Political participationPolitical participation
Political participation
 

Similar to MODERN POLITICAL THEORIES.ppt

meaning and scope of political science (1)
meaning and scope of political science (1)meaning and scope of political science (1)
meaning and scope of political science (1)Jaiveer Singh Suin
 
political_theory.pdf
political_theory.pdfpolitical_theory.pdf
political_theory.pdfWaniBasim
 
Political science: As an Academic Discipline
Political science: As an Academic DisciplinePolitical science: As an Academic Discipline
Political science: As an Academic DisciplineSabbir Ahmed Emon
 
Introduction to political science.pptx
Introduction to political science.pptxIntroduction to political science.pptx
Introduction to political science.pptxMemonMemon4
 
CHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.ppt
CHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.pptCHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.ppt
CHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.pptIsmael Buchanan
 
UCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdf
UCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdfUCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdf
UCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdfranniejhon
 
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.ppt
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.pptINTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.ppt
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.pptJonasAnciano1
 
Polsc22 1 introduction to political philosophy
Polsc22   1 introduction to political philosophyPolsc22   1 introduction to political philosophy
Polsc22 1 introduction to political philosophyYvan Gumbao
 
1611322892799.pptx
1611322892799.pptx1611322892799.pptx
1611322892799.pptxHhjjjh1
 
Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...
Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...
Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...Beth Salazar
 
CHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.ppt
CHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.pptCHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.ppt
CHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.pptIsmael Buchanan
 
The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...
The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...
The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...Marisela Stone
 

Similar to MODERN POLITICAL THEORIES.ppt (20)

meaning and scope of political science (1)
meaning and scope of political science (1)meaning and scope of political science (1)
meaning and scope of political science (1)
 
political_theory.pdf
political_theory.pdfpolitical_theory.pdf
political_theory.pdf
 
Political science: As an Academic Discipline
Political science: As an Academic DisciplinePolitical science: As an Academic Discipline
Political science: As an Academic Discipline
 
Introduction to political science.pptx
Introduction to political science.pptxIntroduction to political science.pptx
Introduction to political science.pptx
 
Political Ideologies
Political IdeologiesPolitical Ideologies
Political Ideologies
 
Political science
Political sciencePolitical science
Political science
 
Similarities Of Political Science And Politics
Similarities Of Political Science And PoliticsSimilarities Of Political Science And Politics
Similarities Of Political Science And Politics
 
CHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.ppt
CHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.pptCHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.ppt
CHAPT 2 INTRO TO POL SCI.ppt
 
UCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdf
UCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdfUCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdf
UCSP_Lesson 3_Understanding the Concept of Political Science.pdf
 
4 4-regional & national political science
4 4-regional & national political science4 4-regional & national political science
4 4-regional & national political science
 
Introduction to politics
Introduction to politicsIntroduction to politics
Introduction to politics
 
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.ppt
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.pptINTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.ppt
INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS.ppt
 
Polsc22 1 introduction to political philosophy
Polsc22   1 introduction to political philosophyPolsc22   1 introduction to political philosophy
Polsc22 1 introduction to political philosophy
 
1611322892799.pptx
1611322892799.pptx1611322892799.pptx
1611322892799.pptx
 
Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...
Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...
Roles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects...
 
185096_1634995037.ppt
185096_1634995037.ppt185096_1634995037.ppt
185096_1634995037.ppt
 
Political Science Essays
Political Science EssaysPolitical Science Essays
Political Science Essays
 
Political science
Political sciencePolitical science
Political science
 
CHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.ppt
CHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.pptCHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.ppt
CHAPT 1 INTRO TO POL SCI add.ppt
 
The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...
The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...
The Cultural Conflicts Existing Within The Discipline Of...
 

Recently uploaded

Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...
Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...
Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...SeedSystemsGroup
 
501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico
501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico
501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto RicoFirst Tee Puerto Rico
 
The State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later life
The State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later lifeThe State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later life
The State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later lifeCentre for Ageing Better
 
DLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docx
DLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docxDLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docx
DLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docxSaRah862902
 
Trading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standards
Trading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standardsTrading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standards
Trading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standardsResolutionFoundation
 
Materi Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptx
Materi Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptxMateri Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptx
Materi Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptxElvisJunior16
 
Extract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdf
Extract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdfExtract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdf
Extract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdfEnergy for One World
 
The Health Foundation Volunteer Form
The Health Foundation Volunteer FormThe Health Foundation Volunteer Form
The Health Foundation Volunteer Formthfhepatitis2007
 
MC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdf
MC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdfMC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdf
MC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdfARCResearch
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 7
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 72024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 7
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 7JSchaus & Associates
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 6
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 62024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 6
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 6JSchaus & Associates
 
UN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdf
UN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdfUN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdf
UN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdfEnergy for One World
 
2024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 2024
2024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 20242024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 2024
2024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 2024Energy for One World
 
Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...
Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...
Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...ResolutionFoundation
 
A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...
A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...
A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...Energy for One World
 
The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.
The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.
The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.Christina Parmionova
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...
Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...
Improved Seed for Nutrition and Food Security for Farming Communities in Mada...
 
501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico
501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico
501 c3 - Determination Letter - First Tee Puerto Rico
 
PPT LESSON G-9.pptx
PPT LESSON G-9.pptxPPT LESSON G-9.pptx
PPT LESSON G-9.pptx
 
The State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later life
The State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later lifeThe State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later life
The State of Ageing - understanding ethnic inequalities in later life
 
DLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docx
DLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docxDLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docx
DLL MATHEMATICS 6 DLL Quarter 3 Week4.docx
 
Trading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standards
Trading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standardsTrading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standards
Trading standards: How exposure to global trade shapes our living standards
 
Materi Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptx
Materi Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptxMateri Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptx
Materi Kemendagri 3. Paparan NUG SULUT 47 Tahun 21.pptx
 
Extract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdf
Extract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdfExtract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdf
Extract Slides: Munich Security Conference 2024_ Lose- Lose_ (3).pdf
 
The Health Foundation Volunteer Form
The Health Foundation Volunteer FormThe Health Foundation Volunteer Form
The Health Foundation Volunteer Form
 
Revised Investigative Report on City Officials
Revised Investigative Report on City OfficialsRevised Investigative Report on City Officials
Revised Investigative Report on City Officials
 
MC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdf
MC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdfMC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdf
MC_forecasts_finals series 17_feb2024.pdf
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 7
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 72024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 7
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 7
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 6
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 62024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 6
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 6
 
UN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdf
UN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdfUN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdf
UN Report: State of the Worlds Migratory Species report_E.pdf
 
World Radio Day 2024
World Radio Day 2024World Radio Day 2024
World Radio Day 2024
 
2024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 2024
2024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 20242024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 2024
2024 IEA Ministerial Communique- Paris 14th February 2024
 
Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...
Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...
Saving for today. And tomorrow. How to boost households' financial resilience...
 
A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...
A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...
A Simple Case for Re-building Trust (WEF Davos 2024)_ Energy, Transition, Cli...
 
The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.
The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.
The First Half Century (1894-1945) - Milestones in radio.
 
Rahil Foundation
Rahil Foundation Rahil Foundation
Rahil Foundation
 

MODERN POLITICAL THEORIES.ppt

  • 2. Introduction The discussion of political science remains incomplete unless the political theory is properly discussed. In the discussion of political theory, there are many questions that arise in your mind.
  • 3. Every time you start to study political science, the first thing you need to know about and understand is political theory. And in order to understand the political theory, you have to face many problems.
  • 4. Political Theory theory shape our thought process towards society from where we belong to. That is why as a student of political science we should study political theory. because it helps-
  • 5. • To explain what is going on around us. • To understand our rights and duties. • To decide what should be or not should be. • To solve ethical problems. • To understand political development and political crisis in the world.
  • 6. So it became necessary to clearly understand the concept of political theory. Once we understand the meaning of political theory and what its functions are, then it will be easy for us to figure out why should we study political theory in detail.
  • 7. What is Theory? The first term is a theory that you need to know; otherwise you will not understand anything of political theory. The English word ‘Theory’ comes from the Greek word ‘Theoria’ which means “a looking at, viewing, beholding”. In a sense of ancient Greek the theory is to gain knowledge of a particular phenomenon through thoughtfulness and intellectual insight. In general, the theory implies an analytical framework.
  • 8. But proponents of empiricism think that knowledge, which is based on some predetermined self-reflection and make a conclusion based on that, cannot be called as theory. According to them theory refers to Determines the inter- relationship between the various information obtained from the experience and presents it in a coherent and meaningful way. But the problem is that if the theory is based on only information by experiences then how we define the concept of Freedom, Equality, and Justice, and so on.
  • 9. So in general you can say that theory is a systematic study for systematic knowledge about a particular phenomenon based on abstract ideas, rational character, generality, and non- speculation in nature. The prime goal of the theory is to find out the human achievable truth.
  • 10. What is Political? Now you have to understand what politics is. Political mainly refers to power or authority. It also refers to influence, control, and use of physical force or threat. In Newspaper, we see a variety of issues related to the rape, racism, gender equality, political party, March against the government. Now the question is, are these political issues? Yes these issues are political because of all these issues related to power. And all these are linked to the government institutions.
  • 11. So it can be said that political refers to the power to take decisions by the government institutions about common life or society. Here political refers to power with (a government institution) and power to (common people and society). But is it not 100 percent true. Rajeev Bhargava in his book (Political Theory: An Introduction) explain political very accurately. He has used an example of women’s organization protesting against the exclusion or unequal treatment of women.
  • 12. So far as political has meant that the Woman Organization has never belonged to the political. Because the Woman Organization is not part of the government organization. But protest by women’s group is political. Their act is political. Women have long struggled against some social practice. Unequal treatment over them means the use of power over them by men or any social practices. Exercise of power in any type linked to the political and it refers to power over also.
  • 13. Political Theory The main point of this article is political theory. You have already got the meaning of Theory and Political and now you will learn what it means when these two words sit together. If theory refers to the systematic study for systematic knowledge about a particular phenomenon or issues then, political theory is the systematic study for systematic knowledge about political phenomena or issues.
  • 14. Again, it can be said that political theory is a theory that deals with political matters. Political theory is related to the science and philosophy of political affairs. A British political scientist David Held nicely defines political theory as “a network of concept and generalizations about political life involving ideas, assumptions and statements about the nature, purpose and key features of government, state and society and about the political capabilities of human beings”.
  • 15. Definition of Political Theory  POLITICAL THEORY is the study of politics, concepts, and the historical record of political thought.
  • 16. Objective in the Study of Political Theory Political Theory helps us better understand the concepts that have shaped our politics, including freedom, equality, individuality, democracy and justice. Importantly, Political Theory is the part of Political Science that explores what a better political world would look like and how we can create it.
  • 17. According to David Held, political theory is a 'network of concepts and generalizations about political life involving ideas, assumptions and statements about the nature, purpose and key features of government, state and society, and about the political capabilities of human beings'
  • 18. political theory is 'a series of concepts and concepts all about political life that incorporate ideas, assumptions and statements about the state, purpose and essential aspects of government, state and society, and human political power.
  • 19. Political theory is the study of how we ought to organize the forces that shape our lives. ... This course will therefore consider the whats, whys, and hows of the economy, culture, ecology, race, gender, spirituality, education, and most everything else that forms our social and political experience.
  • 20. Political theory is the study of political ideas and values like justice, power and democracy that we use to describe, understand and assess political practices and institutions.
  • 21. Father of Political Theory Some have identified Plato (428/427– 348/347 bce), whose ideal of a stable republic still yields insights and metaphors, as the first political scientist, though most consider Aristotle (384–322 bce), who introduced empirical observation into the study of politics, to be the discipline's true founder.
  • 22. Plato believes that conflicting interests of different parts of society can be harmonized. ... The best, rational and righteous, political order, which he proposes, leads to a harmonious unity of society and allows each of its parts to flourish, but not at the expense of others.
  • 23. Political Theory - a theory having to do with the political relationships among men specifically : one concerned with the organization and basis of government political theories are generated by social frictions — A. S. Kaufman.
  • 24. Political theory reflects upon political phenomenon, processes and institutions and on actual political behaviour by subjecting it to philosophical or ethical criterion. ... The theories are the results of thoughts and research of many scholars and exponents of political science.
  • 25. Political Theory According to Aristotle The aim of the Politics, Aristotle says, is to investigate, on the basis of the constitutions collected, what makes for good government and what makes for bad government and to identify the factors favourable or unfavourable to the preservation of a constitution.
  • 26. Traditional vs. Modern The traditional approaches are mostly legal, institutional, historical, descriptive in nature, while the modern approach is scientific, rational and analytical. ... They compare the functions performed by different institutions.
  • 27. Modern Political Theory critically examines the contemporary state of political theory, making an assessment of the achievement and limitations of the 'Behavioural Revolution' in its totality, and reviews objectively the major paradigms and conceptual frameworks adopted by the discipline.
  • 28. Theory vs. Ideology In simple terms, ideology can be identified as a way of thinking or a set of ideas that people uphold in a society. Theories, on the other hand, are a generalized thinking or a conclusion of something that is a result of an analysis.
  • 29. Functions of Political Theory Political theory helps to understand what is actually happening surrounding us and throughout the world as well. Political theory tells you how you do collect data from those political events and how to study it systematically. When women organizations protest against the government, there are definitely some reasons behind those protests. Political theory gives us theoretical/conceptual frameworks to explain the reasons for those protests. When we study women protest, the maximum time we use the conceptual frameworks like equality, empowerment, rights, justice, and so on.
  • 30. Political theory always tells us that the political events surrounding us are good or bad, right or wrong for all of us. The prime goal of political theory is to find out the truth from our society. The political theory also gives the criterion of how good and how bad that truth is.
  • 31. It helps us to understand about good order society and what makes society perfect. If anything wrong is happening related to politics then what will is the best solution also given by political theory.
  • 32. Philosophy, Social Science and Political Theory 1 The current state of political theory 2 Language 3 Liberalism 4 The decline of Marxism and the rise of communitarianism
  • 33. Law and Social Control 1 Law and social philosophy 2 Natural law 3 Law as command 4 Legal realism 5 Legal systems as systems of rules 6 Principles, rules and the law 7 Law and society 8 The rule of law
  • 34. The State 1 The state in political philosophy 2 Analysis of the state 3 The economic theory of the state 4 The organic theory of the state 5 Anarchism
  • 35. Authority and Power 1 Authority, power and coercion 2 The nature of authority 3 Some problems with power 4 Social theories of power
  • 36. Political Principles 1 Political principles and political philosophy 2 Logical positivism and emotivism 3 Universalisability and ethical pluralism 4 Contractarianism 5 Utilitarianism 6 Individualism 7 Marxism and collectivism 8 Feminism
  • 37. Justice 1 The problem of justice 2 The meaning of justice 3 Procedural justice 4 Social justice 5 Rawls's theory of justice
  • 38. Equality 1 The equality principle 2 Human nature and equality 3 Equality of opportunity 4 Equality, markets and resources 5 Equality, the family and feminism
  • 39. Liberty 1 Liberty in political philosophy 2 The meaning of liberty 3 Negative and positive liberty 4 Liberty as autonomy 5 John Stuart Mill and the value of liberty 6 Law, morality and paternalism
  • 40. Human Rights 1 Rights in political theory 2 Analysis of rights 3 Critics of rights 4 Human rights, economic and social rights and welfare
  • 41. The Public Interest and Democracy 1 The public interest 2 Democracy 3 Procedural democracy and the public interest 4 The radical critique of liberal democracy