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HIV AND AIDS SITUATION ANALYSIS FOR AWF

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HIV AND AIDS SITUATION ANALYSIS FOR AWF

  1. 1. AWF/TLCT STAFF SITUATION ANALYSIS ON HIV/AIDS UNDERSTANDING. Supported by USAID Done by Afya Bora Mobile Units (T) 2009.5cv
  2. 2. 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: 2 ACRONYMS 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: 4 1.0 INTRODUCTION 6 1 BACKGROUND OF THE HIV/AIDS SITUATION ANALYSIS. 6 1.1 Overall Objective 6 1.2 Specific Objectives 6 1.3 Context 6 2.0 SITUATION ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY. 6 2.1 SAMPLING TECHNIQUES 7 2.2 DATA COLLECTION: 7 2.3 DATA PROCESSING, ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION: 7 2.4 PROBLEM ENCOUNTERED / LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 8 3. FINDINGS: 8 3.1 FINDINGS FROM INDIVIDUAL RESPONDENTS WHERE QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED. 8 3.2 FINDINGS FROM FOCUS GROUP DISCUSION WHERE CHECKLIST WAS USED. 10 HIV/AIDS awareness: 10 AWF HIV/AIDS work place policy. 11 BEHAVIOURS: 12 ATTITUDES: 12 PRACTICES: 12 ORGANIZATION SWOT ANALYSIS IN DEALING WITH HIV/AIDS; 13 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS: 14 4. RECOMMENDATIONS 16 REFERENCES: 18 ANNEXES 19 ANNEX I. OUTPUTS FROM THE ANALYSIS. 19 ANNEX II. QUESTIONNAIRE 38 ANNEX 2. CHECKLIST FOR FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION 43
  3. 3. 2 Acknowledgement: The organization of ABMMU acknowledges gives thanks to all AWF and TLCT staff who participated in the process of HIV/AIDS situation analysis and who were willing to spare time for the interviews. We wish to thank all staff who were involved in this exercise, and dedicated their time to concentrate in the analysis for future wishes of coming up with technical gaps among AWF and TLCT staff to be filled by empowering them to implement HIV/AIDS programme.
  4. 4. 3 ACRONYMS ABMMU – Afya Bora Mobile Medical Unit (T) AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AWF – African Wildlife Foundation HIV – Human Ammonal deficiency Virus PLHIV – People Living with HIV SILC _ Savings and Internal Lending Communities. SPSS – Statistical Package for Social Sciences SWOT – Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat. TLCT – Tanzania Land Conservation Trust. VCT – Voluntary Counselling and Testing
  5. 5. 4 Executive summary: The African Wildlife Foundation, together with the people of Africa, works to ensure the wildlife and wild lands of Africa will endure forever, but this can not work without people and people need to be prepared in facing challenges of life where HIV/AIDS is one of the life challenges. In the recognition that HIV/AIDS is not a merely health issue but a multi- sectoral issue, AWF commissioned Afya Bora to provide support services to AWF and TLCT by providing HIV/AIDS intervention amongst Arusha based AWF and TLCT staff working within the Maasai Steppe Heartland where by situation analysis was the base of the assignment. The situation analysis was carried out within Arusha AWF and TLCT staff, by Afya Bora Mobile Units (T) team so as to form a basis for developing HIV/AIDS training needs among the staff. In the process of analysis a total number of thirty two (32) staff were interviewed using a semi structured questionnaire and three focus groups discussion conducted. The methodology used is that the questionnaire for semi structured interview was developed to suit the context of environment where the survey was to be conducted. The questionnaire was pre tested for the suitability. Each questionnaire was designed to individual respondent (AWF and TLCT staff). Focus group discussion was also conducted to three groups two were support staff groups and one senior staff group to cross check the answers obtained using the questionnaire and capture more information which could not be obtained using the questionnaire. From the findings it is indicated that staff differ from AWF and TLCT both academically and even their understanding capacity. AWF staff both senior and support seem to have exposure than those of TLCT. HIV/AIDS understanding is too low to TLCT staff than AWF staff. Some of TLCT staff believes that there are traditional healers who can cure AIDS. The Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviours, and practices among TLCT staff as shared during the focus group discussion seem to contribute to the spread of the HIV. Knowledge of stigma is low to both AWF and TLCT staff but to TLCT staff it is led by the cultural believe of the area, where by majority believe that HIV/AIDS can not be found in their area (Mabomani) but it is in Town where people are prostitute.
  6. 6. 5 (Ni gonjwa ya waswahili hapana iko ndani ya maboma ) Although the HIV/AIDS work place policy exists at AWF only some senior staff knows and only one red the policy as per analysis. Support staffs are not aware of the policy. The Organization when dealing with HIV/AIDS should provide continuous education on the pandemic, facilitate VCT among staff members and their families, HIV/AIDS should be integrated /streamlined in conservation activities, review HIV/AIDS work place policy, Develop Organization strategic plan on how to implement the HIV/AIDS workplace policy, allocate more resources for HIV/AIDS interventions, routine condom distribution in office toilets and establish staff SILC so as to save them from temptations.
  7. 7. 6 1.0 Introduction 1 Background of the HIV/AIDS situation analysis. 1.1 Overall Objective To improve AWF internal capacity and human resources policy implementation to address and mitigate vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. 1.2 Specific Objectives  To determine the level of HIV/AIDS awareness and practices which might be of risky among AWF and TLCT staff.  To determine staff understanding of knowledge, attitudes, behaviour and practices which can contribute to spread of HIV/AIDS pandemic. 1.3 Context In the recognition that HIV/AIDS is not a merely health issue but a multi-sectoral issue, AWF commissioned Afya Bora to provide support services to AWF and TLCT by providing HIV/AIDS intervention amongst Arusha based AWF and TLCT staff working within the Maasai Steppe Heartland. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS into Natural Resources Management should aim at reducing further infections and mitigate the consequential effects for both staff and beneficiaries that have been directly or indirectly affected by the pandemic. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS should also mean either to mainstream it in AWF- Natural Resources Management future plans or to integrate HIV/AIDS into future plans of the project. 2.0 SITUATION ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY. The Afya Bora Team developed questionnaires for the semi-structured interview in a participatory manner. Pre-testing was conducted to test the suitability of the questionnaires. Each questionnaire was designed to interview the individual respondent, a staff (AWF or TLCT staff). The data collection took place in mid- April 2009, and included AWF staff and TLCT staff. Two sites, AWF Arusha and TLCT Manyara Ranch have been covered in this exercise. Semi structured questionnaire was used to gather information at the range of staff levels amongst AWF and TLCT staff. Focused Group Discussion was held with group of staff arranged in two different categories, Senior and Support staff. The questionnaire forms included the following sections:-
  8. 8. 7  Levels of awareness on HIV/AIDS/ Knowledge on HIV/AIDS  Organization HIV/AIDS intervention  Levels of stigma  HIV/AIDS policies  SWOT analysis 2.1 Sampling techniques The targeted population for this study included all staff of AWF AND TLCT based in Arusha region in Tanzania; where as the sampling unit is individual staffs who are employed by either AWF or TLCT. The sample size was 32 respondents, the sampling frame were senior/technical and support (guards men/women, secretaries, receptionists, drivers, shepherd, gardeners, and cleaners with gender balance being taken care. The sampling method used to obtain respondents for situation analysis was simple random sampling done by the appointed person in the respective organizations AWF and TLCT based on the objective of the study. 2.2 Data collection: Instrumentation for data collection Primary data: Structured questionnaires were used to collect primary data from individual staffs where by both close ended and open-ended questions were included. The questionnaire was designed to get staff HIV/AIDS understanding, organization’s HIV/AIDS intervention, levels of stigma, HIV/AIDS policies and SWOT analysis on the Organization (AWF /TLCT) HIV/AIDS interventions. Checklist was also designed and used to obtain data from the Focus Group Discussion. Secondary data: Secondary data was collected from various related documents, as indicated in the bibliography. 2.3 Data processing, analysis and presentation:  The surveyed data were summarized and coded before entered into computer for processing;  The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for windows was applied to analyze the data. Analysis was done and descriptive statistics applied for computing Frequency, percentages and graphs.
  9. 9. 8 2.4 Problem encountered / Limitation of the study  Language barrier for TLCT staff based in Manyara Ranch.  Low knowledge of some respondents mainly at TLCT.  Late coming of the target group to the sessions. 3. FINDINGS: 3.1 FINDINGS FROM INDIVIDUAL RESPONDENTS WHERE QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED. More than half of the respondents (56.3%) were from TLCT while 43.8% of the respondents were from AWF. 40.6% of the respondents were senior staff and 59.4% were support staff. Three quarter of the respondents (75%) were male and only 25% represented the female. The ages of the respondents varies from 25 to 66 years old with a range of 41 years. More than a quarter of the respondents (37.5%) had primary education, 21.9% of the respondents had not attended formal education, 25% of the respondents had college education while 6.3% of them had secondary education. More that three quarter (90.6%) of the respondents are married, only 9.4% are single. Half (50%) of the respondents knows about HIV/AIDS, 37.5% had understanding of the epidemic in such a way that they fear (they said it’s a killer disease) while 12.5% of the respondents do not understand the pandemic. 90.6% of the respondents know how HIV is spread and they mentioned Blood transfusion, unsafe sex and unsafe use of equipments/tools of sharp ends as ways HIV is transmitted. 53% of the respondents said that in their work place HIV/AIDS can mostly be transmitted by unsafe sex, blood transmission, and unsafe use of tools/equipments of sharp ends. 15.6% of the respondents said that HIV/AIDS is transmitted by unsafe sex. Unsafe sex was mentioned as the main way HIV/AIDS can easily be transmitted in the working area by 81.3% of the respondents. When respondents asked how HIV/AIDS can be prevented 40.6% of them said that it can be prevented by being faithful to single tested partner or use condom.
  10. 10. 9 21.9% of the respondents said that HIV/AIDS can be prevented by educating people on HIV/AIDS issues openly and the importance of VCT. 12.5% said it can be prevented by using condom, 6.3%, 6.3%, and 3.1% said it can be prevented by being faithful to one partner, use safety belt while traveling, and use of traditional medicine respectively. Also 6.3% of the respondents said that they don’t know how HIV/AIDS can be prevented. Preventing HIV/AIDS in the Organization/ within Organization staff 40.6% of the respondents said HIV/AIDS can be prevented by condom use. 71.9% of the respondents said that AIDS can not be cured, 9.4% said it can be cured while 18.8% did not know whether it can be cured or not. Most of the respondents know various signs of HIV/AIDS though they can not differentiate minor and major signs except 9.4% of them who did not know the signs of HIV/AIDS at all. More than half of the respondents (56.3%) said that there is no any organization initiatives in the prevention of HIV/AIDS, 31.3% of the respondent said that there is Organization initiatives in preventing HIV/AIDS and 12.4% of them are not aware if there is any Organization initiatives in prevention of HIV/AIDS. The impact of HIV/AIDS in wild life and conservation management were mentioned as decrease in labour force (65.6%), Inefficiency and ineffectiveness hence low productivity(12.5%), threatens conservations by using timbers for coffins (3.1%) and increase number of dependants (3.1%). More than half of the respondents (53.1%) have attended at least training, seminar, workshop or meeting of HIV/AIDS arranged somewhere not necessary being arranged by AWF/TLCT while 46.9% of the respondents had never attended any HIV/AIDS training, workshop, seminar or meeting. The perception of the respondents on PLHIV were, PLHIV need compassion (56.3%), PLHIV were prostitutes (18.8%), they must be kept away from others (15.3%). For people living with HIV to be employed in the Organization it was said that it is possible by 37.5% of the respondents and it is not possible by 31.3% of the respondents while 31.3% of the respondents said that they don’t know if PLHIV can be employed or not if applying for a job. Quarter of the respondents (25%) said that the Organization has HIV/AIDS work place policy, 56.3% of the respondents said the Organization has no HIV/AIDS work place policy and 18.8% of the respondents don’t know if there is or there is
  11. 11. 10 no work place policy in their organization. More than three quarter (81.3%) of the respondents is not familiar with the National HIV/AIDS policy. The strength of Organization were mentioned mainly as Ability to provide HIV/AIDS education (43.8%), have resources to use for HIV/AIDS interventions (34.4%), have skilled and knowledgeable staff to understand and cope things easily (3.1%) and ability to identify knowledge gap (3.1%). Organization weakness on dealing with HIV/AIDS were mentioned as low knowledge of staff on HIV/AIDS pandemic (21.8%), Organization lack HIV/AIDS specialist (6.3%), No work place HIV/AIDS policy (9.4%), no clear strategies of dealing with HIV/AIDS (31.3%), staff are not free to speak about HIV/AIDS (6.3%) and inadequate resources (3.1%). Also 3.1% of the respondents said that there is no weakness. Organization opportunities that exist in dealing with HIV/AIDS were mentioned as: Organization can access resources from different sources (34.4%), organization has good cooperation with different partners in development (37.5%), can employ people to implement HIV/AIDS activities (3.1%) and readiness to learn (3.1%). Organization threats in dealing with HIV/AIDS were stated as behavior and cultural which contribute to HIV spread (25%), lack of transparency among staff (15.6%) and 25% of the respondents said that there is no organization threats in dealing with HIV/AIDS. General comments on HIV/AIDS pandemic from the respondents were as follows;- Its important for people to consider others like brothers and sisters (6.3%), people to be faithful to their partners (12.5%), VCT to be given priority (12.5%), more education is needed for all staff (43.8%), combined effort is needed in dealing with HIV/AIDS pandemic (15.6%) and statements, mottos, songs and messages on HIV/AIDS need to be checked before announcing to the public. 3.2 FINDINGS FROM FOCUS GROUP DISCUSION WHERE CHECKLIST WAS USED. HIV/AIDS awareness: In general both the senior and support staffs at AWF Arusha seemed to have a good understanding of the pandemic. However, each group had its perception on the pandemic as here under:-
  12. 12. 11 - The senior staffs maintained that HIV/AIDS is a disease that has no medicine; they further said it is a killer disease and that it is very difficult to avoid it. One of the senior staff said he heard that HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through sweating. - On the other hand, the support staffs said HIV/AIDS is the disease which is transmitted through sexual intercourse, sharing of sharp instruments and through affected blood given to a negative person. However one of the support staff commented that he has never seen someone affected by HIV through any other means rather than unsafe sex. The finding from TLCT indicates that only the senior staffs that are not exceeding five (5) are aware of the pandemic. The rest who are the support staff of about 75 by their number, have low understanding of HIV/AIDS. When were asked of what is HIV/AIDS, only few explained as the disease that they have heard people talking of it and some heard via Radios. Most surprisingly, they said that HIV/AIDS can be cured using the Maasai Traditional Medicines. One participant said that the old women can remove the viruses (wadudu) from the sick person. The statement was supported by at least 90% of the participants. TLCT is surrounded by the following villages: - Elisikai, Oldukai, Makuyuni, Olasiti, Mswakini juu and Mswakini chini. When asked of the knowledge of the members of those villages, they said that their knowledge is less than ours (TLCT staffs). AWF HIV/AIDS work place policy. This part wanted to explore if staff understand that there is a work place policy for HIV/AIDS. The senior staff declared to have heard that there is a HIV/AIDS work place policy for their Organization (AWF) but only one staff has read the document. The staff commented on the document and said that it needs to be modified to suite the needs of the workers and their families. He further commented that the document should reflect the National HIV/AIDS policy. Another senior staff said that there is the policy but it must be backed up by a plan to implement it The support staff when asked on the work place policy, 80% said they don’t know if there is a policy or no and 20% said there is no work place policy for HIV/AIDS. When asked if they know the National HIV/AIDS policy they reported that they have heard but none of the staff reported to have read the document. Their counterparts (both TLCT senior and support staffs) reported that they don’t have a HIV/AIDS work place policy With regard to the National HIV/AIDS policy, the senior staff reported to have heard about the document but as it was the case on the work place policy on HIV/AIDS, most of them have not read the document. Only two support staffs stated to know the document but the rest are not aware of the policy.
  13. 13. 12 AWF works with the communities living on the animal corridors, towns and some government partners. These communities have certain behaviours, altitudes and practices which may act as catalyst towards the fast spread of HIV/AIDS pandemic. AWF senior staff reported the following behaviours, attitudes and practices BEHAVIOURS: In the communities most of young people aged between 11years to 15years have already started sexual intercourse. The elders are proceeding with their daily behaviours like unsafe sex, polygamy and other bad behaviours like drinking alcohols and sharing of sharp instruments. On the other hand the support staff stated that the behaviour of the girls living in towns/centres like wearing of short skirts/mini skirts, transparent clothes and being commercial sexual workers is very critical at the moment and that this behaviour fuels the spread of HIV/AIDS. ATTITUDES: Most of the TLCT staff members believe that HIV/AIDS is the disease of those who have not circumcised and hence it is not applicable to the Maasai community. Some especially the Maasai from Maasai communities, they believe HIV/AIDS can be treated using the Maasai local medicines and or borne marrows of giraffe. PRACTICES: The senior staff reported that the Rangers go to the field for most of the time. This makes them to involve themselves in the practices of unsafe sex while in the field. They also said that in their camps, Rangers are not provided with condoms and this means they do sex without condoms. The support staffs said that the main practice of the workers is the interaction between them and the surrounding communities. TLCT support staffs reported to have the normal Maasai behaviours, altitudes and practices that include youth ceremonies (ESOTO), polygamy, age set sharing of wives and sharing of sharp instruments especially in cutting their hair. They further commented that they don’t have HIV/AIDS education while their interaction amongst themselves and with the community is very high. They say that, they think they are the most vulnerable people because of poor knowledge on the pandemic. The level of stigma at AWF is very low as they stated that the organization procedure does not discriminate people on employment. They also stated that if someone is having health problems they do take care of his or her health. However, the support staff said that they don’t know if there is discrimination or not since it has never happened that the sick person is known in the Organization.
  14. 14. 13 ORGANIZATION SWOT ANALYSIS IN DEALING WITH HIV/AIDS; both the senior and support staff at AWF stated the following as their strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in dealing with HIV/AIDS. However, the TLCT support staff couldn’t tell the position of their organization in fighting against HIV/AIDS, they were referring us to their bosses for more information while their bosses were not available to provide the information needed. STRENGTH: i) They have a workplace policy for HIV/AIDS. ii) They have financial resources and skilled personnel. iii) They have access to working beyond the borders of Tanzania as they are an International Organization. iv) Some of their staff are knowledgeable of the pandemic. WEAKNESSES: i) Lack of internal capacity to address the whole issue of HIV/AIDS. ii) They stated that they ignored HIV/AIDS because it is not their focus. OPPORTUNITIES i) Fund raising capacity. ii) An increasing recognition of mainstreaming intervention of HIV/AIDS programs into conservation. iii) Good number of partners. iv) They work with many partners. THREATS i) Cultural and religious barrier. ii) Global economic crisis. iii) Poor infrastructures. iv) Language barrier and v) Political instabilities.
  15. 15. 14 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS: There is a large population at Manyara Ranch (more than 70 staff), because of the nature of activities conducted at that place, the interaction is also high, but the knowledge of HIV/AIDS is low compared to AWF where the population is a low (about 20 staff, where permanent staff are about 8). This need to be given special attention with regards to the high spread of HIV and the cultural interaction existing at TLCT. HIV/AIDS awareness creation, training, sensitization workshops and exposure are very important to both AWF and TLCT staffs but exposure is more specific to TLCT staff. Education is very important in dealing with community issues as well as HIV/AIDS which is the factor contributing to increase of vicious cycle of poverty. TLCT staffs need to be capacitated in terms of Education where by adult education would be an appropriate for them as most of them have not attended the formal education. Clear understanding of HIV/AIDS to both AWF staff at Arusha and TLCT staff at Manyara Ranch still need to be given priority as there are misconception about HIV/AIDS to some of the staffs. Also the uses of some words indicate that there is stigma among staff members (e.g. Mtu mwenye iyo ngoma hawezi kufanya kazi vizuri). HIV/AIDS spread is well known to most of the respondents where unsafe sex mentioned to took the high chance of spreading HIV, but when it comes to prevention, the use of condom to those who can not opt for abstinence, cultural and religious belief seem to be the barrier to condom use. Probing some respondents it was said that some use condom but it has to be very secret. Then it could be helpful for AWF and TLCT management to see if in future they can facilitate condom availability in their office toilets where those in need of it can easily get it. Educating people on HIV/AIDS issues openly and sensitising them for VCT which was mentioned by 21.9% of the respondents is an important step of preventing HIV spread. This will help to educate those who said AIDS can be cured, those who believe that HIV/AIDS is a witch craft and those who came up with an idea that Giraffe bone marrows or Indigenous Knowledge (IK) can be used to cure AIDS. More than three quarter of the respondents (90.6%) know various signs of HIV/AIDS but the challenge is that “Are these staff aware that having one or more of those signs is not a justification that a person is HIV positive?” Awareness creation is very important to AWF and TLCT staffs.
  16. 16. 15 The survey seems to be the important step taken by AWF as an initiative in preventing HIV/AIDS among AWF and TLCT staffs; therefore they have to come up with strategies of sustaining these initiatives for the current and future benefits while conserving the environment. Possible areas to be improved while the Organization is dealing with HIV/AIDS are to provide continuous education on the pandemic, facilitate VCT among staff members and their families, HIV/AIDS to be integrated/streamlined in conservation activities, Develop Organization strategic plan on how to implement HIV/AIDS work place policy, allocate more resources for HIV/AIDS interventions, routine condom distribution and establish SILC among staff members so as to save them from temptations of need of money. The impact of HIV/AIDS in wild life and conservation management as mentioned by respondents that it decreases labour force, inefficiency and ineffectiveness which lead into low productivity. It is true that loss of human capacity is seriously affecting conservation, including protected areas and community- based natural resource management. Conservation staffs are more vulnerable especially those who spend time away from their families as they are likely to seek other sexual partners at the same time not using protective measures. The Organization has to develop strategic plan on how to mainstream HIV/AIDS in natural resource conservation, where by among other things it should include, improvement of HIV/AIDS work place policy, overcome stigma and avoid discrimination, adapt HIV/AIDS training programs to reduce HIV transmission, encourage staffs to speak out about HIV/AIDS both in the work place and with family members, collaborate with other partners, lob and advocate for better policies and develop new approaches to reduce conservation impacts. The Organization can also prepare posters with different HIV/AIDS messages where by those staffs going to the field can distribute them or hang them for more people to read and the message will spread quickly. While making these posters the Organization has to be very keen not to prepare messages with stigma. Having low knowledge on HIV/AIDS, stigma seems to be high to support staff than senior staff; this might be caused by insufficient exposure (more specific to TLCT) to these staff which is very important. The HIV/AIDS work place policy which exist at AWF seem to be known to very few staff, it is better when the policy is reviewed every staff to be given a copy and assigned to read and signed it at the end to declare that he/she has read and understood it well. The SWOT analysis was clear to senior staff but difficult to support staff because of the education level, but as shown in the findings it is important for the
  17. 17. 16 Organization to see how to overcome the weakness and develop the existing strength as well as utilizing the opportunities available. In general the Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among staff members differ from one staff to another but the knowledge of TLCT staff members is low compared to AWF staff members. The Behaviours, Attitudes and Practices also do differ among AWF and TLCT staff members, mainly caused by the traditions and cultures of TLCT staff community and inadequate exposure of staff specifically TLCT staff. 4. RECOMMENDATIONS The findings give room for the Organization to orient itself on clear way to streamline HIV/AIDS into its programs. HIV/AIDS education has to be extended to the surrounding villages and all working areas of AWF for clear results and future impact of their projects. AWF/TLCT should have HIV/AIDS intervention strategy. It is also important HIV/AIDS agenda to be included in all the formal and informal staff meetings so as to remind each other on the pandemic, reflect regularly and advice each other if need be. HIV/AIDS education to some of TLCT staffs and communities to be provided using PICTORIAL presentation. It will be helpful to them and it will help them understand easily since most of them have not even gone for a primary school education hence they can not read and/or write. For TLCT staff, it would be better to train local volunteers (Give them intensive training) and use them as ToTs (Trainers of Trainers) in the area while monitoring them using prepared monitoring tool. To help illiterate TLCT staff by introducing adult education will be beneficial to them. The sensitization workshop and training on HIV/AIDS should be done by separating AWF and TLCT staff due to different levels of understanding. HIV/AIDS intervention to in schools and out of school children is very important for building future responsible generation.
  18. 18. 17 Condom use education and promotion to staffs and the communities should be given priority. Also it is important to supply condoms into restrooms of their working places. Both AWF and TLCT staffs and their families should be sensitized for Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT).
  19. 19. 18 REFERENCES: Confronting AIDS: Public Priorities in a global Epidemic. A World Bank Policy Research Report. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights- Young People and Action (UNAIDS). National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health. Health Sector Strategy for HIV/AIDS (2003-2006). NACP,2003. National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Tanzania Mainland. HIV/AIDS/STI Surveillance. Report Number 13, December 1998. Dar es Salaam, Epidemiology Unit, NACP, 1999. Prime Minister’s Office, United Republic of Tanzania. National Multi- Sectoral Strategic Framework on HIV/AIDS (2003- 2007). Dar es Salaam, 2003. STD/AIDS Peer Educator Training Manual, AMREF, National AIDS Control Programme, AIDSTECH, United Republic of Tanzania, 1994.
  20. 20. 19 ANNEXES ANNEX I. OUTPUTS FROM THE ANALYSIS. Frequency Table Organization of an employee 14 43.8 43.8 43.8 18 56.3 56.3 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 AWF TLCT Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. More than half of the respondents (56.3%) were from TLCT while 43.8% of the respondents were from AWF. Position of the respondent in the Organization 13 40.6 40.6 40.6 19 59.4 59.4 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Senior staff Support staff Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. 40.6% of the respondents were senior staff and 59.4% were support staff. Sex of the respondent 24 75.0 75.0 75.0 8 25.0 25.0 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Male Female Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Three quarter of the respondents (75%) were male and only 25% represented the female.
  21. 21. 20 Education level of the respondent 7 21.9 21.9 21.9 12 37.5 37.5 59.4 2 6.3 6.3 65.6 3 9.4 9.4 75.0 8 25.0 25.0 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 None Primary education Secondary education Collage education - Graduate Collage Education - Post gratuate education Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. More than a quarter of the respondents (37.5%) had primary education, 21.9% of the respondents had not attended formal education, 25% of the respondents had collage education while 6.3% of them had secondary education. Marital status of the respondent 3 9.4 9.4 9.4 29 90.6 90.6 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Single Married Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. More that three quarter (90.6%) of the respondents are married, only 9.4% are single. HIV/AIDS understanding of the respondent 4 12.5 12.5 12.5 12 37.5 37.5 50.0 16 50.0 50.0 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Don't know Its a killer disease Knows about HIV/AIDS Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Half (50%) of the respondents knows about HIV/AIDS, 37.5 had understanding of the epidemic in such a way that they fear (they said it’s a killer disease) while 12.5% of the respondents do not understand the pandemic.
  22. 22. 21 Do you know how HIV is transmitted 29 90.6 90.6 90.6 3 9.4 9.4 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. 90.6% of the respondents know how HIV is spread and they mentioned Blood transfusion, unsafe sex and unsafe use of equipments/tools of sharp ends as ways HIV is transmitted. If knowing how HIV is transmitted mention ways it is transmitted 2 6.3 6.3 6.3 1 3.1 3.1 9.4 5 15.6 15.6 25.0 3 9.4 9.4 34.4 3 9.4 9.4 43.8 17 53.1 53.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Blood transfusion Unsafe sex Unsafe use of equipments or tools which have sharp ends. Both unsafe sex and blood transfusion Both unsafe sex, tools of sharp ends and blood trasfusion I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. 53% of the respondents said that HIV/AIDS is transmitted by unsafe sex, blood transmission, and unsafe use of tools/equipments of sharp ends. 15.6% of the respondents said that HIV/AIDS is transmitted by unsafe sex. Unsafe sex was mentioned as the main way HIV/AIDS can easily be transmitted in the working area by 81.3% of the respondents.
  23. 23. 22 How can it be transmitted easily in this Organization? 1 3.1 3.1 3.1 26 81.3 81.3 84.4 1 3.1 3.1 87.5 1 3.1 3.1 90.6 3 9.4 9.4 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Unsafe sex Blood transfusion HIV can not be transmitted within our Organization I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Ways of preventing HIV/AIDS in general. 1 3.1 3.1 3.1 4 12.5 12.5 15.6 2 6.3 6.3 21.9 13 40.6 40.6 62.5 7 21.9 21.9 84.4 2 6.3 6.3 90.6 2 6.3 6.3 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Use of condom Be faithful to one partner Be faithful, use condom and/or follow God's rule Educate people on HIV/AIDS, VCT and coucil ling be faithful, use safety belt while travelling, use condom I don't know Use tradition medicine Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  24. 24. 23 Ways of preventing HIV/AIDS in your Organization 1 3.1 3.1 3.1 13 40.6 40.6 43.8 5 15.6 15.6 59.4 2 6.3 6.3 65.6 1 3.1 3.1 68.8 7 21.9 21.9 90.6 2 6.3 6.3 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Condom use Be faithful Be faithful to your partiner and obey God's rule Balancing of salaries among staff and education. Educating people on proper preventive measures I don't know Do sex very quick Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Can HIV/AIDS be cured? 3 9.4 9.4 9.4 23 71.9 71.9 81.3 6 18.8 18.8 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. What are the signs of HIV/AIDS? 2 6.3 6.3 6.3 1 3.1 3.1 9.4 8 25.0 25.0 34.4 6 18.8 18.8 53.1 12 37.5 37.5 90.6 3 9.4 9.4 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Diarrea Thiness Diarrea, vomiting and cauphing Dirrea, caughing, poor health I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  25. 25. 24 Is there any existing organization initiatives in prevention of HIV/AIDS? 10 31.3 31.3 31.3 18 56.3 56.3 87.5 4 12.5 12.5 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. What are possible area to improve while your organization deal with HIV/AIDS? 22 68.8 68.8 68.8 4 12.5 12.5 81.3 1 3.1 3.1 84.4 3 9.4 9.4 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Education VCT Work place HIV/AIDS policy Increase staff salaries so as to save them from temtations Routine condom distribution and seminars on HIV/AIDS Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. If organization has no intiative what do you think are possible areas to consider? 10 31.3 31.3 31.3 17 53.1 53.1 84.4 2 6.3 6.3 90.6 1 3.1 3.1 93.8 2 6.3 6.3 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Education Awareness creation Provide education and increase staff salaries satisfy needs I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  26. 26. 25 Impact of HIV/AIDS in wildlife and conservation management 5 15.6 15.6 15.6 4 12.5 12.5 28.1 21 65.6 65.6 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Inefficient hence low productivity Decrease in labour force Inceased number of dependant Threatens conservations by using timber for coffins Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Have you received training/w'shop or seminar on HIV/AIDS? 15 46.9 46.9 46.9 17 53.1 53.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Type of training/w'shop/seminar received 17 53.1 53.1 53.1 9 28.1 28.1 81.3 5 15.6 15.6 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 HIV/AIDS awareness HIV/AIDS prevention VCT Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. When did you receive training/w'shop/seminar on HIV/AIDS? 17 53.1 53.1 53.1 4 12.5 12.5 65.6 6 18.8 18.8 84.4 5 15.6 15.6 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Two years ago Less than five years ago More than five years ago Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  27. 27. 26 Who organized the training/w'shop/seminar? 18 56.3 56.3 56.3 4 12.5 12.5 68.8 1 3.1 3.1 71.9 1 3.1 3.1 75.0 2 6.3 6.3 81.3 2 6.3 6.3 87.5 1 3.1 3.1 90.6 1 3.1 3.1 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Ministry of Health CSSC AIDS RELIEF Seliani hospital Mweka collage World vision, Government and Academic bodies Uganda National AIDS commision SNV I don't know GTZ Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. What could your organization improve in implementation can assist HIV/AIDS intervention? 2 6.3 6.3 6.3 27 84.4 84.4 90.6 1 3.1 3.1 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Facilitate VCT among staff members & their families Staff capacity building on HIV/AIDS epidemic. HIV/AIDS to be intagrated/streamlined in conservation Organization strategic plan on how to implemwnt HIV policy Allocate more resources for HIV/.AIDS intervention Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Have you ever seen someone sufering from HIV/AIDS? 25 78.1 78.1 78.1 7 21.9 21.9 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent
  28. 28. 27 Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. What is your relationship of that PLHIV 7 21.9 21.9 21.9 10 31.3 31.3 53.1 2 6.3 6.3 59.4 9 28.1 28.1 87.5 4 12.5 12.5 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Relative Office mate Just a person in the hospital/ TV movie/street My neighbour Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Where did you last saw that PLHIV? 7 21.9 21.9 21.9 6 18.8 18.8 40.6 8 25.0 25.0 65.6 1 3.1 3.1 68.8 1 3.1 3.1 71.9 1 3.1 3.1 75.0 1 3.1 3.1 78.1 7 21.9 21.9 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Home/relatives home In the hospital In the street TV movie/Video tapes Kigoma Dar Arusha Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. When did you last saw that PLHIV? 7 21.9 21.9 21.9 9 28.1 28.1 50.0 8 25.0 25.0 75.0 6 18.8 18.8 93.8 2 6.3 6.3 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 This year Last year Less that five years ago More than five years ago Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  29. 29. 28 Is it possible for PLHIV to be employed in your Organization? 12 37.5 37.5 37.5 10 31.3 31.3 68.8 10 31.3 31.3 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Are PLHIVS employed in your Organization? 3 9.4 9.4 9.4 8 25.0 25.0 34.4 21 65.6 65.6 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Are staff free to communicate their health concerns with Organization upper authorities? 17 53.1 53.1 53.1 13 40.6 40.6 93.8 2 6.3 6.3 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Explanation on staff health concerns communication with upper authorities. 7 21.9 21.9 21.9 6 18.8 18.8 40.6 3 9.4 9.4 50.0 11 34.4 34.4 84.4 5 15.6 15.6 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 We communicate usually for other diseases apart from HIV/AID We communicate for any disease Most of the people fear to communicate We communicate so as to be assisted Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  30. 30. 29 . Is there any effect of HIV/AIDS on your carrier?1 17 53.1 53.1 53.1 11 34.4 34.4 87.5 4 12.5 12.5 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. If yes mention effects of HIV/AIDS on your carrier. 15 46.9 46.9 46.9 4 12.5 12.5 59.4 13 40.6 40.6 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 ineffeciency/ineffective ness/low productivity Loss of manpower Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Is your Organization hving HIV/AIDS policy? 8 25.0 25.0 25.0 18 56.3 56.3 81.3 6 18.8 18.8 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No I don't know Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. If you have Org. HIV/AIDS policy do you understand it? 23 71.9 71.9 71.9 3 9.4 9.4 81.3 6 18.8 18.8 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  31. 31. 30 Are you familiar with the National HIV/AIDS policy? 1 3.1 3.1 3.1 5 15.6 15.6 18.8 26 81.3 81.3 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Yes No Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Organization strength in dealing with HIV/AIDS 5 15.6 15.6 15.6 14 43.8 43.8 59.4 11 34.4 34.4 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Ability to provide education Have resources Have skilled and knowlegiable staff to understand things Ability to identify knowledge gap Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Organization weakness on dealing with HIV/AIDS 6 18.8 18.8 18.8 7 21.9 21.9 40.6 2 6.3 6.3 46.9 3 9.4 9.4 56.3 10 31.3 31.3 87.5 2 6.3 6.3 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Low knowledge of staff on HIV/AIDS pandemic Does not have HIV/AIDS specialist No work place HIV/AIDS policy No clear strategies of dealing with HIV/AIDS Staff are not free to spaek out about HIV/AIDS No weakness Inadequety resources Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  32. 32. 31 Organization opportunities in dealing with HIV/AIDS 7 21.9 21.9 21.9 11 34.4 34.4 56.3 12 37.5 37.5 93.8 1 3.1 3.1 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Can access resources from different donors Have good cooperation with different partiners in developmen Can employ people to implement HIV/AIDS activities. Readness to learn Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Organization threats in dealing with HIV/AIDS 11 34.4 34.4 34.4 8 25.0 25.0 59.4 5 15.6 15.6 75.0 8 25.0 25.0 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 Behavious and cultural which contribute to HIV spread Lack of transparent among staff No threats Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  33. 33. 32 General respondent comment on HIV/AIDS. 2 6.3 6.3 6.3 2 6.3 6.3 12.5 4 12.5 12.5 25.0 4 12.5 12.5 37.5 14 43.8 43.8 81.3 5 15.6 15.6 96.9 1 3.1 3.1 100.0 32 100.0 100.0 People to consider others like brothers and sisters People to be faithful to their partiners VCT to be given priority More education is needed for all the staff. Combined effort is needed in dealing with HIV/AIDS pandemic Statements, motos, songs & messages need to be checked Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  34. 34. 33 EDUCATION LENVEL OF THE RESPONDENTS The level of understanding Collage Education - Collage education - Secondary education Primary education None Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  35. 35. 34 HIV/AIDS understanding of the respondent The level of understanding Knows about HIV/AIDS Its a killer disease Don't know Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. HIV/AIDS impact to conservation Threatens conservati Inceased number of d Decrease in labour f Inefficient hence lo Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009
  36. 36. 35 Organization of an employee * HIV/AIDS understanding of the respondent Crosstabulation Count 1 4 9 14 3 8 7 18 4 12 16 32 AWF TLCT Organization of an employee Total Don't know Its a killer disease Knows about HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS understanding of the respondent Total Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Organization of an employee TLCTAWF Count 10 8 6 4 2 0 HIV/AIDS understandi Don't know Its a killer disease Knows about HIV/AIDS Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  37. 37. 36 Organization of an employee * Can HIV/AIDS be cured? * Is there any existing organization initiatives in prevention of HIV/AIDS? Crosstabulation Count 7 7 3 3 10 10 1 5 6 2 6 4 12 3 11 4 18 1 1 2 1 3 2 2 4 AWF TLCT Organization of an employee Total AWF TLCT Organization of an employee Total AWF TLCT Organization of an employee Total Is there any existing organization initiatives in prevention of HIV/AIDS? Yes No I don't know Yes No I don't know Can HIV/AIDS be cured? Total Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Is there any existing organization initi=Yes Organization of an employee TLCTAWF Count 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  38. 38. 37 Is there any existing organization initi=No Organization of an employee TLCTAWF Count 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Can HIV/AIDS be cure Yes No I don't know Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009. Is there any existing organization initi=I don't know Organization of an employee TLCTAWF Count 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 .8 Can HIV/AIDS be cure No I don't know Source: Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS understanding amongst AWF/TLCT staff done by Afya Bora 2009.
  39. 39. 38 ANNEX II. QUESTIONNAIRE SITUATION ANALYSIS OF HIV/AIDS AWARENESS AMONGST AWF/TLCT STAFF BASED IN TANZANIA. QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE SITUATION ANALYSIS. OBJECTIVE OF THE ASSIGNMENT. Afya Bora Mobile Medical Unit has been assigned by AWF-Tanzania to carry out a situation analysis of HIV/AIDS awareness amongst AWF/TLCT staff based in Tanzania. The aim is to Mainstream HIV/AIDS into Natural resources Management in the operation of AWF in Tanzania and in Particular amongst AWF staff working within the Maasai Steppe Heartland. The objective of this interview therefore is to collect information from AWF staff with a view of learning the understand of the staff on HIV/AIDS and underlying factors contributing to HIV/AIDS spread. I. INTRODUCTION: Date of interview ……………… Data collector …………………. Organization ………………………………. (where data is collected) 1. i) Department of the respondent ………………………………………………. ii Respondent position in the Organization ……………………………………. iii) Sex of respondent a) Male b) Female (Tick one) iv) Age …………………………………………. v Education level a) Primary Education b) Secondary Education c) College Education (Specify) ……………………………………….. vi) Marital status a) Single b) Married c) Widow d) Divorced / Separated. II. KNOWLEDGE ON HIV/AIDS 1. a) What is your understanding on HIV/AIDS? ………………………………………………………………………………
  40. 40. 39 ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… b) Do you know how HIV is transmitted? a) Yes b) No. (Tick answer) c) If yes, please mention ways in which HIV/AIDS can be transmitted. i)………………………………………………………………………… ii)………………………………………………………………………… iii)……………………………………………………………………….. iv)…………………………...................................................................... . d) In this Organization which among the mentioned ways above can easily Contribute to HIV/AIDS transmission? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……… e) In what ways can HIV/AIDS be prevented in general? i)…………………………………………………………………………. ii)…………………………………………………………………………. iii)………………………………………………………………………… iv)………………………………………………………………………… f) In what ways can HIV/AIDS be prevented in your Organization? i)…………………………………………………………………………. ii)…………………………………………………………………………. iii)………………………………………………………………………… iv)………………………………………………………………………… g) Can HIV/AIDS be cured? (a) Yes (b) No (c) I don’t know h) What are the major signs of HIV/AIDS? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……… i) What are the minor sign/symptoms of HIV/AIDS?
  41. 41. 40 ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… III. ORGANIZATION HIV/AIDS INTERVENTION. 2. a) Is there any existing Organization initiatives in prevention of HIV/AIDS? a)Yes b) No c) I don’t know (Tick the answer) If yes explain …………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………… b) If yes, as an Organization, what do you think will be possible areas to improve the above initiatives in dealing with HIV/AIDS? i)…………………………………………………………………….. ii)..…………………………………………………………………… iii)….………………………………………………………………… iv)……………………………………………………………………. c) If no, as an Organization, what do you think will be possible areas to consider the above initiatives in dealing with HIV/AIDS? i)…………………………………………………………………….. ii)..…………………………………………………………………… iii)….………………………………………………………………… iv)……………………………………………………………………. d) What is the impact of HIV/AIDS in wildlife and conservation management ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… e) Have you ever received any training/workshop/seminar on HIV/ AIDS? a) Yes b) No (Tick the answer) f) If yes, what type of training did you received? ……………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………..
  42. 42. 41 g) When were you trained? ………………………………………………….. h) Who organized/conducted the training? ……………………………………………………………………………… i) What do you think if done by your organization in implementing your activities would have assisted in the fight against HIV/AIDS pandemic? ………………………………………………………………………………..……………………… ………………………………………………………... IV. LEVELS OF STIGMATIZATION. 3. a) Have you ever seen someone suffering from HIV/ AIDS? a) Yes b) No (Tick the answer) b) Who was he/she? ……………………………………….. i) Relative ii) Office Mate iii) Other (Specify) …………………………………… c) If yes, where did you last see that person? ……………………when …....... d) How was the condition of that person ……………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………. e) What is your perception on the people living with HIV/ AIDS? ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… e) Is it possible for People Living with HIV/AIDS to be employed in your organization if seeking an employment? a) Yes b) No c) I don’t know (Tick the answer) f) Are there PLHIVS employed in your Organization? a) Yes b) No c) I don’t know (Tick the answer) g) Are people free to communicate their health concerns with the upper authorities in your Organization? a) Yes b) No. (Tick the answer) Explain……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………
  43. 43. 42 h) Is there any effect of HIV/AIDS on your career? a)Yes b)No c) Don’t know (Tick the answer) ii) If yes please mention the effects …………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………… V. HIV/AIDS POLICIES 4. Is your Organization having an HIV/AIDS policy? (a) Yes (b) No (c) I don’t know. (Tick the answer) b) If yes, do you understand the policy? a)Yes b) No c) Are you familiar with the National HIV/AIDS policy? a) Yes b) No (Tick the answer) VI. SWOT ANALYSIS. 5. a) What can you tell as the strength of your organization in dealing with HIV/AIDS?………………………………………………………………………………..… ……………………………………………………………………………....................... ..................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................... ....................... 6. b) What are the weaknesses of your Organization in dealing with HIV/AIDS? ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… c) What do you think are opportunities of your organization in dealing with HIV/AIDS? ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………
  44. 44. 43 d) What are the threats that your organization face while dealing with HIV/AIDS? ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… e) Give any other comment you have on HIV/AIDS ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… THANK YOU FOR YOUR COOPERATION! ANNEX 2. CHECKLIST FOR FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION Situation analysis of HIV/AIDS awareness amongst AWF/TLCT staff based in Tanzania.done by Afya Bora Mobile Medical Unit (T) 1. HIV/AIDS understandings. 2. AWF HIV/AIDS Workplace policy: Who prepared, do you all know it, have you read it, if yes any changes noted, or would like it to be added in? -National HIV/AIDS policy. 3. a) HIV/AIDS training/workshop/seminar conducted by to AWF/TLCT staff b) Mention them if any. c) Who conducted the training? Was it beneficial to the Org? How? d) Do you have specified time for discussing HIV/AIDS issues in your Organization? 4. a) Who is the target group/beneficiaries of AWF/TLCT? b) Let us look to the Beneficiaries of AWF/TLCT!!! Their –Knowledge on HIV/AIDS - Behaviours towards HIV/AIDS - Altitude towards HIV/AIDS - Practices in relation to HIV/AIDS 5. How is Stigma among HIV/AIDS infected/affected staff in your Organization? . Social interaction among AWF/TLCT staff . Social interaction between AWF/TLCT staff and surrounding communities. 6. How is your Organization prepared to deal with HIV/AIDS in implementing its activities?
  45. 45. 44 7. SWOT analysis to be done in groups. STRENGTH of AWF/TLCT in dealing with HIV/AIDS WEAKNESS of AWF/TLCT in dealing with HIV/AIDS - - - - - - - - - - OPPORTUNITIES available for AWF/TLCT in dealing with HIV/AIDS THREAT to AWF/TLCT in dealing with HIV/AIDS - - - - - - - -

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